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Reply to Comments of Nolan and Cook

  • Larry V. Benson (a1), Timothy R. Pauketat (a2) and Edward R. Cook (a3)


The following reply to the comments by Nolan and Cook makes the following points. The Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) is not a measure of summer rainfall. Cahokia's "Big Bang" dates to the end of the Edelhardt phase and continued through the Lohmann phase. The "American Bottom" refers only to the Mississippi River floodplain in the vicinity of East St. Louis, and the exact nature of human response to climate change cannot be predicted from PDSI data alone.


La siguiente respuesta a los comentarios de Nolan y Cook hace los siguientes puntos. El Índice de Palmer para la severidad de la sequía (PDSI por sus siglas en ingles) no es una medida de las lluvias de verano. El "Big Bang" de Cahokia se fecha al final de la fase de Endelhardt y se continúa a través de la fase de Lohmann. El "American Bottom" se refiere solo a la Rivera inundable del Río Missisipi en la vecindad del Este de St Louis. La naturaleza exacta de la respuesta humana al cambio climático no puede predecirse con base únicamente en los datos del PDSI.



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Alt, Susan M. 2002 Identities, Traditions, and Diversity in Cahokia’s Uplands. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology 27:217235.
Emerson, Thomas E., and Pauketat, Timothy R. 1999 The Representation of Hegemony as Community at Cahokia In Material Symbols: Culture and Economy in Prehistory, edited by J. E. Robb, pp. 302317. Occasional Paper No. 26. Center for Archaeological Investigations, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale.
Mehrer, Mark W., and Collins, James M. 1995 Household Archaeology at Cahokia and in Its Hinterlands. In Mississippian Communities and Households, edited by J. D. Rogers and B. D. Smith, pp. 3257. University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.
Nolan, Kevin C., and Cook, Robert A. 2010 An Evolutionary Model of Social Change in the Middle Ohio Valley: Was Social Complexity Possible during the Late Woodland but Mandatory during the Late Prehistoric? Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 29:6279.
Pauketat, Timothy R. 2003 Resettled Farmers and the Making of a Mississippian Polity. American Antiquity 68:3966.
Pauketat, Timothy R. 2008 Founders’ Cults and the Archaeology of Wa-Kan-Da . In Memory Work: Archaeologies of Material Practices, edited by B. Mills and W. H. Walker, pp. 6179. School for Advanced Research Press, Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Saitta, Dean J. 1994 Agency, Class, and Archaeological Interpretation. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 13(3):201227.


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