Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Prehistoric Cultural Development in the Southern Californian Deserts

  • William J. Wallace (a1)

Abstract

Archaeological remains from the southern Californian desert region, spanning a period from 7000 B.C. to historic times, are segregated into four broad cultural horizons. The earliest certain evidences of human occupation consist of stone tools and weapons from the shore line of ancient Lake Mohave. The Lake Mohave artifacts comprise types designed primarily for hunting and related activities. Next in sequence are the lithic materials from Pinto Basin and other localities that demonstrate a mixed hunting-gathering economy. The third or Amargosa period is inadequately known. Triangular arrowpoints, pottery, and numerous seed-grinding implements distinguish the closing aboriginal phase. The major research needs are indicated.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Antevs, Ernst 1952 Climatic History and the Antiquity of Man in California. In “Symposium on the Antiquity of Man in California.” Reports of the University of California Archaeological Survey, No. 16, pp. 23–9. Berkeley.
Brainerd, G. W. 1953 A Re-examination of the Dating Evidence for the Lake Mohave Artifact Assemblage. American Antiquity, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 270–1. Salt Lake City.
Campbell, Elizabeth W. C. 1931 An Archeological Survey of the Twenty Nine Palms Region. Southwest Museum Papers, No. 7. Los Angeles.
Campbell, Elizabeth W. C. 1936 Archaeological Problems in the Southern California Deserts. American Antiquity, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 295300. Menasha.
Campbell, Elizabeth W. C. and Campbell, William H. 1935 The Pinto Basin Site. Southwest Museum Pa' pers, No. 9. Los Angeles.
Campbell, Elizabeth W. C. and Others 1937 The Archeology of Pleistocene Lake Mohave. Southwest Museum Papers, No. 11. Los Angeles.
Clements, Thomas and Clements, Lydia 1953 Evidence of Pleistocene Man in Death Valley, California. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, Vol. 84, pp. 11891204.
Euler, Robert and Dobyns, Henry 1958 Tizon Brown Ware. Museum of Northern Arizona Ceramic Series, 3D. Flafstaff.
Harrington, Mark R. 1952 The Fossil Falls Site. The Masterkey, Vol. 26, No. 6, pp. 191–5. Los Angeles.
Harrington, Mark R. 1957 A Pinto Site at Little Lake, California. Southwest Museum Papers, No. 17. Los Angeles.
Haury, Emil W. 1950 The Stratigraphy and Archaeology of Ventana Cave, Arizona. University of New Mexico Press. Albuquerque.
Hunt, Alice 1960 Archeology of the Death Valley Salt Pan, California. University of Utah Anthropological Papers, No. 47. Salt Lake City.
Jennings, Jesse D. 1957 Danger Cave. Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology, No. 14. Salt Lake City.
Jennings, Jesse D. (Editor) 1956 The American Southwest: A Problem in Cultural Isolation. In “Seminars in Archaeology: 1955,” edited by Wauchope, Robert, pp. 59127. Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology, No. 11. Salt Lake City.
Jennings, Jesse D. and Norbeck, Edward 1955 Great Basin Prehistory: A Review. American Antiquity, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 111. Salt Lake City.
Meighan, Clement W. 1959 Archaeological Resources of Borrego State Park. Annual Report, 1958-59 Archaeological Survey, pp. 2544. Department of Anthropology and Sociology, University of California. Los Angeles.
Riddell, Harry S. 1951 The Archaeology of a Paiute Village Site in Owens Valley. Reports of the University of California Archaeological Survey, No. 12, pp. 1428. Berkeley.
Riddell, Harry S. and Riddell, Francis A. 1956 The Current Status of Archaeological Investigations in Owens Valley, California. Reports of the University of California Archaeological Survey, No. 33, pp. 2833. Berkeley.
Rogers, Malcolm J. 1939 Early Lithic Industries of the Lower Basin of the Colorado River and Adjacent Desert Areas. San Diego Museum Papers, No. 3. San Diego.
Rogers, Malcolm J. 1945 An Outline of Yuman Prehistory. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, Vol. 1, pp. 167–98. Albuquerque.
Rogers, Malcolm J. 1959 San Dieguito Implements from the Terraces of the Rincon-Pantano and Rillito Drainage System. The Kiva, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 122. Tucson.
Simpson, Ruth D. 1958 The Manix Lake Archaeological Survey. The Masterkey, Vol. 32, No. 1, pp. 410. Los Angeles.
Simpson, Ruth D. 1961 Coyote Gulch. Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California Paper, No. 5. Los Angeles.
Treganza, Adan E. 1942 An Archaeological Reconnaissance of Northeastern Baja California and Southeastern California. American Antiquity, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 152–63. Menasha.
Wallace, William J. 1958 Archaeological Investigations in Death Valley National Monument, 1952–57. In “Current Views on Great Basin Archaeology.” Reports of the University of California Archaeological Survey, No. 42, pp. 722. Berkeley.
Wallace, William J. and Desautels, Roger J. 1960 An Excavation at the Squaw Tank Site, Joshua Tree National Monument, California. Contributions to California Archaeology, No. 4, Pt. 2, pp. 113. Los Angeles.
Wallace, William J., Hunt, Alice P. and Peter Redwine, J. 1959 An Investigation of Some Stone Mounds in Death Valley National Monument. Contributions to California Archaeology, No. 3, Pt. 2, pp. 111. Los Angeles.
Wallace, William J. and Taylor, Edith S. 1958 An Archeological Reconnaissance in Bow Willow Canyon, Anza-Borrego Desert State Park. The Masterkey, Vol. 32, No. 5, pp. 155–6. Los Angeles.
Wallace, William J. and Taylor, Edith S. 1959 A Preceramic Site at Saratoga Springs, Death Valley National Monument. Contributions to California Archaeology, No. 3, Pt. 2, pp. 113. Los Angeles.
Wallace, William J. and Taylor, Edith S. 1960a The Surface Archeology of Indian Hill. The Masterkey, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 418. Los Angeles.
Wallace, William J. and Taylor, Edith S. 1960b Indian Hill Rockshelter, Preliminary Excavations. The Masterkey, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 6682. Los Angeles.
Wallace, William J. and Taylor, Edith S. 1960c An Archaeological Survey of the Deep Tank-Squaw Tank District, Joshua Tree National Monument. Contributions to California Archaeology, No. 4, Pt. 1, pp. 115. Los Angeles.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed