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A Comment on Emery and Edwards’ “Archaeological Potential of the Atlantic Continental Shelf”

  • Bert Salwen (a1)

Abstract

After expressing general agreement with the major conclusions reached by Emery and Edwards, the author comments on two points. 1. He takes issue with the oft repeated assertion that Archaic peoples of the Northeast coast did not “learn to eat marine mollusks,” and suggests, instead, an environmental explanation for the absence of shellfish debris from some Archaic sites. 2. He adds to the list of archaeological sites now under water, points out that, at some of these, artifactual materials seem to have been protected from scattering by the development of peat layers over the occupation areas, and he suggests that this fact may hold out hope for the future discovery of relatively undisturbed drowned sites in the waters off the Atlantic Coast.

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Barghoorn, Elso S. 1953 Recent Changes in Sea Level Along the New England Coast: New Archaeological Evidence. Science, Vol. 117, No. 3048, pp. 5978. Washington.
Cotter, John L. 1964 Current Research: Northeast (editor). American Antiquity, Vol. 29, No. 4, pp. 53943. Salt Lake City.
Delabarre, Edmund B. 1925 A Possible Pre-Algonkian Culture in Southeastern Massachusetts. American Anthropologist, n.s., Vol. 27, No. 3, pp. 35969. Menasha.
Delabarre, Edmund B. 1928 A Prehistoric Skeleton from Grassy Island. American Anthropologist, n.s., Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 47680. Menasha.
Emery, K. O. and Edwards, R. L. 1966 Archaeological Potential of the Atlantic Continental Shelf. American Antiquity, Vol. 31, No. 5, pp. 7337. Salt Lake City.
Glynn, Frank 1953 The Pilots Point Submerged Sites. Archaeological Society of Connecticut, Bulletin, No. 27, pp. 1129. New Haven.
Johnson, Frederick and Raup, H. M. 1947 Grassy Island: Archaeological and Botanical Investigations of an Indian Site in the Taunton River, Massachusetts. Robert S. Peabody Foundation for Archaeology, Papers, Vol. 1, No. 2. Andover.
Ritchie, William A. 1965 The Archaeology of New York State. Natural History Press, Garden City.
Salwen, Bert 1962 Sea Levels and Archaeology in the Long Island Sound Area. American Antiquity, Vol. 28, No. 1, pp. 4655. Salt Lake City.
Salwen, Bert 1965 Sea Levels and the Archaic Archaeology of the Northeast Coast of the United States. MS, doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York. (University Microfilms, Order No. 65-13,990. Ann Arbor)
Sargent, Howard R. 1952 A Preliminary Report on the Excavations at Grannis Island. Archaeological Society of Connecticut, Bulletin, No. 26, pp. 3050. New Haven.
Waters, Joseph H. 1965 Animal Remains From Some New England Woodland Sites. Archaeological Society of Connecticut, Bulletin, No. 33, pp. 411. New Haven.

A Comment on Emery and Edwards’ “Archaeological Potential of the Atlantic Continental Shelf”

  • Bert Salwen (a1)

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