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Cherokee Pottery from Northern Georgia*

  • Joseph R. Caldwell (a1)

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From November 15, 1950, to April 7, 1951, an archaeological survey was conducted by the Smithsonian River Basin Surveys, in cooperation with the National Park Service and the Corps of Army Engineers, of the area to be flooded by the dam at Buford, Georgia. On the upper Chattahoochee River we came across an aboriginal cooking pit containing quantities of pottery which could be unhesitatingly identified as historic Cherokee. While a certain amount of confusion as to just what might constitute Cherokee ceramics was dispelled some years ago by the publication of Hiwassee Island, it does seem advisable to present the Buford material as an areal and temporal variant. It differs in some particulars from the Overhill pottery described by Lewis and Kneberg from the Little Tennessee; there are other differences from recently identified Cherokee pottery from the middle Etowah River in northwest Georgia; and again, it is unlike some ceramic assemblages from Lower Cherokee towns in northeast Georgia and western South Carolina.

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*

This paper is published with the permission of the secretary of the Smithsonian Institution.

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References

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Caldwell, Joseph R. 1950 A Preliminary Report on Excavations in the Allatoona Reservoir. Early Georgia, Vol. 1, No. 1. Athens.
Caldwell, Joseph R. 1953 Appraisal of the Archeological Resources, Buford Reservoir in Hall, Forsyth, Dawson and Gwinnett Counties, Northern Georgia. River Basin Surveys, Smithsonian Institution (mimeographed). Washington.
Caldwell, Joseph R. 1953 Appraisal of the Archeological Resources of Hartwell Reservoir, South Carolina and Georgia. National Park Service (mimeographed). Richmond.
Caldwell, Sheila K. n.d. Excavations on Darien Bluff. M.S.
CHEVES, LANGDON (editor) 1894 Journal of the March of the Carolinians into the Cherokee Mountains in the Yemassee Indian War, 1715-1716. Yearbook of the City of Charleston, S.C.
COE, JOFFRE L. 1952 The Cultural Sequence of the North Carolina Piedmont. In Archeology of Eastern United States, edited by Griffin, James B.. University of Chicago Press.
FAIRBANKS, CHARLES H. 1952 Creek and Pre-Creek. In Archeology of Eastern United States, edited by Griffin, James B.. University of Chicago Press.
JENNINGS, JESSE D. AND H. FAIRBANKS, CHARLES 1939 Pottery Types: Lamar Complicated Stamped, Lamar Bold Incised, and Ocmulgee Fields Incised. Newsletter of the Southeastern Archeological Conference, Vol. 1, No. 2. Lexington, Ky.
LEWIS, THOMAS M. N. AND KNEBERG, MADELINE 1946 Hiwassee Island. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville.
MOONEY, JAMES 1900 Myths of the Cherokee. Bureau of American Ethnology, Annual Report 19. Washington.
SEARS, WILLIAM H. 1951 Excavations at Kolomoki, Season I, 1948. University of Georgia Press, Athens.
FRANK M., SETZLER AND D. JENNINGS, JESSE 1941 Peachtree Mound and Village Site, Cherokee County, North Carolina. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 131. Washington.
SMITH, HALE G. 1948 Two Historical Archeological Periods in Florida. American Antiquity. Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 313–9. Menasha.
SWANTON, JOHN R. 1946 The Indians of the Southeastern United States. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 137. Washington.
SWANTON, JOHN R. 1952 The Indian Tribes of North America. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 145. Washington.

Cherokee Pottery from Northern Georgia*

  • Joseph R. Caldwell (a1)

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