Skip to main content Accessibility help

State Creation in Nigeria: Failed Approaches to National Integration and Local Autonomy

  • Henry E. Alapiki


This paper seeks to demonstrate how the fissiparous tendencies bearing on the Nigerian national polity make the policy of using state creation to achieve national integration a failed strategy. The paper shows how the outcomes of state creation exercises in Nigeria have failed to assuage the very forces that instigate new state demands. It contends that the prospects for national integration and local autonomy depend on the emergence of a purposeful national leadership and proper political restructuring of the federation designed to generate a national image that has more appeal than the regional ones.


Cet essai cherche à démontrer comment les tendances sécessionnistes pesant sur le système politique national du Nigeria mettent en échec la stratégie de création d'un état pour accomplir le projet d'intégration nationale. Cet essai montre comment les résultats de simulation de création d'un état au Nigeria n'ont pas réussi à apaiser les forces mêmes qui engendrent de nouvelles raisons d'état. A cela s'oppose le fait que les projets d'intégration nationale et d'autonomie locale dépendent de l'émergence d'une direction nationale sensée et d'une restructuration politique appropriée de la fédération constituée en vue de générer une image nationale qui a plus d'attrait que les images régionales.



Hide All
Ake, C. 1967. A Theory of Political Integration. Homewood, Ill.: The Dorsey Press.
Ake, C. 1985. Political Economy of Nigeria. London: Longman.
Alapiki, H. 1995. “Creation of More States and Political Integration in Nigeria.” Ph.D. diss., University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
Alapiki, H. 1998. “State Creation and Its Endemic Problems in Nigeria.” In Iwarimie-Jaja, D., ed., The Nigerian Environment and Socio-Economic Development, 179–91. Port Harcourt: SIJ Publishers.
Bach, D. 1989. “Managing a Plural Society: The Boomerang Effects of Nigerian Federalism.” Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics 28: 227–38.
Bayero, S. 1990. “Geopolitical Structures and Development in Nigeria.” In Amdi, I. E. S. and Hinjari, W., eds., Party Systems, Democracy and Political Stability in Nigeria. Zaria: NPSA.
Ekekwe, E. 1986. Class and State in Nigeria. London: Longman.
Elaigwu, J. I. 1985. “Nation Building and Political Development in Nigeria: The Challenge of Unity in a Heterogenous Society.” In Atanda, J. and Aliyu, A., eds., Political Development in Nigeria. Zaria: ABU Press.
Ellah, F.J. 1982. Nigeria and States Creation. Port Harcourt: Ellah Sons and Co.
Kirk-Green, A. H. M. 1968. Lugard and the Amalgamation of Nigeria: A Documentary Record. London: Frank Cass.
Nigeria. 1937. “Reorganisation of the Southern Provinces Sessional Paper No. 46.” Lagos: Government Printer.
Nigeria. 1957. “Report of the Nigeria Constitutional Conference Held in London in May and June, 1957.” London: H.M.S.O., Cmnd. 207, 07.
Nigeria. 1958. “Report of the Resumed Nigeria Constitutional Conference.” London: H.M.S.O. Cmnd. 569.
Nigeria. 1962. House of Representatives Debates, 1st Parliament. 3rd Session. Cols. 101–102.
Nigeria 1958. “Report of the Commission Appointed to Enquire into the Fears of Minorities and the Means of Allaying Them.” London: H.M.S.O. Cmnd. 569.
Nigeria 1976. “Federal Government Views on the Report of the Panel on Creation of States.” Lagos: Federal Ministry of Information.
Nnoli, O. 1980. Ethnic Politics in Nigeria. Enugu: Fourth Dimension Publishers.
Nwabueze, B. 1982. “Problems of Federalism in Nigeria.” Paper Presented to the Institute of African Studies Special Seminar, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
Osaghae, E. 1985. “Political Parties, Creation of More States and Federal Stability in Nigeria.” In Atanda, J. and Aliyu, A., eds., Political Development in Nigeria. Zaria: ABU Press.
Oshintokun, J. 1979. “The Historical Background of Nigerian Federalism.” In Akinyemi, A. B., Cole, P. D., and Ofonagoro, W., eds., Readings in Federalism, 91103. Lagos: NIIA.
Tamuno, J. N. 1970. “Separatist Agitations in Nigeria Since 1914.” Journal of Modern African Studies 8 (4): 3543.
Watts, R. L. 1966. New Federations: Experiments in the Commonwealth. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Young, C. 1976. The Politics of Cultural Pluralism. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

State Creation in Nigeria: Failed Approaches to National Integration and Local Autonomy

  • Henry E. Alapiki


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed