Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Sociopolitical Crisis and the Reconstruction of Sustainable Periurban Agriculture in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

  • Alfred Babo

Abstract:

This article examines the effects of the post-2002 sociopolitical crisis in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, on urban and peri-urban agriculture. Based on the case study of Abidjan, it argues for a conceptualization of sustainability that includes social as well as environmental dimensions and focuses on coping strategies of producers and merchants. In Abidjan, these strategies included internal migration within the city and its periphery, the use of organic fertilizers, and changes in market structure. The study illustrates how such strategies allowed producers to continue to supply produce to the market, despite the difficulties of war.

Résumé:

Cet article examine les effets de la crise sociopolitique post 2002 à Abidjan, en Côte d'Ivoire, autour de l'agriculture urbaine et périurbaine. En nous basant sur l'étude de cas d'Abidjan, nous avan¸ons une conceptualisation du développement durable qui contient des dimensions sociales aussi bien qu'environnementales, et se concentre sur des stratégies de survie pour les producteurs et les commerçants. À Abidjan, ces stratégies comprenaient la prise en compte d'une migration interne dans la ville et sa péripherie, l'utilisation d'engrais organiques, et les variations du fonctionnement du marché. L'étude démontre comment de telles stratégies ont permis aux producteurs d'approvisionner le marché en vivres en dépit des difficultés de la guerre.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Adams, William M. 1995. “Green Development Theory? Environmentalism and Sustainable Development.” In Power of Development, edited by Crush, J. S., 2044. London: Zed Books.
Affou, Yapi Simplice. 1998. “Agriculture intra-urbaine en Côte d'Ivoire: Les cultures et les acteurs, in agriculture périurbaine en Afrique subsaharienne.” Paper presented at Actes de l'atelier Agriculture Periurbaine en Afrique Subsaharienne, Montpellier.
Akindes, Francis. 1991. “Restauration populaire et sécurité alimentaire à Abidjan.” Cahiers des Sciences Humaines 27: 69179.
Akindes, Francis. 2004. “The Roots of the Military-Political Crises in Côte d'Ivoire.” Research report, Nordiska Afrikainstitutet. Vol. 128. Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
ANADER. 2000. Rapport Annuel. Abidjan: Agence Nationale d'Appuiau Développement et à l'Eqnipement Rural.
ANADER. 2003. Rapporl Annuel. Abidjan: Agence Nationale d'Appui an Développement et à l'Equipement Rural.
ANADER. 2004. Rapport Annuel. Abidjan: Agence Nationale d'Appui au Développement et à l'Equipement Rural.
Babo, Alfred. 1997. “Les circuits de commercialisation et de transformation du manioc à Bouaké, Bouaké.” Université de Bouaké, master's thesis.
Babo, Alfred, and Droz, Yvan. 2008. “Land Tenure Conflicts: From Moral Ethnicity to the Imagination of Nation, Interethnic Relationships and ‘Ivoirity’ in South West Ivory-Coast.” Cahiers d'Études Afrkaines 48 (4): 741–63
Baker, Susan, et al. 1997. The Politics of Sustainable Development: Theory, Policy and Practice within the European Union. Global Environmental Change series. London: Routledge.
Banégas, Richard, and Otayek, René. 2003. “Le Burkina-Faso dans la crise ivoirienne: Effets d'aubaine et incertitudes politiques.” Polilique Africaine 89: 7187.
Becker, Egon, and Jahn, Thomas. 1999. Suslainabilily and the Social Sciences: A Cross-Disciplinary Approach to Integrating Environmental Considerations into Theoretical Reorientation. Paris: Zed Books.
Bell, Michael. 2004. Farming for Us All: Practical Agriculture and the Cultivation of Suslainabilily. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.
Bonnecase, Pierre. 2001. “Les étrangers et la terre en Côte d'Ivoire à l'époque coloniale.” REFO no. 2. Paris: IRD.
Butler, Lorna Michael, and Maronek, Dale M., eds. 2002. Urban and Agricultural Communities: Opportunities for Common Ground. Ames, Iowa: Council for Agriciiltural Science and Technology, www.castscience.org.
Jean-Louis, Chaléard. 1996. Temps des villes, temps des vivres: l'essor du vivrier marchand en Côle-d'Ivoire, Paris: Karthala.
Cordell, Denis, and Gregory, Joel. 1982. “Labour Reservoirs and Populations: French Colonial Strategies In Koudougou, Upper-Volta, 1914 to 1939.” Journal of African History 23 (2): 205–24
Da Silva, Jose Graziano. 2002. “Local Sustainable Development, Globalization and Agricultural Restructuring in Underdeveloped Countries.” International Journal of Sociology of Agriculture and Food 10 (1): 3339.
De Haan, Leo. 2000. “Globalisation, Localisation and Sustainable Livelihoods.” Sociologia Ruralis 40 (3): 3965.
Doucoure, Djibril, and Fleury, Andre. 2004. “La place de l'agriculture urbaine dans les dispositifs institutionnels et la planification.” In Developpemenl Durable de L'agriculture urbaine en afrique francophone: Enjeux, concepts et methodes, edited by Smith, Oianrewaju B., et al., 4578. Ottawa: CIRAD-CRDI.
Droz, Yvan, and Sottas, Beat. 1997. “Partir ou rester? Partir et rester; migrations des kikuyus au kenya.” L'Homme 142: 6988.
Dubbeling, M. 2004. “Optimizing Use of Vacant Space for Urban Agriculture through Participatory Planning Processes.” Paper presented at “Workshop on IDRC-Supported Initiatives on Urban Agriculture and Food Security.” Toronto: Ryerson University.
FAO. 1988. Production de legumes dans les conditions nrides et semi-arides d'afrique tropicale. Rome: Fund for Agriculture and Food.
Frayne, Bruce. 2005. “Survival of the Poorest: Migration and Food Security in Namibia.” In Agropolis: The Social, Political and Environmental Dimensions of Urban Agriculture, edited by Mougeot, Luc J. A., 3250. Ottawa: IDRC.
Friedberg, Susanne. 2001. “Gardening on the Edge: The Social Conditions of Unsustainability on an African Urban Periphery.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 91 (2): 349–69.
Gabel, Stephanie. 2005. “Exploring the Gender Dimensions of Urban Open-Space Cultivation in Harare, Zimbabwe.” In Agropolis: The Social, Political and Environmental Dimensions of Urban Agriculture, edited by Mougeot, Luc J. A., 107–36. Ottawa: IDRC.
Grünewald, François. 2005. “La résilience, clé de la survie des sociétés rurales face aux conflits. “ Grain De Sel 31: 2223.
Hovorka, Alice J. 2005. “Gender, Commercial Urban Agriculture and Urban Food Supply in Greater Gaborone, Bostwana.” In Agropolis: The Social, Political and Environmental Dimensions of Urban Agriculture, edited by Mougeot, Luc J. A., 137–52. Ottawa: IDRC.
IICA (Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture). 2000. The New Rurality: Sustainable Rural Developement in the Context of a New Reading of Rural Reality. San-Jose: IACA.
IRIN (United Nations Integrated Regional Information Networks). 2004. “Côte d'Ivoire: Militants Rampage in Abidjan, Foreigners Airlifted from Homes.” www.globalsecurity.org.
Kouassi, Maurice. 2001. Pressions anthropiques et impacts socio-économiques el écologiques dans I'espace Buyo (Côte d'Ivoire). Thèse de doctonit unique, Université d'Abobo-Adjamé.
Lebeau, René. 1979. Les grands types de structures agmires dans le monde. Paris: Massan.
Margiotta, Mario. 1997. Développement de la production maraîchère dans les périniètres urbains de et périurbains de Nouakchott. Nouakchott: Ministère du Développement rural et de l'environnement.
MBaye, A., and Monstier, Paule. 2000. “Market Oriented Urban Agricultural Production in Dakar.” In Growing Cities, Growing Food: Urban Agriculture on the Policy Agenda, edited by Bakker, N. et al., 235–56. Feldafing: German Foundation for International Developement.
Mbiba, Beacon. 1995. Urban Agriculture in Zimbabwe. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate.
Melucci, Alberto. 1989. Nomads of the Present: Social Movements and Individual Needs in Contemporary Society. London: Hutchinson.
du plan, Ministère. 1970. Rapport de synthèse: Direction des études de développement, travaux préparaloires au plan 1971–1975. Deuxième, esquisse: Les cultures maraîchères. Abidjan: Ministère dn Plan.
Mougeot, Luc J. A. 2000. “Urban Agriculture: Definition, Presence, Potential and Risks.” In Growing Cities, Growing Food: Urban Agriculture on the Policy Agenda, edited by Bakker, N. et al. Feldafing: German Foundation for International Developement.
Mougeot, Luc J. A.. 2005. Agtopolis: The Social, Political and Environment Dimensions of Urban Agriculture. London: EARTHSCAN.
Moustier, Paule. 1999. “Complementarité entre agriculture urbaine et agriculture rurale.” In Urban Agriculture in West Africa: Contributing to Food Security and Urban Sanitation, edited by Smith, Olanrewaju B., 4155. Wageningen: Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation.
Mwangi-wa-Githinji, , and Perrings, Charles. 1993. “Social and Economic Sustainability in the Use of Biotic Resources in Sub-Saharan Africa.” Anibio 22 (2–3): 110–16
Parnwell, Mike. 1993. Population Movements and the Third World. London: Routledge
Pearce, David W., Barbier, Edward, and Markandya, Anil. 1990. Sustainable Development: Economics and Environment in the. Third World. Aldershot, U.K.: Gower.
Prothero, R. Mansell, and Chapman, Murray. 1985. Circulation in Third World Countries. London: Routledge.
Redclift, Micheal. 1997. “Frontier of Consumption: Sustainable Rural Economies and Societies in the Next Century.” In Sustainable Rural Development, edited by De Haan, H., Kasimis, B., and Redclift, M., 3550. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate.
Rotberg, Robert I., ed. 2001. Patterns of Social Capital: Stability and Change in Historical Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Roubaud, Francois. 2003. La crise vue d'en bas a Abidjan: Ethnicité, gouvernance et démocratie. Développement Institutions et Analyses de Long terme (DIAL), Document de Travail no. 11.
Schilter, Christine. 1991. L'agriculture urbaine, une activité créatrice d'emplois en économie de survie: le cas de Lomé. Cahiers des Sciences Humaines 27 (1–2): 159–68
Smit, Jac, Ratta, Annu, and Nasr, Joe. 1996. Urban Agriculture: Food, fobs, and Sustainable Cities. New York: United Nations Development Programme.
Smith, Olanrewaju B., et al., eds. 2004. Développement durable de l'agriculture urbaine en Afiique francophone: Enjeux, concepts et méthodes. Ottawa: CIRAD-CRDI.
Sonou, Moïse. 2001. “Periurban Irrigated Agriculture and Health Risks in Ghana.” Urban Agriculture Magazine 1 (3): 3334.
Spiaggi, Eduardo. 2005. “Urban Agriculture and Local Sustainable Development in Rosario, Argentina: Integration of Economic, Social, Technical and Environmental Variables.” In Agropolis: The Social, Political and Environmental Dimensions of Urban Agriculture, edited by Mougeot, Luc J. A., 187202. Ottawa: IDRC.
Tallaki, Komla. 2005. “The Pest-Control System in the Market Gardens of Lome, Togo.” In Agropoli: The Social, Political and Environmental dimensions of Urban Agriculture, edited by Mougeot, Luc J. A., 5188. Ottowa: IDRC.
Tapinos, Georges. P. 2002. “La population étrangère.” In La Côte d'Ivoire à l'aube du XXIè siècle: défis démographiques et développement durable, 387408. Paris: Karthala.
Tovey, Hilary. 2002. “Alternative Agriculture Movements and Rural Development Cosmologies.” International Journal of Sociology of Agriculture and Food 10 (1): 111.
Turner, R. Kerry. 1988. Sustainable Environmental Management: Principles and Practice. London: Belhaven Press.
WCED (World Commission on Environment and Development). 1987. Our Common Future. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
World Bank. 2001. Rural Development Strategy and Action Plan for Latin Ametica and the Caribbean Region. Washington. D.C.: World Bank.
Zongo, Mahamadou. 2003. “La diaspora burkinabè en Côte d'Ivoire: Trajectoire historique, recomposition des dynamiques migratoires et rapport avec le pays d'origine.” Politique Africaine 90: 113–26.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Sociopolitical Crisis and the Reconstruction of Sustainable Periurban Agriculture in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

  • Alfred Babo

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.