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  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: October 2019

Chapter 16 - Southeast Asia: Era of the Merchant Sultanates

from Part III - From the Globalization of the Afro-Eurasian Area to the Dawn of European Expansion (Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Centuries)


Mojopahit’s obvious prosperity during the fourteenth century depended very much on its ability to maintain privileged relations with China and to control the straits. The founding of Malacca in 1401 was a watershed event for Mojopahit. According to D. Lombard, in 1410, China supported Java against Malacca, which claimed sovereignty over Palembang: “China appeared to endorse Java’s primacy over Srīwijaya” (1990, ii: 41–42). In fact, the Ming fleet ensured the safety of the straits with the “agreement” of Mojopahit. In Southeast Asia, China first relied on Malacca, as early as 1405 (see below).