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  • Print publication year: 2017
  • Online publication date: June 2017

Chapter 14 - Piercing and Tattooing

from Section 2.1 - Health Maintenance
a.American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Guidelines for Adolescent Health Care, 2nd edition. Washington, DC: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 2011. Available at: Retrieved May 28, 2016.
b.American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Policy on intraoral/perioral piercing and oral jewelry/accessories. Pediatr Dent. 2012, 34(special issue):65–6. Available at: Retrieved May 28, 2016.
c.American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Guideline on periodicity of examination, preventive dental services, anticipatory guidance/counseling, and oral treatment for infants, children, and adolescents. In 2014–15 Reference Manual: Definitions, Oral Health Policies, and Clinical Guidelines. Chicago, IL: AAPD, 2014. pp. 118–25. Available at: Retrieved May 26, 2016.
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2.Mayers, L.B., Judelson, D.A., Moriarty, B.W., and Rundell, K.W. Prevalence of body art (body piercing and tattooing) in university undergraduates and incidence of medical complications. Mayo Clin Proc. 2002, 77(1):2934.
3.Koch, J.R., Roberts, A.E., Armstrong, M.L., and Owe, D.C. Body art, deviance, and American college students. Soc Sci J. 2010, 106:467.
4.Liszewski, W., Kream, E., Helland, S., et al. The demographics and rates of tattoo complications, regret, and unsafe tattooing practices: A cross-sectional study. Dermatol Surg. 2015, 41(11):1283–9.
5.Wenzel, S.M., Rittmann, I., Landthaler, M., and Baumler, W. Adverse reactions after tattooing: Review of the literature and comparison to results of a survey. Dermatology. 2013, 226(2):138–47.
6.Holbrook, J., Minocha, J., and Laumann, A. Body piercing: complications and prevention of health risks. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2012, 13(1):117.
7.Kluger, N. Acute complications of tattooing presenting in the ED. Am J Emerg Med. 2012, 30(9):2055–63.
8.Tohme, R.A. and Holmberg, S.D. Transmission of hepatitis C virus infection through tattooing and piercing: A critical review. Clin Infect Dis. 2012, 54(8):1167–78.
9.Carney, K., Dhalla, S., Aytaman, A., Tenner, C.T., and Francois, F. Association of tattooing and hepatitis C virus infection: A multicenter case–control study. Hepatology. 2013, 57(6):2117–23.
10.Jafari, S., Buxton, J.A., Afshar, K., Copes, R., and Baharlou, S. Tattooing and risk of hepatitis B: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Can J Public Health. 2012, 103(3):207–12.