Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2015
  • Online publication date: May 2015

11 - Cerebellar infarcts

1.Gilman, S, Bloedel, J, Lechtenberg, R. Disorders of the cerebellum. F.A. Davis, Philadelphia, 1981.
2.Rao, C. Normal anatomy. In Lechtenberg, R (ed.), Handbook of cerebellar diseases. New York, Marcel Dekker, 1993, pp.1728.
3.Haines, DE, Dietrichs, E. The cerebellum – structure and connections. In Aminoff, M, Boller, F, Swaab, DF (eds.), Handbook of clinical neurology, Vol. 103 Ataxic disorders, Subramony SH, Durr A (eds.). Elsevier, Edinburgh, 2012, pp. 336.
4.Parker, JL, Santiago, M. Oculomotor aspects of the hereditary cerebellar ataxia. In Aminoff, M, Boller, F, Swaab, DF (eds.), Handbook of clinical neurology, Vol. 103 Ataxic disorders, Subramony SH, Durr A (eds.). Elsevier, Edinburgh, 2012, pp. 6483.
5.Leigh, RJ, Zee, DS. The neurology of eye movements, 4th edition. Oxford University Press, 2006.
6.Schmahmann, JD. Cognitive and behavioral manifestations of cerebellar strokes: their relation to motor control and functional topography in the cerebellum. In Caplan, LR, van Gijn, (eds.), Stroke syndromes, 3rd edition. Cambridge University Press, New York, 2012, pp. 3251.
7.Schmahmann, JD, Caplan, D. Cognition, emotion, and the cerebellum. Brain 2006;129:290292.
8.Lister, JR, Rhoton, AL, Matsushima, T, Peace, DA. Microsurgical anatomy of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery. Neurosurgery 1982;10:170199.
9.Amarenco, P, Hauw, J-J. Anatomie des arteres cerebelleuses. Rev Neurol 1989;145:267276.
10.Amarenco, P, Hauw, J-J, Caplan, LR. Cerebellar infarctions. In Lechtenberg, R (ed.), Handbook of cerebellar diseases. Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993, pp. 251290.
11.Amarenco, P. The spectrum of cerebellar infarctions. Neurology 1991;41:973979.
12.Savoiardo, M, Bracchi, M, Passerini, A, Visciani, A. The vascular territories in the cerebellum and brainstem: CT and MR study. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 1987;8:199209.
13.Courchesne, E, Press, GA, Murakami, J et al. The cerebellum in sagittal plane-anatomic-MR correlation: 1. the vermis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 1989;10:659665.
14.Press, GA, Murakami, J, Courchesne, E et al. The cerebellum in sagittal plane-anatomic-MR correlation: 2. the cerebellar hemispheres. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 1989;10:667676.
15.Press, GA, Murakami, JW, Courchesne, E et al. The cerebellum:3. anatomic-MR correlation in the coronal plane. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 1990;11:4150.
16.Chaves, CJ, Caplan, LR, Chung, C-S, Amarenco, P. Cerebellar infarcts. In Appel, S (ed.), Current neurology, Vol. 14. Mosby-Year Book, St. Louis, 1994, pp. 143177.
17.Clarke, E, O’Malley, CD. The human brain and spinal cord: a historical study illustrated by writings from antiquity to the twentieth century. University of California Press, Berkeley, 1968, pp. 628707.
18.Reil, JC. Fragmente uber die Bildung des kleines Gehirns im menschen. Arch Physiol Halle 1807;8:158.
19.Holmes, G. The symptoms of acute cerebellar injuries due to gunshot injuries. Brain 1917;40:461535.
20.Holmes, G. The cerebellum: The Croonian lectures on the clinical symptoms of cerebellar disease and their interpretation. Lancet 1922.
21.McKissock, W, Richardson, A, Walsh, L. Spontaneous cerebellar hemorrhage. A study of 34 consecutive patients treated surgically. Brain 1960;83:19.
22.Fisher, CM, Picard, EH, Polak, A et al. Acute hypertensive cerebellar hemorrhage. Diagnosis and surgical treatment. J Nerv Ment Dis 1965; 140:3857.
23.Menzies, WF. Thrombosis of inferior cerebellar artery. Brain 1893;16:436439.
24.Goodhart, SP, Davison, C. Syndrome of the posterior inferior and anterior inferior cerebellar arteries and their branches. Arch Neurol Psychiatry 1936;35:501524.
25.Germain, A, Morvan, A. Ramollissement cerebelleux pseudotumoral. Bull Soc Med Hop Paris 1938;44:16951700.
26.Fairburn, B, Oliver, LC. Cerebellar softening: a surgical emergency. Br Med J 1956;1:13351336.
27.Lindgren, SO. Infarctions simulating brain tumors in the posterior fossa. J Neurosurg 1956;13:575581.
28.Grinker, RR, Bucy, PC, Sahs, AL. Neurology, 5th edition. Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, IL, 1960, p. 539.
29.Pomme, B, Terrasse, P, Janny, H et al. Le ramollissement pseudo-tumoral du cervelet: a propos de deux observations. Semin Hop Paris 1959;35:791793.
30.Wood, MW, Murphey, F. Obstructive hydrocephalus due to infarction of a cerebellar hemisphere. J Neurosurg 1969;30:260263.
31.Lehrich, JC, Winkler, GF, Ojemann, RG. Cerebellar infarction with brainstem compression. Arch Neurol 1970;22:490498.
32.Momose, KJ, Lehrich, JR. Acute cerebellar infarction presenting as a posterior fossa mass. Radiology 1973;109:343352.
33.Le Beau, J, Corcos, A. Sur un noveau cas de ramollissement cerebelleux pseudotumoral. Semin Hop Paris 1976; 52: 637640.
34.Corcos, A, Gaches, J, Le Beau, J. Sur la forme pseudo-shirurgicale de l’oedeme ischemique ponto-cerebelleux. Ann Med Interne 1971;121:861865.
35.Cohadon, F, Guerin, A, Castel, J-P et al. Le ramollissement pseudo-tumoral du cervelet. Bordeux Med 1970;3:285297.
36.Sypert, GW, Alvord, EC. Cerebellar infarction: a clinicopathological study. Arch Neurol 1975;32:357363.
37.Thompson, GN. Cerebellar embolism. Bull Los Angel Neurol Soc 1944;9:140155.
38.Duncan, G, Parker, S, Fisher, CM. Acute cerebellar infarction in the PICA territory. Arch Neurol 1975;32:364368.
39.Duncan, GW, Parker, SW, Fisher, CM. Acute cerebellar infarction in the PICA territory. Trans Am Neurol Assoc 1974;99:209211.
40.Scotti, G, Spinnler, H, Sterzi, R, Vallar, G. Cerebellar softening. Ann Neurol 1980;8:133140.
41.Huang, CY, Yu, YL. Small cerebellar strokes may mimic labyrinthian lesions. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1985;48:263265.
42.Greenberg, J, Skubick, D, Shenkin, H. Acute hydrocephalus in cerebellar infarct and hemorrhage. Neurology 1979;29:409413.
43.DeReuck, J, van der Ecken, H. Cerebellar infarction and internal hydrocephalus. Acta Neurol Belg 1978;78:129140.
44.Taneda, M, Ozaki, K, Wakayama, A et al. Cerebellar infarction with obstructive hydrocephalus. J Neurosurg 1983;57:8391.
45.Cuneo, RA, Caronna, JJ, Pitts, L et al. Upward transtentorial herniation. Arch Neurol 1979;36:618623.
46.Weisberg, LA. Acute cerebellar hemorrhage and CT evidence of tight posterior fossa. Neurology 1986;36:858860.
47.Heros, R. Cerebellar hemorrhage and infarction. Stroke 1982;13:106109.
48.Khan, M, Polyzoidis, KS, Adegbite, AB, McQueen, JD. Massive cerebellar infarction: “conservative” management. Stroke 1983;14:745751.
49.Miki, K, Kurinoto, T, Tansi, S et al. On the surgical treatment of cerebellar infarction. No Shinkei Geka 1978;6–7:707713.
50.Shenkin, HA, Zavala, M. Cerebellar strokes: mortality, surgical indications, and results of ventricular drainage. Lancet 1982;2:429432.
51.Cioffi, FA, Bernini, FP, Punzo, A, D’Avanzo, R. Surgical management of acute cerebellar infarction. Acta Neurochirurg 1985;74:105112.
52.Rieke, K, Krieger, D, Adams, H-P et al. Therapeutic strategies in space-occupying cerebellar infarction based on clinical, neuroradiological and neurophysiological data. Cerebrovasc Dis 1993; 3:4555.
53.Krieger, D, Busse, O, Schramm, J, Ferbert A for the Steering and Protocol Commission. German-Austrian Space-Occupying Cerebellar Infarction Study (GASCIS): study design, methods, patient characteristics. J Neurol 1992;239: 183185.
54.Musselmann, Busse O, Jaucz, M et al. German-Austrian Space Occupying Cerebellar Stroke Study (GASCIS): a multicenter trial about space occupying cerebellar strokes. Cerebrovasc Dis 1995;5:240.
55.Hutter, E, Schweickert, S, Ringleb, Huttner H, Köhrmann, M, Aschoff, A. Long-term outcome after surgical treatment for space-occupying cerebellar infarction. Experience in 56 patients. Stroke 2009;40:30603066.
56.Amarenco, P, Hauw, J-J, Gautier, J-C. Arterial pathology in cerebellar infarction. Stroke 1990;21:12991305.
57.Amarenco, P, Levy, C, Cohen, A et al. Causes and mechanisms of territorial and non-territorial cerebellar infarcts in 115 consecutive patients. Stroke 1994;25:105112.
58.Amarenco, P, Caplan, LR. Vertebrobasilar occlusive disease: review of selected aspects. 3, mechanisms of cerebellar infarctions. Cerebrovasc Dis 1993;3:6673.
59.Amarenco, P, Hauw, J-J, Henin, D et al. Les infarctus du territoire de l’artere cerebelleuse postero-inferieure, etude clinico-pathologique de 28 cas. Rev Neurol 1989;145:277286.
60.Amarenco, P, Hauw, J-J. Cerebellar infarction in the territory of the anterior and inferior cerebellar artery. Brain 1990;113:139155.
61.Amarenco, P, Hauw, JJ. Cerebellar infarction in the territory of the superior cerebellar artery: a clinicopathologic study of 33 cases. Neurology 1990;40:13831390.
62.Mazighi, M, Amarenco, P. Cerebellar infarcts. In Caplan, LR, van Gijn, (eds.), Stroke syndromes, 3rd edition. Cambridge University Press, 2012, pp. 469479.
63.Amarenco, P, Kase, CS, Rosengart, A et al. Very small (border zone) cerebellar infarcts. Distribution, causes, mechanisms, and clinical features. Brain 1993; 116:161186.
64.Macdonell, RA, Kalnins, R, Donnan, GA. Cerebellar infarction: natural history, prognosis, and pathology. Stroke 1987;18:849855.
65.Barth, A, Bogousslavsky, J, Regli, F. The clinical and topographic spectrum of cerebellar infarcts: a clinical-magnetic resonance imaging correlation. Ann Neurol 1993;33:451456.
66.Kase, C, Norrving, B, Levine, S et al. Cerebellar infarction. Clinical and anatomic observations in 66 cases. Stroke 1993;24:7683.
67.Tohgi, H, Takahashi, S, Chibra, K et al. Cerebellar infarction. Clinical and neuroimaging analysis in 293 patients. Stroke 1993;24:16971701.
68.Chaves, CJ, Caplan, LR, Chung, C-S et al. Cerebellar infarcts in the New England Medical Center Posterior Circulation Stroke Registry. Neurology 1994;44:13851390.
69.Cano, LM, Cardona, P, Quesada, H, Mora, P, Rubio, F. Infarto cerebeloso: pronóstico y complicaciones de sus territorios vasculares. Neurologia 2012;27:330335.
70.Rosi, J, Dorsa de Oliveira, PG, Montanaro, AC, Gomes, S, Godoy, R. Infarto cerebelar: análise de 151 pacientes. Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2006; 64:456460.
71.Alexander, MP, Gillingham, S, Schweizer, T, Stuss, T. Cognitive impairments due to focal cerebellar injuries in adults. Cortex 2012;48:980990.
72.Schmahmann, JD. An emerging concept: the cerebellar contribution to higher function. Arch Neurol 1991;48:11781187.
73.Schmahmann, JD, Sherman, JC. The cerebellar cognitive affective syndrome. Brain 1998;121:561579.
74.Caplan, LR, Amarenco, P, Rosengart, A et al. Embolism from vertebral artery origin occlusive disease. Neurology 1992;42:15051512.
75.Amarenco, P, Roullet, E, Hommel, M et al. Infarction in the territory of the medial branch of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1990;53:731735.
76.Ogawa, K, Suzuki, Y, Oishi, M et al. Clinical study of medial area infarction in the region of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2013;22:508513.
77.Tada, Y, Mizutani, T, Nishimura, T et al. Acute bilateral cerebellar infarction in the territory of the medial branches of posterior inferior cerebellar arteries. Stroke 1994;25:686688.
78.Barth, A, Bogousslavsky, J, Regli, F. Infarcts in the territory of the lateral branch of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1994;57:10731076.
79.Deluca, C, Tinazzi, M, Bovi, P, Rizzuto, N, Moretto, G. Limb ataxia and proximal intracranial territory brain infarcts: clinical and topographical correlations. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2007;78:832835.
80.Alexander, MP, Gillingham, S, Schweizer, T, Stuss, DT. Cognitive impairments due to focal cerebellar injuries in adults. Cortex 2012;48:980–990.
81.Pierrot-Deseilligny, C, Amarenco, P, Roullet, E, Marteau, R. Vermal infarct with pursuit eye movement disorders. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1990;53:519521.
82.Norrving, B, Magnusson, M, Holtas, S. Isolated acute vertigo in the elderly; vestibular or vascular disease? Acta Neurol Scand 1995;91:4348.
83.Adams, RD. Occlusion of the anterior inferior cerebellar artery. Arch Neurol Psychiatry 1943;49:765770.
84.Kubik, CS, Adams, RD. Occlusion of the basilar artery: a clinical and pathological study. Brain 1946;69:73121.
85.Atkinson, WJ. The anterior inferior cerebellar artery. Its variations, pontine distribution, and significance in the surgery of cerebello-pontine angle tumours. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1949;12: 137151.
86.Perneczky, A, Perneczky, G, Tschabitscher, M, Samec, P. The relation between the caudolateral pontine syndrome and the anterior inferior cerebellar artery. Acta Neurochirurgica 1981;58:245257.
87.Amarenco, P, Rosengart, A, DeWitt, LD, Pessin, MS, Caplan, LR. Anterior inferior cerebellar artery territory infarcts. Mechanisms and clinical features. Arch Neurol 1993;50:154161.
88.Caplan, LR. Intracranial branch atheromatous disease. Neurology 1989;39:12461250.
89.Matsushita, K, Naritomi, H, Kazui, S et al. Infarction in the anterior inferior cerebellar artery territory: magnetic resonance imaging and auditory brain stem responses. Cerebrovasc Dis 1993;3:206212.
90.Oas, JG, Baloh, RW. Vertigo and the anterior inferior cerebellar artery syndrome. Neurology 1992;42:22742279.
91.Lee, H, Sohn, SI, Jung, DK et al. Sudden deafness and anterior inferior cerebellar artery infarction. Stroke 2002;33:28072812.
92.Lee, H, Cho, YW. Auditory disturbance as a prodrome of anterior inferior cerebellar artery infarction. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2003;74:16441648.
93.Lee, H. Audiovestibular loss in anterior inferior cerebellar artery territory infarction; a window to early detection. J Neurol Sci 2012;313:153159.
94.Lee, HL, Baloh, RW. Auditory disorders in stroke. In Caplan, LR, van Gijn, (eds.), Stroke syndromes, 3rd edition. Cambridge University Press, 2012, pp. 131143.
95.McLean, CA, Gonzales, MF, Dowling, JP. Systemic giant cell arteritis and cerebellar infarction. Stroke 1993;24:899902.
96.Mills, CK. Hemianesthesia to pain and temperature and loss of emotional expression on the right side with ataxia of the upper limb on the left. The symptoms probably due to a lesion of the thalamus or superior peduncles. J Nerv Ment Dis 1908;35:331332.
97.Mills, CK. Preliminary note on a new symptom complex due to a lesion of the cerebellum and cerebello-rubro-thalamic system. The main symptoms being ataxia of the upper and lower extremities on one side, and on the other side deafness, paralysis of emotional expression in the face, and loss of the senses of pain, heat, and cold over the entire half of the body. J Nerv Ment Dis 1912,39:7376.
98.Mills, CK. Cerebello-tegmental lesion from occlusion of branches of the superior cerebellar artery. Trans Am Neurol Assoc 1912;38:2425.
99.Guillain, G, Bertrand, Y, Peron, P. Le syndrome de l’artere cerebelleuse superieure. Rev Neurol 1928; 2:835843.
100.Worster-Drought, C, Allen, IM. Thrombosis of the superior cerebellar artery. Lancet 1929;2:11371139.
101.Russel, CK. The syndrome of brachium conjunctivum and the tractus ophthalmicus. Arch Neurol Psychiatry 1931;25:10031010.
102.Freeman, W, Jaffe, D. Occlusion of superior cerebellar artery: report of a case with necropsy. Arch Neurol Psychiatry 1941;46:115126.
103.Girard, PF, Bonamour, Garde A, Etienne, . Les syndrome de l’obliteration de l’artere cerebelleuse superieure et du ramollissement global de la callotte protuberantielle dans son tiers superieure: participation du pathetique. Rev Neurol 1950;83:199201.
104.Davison, C, Goodhart, SP, Savitsky, N. The syndrome of the superior cerebellar artery and its branches. Arch Neurol Psychiatry 1935;33:11431174.
105.Kase, CS, White, JL, Joslyn, JN et al. Cerebellar infarction in the superior cerebellar artery distribution. Neurology 1985;35:705711.
106.Deluca, C, Moretto, G, Di Matteo, A et al. on behalf of the Study group. Hemi- and monoataxia in cerebellar hemispheres and peduncles stroke lesions: topographical correlations. Cerebellum 2012;11:917–924.
107.Amarenco, P, Roullet, E, Goujon, C et al. Infarction in the anterior rostral cerebellum (the territory of the lateral branch of the superior cerebellar artery). Neurology 1991;41:253258.
108.Ranalli, PJ, Sharpe, JA. Contrapulsion of sacccades and ipsilateral ataxia: a unilateral disorder of the rostral cerebellum. Ann Neurol 1986;20:311316.
109.Bogousslavsky, J, Regli, F. Latero-pulsion axiale isolee lors d’un infarcus cerebelleux flocculo-nodulaire. Rev Neurol 1984;140:140144.
110.Amarenco, P, Chevrie-Muller, C, Roullet, E, Bousser, M-G. Paravermal infarct and isolated cerebellar dysarthria. Ann Neurol 1991;30:211213.
111.Lechtenberg, R, Gilman, S. Speech disorders in cerebellar disease. Ann Neurol 1978;3:285290.
112.Timsit, SG, Sacco, RL, Mohr, JP et al. Brain infarction severity differs according to cardiac or arterial embolic source. Neurology 1993;43:728733.
113.Caplan, LR. Clinical diagnosis of brain embolism. Cerebrovasc Dis 1995;5:7988.
114.Caplan, LR. Reperfusion of ischemic brain:why and why not? In Hacke, W, del Zoppo, GJ, Hirschberg, (eds.), Thrombolytic therapy in acute ischemic stroke. Springer, Heidelberg, 1991, pp. 3645.
115.Caplan, LR. Concluding comments – the brain. In Caplan, LR (ed.), Brain ischemia–basic concepts and clinical relevance. Springer, London, 1995, pp. 5156.
116.Hornig, CR, Rust, DS, Busse, O et al. Space-occupying cerebellar infarction. Clinical course and prognosis. Stroke 1994;25:372374.
117.Kanis, KB, Ropper, AH, Adelman, LS. Homolateral hemiparesis as an early sign of cerebellar mass effect. Neurology 1994;44:21942197.
118.Kase, CS, Wolf, PA. Cerebellar infarction: upward transtentorial herniation after ventriculostomy. Stroke 1993;24:10961098.
119.Chen, H-J, Lee, T-C, Wei, C-P. Treatment of cerebellar infarction by decompressive suboccipital craniectomy. Stroke 1992;23:957961.
120.Jauss, M, Krieger, D, Hornig, C, Schramm, J, Busse, O. Surgical and medical management of patients with massive cerebellar infarctions: results of the German-Austrian Cerebellar Infarction Study. J Neurol. 1999;246(4):257264.
121.Dietze, DD, Mickle, JP. Cerebellar mutism after posterior fossa surgery. Pediatr Neurosurg 1990–91;16:2531.
122.Rekate, HL, Grubb, RL, Aram, DM et al. Muteness of cerebellar origin. Arch Neurol 1985;42:697698.
123.van Dongen, HR, Catsman-Berrevoets, CE, van Mourik, M. The syndrome of “cerebellar” mutism and subsequent dysarthria. Neurology 1994;44:20402046.
124.Silveri, MC, Leggio, MG, Molinari, M. The cerebellum contributes to linguistic production: a case of agrammatic speech following a right cerebellar lesion. Neurology 1994;44:20472050.
125.Lodder, J, Krijne-Kubat, B, Broekman, J. Cerebral hemorrhagic infarction at autopsy: cardiac embolic causes and the relationship to the cause of death. Stroke 1986;17:626629.
126.Lodder, J. CT-detected hemorrhagic infarction: relation with the size of the infarct, and the presence of midline shift. Acta Neurol Scand 1984;70:329335.
127.Hornig, CR, Bauer, T, Simon, C et al. Hemorrhagic transformation in cardioembolic cerebral infarction. Stroke 1993; 24:465468.
128.Moulin, T, Crepin-Leblond, T, Chopard, J-C, Bogousslavsky, J. Hemorrhagic infarcts. Eur Neurol 1993; 34:6477.
129.Chaves, CJ, Pessin, MS, Caplan, LR, et al. Cerebellar hemorrhagic infarction. Neurology 1996;46:346349.
130.Pessin, MS, Estol, CJ, Lafranchise, F, Caplan, LR. Safety of anticoagulation in hemorrhagic infarction. Neurology 1993;43:12981303.
131.Fisher, CM, Adams, RD. Observations on brain embolism with special reference to the mechanism of hemorrhagic infarction. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 1951;10:9294.
132.Fisher, CM, Adams, RD. Observations on brain embolism with special reference to hemorrhagic infarction. In Furlan, AJ (ed.), The heart and stroke. Springer, Berlin, 1987, pp. 1736.
133.Ogata, J, Yutani, C, Imakita, M et al. Hemorrhagic infarcts of the brain without a reopening of the occluded arteries in cardioembolic stroke. Stroke 1989;20:876883.