Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home
Tamta's World
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    Tamta's World
    • Online ISBN: 9781316711774
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316711774
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to *
    ×
  • Buy the print book

Book description

This book tells the compelling story of a Christian noblewoman named Tamta in the thirteenth century. Born to an Armenian family at the court of queen Tamar of Georgia, she was ransomed in marriage to nephews of Saladin after her father was captured during a siege. She was later raped and then married by the Khwarazmshah and held hostage by the Mongols, before being made an independent ruler under them in eastern Anatolia. Her tale stretches from the Mediterranean to Mongolia and reveals the extraordinary connections across continents and cultures that one woman could experience. Without a voice of her own, surviving monuments - monasteries and mosques, caravanserais and palaces - build up a picture of Tamta's world and the roles women played in it. The book explores how women's identities changed between different courts, with shifting languages, religions and cultures, and between their roles as daughters, wives, mothers and widows.

Reviews

'… the volume is superbly illustrated: much can and should be learnt about Tamta’s world simply by examining the plates in the light of Eastmond’s highly knowledgeable and thoroughly comprehensible commentary.'

David Morgan Source: The Times Literary Supplement

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send
    ×

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×

Contents

Short titles used in the notes are given at the beginning of each entry in this section.

ʿAbd al-Rahman ibn Ismaʿil

Le livre des deux jardins: histoire des deux règnes, celui de Nour ed-Dîn et celui de Salah ed-Din’, in RHCHO, vol. 5, French trans. C. Barbier de Meynard (Paris, 1872)

Abu'l-Fida

Annales d'Abu'l-Fédâ’, French trans. in RHCHO, vol. 1 (Paris, 1872), 1–165

al-Dahabi

Kitāb Duwal al-Islām (Les dynasties de l'Islam): traduction annotée des années 447/1055–6 à 656/1258), French trans. A. Nègre (Damascus, 1979)

Harawi

ʿAli ibn Abi Bakr Harawi, Guide des lieux de pèlerinage, French trans. J. Sourdel-Thomine (Damascus, 1957)

Husayni

Sadr al-Din ʿAli ibn Nasir Husayni, The History of the Seljuq State: A Translation with Commentary of the ‘Akhbār al-dawla al-saljūqiyya’, English trans. C. E. Bosworth [Routledge Studies in the History of Iran and Turkey: 9] (Abingdon; New York, 2011)

Ibn al-ʿAmid

al-Makin Ibn al-ʿAmīd, Chronique des Ayyoubides (602–658/1205–6–1259–60), French trans. A.-M. Eddé and F. Micheau [Documents relatif à l'histoire des croisades publiés par l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres: 16] (Abbeville, 1994)

Ibn al-Athir

ʿIzz al-Din Ibn al-Athir, The Chronicle of Ibn al-Athir for the Crusading Period from al-Kāmil fi'l-Ta'rikh, ed. D. S. Richards, 3 vols. [Crusade Texts in Translation: 13, 15, 17] (Aldershot, 2006–8)

Ibn al-Furat

Tarikh Ibn al-Furat (Beirut, 1936–42), 5 vols.

Ibn Jubayr

The Travels of Ibn Jubayr: Being the Chronicle of a Mediaeval Spanish Moor Concerning his Journey to the Egypt of Saladin, the Holy Cities of Arabia, Baghdad the City of the Caliphs, the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Norman Kingdom of Sicily, English trans. R. J. C. Broadhurst (London, 1952)

Ibn Khallikan

Biographical Dictionary, English trans. W. MacGuckin de Slane (Paris, 1843), 4 vols.

Ibn Shaddad

Bahaʾ al-Din Ibn Shaddad, The Rare and Excellent History of Saladin or al-Nawādir al-Sultāniyya wa`l-Mahāsin al-Yūsufiyya by Bahā’ al-Dīn Ibn Shaddād, English trans. D. S. Richards [Crusade Texts in Translation: 7] (Aldershot, 2002)

Ibn al-Shihna

‘Les Perles Choisies’ d'Ibn ach-Chihna, French trans. J. Sauvaget [Matériaux pour servir à l'histoire de la ville d'Alep: 1] (Beirut, 1933)

Ibn Wasil

Mufarrij al-kurub fi akhbar Bani Ayyub (Cairo, 1953), 5 vols.

Ibn al-Zubayr

Ahmad ibn al-Rashid Ibn al-Zubayr, Book of Gifts and Rarities (Kitāb al-hadāya wa al-tuḥaf): Selections Compiled in the Fifteenth Century from an Eleventh-Century Manuscript on Gifts and Treasures, English trans. G. H. Qaddūmī [Harvard Middle Eastern Monographs: 29] (Cambridge, MA, 1996)

ʿImad al-Din al-Isfahani

Conquête de la Syrie et de la Palestine par Saladin (al-Fatḥ al-qussî fî l-fatḥ al-qudsî), ed. H. Massé [Documents relatifs à l'histoire des croisades: 10] (Paris, 1972)

al-Jazari

Ismaʿil ibn al-Razzaz al-Jazari, The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices (Kitāb fī maʻrifat al-ḥiyal al-handasiyya), English trans. D. R. Hill (Dordrecht; Boston, 1974)

Maqrizi

Ahmad ibnʿAli Maqrizi, A History of the Ayyūbid Sultans of Egypt [Library of Classical Arabic Literature: 5] (Boston, 1980)

al-Nasawi

Shihab al-Din Muhammad al-Nasawi, Histoire du Sultan Djelal ed-Din Mankobirti, Prince du Khwarezm, French trans. O. Houdas (Paris, 1895)

Nasr-e Khosraw

The Book of Travels [Safarnama], English trans. W. M. Thackston [Persian Heritage Series: 36] (New York, 1986)

Nizam al-Mulk

The Book of Government or, Rules for Kings: The Siyar al-muluk or Siyasat-nama of Nizam al-Mulk, English trans. H. Darke [Persian Heritage Series: 32] (London; Boston, 1978)

al-Nuwayri

Nihayat al-arab fi funun al-adab (Cairo, 1923–), 33 vols.

Sibṭ ibn al-ʿAjami

‘Les trésors d'or’ de Sibṭ ibn al-ʿAjami, French trans. J. Sauvaget [Matériaux pour servir à l'histoire de la ville d'Alep: 2] (Beirut; Paris, 1950)

Armianskie istochniki

Armianskie istochniki o mongolakh: izvlecheniia iz rukopisei XII–XIV vv, Russian trans. A. G. Galstian (Moscow, 1962)

Grigor Aknertsi

Blake, R. P. and R. N. Frye, ‘History of the Nation of the Archers (the Mongols) by Grigor of Akanc`’, Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 12 (1949), 269–399

Hayton

Hayton, ‘La Flor des estoires de la Terre d'Orient’, in RHCHO, vol. 2, ed. C. Kohler (Paris, 1906), 113–253

Kirakos

Kirakos Gandzakeci, ‘Histoire de l'Arménie par le vartabed Kirakos de Gantzac’, in Deux historiens arméniens, French trans. M. F. Brosset (St Petersburg, 1870), 1–194; History of the Armenians, English trans. R. Bedrosian (New York, 1986)

Matthew of Edessa

Armenia and the Crusades, Tenth to Twelfth Centuries: The Chronicle of Matthew of Edessa, English trans. A. E. Dostourian (Lanham, MD; New York; London, 1993)

Nerses of Lambron

Explication de la Divine Liturgie, ed. and French trans. I. Kéchichian (Beirut, 2000)

Stepanos Orbelian

Histoire de la Siounie par Stéphannos Orbélian, French trans. M. F. Brosset (St Petersburg, 1864); Step'annos Orbelean's History of the State of Sisakan, English trans. R. Bedrosian (New York, 2012–15), 2 vols.

Vardan

‘The Historical Compilation of Vardan Arewelc'i’, English trans. R. W. Thomson, DOP 43 (1989), 125–226

Amiran-Darejaniani

‘Amiran-Darejaniani’: A Cycle of Medieval Georgian Tales Traditionally Ascribed to Mose Khoneli, English trans. R. H. Stevenson (Oxford, 1958)

Kartlis Tskhovreba

Kartlis Tskhovreba: A History of Georgia, English trans. R. Metreveli and S. Jones (Tbilisi, 2014); Histoire de la Géorgie depuis l'antiquité jusqu'en 1469 de J.-C., French trans. M. F. Brosset (St Petersburg, 1849); The Georgian Chronicle: The Period of Giorgi Lasha, partial English trans. K. Vivian (Amsterdam, 1991); Kartlis tskhovreba, ed. S. Qaukhchishvili (Tbilisi, 1955, 1959)

Shota Rustaveli

Shot'ha Rust'haveli, The Man in the Panther's Skin, trans. M. Wardrop (London, 1912); Vepkhistqaosani. Teksti da variantebi, eds. A. Shanidze and A. Baramidze (Tbilisi, 1966)

Nikoloz Gulaberisdze

Sak'itkhavi suetis tskhovelisay kuartisa sauploysa da katolike eklesiisa (Tbilisi, 1908)

Anna Komnena

Anna Comnène: Alexiade, ed. and French trans. B. Leib (Paris, 1937–76)

De Administrando Imperio

Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos, De Administrando Imperio, English trans. G. Moravcsik and R. J. H. Jenkins [Dumbarton Oaks Texts: 1] (Washington, DC, 1967)

Ecloga

A Manual of Roman Law: The Ecloga, English trans. E. H. Freshfield (Cambridge, 1926)

Four Byzantine Novels

Four Byzantine Novels English trans. E. Jeffreys [Translated Texts for Byzantinists: 1] (Liverpool, 2012)

Georgios Pachymeres

Georges Pachymérès Relations historiques, ed. and trans. A. Failler and V. Laurent [Corpus Fontium Historiae Byzantinae (Series Parisensis): 24/1] (Paris, 1984)

Nikephoros Blemmydes

A Partial Account, ed. J. Munitiz [Specilegium Sacrum Lovanense Etudes et Documents: 48] (Louvain, 1988)

Nikephoros Gregoras

Rhomäische Geschichte, German trans. J. L. Van Dieten (Stuttgart, 1973–9), 6 vols.; Byzantina Historia, eds. L Schopen and I. Bekker (Bonn, 1829–55)

Niketas Choniates

O City of Byzantium, the Annals of Niketas Choniates, English trans. H. Magoulias (Detroit, 1984); Historia, ed. J. L. Van Dieten [Corpus Fontium Historiae Byzantinae (Series Berolinensis): 11] (Berlin, 1975)

PG

Patrologiae Graecae, Patrologiae Cursus completus (Paris, 1857–66), 161 vols.

Theognostus

Treasury, English trans. J. Munitiz [Corpus Christianorum. Series Graeca: 5] (Turnhout, 2013); Theognosti Thesaurus, ed. J. Munitiz [Corpus Christianorum. Series Graeca: 5] (Turnhout, 1979)

Typika

Byzantine Monastic Foundation Documents: A Comparative Translation of the Surviving Founders' Typika and Testaments, eds. J. Thomas and A. C. Hero [Dumbarton Oaks Studies: 35] (Washington, DC, 2000)

Benjamin of Tudela

The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela, ed. M. A. Signer, trans. M. N. Adler (Malibu, 1983)

Chronica regia coloniensis

continuatio IV [Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores Rerum Germ. in Usum Scholarum: 18] (Hanover, 1880)

de Fabaria, Conradus

‘Casus S. Galli Continuatio III’, in Monumenta Germaniae Historica: Scriptores, vol. 2, ed. G. H. Pertz [Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Scriptores: 2] (Leipzig, 1829), 163–83

Du Chesne and Du Chesne

A. Du Chesne and F. Du Chesne, Historiæ Francorum scriptores ab ipsius gentis origine (Paris, 1645), 5 vols.

Hendrickx

B. Hendrickx, ‘Régestes des empereurs latins de Constantinople (1204–1261/71)’, Byzantina 14 (1988), 7–220

Joinville

Vie de Saint Louis, ed. and French trans. J. Monfrin (Paris, 1995); Joinville and Villehardouin: Chronicles of the Crusades, English trans. M. R. B. Shaw (Harmondsworth, 1963)

Marco Polo

The Book of Ser Marco Polo the Venetian Concerning the Kingdoms and Marvels of the East: Third Edition, Revised Throughout in the Light of Recent Discoveries by Henri Cordier (of Paris), English trans. H. S. Yule (London, 1903)

The Mongol Mission

The Mongol Mission: Narratives and Letters of the Franciscan Missionaries in Mongolia and China in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries, English trans. C. Dawson (London; New York, 1955)

Pegolotti

Francesco Pegolotti, La Pratica della Mercatura, English trans. A. Evans [The Mediaeval Academy of America. Publication: 24] (Cambridge, MA, 1936)

Regesta Honorii

Regesta Honorii papae III, ed. P. Pressutti (Hildesheim; New York, 1978), 2 vols.

Rigord

Gesta Philippi Augusti’, in Oeuvres de Rigord et de Guillaume le Breton, Historiens de Philippe Auguste, ed. H. F. Delaborde (Paris, 1882), 1–167

William of Rubruck

The Mission of Friar William of Rubruck: His Journey to the Court of the Great Khan Möngke, 1253–1255, English trans. P. Jackson [The Hakluyt Society. 2nd Series: 173] (London, 1990)

Yule

Sir Henry Yule, Cathay and the Way Thither, 2nd edn, rev. H. Cordier (London, 1915), 2 vols.

Aflaki

Shams al-Din Aflaki, The Feats of the Knowers of God (Manaqeb al-`arefin), English trans. J. O'Kane [Islamic History and Civilization. Studies and Texts: 43] (Leiden; Boston; Cologne, 2002)

Ibn Bibi

Die Seltschukengeschichte des Ibn Bibi, German trans. H. Duda (Copenhagen, 1960)

Juvayni

Ala al-Din Ata-Malik Juvayni, The History of the World Conqueror, English trans. J. A. Boyle (Manchester, 1958), 2 vols.

Rashid al-Din

The Successors of Genghis Khan [Jāmi` al-Tawārīkh], English trans. J. A. Boyle (London; New York, 1971); French trans. Histoire des Mongols de la Perse, ed. E. Quatremère (Amsterdam, 1968)

Abdishoʿ Bar Brikha

Marganitha or Pearl: The Truth of the Faith’, in The Nestorians and their Faith, vol. 2, ed. G. P. Badger (London, 1852), 380–422

Bar Hebraeus

The Chronography of Gregory Abu'l Faraj, the son of Aaron, the Hebrew Physician Commonly Known as Bar Hebraeus Being the First Part of his Political History of the World, English trans. E. A. W. Budge (Oxford, 1932)

Michael the Syrian

Chronique de Michel le Syrien, patriarche jacobite d'Antioche (1166–1199), French trans. J.-B. Chabot (Paris, 1905), 3 vols.

Solomon of Basra

The Book of the Bee: the Syriac text edited from the manuscripts in London, Oxford, and Munich with an English translation, ed. and trans. E. A. W. Budge [Anecdota Oxoniensia. Semitic Series: 1.2] (Oxford, 1886)

Abu-Lughod, J., Before European Hegemony: The World System AD 1250–1350 (Oxford, 1991)
Aladashvili, N. A., and Vol'skaia, A., ‘Fasadnye rospisi Verkhnei Svaneti’, Ars Georgica 9 (1987), 94120
Aleksidze, Z. N., ‘Louvre – Akhtala’, Humanitaruli kvevebi tselitsdeuli 5 (2014), 143–61
Allan, J. W., and Aron, A. T., Metalwork of the Islamic World: The Aron Collection (London; New York, 1986)
Allen, T., A Classical Revival in Islamic Architecture (Wiesbaden, 1986)
Allsen, T. T., Culture and Conquest in Mongol Eurasia (Cambridge, 2001)
Amiranashvili, S., Beka Opizari (Tbilisi, 1964)
Amiranashvili, S., Gruzinskaia miniatura (Moscow, 1966)
Amiranashvili, S., Istoriia gruzinskogo iskusstva (Moscow, 1963)
Amiranashvili, S., Istoriia gruzinskoi monumental'noi zhivopisi, vol. 1 (Tbilisi, 1957)
Amitai-Preiss, R., ‘Hülegü and the Ayyūbid Lord of the Transjordan’, Archivium Eurasiae Medii Aevi 9 (1995–7), 516
Anderson, B., Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism (London; New York, 1991)
Andrews, P. A., Felt Tents and Pavilions: The Nomadic Tradition and its Interaction with Princely Tentage (London, 1999)
Arık, R., and Arık, O., Tiles: Treasures of Anatolian Soil: Tiles of the Seljuk and Beylik Periods (Istanbul, 2008)
Armstrong, J. A., Nations before Nationalism (Chapel Hill, NC, 1982)
Arutiunova-Fidanian, V. A., ‘Les Arméniens Chalcédoniens en tant que phénomène culturel de l'Orient Chrétien’, in Atti del quinto simposio internazionale di Arte Armena (Venice, 1992), 463–77
Arutiunova-Fidanian, V. A., ‘The Ethno-Confessional Self-Awareness of Armenian Chalcedonians’, Revue des études arméniennes 21 (1988), 345–63
Ashtor, E., Histoire des prix et des salaires dans l'Orient médiéval (Paris, 1969)
Aslanapa, O., Turkish Art and Architecture (London, 1971)
Atil, E., Ceramics from the World of Islam [Freer Gallery of Art Fiftieth Anniversary Exhibition: 3] (Washington, DC, 1973)
Atil, E., ‘The Freer Bowl and the Legacy of the Shahname’, Damaszener Mitteilungen 11 (1999), 712
Atil, E., Chase, W. T. and Jett, P., Islamic Metalwork in the Freer Gallery of Art (Washington, DC, 1985)
Augé, I., ‘Gošavank`, un complexe monastique au regard des sources littéraires et épigraphiques’, Le Muséon 125/3–4 (2012), 335–65
Azatian, S. R., Portaly v monumental'noi arkhitekture Armenii IV–XIV vv (Yerevan, 1987)
Babić, G., ‘Les programmes absidaux en Géorgie et dans les Balkans entre XIe et le XIIIe siècle’, in L'Arte Georgiana dal IX al XIV secolo: Atti del Terzo Simposio Internazionale sull'arte Georgiana, ed. Calo'Mariani, M. (Bari, 1981), 117–36
Bacci, M., ‘“Mixed” Shrines in the Late Byzantine Period’, in Archeologia Abrahamica: issledovaniia v oblasti arkheologii i khudozhestvennoi traditsii iudaisma, khristianstva i islama, ed. Beliaev, L. A. (Moscow, 2009), 433–44
Bacci, M., ‘A Sacred Shrine for a Holy Icon: The Shrine of Our Lady of Saydnaya’, in Hierotopy: The Creation of Sacred Spaces in Byzantium and Medieval Russia, ed. Lidov, A. M. (Moscow, 2006), 373–87
Baer, E., Ayyubid Metalwork with Christian Images (Leiden, 1989)
Balog, P., The Coinage of the Ayyubids [Royal Numismatic Society Special Publication: 12] (London, 1980)
Barrucand, M., ‘The Miniatures of the Daqa'iq al-Haqa'iq (Bibliothèque Nationale Pers. 174): A Testimony to the Cultural Diversity of Medieval Anatolia’, Islamic Art 4 (1990–1), 113–42
Barry, F., ‘Disiecta membra: Ranieri Zeno, the Imitation of Constantinople, the Spolia Style, and Justice at San Marco’, in San Marco, Byzantium, and the Myths of Venice, eds. Maguire, H. and Nelson, R. S. (Washington, DC, 2010), 762
Bartol'd, V. V., Four Studies on the History of Central Asia (Leiden, 1956)
Basmadjian, K. J., Les inscriptions arméniennes d'Ani, de Bagnaïr et de Marmachèn (Paris, 1931)
Bassett, S. G., The Urban Image of Late Antique Constantinople (Cambridge, 2004)
Bates, Ü. Ü., ‘The Anatolian Mausoleum of the Twelfth, Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries’ (Ph. D. thesis, University of Michigan, 1970)
Bedrosian, R., ‘The Turco-Mongol Invasions and the Lords of Armenia in the 13th–14th Centuries’ (Ph.D. thesis, Columbia University, 1979)
Behrens-Abouseif, D., Cairo of the Mamluks: A History of the Architecture and its Culture (London, 2007)
Behrens-Abouseif, D., Islamic Architecture in Cairo: An Introduction [Supplements to Muqarnas: 3] (Leiden; New York, 1989)
Berenson, B., Studies in Medieval Painting (New Haven, 1930)
Bergeron, P., Voyages faits principalement en Asie dans les XII, XIII, XIV, et XV siècles, par Benjamin de Tudèle, Jean du Plan-Carpin, N. Ascelin, Guillaume de Rubruquis, Marc Paul vénitien, Haiton, Jean de Mandeville, et Ambroise Contarini: accompagnés de l'Histoire des Sarasins et des Tartares, et précédez d'une Introduction concernant les voyages et les nouvelles découvertes des principaux voyageurs, vol. 2 (La Haye, 1735)
Beridze, V., ‘Quelques aspects de l'architecture géorgienne à coupole de la seconde moitié du Xe siècle à la fin du XIIIe’, in Communication faite à Bergamo (Italie) le 29 juin 1974 au ‘Primo simposio internazionale sull'arte Georgiana’ (Tbilisi, 1976), 7496
Beridze, V., Alibegashvili, G. V., Vol'skaia, A. and Xuskivadze, L., The Treasures of Georgia (London, 1984)
Blair, S. S., ‘The Madrasa at Zuzan: Islamic Architecture in Eastern Iran on the Eve of the Mongol Invasions’, Muqarnas 3 (1985), 7591
Blair, S. S., The Monumental Inscriptions from Early Islamic Iran and Transoxiana [Studies in Islamic Art and Architecture: Supplements to Muqarnas: 6] (Leiden, 1992)
Blessing, P., Rebuilding Anatolia after the Mongol Conquest: Islamic Architecture in the Lands of Rūm, 1240–1330 [Birmingham Byzantine and Ottoman Studies: 17] (Farnham, 2014)
Blessing, P., ‘Women Patrons in Medieval Anatolia and a Discussion of Mahbari Khatun's Mosque Complex in Kayseri’, Belleten 78 (2014), 475526
Bloom, J. M., Arts of the City Victorious: Islamic Art and Architecture in Fatimid North Africa and Egypt (New Haven; London, 2008)
Bloom, J. M., The Minaret [Edinburgh Studies in Islamic Art] (Edinburgh, 2013)
Bloom, J. M., Minaret: Symbol of Islam [Oxford Studies in Islamic Art: 7] (Oxford, 1989)
Boase, T. S. R., The Cilician Kingdom of Armenia (Edinburgh, 1978)
Bolshakov, O. G., ‘The St Petersburg Manuscript of the Maqāmāt by al-Ḥarīrī and its Place in the History of Arab Painting’, Manuscripta Orientalia 3/4 (1997), 5966
Bombaci, A., ‘Die Mauerinschriften von Konya’, in Forschungen zur Kunst Asiens: In Memoriam Kurt Erdmann, eds. Aslanapa, O. and Naumann, R. (Istanbul, 1969), 6773
Bosworth, C. E., The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual (Edinburgh, 1996)
Bosworth, C. E., ‘The Political and Dynastic History of the Iranian World (AD 1000–1217)’, in The Cambridge History of Iran, vol. 5: The Saljuq and Mongol Periods, ed. Boyle, J. A. (Cambridge, 1968), 1202
Boyle, J. A., ‘Dynastic and Political History of the Īl-Khāns’, in The Cambridge History of Iran, vol. 5: The Saljuq and Mongol Periods, ed. Boyle, J. A. (Cambridge, 1968), 303421
Boyle, J. A., ‘A Form of Horse Sacrifice amongst the Thirteenth- and Fourteenth-Century Mongols’, Central Asiatic Journal 10 (1965), 145–50; reprinted in his The Mongol World Empire 1206–1370 [Variorum Reprints] (London, 1977), Study XX
Boyle, J. A., ‘The Journey of Het`um I, King of Little Armenia, to the Court of the Great Khan Möngke’, Central Asiatic Journal 9/3 (1964), 175–89; reprinted in his The Mongol World Empire 1206–1370 [Variorum Reprints] (London, 1977), Study X
Boyle, J. A., ‘Kirakos of Ganjak on the Mongols’, Central Asiatic Journal 8 (1963), 199214; reprinted in his The Mongol World Empire 1206–1370 [Variorum Reprints] (London, 1977), Study XIX
Boyle, J. A., ‘Turkish and Mongol Shamanism in the Middle Ages’, Folklore 83/3 (1972), 177–93
Brend, B., Islamic Art (London, 1991)
Brentjes, B., Mnazakanjan, S. and Stepanjan, N., Kunst des Mittelalters in Armenien (Vienna; Munich, 1982)
Bretschneider, E., Mediaeval Researches from Eastern Asiatic Sources: Fragments towards the Knowledge of the Geography and History of Central and Western Asia from the 13th to the 17th Century (London, 1910), 2 vols.
Brisch, K., ed., Museum für Islamische Kunst Berlin: Katalog (Berlin-Dahlem, 1979)
Brockelmann, C., Geschichte der arabischen Literatur, vol. 1 (Leiden, 1943)
Brosset, M. F., Additions et éclaircissements à l'Histoire de la Géorgie (St Petersburg, 1851)
Brosset, M. F., Description des Monastères Arméniens d'Haghbat et de Sanahin par l'archimandrite Jean de Crimée [Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St-Pétersbourg, VIIe série: VI, no. 6] (St Petersburg, 1863)
Brosset, M. F., ‘Ire livraison: 3e Rapport: Edchmiadzin, Ani’, in Rapports sur un voyage archéologique dans la Géorgie et dans l'Arménie exécuté en 1847–48 (St Petersburg, 1849), 1120 with ‘Excursion à Ani, en 1848’ by M. N. Khanykof, 120–52
Brosset, M. F., Les Ruines d'Ani, capitale de l'Arménie sous les rois Bagratides, aux Xe et XIe siècles: histoire et description (St Petersburg, 1860)
Bryer, A. A. M., ‘A Byzantine Family: The Gabrades, c. 979–c. 1653’, University of Birmingham Historical Journal 12 (1970), 164–87; reprinted in his The Empire of Trebizond and the Pontos [Variorum Reprints: 117] (Aldershot, 1980), Study IIIa
Bryer, A. A. M., ‘The Grand Komnenos and the Great Khan at Karakorum in 1246’, in Itinéraires d'Orient: Hommages à Claude Cahen, eds. Curiel, R. and Gyselen, R. [Res Orientalis: 6] (Bures-sur-Yvette, 1994), 257–61
Bryer, A. A. M., ‘Last Judgements in the Empire of Trebizond: Painted Churches in Inner Chaldia’, in Mare et Litora: Essays Presented to Sergei Karpov for his 60th Birthday, ed. Shukurov, R. (Moscow, 2009), 519–52
Cahen, C., ‘La Djazira au milieu du treizième siècle d'après ʿIzz ad-din ibn Chaddad’, Revue des études islamiques 8 (1934), 109–28
Cahen, C., The Formation of Turkey. The Seljukid Sultanate of Rum: Eleventh to Fourteenth Century (London, 2001)
Cahen, C., Pre-Ottoman Turkey (London, 1968)
Cahen, C., ‘Un traité d'armurerie composé pour Saladin’, Bulletin d'études orientales 12 (1948), 103–63
Carboni, S., Following the Stars: Images of the Zodiac in Islamic Art (New York, 2005)
Chevedden, P. E., ‘The Citadel of Damascus’ (Ph.D. thesis, UCLA, 1986)
Chwolson, D., Syrisch-Nestorianische Grabinschriften aus Semirjetschie (St Petersburg, 1897)
Cincadze, V., ‘Der Königspalast in Geguti’, in L'Arte Georgiana dal IX al XIV secolo: Atti del Terzo Simposio Internazionale sull'arte Georgiana, ed. Calo'Mariani, M. (Bari, 1981), 105–10
Clarence-Smith, W. G., ‘Same-Sex Relations and Transgender Identities in Islamic Southeast Asia from the Fifteenth Century’, in Sexual Diversity in Asia, c. 600–1950, eds. Reyes, R. A. and Clarence-Smith, W. G. (New York, 2012), 6785
Conrad, H., ‘Beobachtungen und Notizen zur Situation der armenischen Fürsten unter der Mongolenherrschaft’, in Caucasus during the Mongol Period – Der Kaukasus in der Mongolenzeit, eds. Tubach, J., Vashalomidze, S. G. and Zimmer, M. (Wiesbaden, 2012), 83105
Cormack, R., ‘But Is it Art?’, in Byzantine Diplomacy, ed. Shephard, J. and Franklin, S. [Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies. Publications: 1] (Aldershot, 1992), 218–36
Cowe, P. S., ‘Models for the Interpretation of Medieval Armenian Poetry’, in New Approaches to Medieval Armenian Language and Literature, ed. Weitenberg, J. J. S. (Amsterdam; Atlanta, GA, 1995), 2946
Cowe, P. S., ‘The Politics of Poetics: Islamic Influence on Armenian Verse’, in Redefining Christian Identity: Cultural Interaction in the Middle East since the Rise of Islam, eds. van Ginkel, J. J., Murre-van den Berg, H. L. and van Lint, T. M. [Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta: 134] (Leuven; Paris; Dudley, MA, 2005), 379403
Crane, H., ‘Notes on Saldjuq Architectural Patronage in Thirteenth Century Anatolia’, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 36 (1993), 157
Creswell, K. A. C., The Muslim Architecture of Egypt, vol. 2: Ayyūbids and Early Baḥrite Mamlūks, AD 1171–1326 (Oxford, 1959)
Cuneo, P., Zarian, A., Uluhogian, G., Thierry, J.-M. and Thierry, N., Ani [Documenti di Architettura Armena: 12] (Milan, 1984)
Ćurčić, S., Architecture in the Balkans, from Diocletian to Süleyman the Magnificent (New Haven; London, 2010)
D'Ohsson, C., Histoire des Mongols, depuis Tchinguiz-Khan jusqu'à Timour Bey ou Tamerlan (Amsterdam, 1852), 4 vols.
Dadoyan, S., ‘A Case Study for Redefining Armenian–Christian Cultural Identity in the Framework of Near Eastern Urbanism – 13th Century: The Nāṣirī Futuwwa Literature and the Brotherhood Poetry of Yovhannēs and Konstandin Erzěnkac`i – Texts and Contexts’, in Redefining Christian Identity: Cultural Interaction in the Middle East since the Rise of Islam, eds. van Ginkel, J. J., Murre-van den Berg, H. L. and van Lint, T. M. [Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta: 134] (Leuven; Paris; Dudley, MA, 2005), 237–64
Daftary, F., The Ismacīlīs: Their History and Doctrines (Cambridge, 2007)
Dashdondog, B., ‘The Mongol Conquerors in Armenia’, in Caucasus during the Mongol Period – Der Kaukasus in der Mongolenzeit, eds. Tubach, J., Vashalomidze, S. G. and Zimmer, M. (Wiesbaden, 2012), 5382
Dashdondog, B., The Mongols and the Armenians (1220–1335) [Brill's Inner Asian Library: 24] (Leiden; Boston, 2010)
de Callataÿ, G., ‘La grande conjunction de 1186’, in Occident et Proche-Orient: contacts scientifiques au temps des Croisades, eds. Draelants, I., Tihon, A. and van den Abeele, B. [Réminiscences: 5] (Leuven, 1997), 369–84
De Nicola, B., ‘Unveiling the Khatuns: Some Aspects of the Role of Women in the Mongol Empire’ (Ph.D. thesis, University of Cambridge, 2011)
de Rachewiltz, I., ‘Yeh-lü Ch'u-ts'ai (1189–1243): Buddhist Idealist and Confucian Statesman’, in Confucian Personalities, eds. Wright, A. F. and Twitchett, D. (Stanford, 1962), 189216
de Rachewiltz, I., Chan, H.-L., Ch'i-ch'ing, H. and Geier, P. W., eds., In the Service of the Khan: Eminent Personalities of the Early Mongol–Yüan period (1200–1300) [Asiatische Forschungen: 121] (Wiesbaden, 1993)
Dédéyan, G., ‘Les colophons de manuscrits arméniens comme sources pour l'histoire des Croisades’, in The Crusades and their Sources: Essays Presented to Bernard Hamilton, eds. France, J. and Zajac, W. G. (Aldershot, 1998), 89110
Deichmann, F. W., ‘I pilastri acritani’, Rendiconti Atti della Pontificia Accademia Romana di Archeologia 50 (1980), 7589
Delpont, É., ed., L'Orient de Saladin: l'art sous les Ayyoubides (Paris, 2002)
Der Manuelian, L., ‘The Monastery of Geghard: A Study of Armenian Architectural Sculpture in the Thirteenth Century’ (Ph.D. thesis, Boston University, 1980)
Der Nersessian, S., Miniature Painting in the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia from the Twelfth to the Fourteenth Century [Dumbarton Oaks Studies: 31] (Washington, DC, 1993)
Diez, E., ‘Ein Seldschukischer Türklopfer’, Zeitschrift für bildende Kunst 56 (1921), 1820
Donabédian, P., and Thierry, J.-M., Les arts Arméniens (Paris, 1987)
Drake, F. S., ‘Nestorian Crosses and Nestorian Christians in China under the Mongols’, Journal of the Hong Kong Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 2 (1962), 1125
Drampian, I., Freski Kobaira (Yerevan, 1979)
Durand, J., Rapti, I. and Giovannoni, D., eds., Armenia Sacra: mémoire chrétienne des Arméniens (IVe–XVIIIe siècle) (Paris, 2007)
Eastmond, A., ‘Art and Frontiers between Byzantium and the Caucasus’, in Byzantium. Faith and Power (1261–1557): Perspectives on Late Byzantine Art and Culture, ed. Brooks, S. T. (New Haven; London, 2007), 154–69
Eastmond, A., Art and Identity in Thirteenth-Century Byzantium: Hagia Sophia and the Empire of Trebizond [Birmingham Byzantine and Ottoman Monographs: 10] (Aldershot, 2004)
Eastmond, A., ‘Art and the Periphery’, in The Oxford Handbook of Byzantine Studies, eds. Jeffreys, E., Cormack, R. and Haldon, J. (Oxford, 2008), 770–6
Eastmond, A., ‘Diplomatic Gifts: Women and Art as Imperial Commodities in the Thirteenth Century’, in Liquid and Multiple: Individuals and Identities in the Thirteenth-Century Aegean, eds. Saint-Guillain, G. and Stathokopoulos, D. [Centre de recherche d'Histoire et Civilisation de Byzance, Monographies: 35] (Paris, 2012), 105–33
Eastmond, A., ‘Gender and Patronage between Christianity and Islam in the Thirteenth Century’, in Change in the Byzantine World in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries, eds. Ödekan, A., Akyürek, E. and Necipoğlu, N. (Istanbul, 2010), 7888
Eastmond, A., ‘Inscriptions and Authority in Ani’, in Der Doppeladler: Byzanz und die Seldschuken in Anatolien vom späten 11. bis zum 13. Jahrhundert, eds. Asutay-Effenberger, N. and Daim, F. [Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident: 1] (Mainz, 2014), 7184
Eastmond, A., ‘“Local” Saints, Art and Regional Identity in the Orthodox World after the Fourth Crusade’, Speculum 78/3 (2003), 707–49
Eastmond, A., ‘Other Encounters: Popular Belief and Cultural Convergence in Anatolia and the Caucasus’, in Islam and Christianity in Anatolia and the Caucasus, eds. Peacock, A. C. S., De Nicola, B. and Yıldız, S. N. (Farnham, 2015), 183213
Eastmond, A., Royal Imagery in Medieval Georgia (University Park, PA, 1998)
Eastmond, A., ‘Royal Renewal in Georgia: The Case of Queen Tamar’, in New Constantines: The Rhythm of Imperial Renewal in Byzantium, 4th–13th Centuries, ed. Magdalino, P. [Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies. Publications: 2] (Aldershot, 1994), 283–93; reprinted in Languages and Cultures of Eastern Christianity: Georgian, eds. S. H. Rapp and P. Crego [The Worlds of Eastern Christianity, 300–1500: 5] (Aldershot, 2012), Study XIV
Eastmond, A., ‘Un'eco della leggenda del Mandylion nell'Islam’, in Intorno al Sacro Volto: Genova, Bisanzio e il Mediterraneo (secoli XI–XIV), eds. Masetti, A. R. C., Bozzo, C. D. and Wolf, G. [Collana del Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz, Max-Planck-Institut: 11] (Florence, 2007), 175–80
Eastmond, A., and Skhirtladze, Z., ‘Udabno Monastery in Georgia: The Innovation, Conservation and Reinterpretation of Art in the Middle Ages’, Iconographica: Rivista di iconografia medievale e moderna 7 (2008), 2343
Ecker, H., and Fitzherbert, T., ‘The Freer Canteen Reconsidered’, Ars Orientalis 42 (2012), 176–93
Écochard, M., and Le Coeur, C., Les bains de Damas (Beirut, 1942–3), 2 vols.
Edhem, H., and van Berchem, M., Matériaux pour un corpus inscriptionum arabicarum, vol. 3 (Cairo, 1917)
Ekhtiar, M., Soucek, P., Canby, S. and Haidar, N. N., Masterpieces from the Department of Islamic Art in the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, 2011)
Enukidze, T. P., Shoshiashvili, V. I. and Sologava, N., Kartuli historikuli sabutebi XI–XIII s (Tbilisi, 1984)
Erdmann, K., Das Anatolische Karavansaray des 13. Jahrhundert, vol. 1 [Istanbuler Forschungen: 21] (Berlin, 1961)
Eremian, S. T., ‘Agartsinskaia nadpis 1184g.’, in Issledovania po istorii kultury narodov vostoka: sbornik v chestʹ akademika I. A. Orbeli (Moscow, 1960), 7887
Ettinghausen, R., Grabar, O. and Jenkins-Madina, M., Islamic Art and Architecture, 650–1250 (Harmondsworth, 2001)
Evans, H. C., ‘Kings and Power Bases: Sources for Royal Portraits in Armenian Cilicia’, in From Byzantium to Iran: Armenian Studies in Honor of Nina G. Garsoïan, eds. Thomson, R. W. and Mahé, J.-P. (Atlanta, GA, 1997), 485507
Evans, H. C., ed., Byzantium: Faith and Power (1261–1557) (New York, 2004)
Evans, H. C. and Wixom, W. D., eds., The Glory of Byzantium: Art and Culture of the Middle Byzantine Era, AD 843–1261 (New York, 1997)
Fiey, J. M., Assyrie chrétienne: contribution à l'étude de l'histoire et de la géographie ecclésiastiques et monastiques du nord de l'Iraq [Recherches publiées sous la direction de l'Institut de Lettres Orientales de Beyrouth: 22, 23] (Beirut, 1965)
Fiey, J. M., Chrétiens syriaques sous les Abbassides surtout à Bagdad (749–1258) [Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium: 420, Subsidia: 59] (Louvain, 1980)
Fiey, J. M., Chrétiens syriaques sous les Mongols (Il-Khanat de Perse, XIIIe–XIVe s.) [Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium: 362, Subsidia: 44] (Louvain, 1975)
Fleck, C. A., ‘Crusader Spolia in Medieval Cairo: The Portal of the Complex of Sultan Ḥasan’, Journal of Transcultural Medieval Studies 1/2 (2014), 249–99
Flood, F. B., Objects of Translation: Material Culture and Medieval ‘Hindu–Muslim’ Encounter (Princeton, 2009)
Flood, F. B., ‘Umayyad Survivals and Mamluk Revivals: Qalawunid Architecture and the Great Mosque of Damascus’, Muqarnas 14 (1997), 5779
Folda, J., Crusader Art in the Holy Land, from the Third Crusade to the Fall of Acre, 1187–1291 (Cambridge, 2005)
Frenkel, M., ‘Constructing the Sacred: Holy Shrines in Aleppo and its Environs’, in Egypt and Syria in the Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk Eras: Proceedings of the International Colloquium Organized at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, vol. 6, eds. Vermeulen, U. and D'Hulster, K. [Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta: 183] (Leuven, 2010), 6378
Gabriel, A., Monuments turcs d'Anatolie I: Kayseri–Niğde (Paris, 1931)
Gabriel, A., Monuments turcs d'Anatolie II: Amasya–Tokat–Sivas (Paris, 1934)
Gabriel, A., Voyages archéologiques dans la Turquie orientale (Paris, 1940)
Galatariotou, C., ‘Holy Women and Witches: Aspects of Byzantine Conceptions of Gender’, Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 9 (1984), 5594
Garsoïan, N. G., ‘The Early-Medieval Armenian City: An Alien Element?’, Journal of Near Eastern Studies 16–17 (1984), 6783
Geopp, M., Mutafian, C. and Ouzounian, A., ‘L'inscription du régent Constantin de Papeṙōn (1241): redécouverte, relecture, remise en contexte historique’, Revue des études arméniennes 34 (2012), 243–87
Georganteli, E., ‘Transposed Images: Currencies and Legitimacy in the Late Medieval Eastern Mediterranean’, in Byzantines, Latins, and Turks in the Eastern Mediterranean World after 1150, eds. Harris, J., Holmes, C. and Russell, E. (Oxford, 2012), 141–79
Georganteli, E., ‘Trapezuntine Money in the Balkans, Anatolia and the Black Sea, 13th–15th Centuries’, in Trebizond and the Black Sea, ed. Kyriakides, T. (Thessaloniki, 2010), 93112
George, D., ‘Manuel I Komnenos and Michael Glykas: A Twelfth-Century Defence and Refutation of Astrology’, Culture and Cosmos 5/1 (2001), 348; 5/2 (2001), 23–51; 6/1 (2002), 23–43
Giuzal'ian, L. T., ‘Otryvok iz Shahname na glinianykh izdeliiakh XIII–XIV vv’, Epigrafika Vostoka 4 (1951), 4055 and 5 (1951), 33–50.
Giuzal'ian, L. T., ‘Persidskaia nadpis’ Key-Sultana Sheddadi v Ani’, in XLV Akademiku N.Ia.Marru, ed. Meshchaninov, I. I. (Moscow; Leningrad, 1935), 629–41
Gomelauri, I., ‘Khurotmodzghvruli dzegli sopel abeliashi’, Matsne 1 (1968), 255–74
Grabar, O., ‘The Illustrated Maqamat of the Thirteenth Century: The Bourgeoisie and the Arts’, in The Islamic City: A Colloquium, eds. Hourani, A. H. and Stern, S. M. [Papers on Islamic History: 1] (Oxford, 1970), 207–22
Grabar, O., The Illustrations of the Maqamat (Chicago, 1984)
Grube, E. J., and Johns, J., The Painted Ceilings of the Cappella Palatina [Islamic Art Supplement: 1] (Genoa; New York, 2005)
Grumel, V., Traité d'études byzantines, vol. 1: La chronologie (Paris, 1958)
Gunther, R. T., The Astrolabes of the World: Based upon the Series of Instruments in the Lewis Evans Collection in the Old Ashmolean Museum at Oxford, with Notes on Astrolabes in the Collections of the British Museum, Sir J. Findlay, Mr. S. V. Hoffman, the Mensin Collection, and in Other Public and Private Collections, vol. 1: The Eastern Astrolabes (Oxford, 1932)
Harrak, A., Syriac and Garshuni Inscriptions of Iraq [Recueil des inscriptions syriaques: 2] (Paris, 2010), 2 vols.
Hartner, W., ‘The Principle and Use of the Astrolabe’, in A Survey of Persian Art from Prehistoric Times to the Present, vol. 3, ed. Pope, A. U. (London; New York, 1939), 2530–54
Hasluck, F. W., Christianity and Islam under the Sultans (Oxford, 1929), 2 vols.
Hasrat'yan, M., and Thierry, J.-M., ‘Le couvent de Ganjasar’, Revue des études arméniennes 15 (1981), 289316
Heidemann, S., ‘The Citadel of al-Raqqa and Fortifications in the Middle Euphrates Area’, in Muslim Military Architecture in Greater Syria: From the Coming of Islam to the Ottoman Period, ed. Kennedy, H. [History of Warfare: 35] (Leiden, 2006), 122–50
Heidemann, S., de Lapérouse, J.-F. and Parry, V., ‘The Large Audience: Life-Sized Stucco Figures of Royal Princes from the Seljuq Period’, Muqarnas 31 (2014), 3572
Hennessy, C., ‘A Child Bride and her Representation in the Vatican Epithalamion, cod. gr. 1851’, Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 30/2 (2006), 115–50
Hennessy, C., Images of Children in Byzantium (Aldershot, 2008)
Hewsen, R. H., ‘The Historical Geography of Baghesh/Bitlis and Taron/Mush’, in Armenian Baghesh/Bitlis and Taron/Mush, ed. Hovannisian, R. G. [Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces: 2] (Costa Mesa, CA, 2001), 4158
Hill, B., Imperial Women in Byzantium 1025–1204: Patronage, Power and Ideology (Harlow, 1999)
Hillenbrand, R., ‘The Art of the Ayyubids: An Overview’, in Ayyubid Jerusalem: The Holy City in Context, 1187–1250, eds. Hillenbrand, R. and Auld, S. (London, 2009), 2244
Hillenbrand, R., Islamic Architecture: Form, Function and Meaning (Edinburgh, 1994)
Hillenbrand, R., Islamic Art and Architecture (London, 1999)
Hillenbrand, R., ‘The Schefer Ḥarīrī: A Study in Islamic Frontispiece Design’, in Arab Painting: Text and Image in Illustrated Arabic Manuscripts, ed. Contadini, A. [Handbook of Oriental Studies, Section One: The Near and Middle East: 90] (Leiden; Boston, 2010), 117–34
Hilsdale, C. J., ‘Constructing a Byzantine Augusta: A Greek Book for a French Bride’, Art Bulletin 87/3 (2005), 458–83
Hilsdale, C. J., ‘Gift’, Studies in Iconography 33 (2012), 171–82
Hoffman, E. R., ‘Christian–Islamic Encounters on Thirteenth-Century Ayyubid Metalwork: Local Culture, Authenticity, and Memory’, Gesta 43/2 (2004), 129–42
Holod, R., ‘Event and Memory: The Freer Gallery's Siege Scene Plate’, Ars Orientalis 42 (2012), 194220
Hopwood, K., ‘Byzantine Princesses and Lustful Turks’, in Rape in Antiquity: Sexual Violence in the Greek and Roman Worlds, eds. Deacy, S. and Pierce, K. F. (London, 1997), 231–42
Hourani, A. H., ‘Introduction: The Islamic City in the Light of Recent Research’, in The Islamic City: A Colloquium, eds. Hourani, A. H. and Stern, S. M. [Papers on Islamic History: 1] (Oxford, 1970), 924
Humphreys, R. S., From Saladin to the Mongols: The Ayyubids of Damascus, 1193–1260 (Albany, 1977)
Humphreys, R. S., ‘Women as Patrons of Religious Architecture in Ayyubid Damascus’, Muqarnas 11 (1994), 3554
Hunt, L.-A., ‘Eastern Christian Art and Culture in the Ayyubid and Early Mamluk Periods: Cultural Convergence between Jerusalem, Greater Syria and Egypt’, in Ayyubid Jerusalem: The Holy City in Context, 1187–1250, eds. Hillenbrand, R. and Auld, S. (London, 2009), 327–47
Hunt, L.-A., ‘A Woman's Prayer to St Sergius in Latin Syria: Interpreting a Thirteenth-Century Icon at Mt Sinai’, Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 15 (1991), 96145
Jacobsthal, E., Mittelalterliche Backsteinbauten zu Nachtschewân im Araxesthale, mit einer Bearbeitung der Inschriften von Martin Hartmann (Berlin, 1899)
Jacoby, D., ‘Crusader Acre in the Thirteenth Century: Urban Layout and Topography’, Studi Medievali series 3, 20/1 (1979), 145
Jacoby, Z., ‘The Medieval Doors of the Church of the Nativity at Bethlehem’, in Le Porte di Bronzo dall'Antichità al Secolo XIII, ed. Salomi, S. (Rome, 1990), 121–34
James, B., ‘Les Kurdes au Moyen Âge’, in L'Orient de Saladin: l'art sous les Ayyoubides, ed. Delpont, É. (Paris, 2002), 24
Javakhishvili, I., Kartveli eris istoria, vol. 3 (Tbilisi, 1982)
Jayyusi, S. K., ‘Arabic Poetry in the Post-Classical Age’, in The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature, vol. 6: Arab Literature in the Post-Classical Period, eds. Allen, R. and Richards, D. S. (Cambridge, 2006), 2559
Jeffreys, E., Digenis Akritis: The Grottaferrata and Escorial Versions [Cambridge Medieval Classics: 7] (Cambridge, 1998)
Jeffreys, M., ‘The Vernacular εἰσιτήριοι for Agnes of France’, in Byzantine Papers: Proceedings of the First Australian Byzantine Studies Conference (Canberra, 1981), 101–15
Jeffreys, M., and Anderson, J., ‘The Decoration of the Sevastokratorissa's Tent’, Byzantion 64 (1994), 818
Jones, D., and Michell, G., eds., The Arts of Islam (London, 1976)
Jones, L., Between Islam and Byzantium: Aght'amar and the Visual Construction of Medieval Armenian Rulership (Aldershot, 2007)
Kalandia, G., and Asatiani, K., ‘Koberis I da II sametsniero eskpeditsiis pirveladi shedegebi (sainpormatsio mimokhilva)’, Saistorio krebuli 2 (2012), 170–91
Kalantarian, A. A., Dvin: histoire et archéologie de la ville médiévale [Civilisations du Proche-Orient. Hors Série: 2] (Neuchâtel; Paris, 1996)
Karamağaralı, B., Ahlat mezartaşları [Selçuklu Tarih ve Medeniyeti Enstitütüsü. Sanʾat tarihi serisi: 1] (Ankara, 1972)
Karamağaralı, B., ‘Ani Ulu Cami (Manucehr Camii)’, in 9th International Congress of Turkish Art, Summary of Contributions (Ankara, 1995), 323–38
Karamağaralı, H., ‘Kayseri'deki Hunad Camiinin Restitüsyonu ve Hunad Manzumesinin Kronolojisi Hakkında Bazı Mülahzalar’, A.Ü. Ilahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 21 (1976), 199243
Katzenstein, R. A., and Lowry, G. D., ‘Christian Themes in Thirteenth-Century Islamic Metalwork’, Muqarnas 1 (1983), 5368
Kennedy, H., ‘How to Found an Islamic City’, in Cities, Texts and Social Networks, 400–1500: Experiences and Perceptions of Medieval Urban Space, eds. Goodson, C., Lester, A. E. and Symes, C. (Farnham; Burlington, VA, 2010), 4563
Kerner, J. J., ‘Art in the Name of Science: The Kitāb al-Diryāq in Text and Image’, in Arab Painting: Text and Image in Illustrated Arabic Manuscripts, ed. Contadini, A. [Handbook of Oriental Studies, Section One: The Near and Middle East: 90] (Leiden; Boston, 2010), 2540
Kévorkian, R. H., Ani: capitale de l'Arménie en l'an mil (Paris, 2001)
Khachatrian, A. A., Korpus arabskikh nadpisei Armenii (Yerevan, 1987)
Khanykof, M., ‘Quelques inscriptions musulmans, d'Ani et des environs de Bakou’, Bulletin de la classe des sciences historiques, philologiques et politiques de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg 6/13–14 (1849), 193200; reprinted in Mélanges Asiatiques tirés du Bulletin Historico-Philologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg, vol. 2 (St Petersburg, 1856), 70–8
Khoshtaria, T., ‘The Wall Paintings of the Chapel–Martyrium Motsameta in the Rock-Cut Monastery Complex of Udabno David-Gareji’, Inferno: University of St Andrews School of Art History Postgraduate Journal 9 (2004), 1522
Khs-Burmester, O. H. E., A Guide to the Ancient Coptic Churches of Cairo (Giza, 1955)
Khuskivadze, I., and Tumanishvili, D., eds., Gelati 900: Architecture, Murals, Treasures (Tbilisi, 2007)
Khuskivadze, L. Z., The Khakhuli Triptych (Tbilisi, 2007)
Kirion, B., Akhtal'skii monastyr' (Tbilisi, 2005)
Kleinbauer, W. E., ‘Zvart'nots and the Origins of Christian Architecture in Armenia’, Art Bulletin 54/3 (1972), 245–62
Komaroff, L., and Carboni, S., eds., The Legacy of Genghis Khan: Courtly Art and Culture in Western Asia, 1256–1353 (New York, 2002)
Korobeinikov, D., ‘A Greek Orthodox Armenian in the Seljukid Service: The Colophon of Basil of Melitina’, in Mare et Litora: Essays Presented to Sergei Karpov for his 60th Birthday, ed. Shukurov, R. (Moscow, 2009), 709–24
Kotandjian, N., ‘Les décors peints des églises d'Arménie’, in Armenia Sacra: mémoire chrétienne des Arméniens (IVe–XVIIIe siècle), eds. Durand, J. et al. (Paris, 2007), 137–44
Kouymjian, D., ‘Chinese Motifs in Thirteenth-Century Armenian Art: The Mongol Connection’, in Beyond the Legacy of Genghis Khan, ed. Komaroff, L. (Leiden, 2006), 303–24
Krabbenhöft, N., ‘A Veneer of Power: Thirteenth-Century Seljuk Frescoes on the Walls of Alanya and Some Recommendations for their Preservation’ (MA thesis, Koç University, 2011)
Krstic, T., ‘The Ambiguous Politics of “Ambiguous Sanctuaries”: F. Hasluck and Historiography on Syncretism and Conversion to Islam in 15th and 16th Century Ottoman Rumeli’, in Archaeology, Anthropology and Heritage in the Balkans and Anatolia: The Life and Times of F. W. Hasluck, 1878–1920, ed. Shankland, D. (Istanbul, 2013), 247–62
Kuban, Y. D., Divriği Mucizesi: Selçuklar Çağında Islam Bezeme Sanatı Üzerine Bir Deneme (Istanbul, 1997)
Kudava, B., ed., Istoriani: sametsniero krebuli midzghvnili Roin Metrevelis dabadebis 70 tslistʿavisadmi, (Tbilisi, 2009)
Kuehn, S., The Dragon in Medieval East Christian and Islamic Art [Islamic History and Civilization. Studies and Texts: 86] (Leiden; Boston, 2011)
La Porta, S., ‘Conflicted Coexistence: Christian–Muslim Interaction and its Representation in Medieval Armenia’, in Contextualizing the Muslim Other in Medieval Christian Discourse, ed. Frakes, J. C. (London, 2011), 103–23
La Porta, S., ‘“The Kingdom and the Sultanate were Conjoined”: Legitimizing Land and Power in Armenia during the 12th and Early 13th Centuries’, Revue des études arméniennes 34 (2012), 73118
La Porta, S., ‘Lineage, Legitimacy and Loyalty in Post-Seljuk Armenia: A Reassessment of the Sources of the Failed Ōrbēlean Revolt against King Giorgi III of Georgia’, Revue des études arméniennes 31 (2008–9), 127–65
La Porta, S., ‘Re-Constructing Armenia: Strategies of Co-Existence amongst Christians and Muslims in the Thirteenth Century’, in Negotiating Co-Existence: Communities, Cultures and Convivencia in Byzantine Society, eds. Crostini, B. and La Porta, S. [Bochumer Altertumswissenschaftliches Colloquium: 96] (Trier, 2013), 251–72
Lambton, A. K. S., Continuity and Change in Medieval Persia: Aspects of Administrative, Economic and Social History, 11th–14th Century [Columbia Lectures on Iranian Studies: 2] (New York, 1988)
Lane Poole, S., Catalogue of Oriental Coins in the British Museum (London, 1875–90), 10 vols.
Laurent, V., ‘L'inscription de l'église Saint-Georges de Bélisérama’, Revue des études byzantines 26 (1968), 367–71
Layard, A. H., Discoveries in the Ruins of Nineveh and Babylon: with travels in Armenia, Kurdistan and the desert: being the result of a second expedition undertaken for the trustees of the British Museum (London, 1853)
Le Strange, G., The Lands of the Eastern Caliphate: Mesopotamia, Persia, and Central Asia from the Moslem Conquest to the Time of Timur (New York, 1905)
Leiser, G., ‘Observations on the “Lion and Sun” Coinage of Ghiyath al-Din Kai-Khusraw II’, Mésogeios 2 (1998), 96114
Leroy, J., Les manuscrits syriaques à peintures conservées dans les bibliothèques d'Europe et d'Orient (Paris, 1964)
Les regestes des actes du patriarcat de Constantinople, vol. 1: Les actes des patriarches; fasc. 4: Les regestes de 1208 à 1309 (Paris, 1971)
Levanoni, A., ‘Šağar al-Durr: A Case of Female Sultanate in Medieval Islam’, in Egypt and Syria in the Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk eras, vol. 3, eds. Vermeulen, U. and Van Steenbergen, J. [Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta: 102] (Leuven, 2001), 209–18
Lewis, B., The Assassins: A Radical Sect in Islam (New York, 1980)
Lewis, B., ‘The Coming of the Steppe People: 2: Egypt and Syria’, in The Cambridge History of Islam, vol. 1A, eds. Holt, P. M., Lambton, A. K. S. and Lewis, B. (Cambridge, 1970), 175230
Lidov, A. M., ‘L'art des Arméniens Chalcédoniens’, in Atti del quinto simposio internazionale di Arte Armena (Venice, 1992), 479–95
Lidov, A. M., The Wall Paintings of Akhtala: History, Iconography, Masters (Moscow, 2014)
Livingston, J. W., ‘Science and the Occult in the Thinking of Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya’, Journal of the American Oriental Society 112/4 (1992), 598610
Lloyd, S., and Rice, D. S., Alanya (‘Alā'iyya) [Occasional Publications of the British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara: 4] (London, 1958)
Lordkipanidze, M., Georgia in the XI–XII Centuries (Tbilisi, 1987)
Loris'-Kalantar', A., ‘Razvaliny drevniaiu karavansaraia’, Khristianskii Vostok 3 (1914), 101–2
Lowick, N. M., Bendall, S. and Whitting, P. D., The ‘Mardin’ Hoard: Islamic Countermarks on Byzantine Folles (London, 1977)
Lynch, H. F. B., Armenia: Travels and Studies (London; New York, 1901), 2 vols.
Lyons, M. C., and Jackson, D. E. P., Saladin: The Politics of Holy War (Cambridge, 1982)
MacEvitt, C., Rough Tolerance: The Crusades and the Christian World of the East (Philadelphia, 2008)
Macip Tekinalp, V., ‘Palace Churches of the Anatolian Seljuks: Tolerance or Necessity?’ Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 33/2 (2009), 148–67
Magdalino, P., The Empire of Manuel I Komnenos, 1143–1180 (Cambridge, 1993)
Magdalino, P., ‘Theodore Metochites, the Chora, and Constantinople’, in The Kariye Camii Reconsidered, eds. Klein, H. A., Ousterhout, R. and Pitarakis, B. [Istanbul Araştırmarları Enstitüsü Yayınları: 14] (Istanbul, 2011), 169–87
Mahé, J.-P., ‘L'étude de P. M. Muradyan sur les inscriptions géorgiennes d'Arménie’, Bedi Kartlisa 38 (1980), 295309
Mahé, J.-P., ‘Les inscriptions de Hoṙomos’, in Le couvent de Hoṙomos d'après les archives de Toros Toramanian, eds. Baladian, A. and Thierry, J.-M. [Monuments et mémoires. Fondation Eugène Piot: 81] (Paris, 2002), 147213
Mahé, J.-P., ‘Le testament de Tigran Honenc`: la fortune d'un marchand arménien d'Ani aux XIIe–XIIIe siècles’, Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 145/3 (2001), 1319–41
Mahé, J.-P., Faucherre, N. and Karamağaralı, B., ‘L'enceinte urbaine d'Ani (Turquie Orientale): problèmes chronologiques’, Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 143/2 (1999), 731–56
Makariou, S., ed., Islamic Art at the Musée du Louvre (Paris, 2012)
Maksimović, L., ‘War Simonis Palaiologina die fünfte Gemahlin von König Milutin?’, in Geschichte und Kultur der Palaiologenzeit, ed. Seibt, W. [Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für Byzantinistik: 8] (Vienna, 1996), 115–20
Manandian, H., The Trade and Cities of Armenia in Relation to Ancient World Trade (Lisbon, 1965)
Mango, C., ‘Antique Statuary and the Byzantine Beholder’, Dumbarton Oaks Papers 17 (1963), 5575; reprinted in his Byzantium and its Image [Variorum Collected Studies: CS191] (Aldershot, 1984), Study V
Mango, C., The Art of the Byzantine Empire 312–1453 (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1972)
Margarian, H., ‘Ṣāḥib-Dīvān Šams al-Dīn Muḥammad Juvainī and Armenia’, Iran and the Caucasus 10/2 (2006), 167–80
Marr, N. I., Ani: Knizhnaia istoriia goroda i raskopki na meste gorodishcha (Leningrad; Moscow, 1934); French trans. Ani: rêve d'Arménie, trans. Aïda Tcharkhtchian (Paris, 2001)
Marr, N. I., ‘Arkaun, mongol'skoe nazvanie khristian, v sviazi s voprosom ob armianakh-khalkedonitakh’, Vizantiiskii Vremennik 12 (1906), 168
Marr, N. I., ‘Freskovoe izobrazhenie parona Khutlu-bugi v’ Akhpat' (hAibatp)’, Khristianskii Vostok 1/3 (1912), 350–53
Marr, N. I., ‘Nadpis Epifaniia, katalikosa Gruzii (iz raskopok v Ani 1910 g.)’, Izvestiia Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk 4 (1910), 1433–42
Marr, N. I., ‘Nadpis' Sanahinskaiu mosta’, Khristianskii Vostok 4 (1915), 191–2
Marr, N. I., ‘Novye materialy po armianskoi epigrafike’, Zapiski vostochnogo otdeleniia imperatorskogo russkogo arkheologicheskogo obshchestva 8 (1894), 69103
Martin-Hisard, B., ‘Christianisme et église dans le monde géorgien’, in Histoire de Christianisme des origines à nos jours, vol. 4, eds. Mayeur, J.-M., Pietri, C., Pietri, L., Vauchez, A. and Venard, M. (Paris, 1993), 549603
Martin-Hisard, B., ‘La vie de Jean et Euthyme et le statut du monastère des Ibères sur l'Athos’, Revue des études byzantines 49 (1991), 67142
Matevosyan, K. A., ‘Scriptoria et bibliothèques d'Ani’, Revue des études arméniennes 20 (1986–7), 209–21
Mathews, K. R., ‘Other Peoples’ Dishes: Islamic Bacini on Eleventh-Century Churches in Pisa’, Gesta 53/1 (2014), 523
Mathews, T. F., and Wieck, R. S., eds., Treasures in Heaven: Armenian Illuminated Manuscripts (Princeton, 1994)
May, T., ‘The Conquest and Rule of Transcaucasia: The Era of Chormaqan’, in Caucasus during the Mongol Period – Der Kaukasus in der Mongolenzeit, eds. Tubach, J., Vashalomidze, S. G. and Zimmer, M. (Wiesbaden, 2012), 129–51
Mecit, S., The Rum Seljuqs: Evolution of a Dynasty [Routledge Studies in the History of Iran and Turkey: 10] (Abingdon; New York, 2014)
Meinecke, M., ‘Das Mausoleum des Qala'un in Kairo: Untersuchungen zur Genese der mamlukischen Architekturdekorationen’, Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts. Abteilung Kairo 27 (1971), 4780
Meinecke, M., ‘Der Survey des Damaszener Altstadtsviertels aṣ-Ṣāliḥīya’, Damaszener Mitteilungen 1 (1983), 189241
Meri, J. W., The Cult of Saints among Muslims and Jews in Medieval Syria (Oxford, 2002)
Mernissi, F., The Forgotten Queens of Islam (Cambridge, 1993)
Meskhia, S., Sashinao politikuri vitareba da samokheleo tsqoba XII saukunis sakartveloshi (Tbilisi, 1979)
Metreveli, R., Mepe tamari (Tbilisi, 1991)
Micheau, F., ‘Les médecins orientaux au service des princes latins’, in Occident et Proche-Orient: contacts scientifiques au temps des Croisades, eds. Draelants, I., Tihon, A. and van den Abeele, B. [Réminiscences: 5] (Louvain, 1997), 95115
Miller, I., ‘Occult Science and the Fall of the Khwarazm-Shah Jalal al-Din’, Iran 39 (2001), 249–56
Minorsky, V., ‘Caucasica [I] in the History of Mayyafariqin’, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 13 (1949), 2735
Minorsky, V., Studies in Caucasian History (London, 1953)
Mitsani, A., ‘The Illustrated Gospel Book of Basil Meliteniotes (Caesaria, 1226)’, Deltion tes Christianikes Archaiologikes Hetaireias 26 (2005), 149–64
Mnatsakanian, S. K., Arkhitektura armianskikh pritvorov (Yerevan, 1952)
Mols, L. E. M., Mamluk Metalwork Fittings in their Artistic and Architectural Context (Delft, 2006)
Moule, A. C., Christians in China before the Year 1550 (London, 1930)
Mousheghian, K. A., Mousheghian, A. and Depeyrot, G., History and Coin Finds in Armenia: Inventory of Coins and Hoards (7th–19th c.) [Collection moneta: 29, 35] (Wetteren, 2002, 2003), 2 vols.
Mulder, S., ‘The Mausoleum of Imam al-Shafiʿi’, Muqarnas 23 (2006), 1546
Mutafian, C., ‘Ani after Ani, Eleventh to Seventeenth Century’, in Armenian Kars and Ani, ed. Hovannisian, R. G. [Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces: 10] (Costa Mesa, CA, 2011), 155–70
Mutafian, C., Le Royaume arménien de Cilicie, XIIe–XIVe siècle (Paris, 2002)
Nadwi, M. A., al-Muḥaddithāt: The Women Scholars in Islam, 2nd edn. (Oxford, 2013)
Nelson, R. S., ‘The History of Legends and the Legends of History: The Pilastri Acritani in Venice’, in San Marco, Byzantium, and the Myths of Venice, eds. Maguire, H. and Nelson, R. S. (Washington, DC, 2010), 6390
Nersessian, V., ‘Armenian Christianity’, in The Blackwell Companion to Eastern Christianity, ed. Parry, K. (Oxford, 2007), 2346
Nersessian, V., ed., Treasures from the Ark: 1700 Years of Armenian Christian Art (London, 2001)
North, J. D., ‘Opus quarundam rotarum mirabilium’, Physis 8 (1966), 337–72
North, J. D., Stars, Minds and Faith: Essays in Ancient and Medieval Cosmology (London, 1989)
Novikoff, A., ‘Between Tolerance and Intolerance in Medieval Spain: An Historiographic Enigma’, Medieval Encounters 11/1–2 (2005), 736
O'Kane, B., ed., The Treasures of Islamic Art in the Museums of Cairo (Cairo, 2006)
Olschki, L., Guillaume Boucher: A French Artist at the Court of the Khans (New York, 1946)
Orbeli, I. A., ‘Armianskie nadpisi na kamne’, in Izbrannye Trudy (Yerevan, 1963), 469–76
Orbeli, I. A., Corpus Inscriptionum Armenicarum, vol. 1 (Yerevan, 1966)
Özbek, Y., ‘Women's Tombs in Kayseri’, Kadın/Woman 2000 3/1 (2002), 6585; Turkish text 86–114
Paboudjian, P., ‘Le mausolée de Mama Khatun à Terdjan et l'architecture arménienne’, in The Second International Symposium on Armenian Art, vol. 2, ed. Zarian, R. (Yerevan, 1978), 297311
Pahlitzsch, J., ‘The People of the Book’, in Ayyubid Jerusalem: The Holy City in Context, 1187–1250, eds. Hillenbrand, R. and Auld, S. (London, 2009), 435–40
Pancaroğlu, O., ‘The House of Mengüjek in Divriği: Constructions of Dynastic Identity in the Late Twelfth Century’, in The Seljuks of Anatolia: Court and Society in the Medieval Middle East, eds. Peacock, A. C. S. and Yıldız, S. N. (London; New York, 2013), 2567
Pancaroğlu, O., ‘The Mosque–Hospital Complex in Divriği: A History of Relations and Transitions’, Anadolu ve Çevresinde Ortaçağ 3 (2009), 169–98
Papadopoulos-Kerameus, A., ‘Symbolai eis tin istorian Trapezountos’, Vizantiiskii Vremennik 12 (1906), 132–47
Patton, D., Badr al-Dīn Lu'lu', Atabeg of Mosul, 1211–1259 [Middle East Center, Jackson School of International Studies, University of Washington. Occasional Papers: 3] (Seattle; London, 1991)
Peacock, A. C. S., ‘Georgia and the Anatolian Turks in the 12th and 13th Centuries’, Anatolian Studies 56 (2006), 127–46
Peacock, A. C. S., ‘An Interfaith Polemic of Medieval Anatolia: Qāḍī Burhān al-Dīn al-Anawī on the Armenians and their Heresies’, in Islam and Christianity in Anatolia and the Caucasus, eds. Peacock, A. C. S., De Nicola, B. and Yıldız, S. N. (Farnham, 2015), 233–61
Peacock, A. C. S., ‘Sinop: A Frontier City in Seljuq and Mongol Anatolia’, Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia 16 (2010), 103–24, 537
Pentcheva, B. V., Icons and Power: The Mother of God in Byzantium (University Park, PA, 2006)
Pope, A. U., ed., A Survey of Persian Art from Prehistoric Times to the Present (London; New York, 1938–9), 6 vols.
Porter, V., and Abdel Haleem, M. A. S., eds., Hajj: Journey to the Heart of Islam (London, 2012)
Porter, V., Hoyland, R. G. and Morton, A. D., Arabic and Persian Seals and Amulets in the British Museum [British Museum Research Publication: 160] (London, 2011)
Porter, Y., ‘Les techniques du lustre métallique d'après le Jowhar-name-ye-Nezami’, VIIe congrès international sur la céramique mediévale en méditerranée (Athens, 2003), 427–36
Pouzet, L., Damas au VIIe/XIIIe siecle: vie et structures religieuses d'une métropole Islamique (Beirut, 1991)
Preusser, C., Nordmesopotamische Baudenkmäler altchristlicher und islamischer Zeit [Wissenschaftliche Veröffentlichung der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft: 17] (Leipzig, 1911)
Pringle, D., The Churches of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: A Corpus (Cambridge, 1993–2009), 4 vols.
Pringle, D., Pilgrimage to Jerusalem and the Holy Land, 1187–1291 [Crusade Texts in Translation: 23] (Farnham, 2012)
Pritula, A., ‘A Hymn on Tiflis from Warda Collection: A Transformation of the Muslim Conquerors into Pagans’, in Caucasus during the Mongol Period – Der Kaukasus in der Mongolenzeit, eds. Tubach, J., Vashalomidze, S. G. and Zimmer, M. (Wiesbaden, 2012), 217–37
Privalova, E., Rospis' Timotesubani (Tbilisi, 1980)
Qaukhchishvili, T. S., Berdznuli tsartserebi sakartvelo, vol. 1 (Tbilisi, 1951)
Qenia, M., Upper Svaneti: Medieval Mural Painting (Tbilisi, 2010)
Raby, J., ‘Nur al-Din, the Qastal al-Shu`aybiyya and the “Classical Revival”’, Muqarnas 21 (2004), 289310
Raby, J., ‘The Principle of Parsimony and the Problem of the “Mosul School of Metalwork”’, in Metalwork and Material Culture in the Islamic World. Art, Craft and Text: Essays Presented to James W. Allan, eds. Rosser-Owen, M. and Porter, V. (London; New York, 2012), 1185
Rapp, S. H., ‘The Coinage of Tamar, Sovereign of Georgia in Caucasia: A Preliminary Study in the Numismatic Inscriptions of Twelfth- and Thirteenth-Century Georgian Royal Coinage’, Le Muséon 106 (1993), 309–30
Rapp, S. H., ‘Georgian Christianity’, in The Blackwell Companion to Eastern Christianity, ed. Parry, K. (Oxford, 2007), 137–55
Rapp, S. H., ed., K'art'lis c'xovreba: The Georgian Royal Annals and their Medieval Armenian Adaptation (Delmar, NY, 1998)
Rapti, I., ‘La peinture dans les livres (IXe–XIIIe siècle)’, in Armenia Sacra: mémoire chrétienne des Arméniens (IVe–XVIIIe siècle), eds. Durand, J. et al. (Paris, 2007), 176–83
Rayfield, D., Edge of Empires: A History of Georgia (London, 2012)
Rayfield, D., The Literature of Georgia: A History, 3rd edn. (London, 2010; 2nd edn. Oxford, 2000)
Raymond, A., ‘The Spatial Organization of the City’, in The City in the Islamic World, vol. 1, eds. Holod, R., Petruccioli, A. and Raymond, A. (Leiden; Boston, 2008), 4770
Redford, S., ‘The Alaeddin Mosque in Konya Reconsidered’, Artibus Asiae 51/1 (1991), 5474
Redford, S., ‘The Inscription of the Kırkgöz Han and the Problem of Textual Transmission in Seljuk Anatolia’, Adalya 12 (2009), 347–60
Redford, S., Landscape and the State in Medieval Anatolia: Seljuk Gardens and Pavilions of Alanya, Turkey, [BAR International Series: 893] (Oxford, 2000)
Redford, S., Legends of Authority: The 1215 Seljuk Inscriptions of Sinop Citadel, Turkey (Istanbul, 2014)
Redford, S., ‘Paper, Stone, Scissors: `Alā’ al-Dīn Kayqubād, `Iṣmat al-Dunyā wa l-Dīn, and the Writing of Seljuk History’, in The Seljuks of Anatolia: Court and Society in the Medieval Middle East, eds. Peacock, A. C. S. and Yıldız, S. N. (London; New York, 2013), 151–70
Redford, S., ‘The Seljuqs of Rum and the Antique’, Muqarnas 10 (1993), 148–56
Redford, S., ‘Sinop in the Summer of 1215: The Beginning of Anatolian Seljuk Architecture’, Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia 16 (2010), 125–49, 538
Redford, S., ‘Words, Books, and Buildings in Seljuk Anatolia’, in Identity and Identity Formation in the Ottoman World: Essays in Honor of Norman Itzkowitz, eds. Tezcan, B. and Barbir, K. K. (Madison, WI, 2007), 716
Redford, S., and Leiser, G., Victory Inscribed: The Seljuk Fetihnāme on the Citadel Walls of Antalya, Turkey [Adalya Supplementary Series: 7] (Antalya, 2008)
Reitlinger, G., ‘Medieval Antiquities West of Mosul’, Iraq 5 (1938), 143–56
Rice, D. S., ‘The Aghānī Miniatures and Religious Painting in Islam’, Burlington Magazine 95/601 (1953), 128–35
Rice, D. S., ‘Inlaid Brasses from the Workshop of Ahmad al-Dhaki al-Mawsili’, Ars Orientalis 2 (1957), 283326
Rice, D. S., ‘Medieval Ḥarrān: Studies on its Topography and Monuments, I’, Anatolian Studies 2 (1952), 3684
Rice, D. S., ‘A Seljuq Mirror’, in Proceedings of the First International Congress of Turkish Art (Ankara, 1961), 288–90
Richard, F., Catalogue des manuscrits persans I: Anciens fonds. Bibliothèque Nationale, Département des manuscrits (Paris, 1989)
Rogers, J. M., ‘The Çifte Minare Medrese at Erzurum and the Gök Medrese at Sivas: A Contribution to the History of Style in the Seljuk Architecture of 13th Century Turkey’, Anatolian Studies 15 (1965), 6387
Rogers, J. M., ‘The Date of the Çifte Minare Medrese at Erzurum’, Kunst des Orients 8/1–2 (1972), 77119
Rogers, J. M., ‘The Mxargrdzelis between East and West’, Bedi Kartlisa 34 (1976), 315–25
Rogers, J. M., ‘Waqf and Patronage in Seljuk Anatolia: The Epigraphic Evidence’, Anatolian Studies 26 (1976), 69104
Rossabi, M., ‘The Muslims in the Early Yüan Dynasty’, in China under Mongol Rule, ed. Langlois, J. D. (Princeton, 1981), 257–95
Roux, J.-P., ed., L'Islam dans les collections nationales (Paris, 1977)
Rowson, E. K., ‘Homoerotic Liaisons among the Mamluk Elite in Late Medieval Egypt and Syria’, in Islamicate Sexualities: Translations across Temporal Geographies of Desire, eds. Babayan, K. and Najmabadi, A. [Harvard Middle Eastern Monographs: 39] (Cambridge, MA, 2008), 204–38
Roxburgh, D. J., ed., Turks: A Journey of a Thousand Years, 600–1600 (London, 2005)
Safran, L., The Medieval Salento: Art and Identity in Southern Italy (Philadelphia, 2014)
Saliba, G., ‘The Role of the Astrologer in Medieval Islamic Society’, Bulletin d'études orientales 44 (1992), 4567
Sarre, F. P. T., and Herzfeld, E., Archäologische Reise im Euphrat- und Tigris-Gebiet [Forschungen zur islamischen Kunst: 1] (Berlin, 1911), 4 vols.
Sarre, F. P. T., and van Berchem, M., ‘Das Metallbecken des Atabeks Lulu von Mosul in der Königlichen Bibliothek zu München’, Münchner Jahrbuch der bildenden Kunst 1 (1907), 1837
Sauvaget, J., ‘Un bain damasquin du XIIIe siècle’, Syria 11/4 (1930), 370–80
Sauvaget, J., and Écochard, M., Les monuments ayyoubides de Damas, etc. (Paris, 1938–48), 4 vols. in 1
Sauvaire, H., ‘Description de Damas’, Journal Asiatique, IXe série II: 3 (May–June 1894), 385501; VI: 5 (May–June 1895), 377–411; VII: 6 (September–October 1895), 221–313
Savage-Smith, E., Islamicate Celestial Globes: Their History, Construction, and Use [Smithsonian Studies in History and Technology: 46] (Washington, DC, 1985)
Savage-Smith, E., and Smith, M. B., Islamic Geomancy and a Thirteenth-Century Divinatory Device [Studies in Near Eastern Culture and Society: 2] (Malibu, CA, 1980)
Savage-Smith, E., and Smith, M. B., ‘Islamic Geomancy and a Thirteenth-Century Divinatory Device: Another Look’, in Magic and Divination in Early Islam, ed. Savage-Smith, E. (Aldershot, 2004), 211–76
Schregle, G., Die Sultanin von Ägypten: Šaǧarat ad-Durr in der arabischen Geschichtsschreibung und Literatur (Wiesbaden, 1961)
Shanidze, A., Etlta da shwidta mnatobtatwis. Astrologiuri tkhzuleba XII saukunisa (Tbilisi, 1948)
Sharashidze, K., Sakartvelos sakhelmtsipo muzeumis kartul khelnatserta aghtseriloba: qopili saeklesio muzeumis khelnatserebi (A kolektsia), vol. 4 (Tbilisi, 1954)
Sharlet, J., ‘Public Displays of Affection: Male Homoerotic Desire and Sociability in Medieval Arabic Literature’, in Islam and Homosexuality, ed. Habib, S. (Santa Barbara, CA, 2010), 3756
Shmerling, R. O., ‘Postroika molaret-ukhutsesa tsaria Georgiia Blistatelnogo v tsel. Daba, borzhomskogo raiona’, Ars Georgica 2 (1948), 111–22
Shukurov, R., ‘Churches in the Citadels of Ispir and Bayburt: An Evidence of “Harem Christianity”?’, in Polidoro: Studi offerti ad Antonio Carile, ed. Vespignani, G. (Spoleto, 2013), 713–24
Shukurov, R., ‘Harem Christianity: The Byzantine Identity of Seljuk Princes’, in The Seljuks of Anatolia: Court and Society in the Medieval Middle East, eds. Peacock, A. C. S. and Yıldız, S. N. (London; New York, 2013), 115–50
Shukurov, R., ‘Iagupy: tiurkskaia familiia na vizantiiskoi sluzhbe’, in Vizantiiskie Ocherki: Trudy rossiiskikh uchenykh k XXI Mezhdunarodnomu kongressu vizantinistov (St Petersburg, 2006), 205–29
Silogava, V., ‘Epigrapikuli etiudebi da shenishvnebi’, Macne 4 (1990), 79119
Sims, E., Peerless Images: Persian Painting and its Sources (New Haven; London, 2002)
Skhirtladze, Z., ‘Another Portrait of Queen Tamar?’, in Anadolu Kültürlerinde Süreklilik ve Değişim, Dr. A. Mine Kadiroğlu'na Armağan, eds. Erel, C., Işler, B., Peker, N. and Sağir, G. (Ankara, 2011), 505–23
Smith, A. D., ‘National Identities: Modern and Medieval?’, in Concepts of National Identity in the Middle Ages, eds. Johnson, L., Murray, A. V., and Forde, S. [Leeds Texts and Monographs, New Series: 14] (Leeds, 1995), 2146
Snelders, B., Identity and Christian–Muslim Interaction: Medieval Art of the Syrian Orthodox from the Mosul Area [Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta: 198] (Leuven, 2010)
Soifer, M., ‘Beyond Convivencia: Critical Reflections on the Historiography of Interfaith Relations in Christian Spain’, Journal of Medieval Iberian Studies 1/1 (2009), 1935
Sokhashvili, G., Samtavisi: Masalebi tadzris istoriisatvis (Tbilisi, 1973)
Sourdel, D., ‘Rūḥīn, lieu de pèlerinage musulman de la Syrie du Nord au XIIIe siècle’, Syria 30 (1953), 89107
Spatharakis, I., The Portrait in Byzantine Illuminated Manuscripts (Leiden, 1976)
Strayer, J.R., ‘The Crusades of Louis IX’, in A History of the Crusades, vol. 2, eds. Wolff, R. L. and Hazard, H. W. (Madison; Milwaukee; London, 1969), 487518
Sublet, J., ‘La folie de la princesse Bint al-Ašraf (un scandale financier sous les Mamelouks Bahris)’, Bulletin d'études orientales 27 (1974), 4550
Tabbaa, Y., ‘Circles of Power: Palace, Citadel, and City in Ayyubid Aleppo’, Ars Orientalis 23 (1993), 181200
Tabbaa, Y., Constructions of Power and Piety in Medieval Aleppo (University Park, PA, 1997)
Tabbaa, Y., ‘Dayfa Khatun, Regent Queen and Architectural Patron’, in Women, Patronage, and Self-Representation in Islamic Societies, ed. Ruggles, D. F. (Albany, NY, 2000), 1734
Tabbaa, Y., ‘The Muqarnas Dome: Its Origin and Meaning’, Muqarnas 3 (1985), 6174
Tabbaa, Y., The Transformation of Islamic Art during the Sunni Revival (Washington, DC, 2001)
Tamarati, M., L'église géorgienne dès origines jusqu'à nos jours (Rome, 1910)
Taqaishvili, E., ‘L'évangile de Vani’, Byzantion 10 (1935), 655–63
Taqaishvili, E., ‘Gruzinskiia nadpisi Akhtaly’, Sbornik materialov dlia opisanie mestnostei i plemen Kavkaza 29 (1901), 138–45
Taqaishvili, E., ‘L'inscription d'Épiphane, Catholicos de Géorgie’, Revue de l'Orient Chrétien 30 (1935–6), 216–24
Tartuferi, A., and D'Arelli, F., eds., L'arte di Francesco: capolavori d'arte Italiana e terre d'Asia dal XIII al XV secolo (Florence, 2015)
Taylor, A., ‘Armenian Art and Armenian Identity’, in Treasures in Heaven: Armenian Art, Religion and Society, eds. Mathews, T. F. and Wieck, R. S. (New York, 1998), 133–46
Temir, A., Kirşehir emiri Caca oǧlu Nur el-Dinʹin 1272 tarihli Arapça-Moǧolca vakfiyesi = Die arabisch-mongolische Stiftungsurkunde von 1272 des Emirs von Kirşehi Caca Oǧlu Nur el-Din (Ankara, 1959); German summary, 281301
Texier, C., Description de l'Asie Mineure faite par Ordre du gouvernement français de 1833 à 1837 (Paris, 1839–49), 3 vols.
Thierry, J.-M., ‘À propos de quelques monuments chrétiens du vilayet de Kars (IV)’, Revue des études arméniennes 19 (1985), 285323
Thierry, J.-M., and Thierry, N., L'église Saint-Grégoire de Tigran Honenc` à Ani (1215) (Louvain; Paris, 1993)
Thierry, J.-M., and Thierry, N., ‘Peintures de caractère occidental en Arménie: l'église Saint-Pierre et Saint-Paul de Tat`ev’, Byzantion 38 (1968), 180242
Thierry, N., ‘Le Jugement dernier d'Axtala: rapport préliminaire’, Bedi Kartlisa 40 (1982), 147–85
Thierry, N., ‘À propos des peintures de la grande église de Kobayr’, Revue des études géorgiennes et caucasiennes 2 (1986), 223–6
Thomson, R. W., ‘The Eastern Mediterranean in the Thirteenth Century: Identities and Allegiances. The Peripheries: Armenia’, in Identities and Allegiances in the Eastern Mediterranean after 1204, eds. Herrin, J. and Saint-Guillain, G. (Farnham, 2011), 197214
Thomson, R. W., The Lawcode [Datastanagirk'] of Mxit'ar Goš [Dutch Studies in Armenian Language and Literature: 6] (Amsterdam; Atlanta, GA, 2000)
Thomson, R. W., ‘Medieval Chroniclers of Ani: Hovhannes, Samvel, and Mkhitar’, in Armenian Kars and Ani, ed. Hovannisian, R. G. [Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces: 10] (Costa Mesa, CA, 2011), 6580
Thomson, R. W., Rewriting Caucasian History: The Medieval Armenian Adaptation of the Georgian Chronicles. The Original Georgian Texts and the Armenian Adaptation (Oxford, 1996)
Thorau, P., ‘Shadschar ad-Durr, Sultanin von Ägypten’, in Saladin und die Kreuzfahrer, eds. Wieczorek, A. et al. (Mannheim, 2005), 167–69
Thorndike, L., A History of Magic and Experimental Science during the First Thirteen Centuries of our Era (New York, 1923), 6 vols.
Toumanoff, C., Les dynasties de la Caucasie chrétienne de l'Antiquité jusqu'au XIXe siècle: tables généalogiques et chronologiques (Rome, 1990)
Trapp, E., ed., Prosopographisches Lexikon der Palaiologenzeit (Vienna, 1976–96)
Turan, O., ‘Selçuk devri vakfiyeleri III: Celaleddin Karatay, vakıfları ve vakfiyeleri’, Belleten 12 (1948), 17171
Ulbert, T., and Degen, R., Der kreuzfahrerzeitliche Silberschatz aus Resafa-Sergiupolis [Resafa: III] (Mainz am Rhein, 1990)
Ulubabian, B., and Hasratian, M., Gandzasar [Documenti di Architettura Armena: 17] (Milan, 1987)
Ünal, R. H., ‘Iğdir yakmlannda bir selçuklu kervansarayi ve Doğubayazit–Batum kervan yolu hakkmda notlar’, Sanat Tarihi Yilliği 3 (1970), 715
van Berchem, M., Amida: matériaux pour l'épigraphie et l'histoire musulmanes du Diyar-Bakir (Heidelberg, 1910)
van Berchem, M., ‘Arabische Inschriften’, in Inschriften aus Syrien, Mesopotamien und Kleinasien gesammelt im Jahre 1899, ed. von Oppenheim, N. [Beiträge zur Assyriologie und semitischen Sprachwissenschaft: 7] (Leipzig; Baltimore, 1909), 1156
van Berchem, M., and Edhem, H., Matériaux pour un Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicum, Part 1, Egypte I(i) (Paris, 1903)
Van Cleeve, T. C., ‘The Crusade of Frederick II’, in A History of the Crusades, vol. 2, eds. Wolff, R. L. and Hazard, H. W. (Madison; Milwaukee; London, 1969), 429–62
Vardanyan, A., ‘Some Additions to the Coins with the Inscription “Ulugh Mangyl Ulus (Ulush) Bek”’, Journal of the Oriental Numismatic Society 190/1 (2007), 720
Vardanyan, E., ed., Hoṙomos Monastery: Art and History [Collège de France – CNRS Centre de recherche d'histoire et civilisation de Byzance. Monographies: 50] (Paris, 2015)
Vasiliev, A. A., ‘The Foundation of the Empire of Trebizond’, Speculum 11 (1936), 337
Virsaladze, T., ‘Freskovaia rospis’ khudozhnika Mikaela Maghlakeli v Matskhvarishi’, Ars Georgica 4 (1955), 169231; reprinted in her Izbrannye trudy (Tbilisi, 2007), 145–224
von Folsach, K., Art from the World of Islam in the David Collection (Copenhagen, 2001)
Vryonis, S., ‘Another Note on the Inscription of the Church of St George of Beliserama’, Byzantina 9 (1977), 1122
Vryonis, S., The Decline of Medieval Hellenism in Asia Minor and the Process of Islamization from the Eleventh through the Fifteenth Century (Berkeley; Los Angeles; London, 1971)
Ward, R., ‘The Inscription on the Astrolabe by ʿAbd al-Karim in the British Museum’, Muqarnas 21 (2004), 345–57
Ward, R., Islamic Metalwork (London, 1993)
Ward, R., ‘Style versus Substance: The Christian Iconography on Two Vessels Made for the Ayyubid Sultan al-Salih Ayyub’, in The Iconography of Islamic Art, ed. O'Kane, B. (Edinburgh, 2005), 309–24
Ward, R., ed., Court and Craft: A Masterpiece from Northern Iraq (London, 2014)
Weitzmann, K., ‘Icon Painting in the Crusader Kingdom’, Dumbarton Oaks Papers 20 (1966), 5183
Werthmuller, K. J., Coptic Identity and Ayyubid Politics in Egypt, 1218–1250 (Cairo; New York, 2010)
Whelan, E. J., The Public Figure: Political Iconography in Medieval Mesopotamia (London, 2006)
Whelan, E. J., ‘Representations of the Khāṣṣakīyah and the Origins of Mamluk Emblems’, in Content and Context of the Visual Arts in the Islamic World, ed. Soucek, P. (University Park, PA; London, 1988), 219–53
Wieczorek, A., Fansa, M. and Meller, H., eds., Saladin und die Kreuzfahrer [Publikationen der Reiss-Engelhorn-Museen 17] (Mannheim, 2005)
Wolf, C. O. M., ‘“The Pen Has Extolled her Virtues”: Gender and Power within the Visual Legacy of Shajar al-Durr in Cairo’, in Calligraphy and Architecture in the Muslim World, eds. Gharipour, M. and Schick, I. C. (Edinburgh, 2013), 199216
Wolff, R. L., ‘The Lascarids’ Asiatic Frontiers Once More’, Orientalia Christiania Periodica 15 (1949), 194–7
Wolff, R. L., ‘The Latin Empire of Constantinople, 1204–1261’, in A History of the Crusades: 2, eds. Wolff, R. L. and Hazard, H. W. (Madison; Milwaukee; London, 1969), 187233
Wolper, E. S., ‘Princess Safwat al-Dunya wa al-Din and the Production of Sufi Buildings and Hagiographies in Pre-Ottoman Anatolia’, in Women, Patronage, and Self-Representation in Islamic Societies, ed. Ruggles, D. F. (Albany, NY, 2000), 3552
Woodfin, W. T., Rassamakin, Y. and Holod, R., ‘Foreign Vesture and Nomadic Identity on the Black Sea Littoral in the Early Thirteenth Century: Costume from the Chungul Kurgan’, Ars Orientalis 42 (2012), 155–87
Wroth, W., Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths and Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea and Trebizond in the British Museum (London, 1911)
Yalman, S., ‘Building the Sultanate of Rum: Memory, Urbanism and Mysticism in the Architectural Patronage of `Ala al-Din Kayqubad (r. 1220–1237)’ (Ph.D. thesis, Harvard University, 2010)
Yarnley, C. J., ‘Philaretos: Armenian Bandit or Byzantine General?’, Revue des études arméniennes 9 (1972), 331–53
Yavuz, A. T., ‘Anatolian Seljuk Caravanserais and their Use as State Houses’, in Turkish Art: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Turkish Art, eds. Déroche, F., Geneguard, C., Renda, G. and Rogers, J. M. (Geneva, 1999), 757–65
Yavuz, A. T., ‘The Concepts That Shape Anatolian Seljuk Caravanserais’, Muqarnas 14 (1997), 8095
Yetkin, S. K., ‘The Mausoleum of Mama Khatun’, Yıllık Araştırmalar Dergisi 1 (1956), 7991; Turkish text: ‘Mama Khatun Türbesi’, 75–77
Yıldız, S. N., ‘Manuel Komnenos Mavrozomes and his Descendants at the Seljuk Court: The Formation of a Christian Seljuk–Komnenian Elite’, in Crossroads between Latin Europe and the Near East: Corollaries of the Frankish Presence in the Eastern Mediterranean (12th–14th centuries), ed. Leder, S. [Istanbuler Texte und Studien: 24] (Würzburg, 2011), 5577
Yıldız, S. N., ‘The Rise and Fall of a Tyrant in Seljuq Anatolia: Saʿd al-Din Köpek's Reign of Terror, 1237–8’, in Ferdowsi, the Mongols and the History of Iran: Studies in Honour of Charles Melville, eds. Hillenbrand, R., Peacock, A. C. S. and Abdullaeva, F. (London, 2013), 92103
Yoltar-Yıldırım, A., ‘Raqqa: The Forgotten Excavation of an Islamic Site in Syria by the Ottoman Imperial Museum in the Early Twentieth Century’, Muqarnas 30 (2013), 7393
Abu-Lughod, J., Before European Hegemony: The World System AD 1250–1350 (Oxford, 1991)
Aladashvili, N. A., and Vol'skaia, A., ‘Fasadnye rospisi Verkhnei Svaneti’, Ars Georgica 9 (1987), 94120
Aleksidze, Z. N., ‘Louvre – Akhtala’, Humanitaruli kvevebi tselitsdeuli 5 (2014), 143–61
Allan, J. W., and Aron, A. T., Metalwork of the Islamic World: The Aron Collection (London; New York, 1986)
Allen, T., A Classical Revival in Islamic Architecture (Wiesbaden, 1986)
Allsen, T. T., Culture and Conquest in Mongol Eurasia (Cambridge, 2001)
Amiranashvili, S., Beka Opizari (Tbilisi, 1964)
Amiranashvili, S., Gruzinskaia miniatura (Moscow, 1966)
Amiranashvili, S., Istoriia gruzinskogo iskusstva (Moscow, 1963)
Amiranashvili, S., Istoriia gruzinskoi monumental'noi zhivopisi, vol. 1 (Tbilisi, 1957)
Amitai-Preiss, R., ‘Hülegü and the Ayyūbid Lord of the Transjordan’, Archivium Eurasiae Medii Aevi 9 (1995–7), 516
Anderson, B., Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism (London; New York, 1991)
Andrews, P. A., Felt Tents and Pavilions: The Nomadic Tradition and its Interaction with Princely Tentage (London, 1999)
Arık, R., and Arık, O., Tiles: Treasures of Anatolian Soil: Tiles of the Seljuk and Beylik Periods (Istanbul, 2008)
Armstrong, J. A., Nations before Nationalism (Chapel Hill, NC, 1982)
Arutiunova-Fidanian, V. A., ‘Les Arméniens Chalcédoniens en tant que phénomène culturel de l'Orient Chrétien’, in Atti del quinto simposio internazionale di Arte Armena (Venice, 1992), 463–77
Arutiunova-Fidanian, V. A., ‘The Ethno-Confessional Self-Awareness of Armenian Chalcedonians’, Revue des études arméniennes 21 (1988), 345–63
Ashtor, E., Histoire des prix et des salaires dans l'Orient médiéval (Paris, 1969)
Aslanapa, O., Turkish Art and Architecture (London, 1971)
Atil, E., Ceramics from the World of Islam [Freer Gallery of Art Fiftieth Anniversary Exhibition: 3] (Washington, DC, 1973)
Atil, E., ‘The Freer Bowl and the Legacy of the Shahname’, Damaszener Mitteilungen 11 (1999), 712
Atil, E., Chase, W. T. and Jett, P., Islamic Metalwork in the Freer Gallery of Art (Washington, DC, 1985)
Augé, I., ‘Gošavank`, un complexe monastique au regard des sources littéraires et épigraphiques’, Le Muséon 125/3–4 (2012), 335–65
Azatian, S. R., Portaly v monumental'noi arkhitekture Armenii IV–XIV vv (Yerevan, 1987)
Babić, G., ‘Les programmes absidaux en Géorgie et dans les Balkans entre XIe et le XIIIe siècle’, in L'Arte Georgiana dal IX al XIV secolo: Atti del Terzo Simposio Internazionale sull'arte Georgiana, ed. Calo'Mariani, M. (Bari, 1981), 117–36
Bacci, M., ‘“Mixed” Shrines in the Late Byzantine Period’, in Archeologia Abrahamica: issledovaniia v oblasti arkheologii i khudozhestvennoi traditsii iudaisma, khristianstva i islama, ed. Beliaev, L. A. (Moscow, 2009), 433–44
Bacci, M., ‘A Sacred Shrine for a Holy Icon: The Shrine of Our Lady of Saydnaya’, in Hierotopy: The Creation of Sacred Spaces in Byzantium and Medieval Russia, ed. Lidov, A. M. (Moscow, 2006), 373–87
Baer, E., Ayyubid Metalwork with Christian Images (Leiden, 1989)
Balog, P., The Coinage of the Ayyubids [Royal Numismatic Society Special Publication: 12] (London, 1980)
Barrucand, M., ‘The Miniatures of the Daqa'iq al-Haqa'iq (Bibliothèque Nationale Pers. 174): A Testimony to the Cultural Diversity of Medieval Anatolia’, Islamic Art 4 (1990–1), 113–42
Barry, F., ‘Disiecta membra: Ranieri Zeno, the Imitation of Constantinople, the Spolia Style, and Justice at San Marco’, in San Marco, Byzantium, and the Myths of Venice, eds. Maguire, H. and Nelson, R. S. (Washington, DC, 2010), 762
Bartol'd, V. V., Four Studies on the History of Central Asia (Leiden, 1956)
Basmadjian, K. J., Les inscriptions arméniennes d'Ani, de Bagnaïr et de Marmachèn (Paris, 1931)
Bassett, S. G., The Urban Image of Late Antique Constantinople (Cambridge, 2004)
Bates, Ü. Ü., ‘The Anatolian Mausoleum of the Twelfth, Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries’ (Ph. D. thesis, University of Michigan, 1970)
Bedrosian, R., ‘The Turco-Mongol Invasions and the Lords of Armenia in the 13th–14th Centuries’ (Ph.D. thesis, Columbia University, 1979)
Behrens-Abouseif, D., Cairo of the Mamluks: A History of the Architecture and its Culture (London, 2007)
Behrens-Abouseif, D., Islamic Architecture in Cairo: An Introduction [Supplements to Muqarnas: 3] (Leiden; New York, 1989)
Berenson, B., Studies in Medieval Painting (New Haven, 1930)
Bergeron, P., Voyages faits principalement en Asie dans les XII, XIII, XIV, et XV siècles, par Benjamin de Tudèle, Jean du Plan-Carpin, N. Ascelin, Guillaume de Rubruquis, Marc Paul vénitien, Haiton, Jean de Mandeville, et Ambroise Contarini: accompagnés de l'Histoire des Sarasins et des Tartares, et précédez d'une Introduction concernant les voyages et les nouvelles découvertes des principaux voyageurs, vol. 2 (La Haye, 1735)
Beridze, V., ‘Quelques aspects de l'architecture géorgienne à coupole de la seconde moitié du Xe siècle à la fin du XIIIe’, in Communication faite à Bergamo (Italie) le 29 juin 1974 au ‘Primo simposio internazionale sull'arte Georgiana’ (Tbilisi, 1976), 7496
Beridze, V., Alibegashvili, G. V., Vol'skaia, A. and Xuskivadze, L., The Treasures of Georgia (London, 1984)
Blair, S. S., ‘The Madrasa at Zuzan: Islamic Architecture in Eastern Iran on the Eve of the Mongol Invasions’, Muqarnas 3 (1985), 7591
Blair, S. S., The Monumental Inscriptions from Early Islamic Iran and Transoxiana [Studies in Islamic Art and Architecture: Supplements to Muqarnas: 6] (Leiden, 1992)
Blessing, P., Rebuilding Anatolia after the Mongol Conquest: Islamic Architecture in the Lands of Rūm, 1240–1330 [Birmingham Byzantine and Ottoman Studies: 17] (Farnham, 2014)
Blessing, P., ‘Women Patrons in Medieval Anatolia and a Discussion of Mahbari Khatun's Mosque Complex in Kayseri’, Belleten 78 (2014), 475526
Bloom, J. M., Arts of the City Victorious: Islamic Art and Architecture in Fatimid North Africa and Egypt (New Haven; London, 2008)
Bloom, J. M., The Minaret [Edinburgh Studies in Islamic Art] (Edinburgh, 2013)
Bloom, J. M., Minaret: Symbol of Islam [Oxford Studies in Islamic Art: 7] (Oxford, 1989)
Boase, T. S. R., The Cilician Kingdom of Armenia (Edinburgh, 1978)
Bolshakov, O. G., ‘The St Petersburg Manuscript of the Maqāmāt by al-Ḥarīrī and its Place in the History of Arab Painting’, Manuscripta Orientalia 3/4 (1997), 5966
Bombaci, A., ‘Die Mauerinschriften von Konya’, in Forschungen zur Kunst Asiens: In Memoriam Kurt Erdmann, eds. Aslanapa, O. and Naumann, R. (Istanbul, 1969), 6773
Bosworth, C. E., The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual (Edinburgh, 1996)
Bosworth, C. E., ‘The Political and Dynastic History of the Iranian World (AD 1000–1217)’, in The Cambridge History of Iran, vol. 5: The Saljuq and Mongol Periods, ed. Boyle, J. A. (Cambridge, 1968), 1202
Boyle, J. A., ‘Dynastic and Political History of the Īl-Khāns’, in The Cambridge History of Iran, vol. 5: The Saljuq and Mongol Periods, ed. Boyle, J. A. (Cambridge, 1968), 303421
Boyle, J. A., ‘A Form of Horse Sacrifice amongst the Thirteenth- and Fourteenth-Century Mongols’, Central Asiatic Journal 10 (1965), 145–50; reprinted in his The Mongol World Empire 1206–1370 [Variorum Reprints] (London, 1977), Study XX
Boyle, J. A., ‘The Journey of Het`um I, King of Little Armenia, to the Court of the Great Khan Möngke’, Central Asiatic Journal 9/3 (1964), 175–89; reprinted in his The Mongol World Empire 1206–1370 [Variorum Reprints] (London, 1977), Study X
Boyle, J. A., ‘Kirakos of Ganjak on the Mongols’, Central Asiatic Journal 8 (1963), 199214; reprinted in his The Mongol World Empire 1206–1370 [Variorum Reprints] (London, 1977), Study XIX
Boyle, J. A., ‘Turkish and Mongol Shamanism in the Middle Ages’, Folklore 83/3 (1972), 177–93
Brend, B., Islamic Art (London, 1991)
Brentjes, B., Mnazakanjan, S. and Stepanjan, N., Kunst des Mittelalters in Armenien (Vienna; Munich, 1982)
Bretschneider, E., Mediaeval Researches from Eastern Asiatic Sources: Fragments towards the Knowledge of the Geography and History of Central and Western Asia from the 13th to the 17th Century (London, 1910), 2 vols.
Brisch, K., ed., Museum für Islamische Kunst Berlin: Katalog (Berlin-Dahlem, 1979)
Brockelmann, C., Geschichte der arabischen Literatur, vol. 1 (Leiden, 1943)
Brosset, M. F., Additions et éclaircissements à l'Histoire de la Géorgie (St Petersburg, 1851)
Brosset, M. F., Description des Monastères Arméniens d'Haghbat et de Sanahin par l'archimandrite Jean de Crimée [Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St-Pétersbourg, VIIe série: VI, no. 6] (St Petersburg, 1863)
Brosset, M. F., ‘Ire livraison: 3e Rapport: Edchmiadzin, Ani’, in Rapports sur un voyage archéologique dans la Géorgie et dans l'Arménie exécuté en 1847–48 (St Petersburg, 1849), 1120 with ‘Excursion à Ani, en 1848’ by M. N. Khanykof, 120–52
Brosset, M. F., Les Ruines d'Ani, capitale de l'Arménie sous les rois Bagratides, aux Xe et XIe siècles: histoire et description (St Petersburg, 1860)
Bryer, A. A. M., ‘A Byzantine Family: The Gabrades, c. 979–c. 1653’, University of Birmingham Historical Journal 12 (1970), 164–87; reprinted in his The Empire of Trebizond and the Pontos [Variorum Reprints: 117] (Aldershot, 1980), Study IIIa
Bryer, A. A. M., ‘The Grand Komnenos and the Great Khan at Karakorum in 1246’, in Itinéraires d'Orient: Hommages à Claude Cahen, eds. Curiel, R. and Gyselen, R. [Res Orientalis: 6] (Bures-sur-Yvette, 1994), 257–61
Bryer, A. A. M., ‘Last Judgements in the Empire of Trebizond: Painted Churches in Inner Chaldia’, in Mare et Litora: Essays Presented to Sergei Karpov for his 60th Birthday, ed. Shukurov, R. (Moscow, 2009), 519–52
Cahen, C., ‘La Djazira au milieu du treizième siècle d'après ʿIzz ad-din ibn Chaddad’, Revue des études islamiques 8 (1934), 109–28
Cahen, C., The Formation of Turkey. The Seljukid Sultanate of Rum: Eleventh to Fourteenth Century (London, 2001)
Cahen, C., Pre-Ottoman Turkey (London, 1968)
Cahen, C., ‘Un traité d'armurerie composé pour Saladin’, Bulletin d'études orientales 12 (1948), 103–63
Carboni, S., Following the Stars: Images of the Zodiac in Islamic Art (New York, 2005)
Chevedden, P. E., ‘The Citadel of Damascus’ (Ph.D. thesis, UCLA, 1986)
Chwolson, D., Syrisch-Nestorianische Grabinschriften aus Semirjetschie (St Petersburg, 1897)
Cincadze, V., ‘Der Königspalast in Geguti’, in L'Arte Georgiana dal IX al XIV secolo: Atti del Terzo Simposio Internazionale sull'arte Georgiana, ed. Calo'Mariani, M. (Bari, 1981), 105–10
Clarence-Smith, W. G., ‘Same-Sex Relations and Transgender Identities in Islamic Southeast Asia from the Fifteenth Century’, in Sexual Diversity in Asia, c. 600–1950, eds. Reyes, R. A. and Clarence-Smith, W. G. (New York, 2012), 6785
Conrad, H., ‘Beobachtungen und Notizen zur Situation der armenischen Fürsten unter der Mongolenherrschaft’, in Caucasus during the Mongol Period – Der Kaukasus in der Mongolenzeit, eds. Tubach, J., Vashalomidze, S. G. and Zimmer, M. (Wiesbaden, 2012), 83105
Cormack, R., ‘But Is it Art?’, in Byzantine Diplomacy, ed. Shephard, J. and Franklin, S. [Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies. Publications: 1] (Aldershot, 1992), 218–36
Cowe, P. S., ‘Models for the Interpretation of Medieval Armenian Poetry’, in New Approaches to Medieval Armenian Language and Literature, ed. Weitenberg, J. J. S. (Amsterdam; Atlanta, GA, 1995), 2946
Cowe, P. S., ‘The Politics of Poetics: Islamic Influence on Armenian Verse’, in Redefining Christian Identity: Cultural Interaction in the Middle East since the Rise of Islam, eds. van Ginkel, J. J., Murre-van den Berg, H. L. and van Lint, T. M. [Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta: 134] (Leuven; Paris; Dudley, MA, 2005), 379403
Crane, H., ‘Notes on Saldjuq Architectural Patronage in Thirteenth Century Anatolia’, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 36 (1993), 157
Creswell, K. A. C., The Muslim Architecture of Egypt, vol. 2: Ayyūbids and Early Baḥrite Mamlūks, AD 1171–1326 (Oxford, 1959)
Cuneo, P., Zarian, A., Uluhogian, G., Thierry, J.-M. and Thierry, N., Ani [Documenti di Architettura Armena: 12] (Milan, 1984)
Ćurčić, S., Architecture in the Balkans, from Diocletian to Süleyman the Magnificent (New Haven; London, 2010)
D'Ohsson, C., Histoire des Mongols, depuis Tchinguiz-Khan jusqu'à Timour Bey ou Tamerlan (Amsterdam, 1852), 4 vols.
Dadoyan, S., ‘A Case Study for Redefining Armenian–Christian Cultural Identity in the Framework of Near Eastern Urbanism – 13th Century: The Nāṣirī Futuwwa Literature and the Brotherhood Poetry of Yovhannēs and Konstandin Erzěnkac`i – Texts and Contexts’, in Redefining Christian Identity: Cultural Interaction in the Middle East since the Rise of Islam, eds. van Ginkel, J. J., Murre-van den Berg, H. L. and van Lint, T. M. [Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta: 134] (Leuven; Paris; Dudley, MA, 2005), 237–64
Daftary, F., The Ismacīlīs: Their History and Doctrines (Cambridge, 2007)
Dashdondog, B., ‘The Mongol Conquerors in Armenia’, in Caucasus during the Mongol Period – Der Kaukasus in der Mongolenzeit, eds. Tubach, J., Vashalomidze, S. G. and Zimmer, M. (Wiesbaden, 2012), 5382
Dashdondog, B., The Mongols and the Armenians (1220–1335) [Brill's Inner Asian Library: 24] (Leiden; Boston, 2010)
de Callataÿ, G., ‘La grande conjunction de 1186’, in Occident et Proche-Orient: contacts scientifiques au temps des Croisades, eds. Draelants, I., Tihon, A. and van den Abeele, B. [Réminiscences: 5] (Leuven, 1997), 369–84
De Nicola, B., ‘Unveiling the Khatuns: Some Aspects of the Role of Women in the Mongol Empire’ (Ph.D. thesis, University of Cambridge, 2011)
de Rachewiltz, I., ‘Yeh-lü Ch'u-ts'ai (1189–1243): Buddhist Idealist and Confucian Statesman’, in Confucian Personalities, eds. Wright, A. F. and Twitchett, D. (Stanford, 1962), 189216
de Rachewiltz, I., Chan, H.-L., Ch'i-ch'ing, H. and Geier, P. W., eds., In the Service of the Khan: Eminent Personalities of the Early Mongol–Yüan period (1200–1300) [Asiatische Forschungen: 121] (Wiesbaden, 1993)
Dédéyan, G., ‘Les colophons de manuscrits arméniens comme sources pour l'histoire des Croisades’, in The Crusades and their Sources: Essays Presented to Bernard Hamilton, eds. France, J. and Zajac, W. G. (Aldershot, 1998), 89110
Deichmann, F. W., ‘I pilastri acritani’, Rendiconti Atti della Pontificia Accademia Romana di Archeologia 50 (1980), 7589
Delpont, É., ed., L'Orient de Saladin: l'art sous les Ayyoubides (Paris, 2002)
Der Manuelian, L., ‘The Monastery of Geghard: A Study of Armenian Architectural Sculpture in the Thirteenth Century’ (Ph.D. thesis, Boston University, 1980)
Der Nersessian, S., Miniature Painting in the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia from the Twelfth to the Fourteenth Century [Dumbarton Oaks Studies: 31] (Washington, DC, 1993)
Diez, E., ‘Ein Seldschukischer Türklopfer’, Zeitschrift für bildende Kunst 56 (1921), 1820
Donabédian, P., and Thierry, J.-M., Les arts Arméniens (Paris, 1987)
Drake, F. S., ‘Nestorian Crosses and Nestorian Christians in China under the Mongols’, Journal of the Hong Kong Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 2 (1962), 1125
Drampian, I., Freski Kobaira (Yerevan, 1979)
Durand, J., Rapti, I. and Giovannoni, D., eds., Armenia Sacra: mémoire chrétienne des Arméniens (IVe–XVIIIe siècle) (Paris, 2007)
Eastmond, A., ‘Art and Frontiers between Byzantium and the Caucasus’, in Byzantium. Faith and Power (1261–1557): Perspectives on Late Byzantine Art and Culture, ed. Brooks, S. T. (New Haven; London, 2007), 154–69
Eastmond, A., Art and Identity in Thirteenth-Century Byzantium: Hagia Sophia and the Empire of Trebizond [Birmingham Byzantine and Ottoman Monographs: 10] (Aldershot, 2004)
Eastmond, A., ‘Art and the Periphery’, in The Oxford Handbook of Byzantine Studies, eds. Jeffreys, E., Cormack, R. and Haldon, J. (Oxford, 2008), 770–6
Eastmond, A., ‘Diplomatic Gifts: Women and Art as Imperial Commodities in the Thirteenth Century’, in Liquid and Multiple: Individuals and Identities in the Thirteenth-Century Aegean, eds. Saint-Guillain, G. and Stathokopoulos, D. [Centre de recherche d'Histoire et Civilisation de Byzance, Monographies: 35] (Paris, 2012), 105–33
Eastmond, A., ‘Gender and Patronage between Christianity and Islam in the Thirteenth Century’, in Change in the Byzantine World in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries, eds. Ödekan, A., Akyürek, E. and Necipoğlu, N. (Istanbul, 2010), 7888
Eastmond, A., ‘Inscriptions and Authority in Ani’, in Der Doppeladler: Byzanz und die Seldschuken in Anatolien vom späten 11. bis zum 13. Jahrhundert, eds. Asutay-Effenberger, N. and Daim, F. [Byzanz zwischen Orient und Okzident: 1] (Mainz, 2014), 7184
Eastmond, A., ‘“Local” Saints, Art and Regional Identity in the Orthodox World after the Fourth Crusade’, Speculum 78/3 (2003), 707–49
Eastmond, A., ‘Other Encounters: Popular Belief and Cultural Convergence in Anatolia and the Caucasus’, in Islam and Christianity in Anatolia and the Caucasus, eds. Peacock, A. C. S., De Nicola, B. and Yıldız, S. N. (Farnham, 2015), 183213
Eastmond, A., Royal Imagery in Medieval Georgia (University Park, PA, 1998)
Eastmond, A., ‘Royal Renewal in Georgia: The Case of Queen Tamar’, in New Constantines: The Rhythm of Imperial Renewal in Byzantium, 4th–13th Centuries, ed. Magdalino, P. [Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies. Publications: 2] (Aldershot, 1994), 283–93; reprinted in Languages and Cultures of Eastern Christianity: Georgian, eds. S. H. Rapp and P. Crego [The Worlds of Eastern Christianity, 300–1500: 5] (Aldershot, 2012), Study XIV
Eastmond, A., ‘Un'eco della leggenda del Mandylion nell'Islam’, in Intorno al Sacro Volto: Genova, Bisanzio e il Mediterraneo (secoli XI–XIV), eds. Masetti, A. R. C., Bozzo, C. D. and Wolf, G. [Collana del Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz, Max-Planck-Institut: 11] (Florence, 2007), 175–80
Eastmond, A., and Skhirtladze, Z., ‘Udabno Monastery in Georgia: The Innovation, Conservation and Reinterpretation of Art in the Middle Ages’, Iconographica: Rivista di iconografia medievale e moderna 7 (2008), 2343
Ecker, H., and Fitzherbert, T., ‘The Freer Canteen Reconsidered’, Ars Orientalis 42 (2012), 176–93
Écochard, M., and Le Coeur, C., Les bains de Damas (Beirut, 1942–3), 2 vols.
Edhem, H., and van Berchem, M., Matériaux pour un corpus inscriptionum arabicarum, vol. 3 (Cairo, 1917)
Ekhtiar, M., Soucek, P., Canby, S. and Haidar, N. N., Masterpieces from the Department of Islamic Art in the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, 2011)
Enukidze, T. P., Shoshiashvili, V. I. and Sologava, N., Kartuli historikuli sabutebi XI–XIII s (Tbilisi, 1984)
Erdmann, K., Das Anatolische Karavansaray des 13. Jahrhundert, vol. 1 [Istanbuler Forschungen: 21] (Berlin, 1961)
Eremian, S. T., ‘Agartsinskaia nadpis 1184g.’, in Issledovania po istorii kultury narodov vostoka: sbornik v chestʹ akademika I. A. Orbeli (Moscow, 1960), 7887
Ettinghausen, R., Grabar, O. and Jenkins-Madina, M., Islamic Art and Architecture, 650–1250 (Harmondsworth, 2001)
Evans, H. C., ‘Kings and Power Bases: Sources for Royal Portraits in Armenian Cilicia’, in From Byzantium to Iran: Armenian Studies in Honor of Nina G. Garsoïan, eds. Thomson, R. W. and Mahé, J.-P. (Atlanta, GA, 1997), 485507
Evans, H. C., ed., Byzantium: Faith and Power (1261–1557) (New York, 2004)
Evans, H. C. and Wixom, W. D., eds., The Glory of Byzantium: Art and Culture of the Middle Byzantine Era, AD 843–1261 (New York, 1997)
Fiey, J. M., Assyrie chrétienne: contribution à l'étude de l'histoire et de la géographie ecclésiastiques et monastiques du nord de l'Iraq [Recherches publiées sous la direction de l'Institut de Lettres Orientales de Beyrouth: 22, 23] (Beirut, 1965)
Fiey, J. M., Chrétiens syriaques sous les Abbassides surtout à Bagdad (749–1258) [Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium: 420, Subsidia: 59] (Louvain, 1980)
Fiey, J. M., Chrétiens syriaques sous les Mongols (Il-Khanat de Perse, XIIIe–XIVe s.) [Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium: 362, Subsidia: 44] (Louvain, 1975)
Fleck, C. A., ‘Crusader Spolia in Medieval Cairo: The Portal of the Complex of Sultan Ḥasan’, Journal of Transcultural Medieval Studies 1/2 (2014), 249–99
Flood, F. B., Objects of Translation: Material Culture and Medieval ‘Hindu–Muslim’ Encounter (Princeton, 2009)
Flood, F. B., ‘Umayyad Survivals and Mamluk Revivals: Qalawunid Architecture and the Great Mosque of Damascus’, Muqarnas 14 (1997), 5779
Folda, J., Crusader Art in the Holy Land, from the Third Crusade to the Fall of Acre, 1187–1291 (Cambridge, 2005)
Frenkel, M., ‘Constructing the Sacred: Holy Shrines in Aleppo and its Environs’, in Egypt and Syria in the Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk Eras: Proceedings of the International Colloquium Organized at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, vol. 6, eds. Vermeulen, U. and D'Hulster, K. [Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta: 183] (Leuven, 2010), 6378
Gabriel, A., Monuments turcs d'Anatolie I: Kayseri–Niğde (Paris, 1931)
Gabriel, A., Monuments turcs d'Anatolie II: Amasya–Tokat–Sivas (Paris, 1934)
Gabriel, A., Voyages archéologiques dans la Turquie orientale (Paris, 1940)
Galatariotou, C., ‘Holy Women and Witches: Aspects of Byzantine Conceptions of Gender’, Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 9 (1984), 5594
Garsoïan, N. G., ‘The Early-Medieval Armenian City: An Alien Element?’, Journal of Near Eastern Studies 16–17 (1984), 6783
Geopp, M., Mutafian, C. and Ouzounian, A., ‘L'inscription du régent Constantin de Papeṙōn (1241): redécouverte, relecture, remise en contexte historique’, Revue des études arméniennes 34 (2012), 243–87
Georganteli, E., ‘Transposed Images: Currencies and Legitimacy in the Late Medieval Eastern Mediterranean’, in Byzantines, Latins, and Turks in the Eastern Mediterranean World after 1150, eds. Harris, J., Holmes, C. and Russell, E. (Oxford, 2012), 141–79
Georganteli, E., ‘Trapezuntine Money in the Balkans, Anatolia and the Black Sea, 13th–15th Centuries’, in Trebizond and the Black Sea, ed. Kyriakides, T. (Thessaloniki, 2010), 93112
George, D., ‘Manuel I Komnenos and Michael Glykas: A Twelfth-Century Defence and Refutation of Astrology’, Culture and Cosmos 5/1 (2001), 348; 5/2 (2001), 23–51; 6/1 (2002), 23–43
Giuzal'ian, L. T., ‘Otryvok iz Shahname na glinianykh izdeliiakh XIII–XIV vv’, Epigrafika Vostoka 4 (1951), 4055 and 5 (1951), 33–50.
Giuzal'ian, L. T., ‘Persidskaia nadpis’ Key-Sultana Sheddadi v Ani’, in XLV Akademiku N.Ia.Marru, ed. Meshchaninov, I. I. (Moscow; Leningrad, 1935), 629–41
Gomelauri, I., ‘Khurotmodzghvruli dzegli sopel abeliashi’, Matsne 1 (1968), 255–74
Grabar, O., ‘The Illustrated Maqamat of the Thirteenth Century: The Bourgeoisie and the Arts’, in The Islamic City: A Colloquium, eds. Hourani, A. H. and Stern, S. M. [Papers on Islamic History: 1] (Oxford, 1970), 207–22
Grabar, O., The Illustrations of the Maqamat (Chicago, 1984)
Grube, E. J., and Johns, J., The Painted Ceilings of the Cappella Palatina [Islamic Art Supplement: 1] (Genoa; New York, 2005)
Grumel, V., Traité d'études byzantines, vol. 1: La chronologie (Paris, 1958)
Gunther, R. T., The Astrolabes of the World: Based upon the Series of Instruments in the Lewis Evans Collection in the Old Ashmolean Museum at Oxford, with Notes on Astrolabes in the Collections of the British Museum, Sir J. Findlay, Mr. S. V. Hoffman, the Mensin Collection, and in Other Public and Private Collections, vol. 1: The Eastern Astrolabes (Oxford, 1932)
Harrak, A., Syriac and Garshuni Inscriptions of Iraq [Recueil des inscriptions syriaques: 2] (Paris, 2010), 2 vols.
Hartner, W., ‘The Principle and Use of the Astrolabe’, in A Survey of Persian Art from Prehistoric Times to the Present, vol. 3, ed. Pope, A. U. (London; New York, 1939), 2530–54
Hasluck, F. W., Christianity and Islam under the Sultans (Oxford, 1929), 2 vols.
Hasrat'yan, M., and Thierry, J.-M., ‘Le couvent de Ganjasar’, Revue des études arméniennes 15 (1981), 289316
Heidemann, S., ‘The Citadel of al-Raqqa and Fortifications in the Middle Euphrates Area’, in Muslim Military Architecture in Greater Syria: From the Coming of Islam to the Ottoman Period, ed. Kennedy, H. [History of Warfare: 35] (Leiden, 2006), 122–50
Heidemann, S., de Lapérouse, J.-F. and Parry, V., ‘The Large Audience: Life-Sized Stucco Figures of Royal Princes from the Seljuq Period’, Muqarnas 31 (2014), 3572
Hennessy, C., ‘A Child Bride and her Representation in the Vatican Epithalamion, cod. gr. 1851’, Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 30/2 (2006), 115–50
Hennessy, C., Images of Children in Byzantium (Aldershot, 2008)
Hewsen, R. H., ‘The Historical Geography of Baghesh/Bitlis and Taron/Mush’, in Armenian Baghesh/Bitlis and Taron/Mush, ed. Hovannisian, R. G. [Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces: 2] (Costa Mesa, CA, 2001), 4158
Hill, B., Imperial Women in Byzantium 1025–1204: Patronage, Power and Ideology (Harlow, 1999)
Hillenbrand, R., ‘The Art of the Ayyubids: An Overview’, in Ayyubid Jerusalem: The Holy City in Context, 1187–1250, eds. Hillenbrand, R. and Auld, S. (London, 2009), 2244
Hillenbrand, R., Islamic Architecture: Form, Function and Meaning (Edinburgh, 1994)
Hillenbrand, R., Islamic Art and Architecture (London, 1999)
Hillenbrand, R., ‘The Schefer Ḥarīrī: A Study in Islamic Frontispiece Design’, in Arab Painting: Text and Image in Illustrated Arabic Manuscripts, ed. Contadini, A. [Handbook of Oriental Studies, Section One: The Near and Middle East: 90] (Leiden; Boston, 2010), 117–34
Hilsdale, C. J., ‘Constructing a Byzantine Augusta: A Greek Book for a French Bride’, Art Bulletin 87/3 (2005), 458–83
Hilsdale, C. J., ‘Gift’, Studies in Iconography 33 (2012), 171–82
Hoffman, E. R., ‘Christian–Islamic Encounters on Thirteenth-Century Ayyubid Metalwork: Local Culture, Authenticity, and Memory’, Gesta 43/2 (2004), 129–42
Holod, R., ‘Event and Memory: The Freer Gallery's Siege Scene Plate’, Ars Orientalis 42 (2012), 194220
Hopwood, K., ‘Byzantine Princesses and Lustful Turks’, in Rape in Antiquity: Sexual Violence in the Greek and Roman Worlds, eds. Deacy, S. and Pierce, K. F. (London, 1997), 231–42
Hourani, A. H., ‘Introduction: The Islamic City in the Light of Recent Research’, in The Islamic City: A Colloquium, eds. Hourani, A. H. and Stern, S. M. [Papers on Islamic History: 1] (Oxford, 1970), 924
Humphreys, R. S., From Saladin to the Mongols: The Ayyubids of Damascus, 1193–1260 (Albany, 1977)
Humphreys, R. S., ‘Women as Patrons of Religious Architecture in Ayyubid Damascus’, Muqarnas 11 (1994), 3554
Hunt, L.-A., ‘Eastern Christian Art and Culture in the Ayyubid and Early Mamluk Periods: Cultural Convergence between Jerusalem, Greater Syria and Egypt’, in Ayyubid Jerusalem: The Holy City in Context, 1187–1250, eds. Hillenbrand, R. and Auld, S. (London, 2009), 327–47
Hunt, L.-A., ‘A Woman's Prayer to St Sergius in Latin Syria: Interpreting a Thirteenth-Century Icon at Mt Sinai’, Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 15 (1991), 96145
Jacobsthal, E., Mittelalterliche Backsteinbauten zu Nachtschewân im Araxesthale, mit einer Bearbeitung der Inschriften von Martin Hartmann (Berlin, 1899)
Jacoby, D., ‘Crusader Acre in the Thirteenth Century: Urban Layout and Topography’, Studi Medievali series 3, 20/1 (1979), 145
Jacoby, Z., ‘The Medieval Doors of the Church of the Nativity at Bethlehem’, in Le Porte di Bronzo dall'Antichità al Secolo XIII, ed. Salomi, S. (Rome, 1990), 121–34
James, B., ‘Les Kurdes au Moyen Âge’, in L'Orient de Saladin: l'art sous les Ayyoubides, ed. Delpont, É. (Paris, 2002), 24
Javakhishvili, I., Kartveli eris istoria, vol. 3 (Tbilisi, 1982)
Jayyusi, S. K., ‘Arabic Poetry in the Post-Classical Age’, in The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature, vol. 6: Arab Literature in the Post-Classical Period, eds. Allen, R. and Richards, D. S. (Cambridge, 2006), 2559
Jeffreys, E., Digenis Akritis: The Grottaferrata and Escorial Versions [Cambridge Medieval Classics: 7] (Cambridge, 1998)
Jeffreys, M., ‘The Vernacular εἰσιτήριοι for Agnes of France’, in Byzantine Papers: Proceedings of the First Australian Byzantine Studies Conference (Canberra, 1981), 101–15
Jeffreys, M., and Anderson, J., ‘The Decoration of the Sevastokratorissa's Tent’, Byzantion 64 (1994), 818
Jones, D., and Michell, G., eds., The Arts of Islam (London, 1976)
Jones, L., Between Islam and Byzantium: Aght'amar and the Visual Construction of Medieval Armenian Rulership (Aldershot, 2007)
Kalandia, G., and Asatiani, K., ‘Koberis I da II sametsniero eskpeditsiis pirveladi shedegebi (sainpormatsio mimokhilva)’, Saistorio krebuli 2 (2012), 170–91
Kalantarian, A. A., Dvin: histoire et archéologie de la ville médiévale [Civilisations du Proche-Orient. Hors Série: 2] (Neuchâtel; Paris, 1996)
Karamağaralı, B., Ahlat mezartaşları [Selçuklu Tarih ve Medeniyeti Enstitütüsü. Sanʾat tarihi serisi: 1] (Ankara, 1972)
Karamağaralı, B., ‘Ani Ulu Cami (Manucehr Camii)’, in 9th International Congress of Turkish Art, Summary of Contributions (Ankara, 1995), 323–38
Karamağaralı, H., ‘Kayseri'deki Hunad Camiinin Restitüsyonu ve Hunad Manzumesinin Kronolojisi Hakkında Bazı Mülahzalar’, A.Ü. Ilahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 21 (1976), 199243
Katzenstein, R. A., and Lowry, G. D., ‘Christian Themes in Thirteenth-Century Islamic Metalwork’, Muqarnas 1 (1983), 5368
Kennedy, H., ‘How to Found an Islamic City’, in Cities, Texts and Social Networks, 400–1500: Experiences and Perceptions of Medieval Urban Space, eds. Goodson, C., Lester, A. E. and Symes, C. (Farnham; Burlington, VA, 2010), 4563
Kerner, J. J., ‘Art in the Name of Science: The Kitāb al-Diryāq in Text and Image’, in Arab Painting: Text and Image in Illustrated Arabic Manuscripts, ed. Contadini, A. [Handbook of Oriental Studies, Section One: The Near and Middle East: 90] (Leiden; Boston, 2010), 2540
Kévorkian, R. H., Ani: capitale de l'Arménie en l'an mil (Paris, 2001)
Khachatrian, A. A., Korpus arabskikh nadpisei Armenii (Yerevan, 1987)
Khanykof, M., ‘Quelques inscriptions musulmans, d'Ani et des environs de Bakou’, Bulletin de la classe des sciences historiques, philologiques et politiques de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg 6/13–14 (1849), 193200; reprinted in Mélanges Asiatiques tirés du Bulletin Historico-Philologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg, vol. 2 (St Petersburg, 1856), 70–8
Khoshtaria, T., ‘The Wall Paintings of the Chapel–Martyrium Motsameta in the Rock-Cut Monastery Complex of Udabno David-Gareji’, Inferno: University of St Andrews School of Art History Postgraduate Journal 9 (2004), 1522
Khs-Burmester, O. H. E., A Guide to the Ancient Coptic Churches of Cairo (Giza, 1955)
Khuskivadze, I., and Tumanishvili, D., eds., Gelati 900: Architecture, Murals, Treasures (Tbilisi, 2007)
Khuskivadze, L. Z., The Khakhuli Triptych (Tbilisi, 2007)
Kirion, B., Akhtal'skii monastyr' (Tbilisi, 2005)
Kleinbauer, W. E., ‘Zvart'nots and the Origins of Christian Architecture in Armenia’, Art Bulletin 54/3 (1972), 245–62
Komaroff, L., and Carboni, S., eds., The Legacy of Genghis Khan: Courtly Art and Culture in Western Asia, 1256–1353 (New York, 2002)
Korobeinikov, D., ‘A Greek Orthodox Armenian in the Seljukid Service: The Colophon of Basil of Melitina’, in Mare et Litora: Essays Presented to Sergei Karpov for his 60th Birthday, ed. Shukurov, R. (Moscow, 2009), 709–24
Kotandjian, N., ‘Les décors peints des églises d'Arménie’, in Armenia Sacra: mémoire chrétienne des Arméniens (IVe–XVIIIe siècle), eds. Durand, J. et al. (Paris, 2007), 137–44
Kouymjian, D., ‘Chinese Motifs in Thirteenth-Century Armenian Art: The Mongol Connection’, in Beyond the Legacy of Genghis Khan, ed. Komaroff, L. (Leiden, 2006), 303–24
Krabbenhöft, N., ‘A Veneer of Power: Thirteenth-Century Seljuk Frescoes on the Walls of Alanya and Some Recommendations for their Preservation’ (MA thesis, Koç University, 2011)
Krstic, T., ‘The Ambiguous Politics of “Ambiguous Sanctuaries”: F. Hasluck and Historiography on Syncretism and Conversion to Islam in 15th and 16th Century Ottoman Rumeli’, in Archaeology, Anthropology and Heritage in the Balkans and Anatolia: The Life and Times of F. W. Hasluck, 1878–1920, ed. Shankland, D. (Istanbul, 2013), 247–62
Kuban, Y. D., Divriği Mucizesi: Selçuklar Çağında Islam Bezeme Sanatı Üzerine Bir Deneme (Istanbul, 1997)
Kudava, B., ed., Istoriani: sametsniero krebuli midzghvnili Roin Metrevelis dabadebis 70 tslistʿavisadmi, (Tbilisi, 2009)
Kuehn, S., The Dragon in Medieval East Christian and Islamic Art [Islamic History and Civilization. Studies and Texts: 86] (Leiden; Boston, 2011)
La Porta, S., ‘Conflicted Coexistence: Christian–Muslim Interaction and its Representation in Medieval Armenia’, in Contextualizing the Muslim Other in Medieval Christian Discourse, ed. Frakes, J. C. (London, 2011), 103–23
La Porta, S., ‘“The Kingdom and the Sultanate were Conjoined”: Legitimizing Land and Power in Armenia during the 12th and Early 13th Centuries’, Revue des études arméniennes 34 (2012), 73118
La Porta, S., ‘Lineage, Legitimacy and Loyalty in Post-Seljuk Armenia: A Reassessment of the Sources of the Failed Ōrbēlean Revolt against King Giorgi III of Georgia’, Revue des études arméniennes 31 (2008–9), 127–65
La Porta, S., ‘Re-Constructing Armenia: Strategies of Co-Existence amongst Christians and Muslims in the Thirteenth Century’, in Negotiating Co-Existence: Communities, Cultures and Convivencia in Byzantine Society, eds. Crostini, B. and La Porta, S. [Bochumer Altertumswissenschaftliches Colloquium: 96] (Trier, 2013), 251–72
Lambton, A. K. S., Continuity and Change in Medieval Persia: Aspects of Administrative, Economic and Social History, 11th–14th Century [Columbia Lectures on Iranian Studies: 2] (New York, 1988)
Lane Poole, S., Catalogue of Oriental Coins in the British Museum (London, 1875–90), 10 vols.
Laurent, V., ‘L'inscription de l'église Saint-Georges de Bélisérama’, Revue des études byzantines 26 (1968), 367–71
Layard, A. H., Discoveries in the Ruins of Nineveh and Babylon: with travels in Armenia, Kurdistan and the desert: being the result of a second expedition undertaken for the trustees of the British Museum (London, 1853)
Le Strange, G., The Lands of the Eastern Caliphate: Mesopotamia, Persia, and Central Asia from the Moslem Conquest to the Time of Timur (New York, 1905)
Leiser, G., ‘Observations on the “Lion and Sun” Coinage of Ghiyath al-Din Kai-Khusraw II’, Mésogeios 2 (1998), 96114
Leroy, J., Les manuscrits syriaques à peintures conservées dans les bibliothèques d'Europe et d'Orient (Paris, 1964)
Les regestes des actes du patriarcat de Constantinople, vol. 1: Les actes des patriarches; fasc. 4: Les regestes de 1208 à 1309 (Paris, 1971)
Levanoni, A., ‘Šağar al-Durr: A Case of Female Sultanate in Medieval Islam’, in Egypt and Syria in the Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk eras, vol. 3, eds. Vermeulen, U. and Van Steenbergen, J. [Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta: 102] (Leuven, 2001), 209–18
Lewis, B., The Assassins: A Radical Sect in Islam (New York, 1980)
Lewis, B., ‘The Coming of the Steppe People: 2: Egypt and Syria’, in The Cambridge History of Islam, vol. 1A, eds. Holt, P. M., Lambton, A. K. S. and Lewis, B. (Cambridge, 1970), 175230
Lidov, A. M., ‘L'art des Arméniens Chalcédoniens’, in Atti del quinto simposio internazionale di Arte Armena (Venice, 1992), 479–95
Lidov, A. M., The Wall Paintings of Akhtala: History, Iconography, Masters (Moscow, 2014)
Livingston, J. W., ‘Science and the Occult in the Thinking of Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya’, Journal of the American Oriental Society 112/4 (1992), 598610
Lloyd, S., and Rice, D. S., Alanya (‘Alā'iyya) [Occasional Publications of the British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara: 4] (London, 1958)
Lordkipanidze, M., Georgia in the XI–XII Centuries (Tbilisi, 1987)
Loris'-Kalantar', A., ‘Razvaliny drevniaiu karavansaraia’, Khristianskii Vostok 3 (1914), 101–2
Lowick, N. M., Bendall, S. and Whitting, P. D., The ‘Mardin’ Hoard: Islamic Countermarks on Byzantine Folles (London, 1977)
Lynch, H. F. B., Armenia: Travels and Studies (London; New York, 1901), 2 vols.
Lyons, M. C., and Jackson, D. E. P., Saladin: The Politics of Holy War (Cambridge, 1982)
MacEvitt, C., Rough Tolerance: The Crusades and the Christian World of the East (Philadelphia, 2008)
Macip Tekinalp, V., ‘Palace Churches of the Anatolian Seljuks: Tolerance or Necessity?’ Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 33/2 (2009), 148–67
Magdalino, P., The Empire of Manuel I Komnenos, 1143–1180 (Cambridge, 1993)
Magdalino, P., ‘Theodore Metochites, the Chora, and Constantinople’, in The Kariye Camii Reconsidered, eds. Klein, H. A., Ousterhout, R. and Pitarakis, B. [Istanbul Araştırmarları Enstitüsü Yayınları: 14] (Istanbul, 2011), 169–87
Mahé, J.-P., ‘L'étude de P. M. Muradyan sur les inscriptions géorgiennes d'Arménie’, Bedi Kartlisa 38 (1980), 295309
Mahé, J.-P., ‘Les inscriptions de Hoṙomos’, in Le couvent de Hoṙomos d'après les archives de Toros Toramanian, eds. Baladian, A. and Thierry, J.-M. [Monuments et mémoires. Fondation Eugène Piot: 81] (Paris, 2002), 147213
Mahé, J.-P., ‘Le testament de Tigran Honenc`: la fortune d'un marchand arménien d'Ani aux XIIe–XIIIe siècles’, Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 145/3 (2001), 1319–41
Mahé, J.-P., Faucherre, N. and Karamağaralı, B., ‘L'enceinte urbaine d'Ani (Turquie Orientale): problèmes chronologiques’, Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 143/2 (1999), 731–56
Makariou, S., ed., Islamic Art at the Musée du Louvre (Paris, 2012)
Maksimović, L., ‘War Simonis Palaiologina die fünfte Gemahlin von König Milutin?’, in Geschichte und Kultur der Palaiologenzeit, ed. Seibt, W. [Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für Byzantinistik: 8] (Vienna, 1996), 115–20
Manandian, H., The Trade and Cities of Armenia in Relation to Ancient World Trade (Lisbon, 1965)
Mango, C., ‘Antique Statuary and the Byzantine Beholder’, Dumbarton Oaks Papers 17 (1963), 5575; reprinted in his Byzantium and its Image [Variorum Collected Studies: CS191] (Aldershot, 1984), Study V
Mango, C., The Art of the Byzantine Empire 312–1453 (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1972)
Margarian, H., ‘Ṣāḥib-Dīvān Šams al-Dīn Muḥammad Juvainī and Armenia’, Iran and the Caucasus 10/2 (2006), 167–80
Marr, N. I., Ani: Knizhnaia istoriia goroda i raskopki na meste gorodishcha (Leningrad; Moscow, 1934); French trans. Ani: rêve d'Arménie, trans. Aïda Tcharkhtchian (Paris, 2001)
Marr, N. I., ‘Arkaun, mongol'skoe nazvanie khristian, v sviazi s voprosom ob armianakh-khalkedonitakh’, Vizantiiskii Vremennik 12 (1906), 168
Marr, N. I., ‘Freskovoe izobrazhenie parona Khutlu-bugi v’ Akhpat' (hAibatp)’, Khristianskii Vostok 1/3 (1912), 350–53
Marr, N. I., ‘Nadpis Epifaniia, katalikosa Gruzii (iz raskopok v Ani 1910 g.)’, Izvestiia Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk 4 (1910), 1433–42
Marr, N. I., ‘Nadpis' Sanahinskaiu mosta’, Khristianskii Vostok 4 (1915), 191–2
Marr, N. I., ‘Novye materialy po armianskoi epigrafike’, Zapiski vostochnogo otdeleniia imperatorskogo russkogo arkheologicheskogo obshchestva 8 (1894), 69103
Martin-Hisard, B., ‘Christianisme et église dans le monde géorgien’, in Histoire de Christianisme des origines à nos jours, vol. 4, eds. Mayeur, J.-M., Pietri, C., Pietri, L., Vauchez, A. and Venard, M. (Paris, 1993), 549603
Martin-Hisard, B., ‘La vie de Jean et Euthyme et le statut du monastère des Ibères sur l'Athos’, Revue des études byzantines 49 (1991), 67142
Matevosyan, K. A., ‘Scriptoria et bibliothèques d'Ani’, Revue des études arméniennes 20 (1986–7), 209–21
Mathews, K. R., ‘Other Peoples’ Dishes: Islamic Bacini on Eleventh-Century Churches in Pisa’, Gesta 53/1 (2014), 523
Mathews, T. F., and Wieck, R. S., eds., Treasures in Heaven: Armenian Illuminated Manuscripts (Princeton, 1994)
May, T., ‘The Conquest and Rule of Transcaucasia: The Era of Chormaqan’, in Caucasus during the Mongol Period – Der Kaukasus in der Mongolenzeit, eds. Tubach, J., Vashalomidze, S. G. and Zimmer, M. (Wiesbaden, 2012), 129–51
Mecit, S., The Rum Seljuqs: Evolution of a Dynasty [Routledge Studies in the History of Iran and Turkey: 10] (Abingdon; New York, 2014)
Meinecke, M., ‘Das Mausoleum des Qala'un in Kairo: Untersuchungen zur Genese der mamlukischen Architekturdekorationen’, Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts. Abteilung Kairo 27 (1971), 4780
Meinecke, M., ‘Der Survey des Damaszener Altstadtsviertels aṣ-Ṣāliḥīya’, Damaszener Mitteilungen 1 (1983), 189241
Meri, J. W., The Cult of Saints among Muslims and Jews in Medieval Syria (Oxford, 2002)
Mernissi, F., The Forgotten Queens of Islam (Cambridge, 1993)
Meskhia, S., Sashinao politikuri vitareba da samokheleo tsqoba XII saukunis sakartveloshi (Tbilisi, 1979)
Metreveli, R., Mepe tamari (Tbilisi, 1991)
Micheau, F., ‘Les médecins orientaux au service des princes latins’, in Occident et Proche-Orient: contacts scientifiques au temps des Croisades, eds. Draelants, I., Tihon, A. and van den Abeele, B. [Réminiscences: 5] (Louvain, 1997), 95115
Miller, I., ‘Occult Science and the Fall of the Khwarazm-Shah Jalal al-Din’, Iran 39 (2001), 249–56
Minorsky, V., ‘Caucasica [I] in the History of Mayyafariqin’, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 13 (1949), 2735
Minorsky, V., Studies in Caucasian History (London, 1953)
Mitsani, A., ‘The Illustrated Gospel Book of Basil Meliteniotes (Caesaria, 1226)’, Deltion tes Christianikes Archaiologikes Hetaireias 26 (2005), 149–64
Mnatsakanian, S. K., Arkhitektura armianskikh pritvorov (Yerevan, 1952)
Mols, L. E. M., Mamluk Metalwork Fittings in their Artistic and Architectural Context (Delft, 2006)
Moule, A. C., Christians in China before the Year 1550 (London, 1930)
Mousheghian, K. A., Mousheghian, A. and Depeyrot, G., History and Coin Finds in Armenia: Inventory of Coins and Hoards (7th–19th c.) [Collection moneta: 29, 35] (Wetteren, 2002, 2003), 2 vols.
Mulder, S., ‘The Mausoleum of Imam al-Shafiʿi’, Muqarnas 23 (2006), 1546
Mutafian, C., ‘Ani after Ani, Eleventh to Seventeenth Century’, in Armenian Kars and Ani, ed. Hovannisian, R. G. [Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces: 10] (Costa Mesa, CA, 2011), 155–70
Mutafian, C., Le Royaume arménien de Cilicie, XIIe–XIVe siècle (Paris, 2002)
Nadwi, M. A., al-Muḥaddithāt: The Women Scholars in Islam, 2nd edn. (Oxford, 2013)
Nelson, R. S., ‘The History of Legends and the Legends of History: The Pilastri Acritani in Venice’, in San Marco, Byzantium, and the Myths of Venice, eds. Maguire, H. and Nelson, R. S. (Washington, DC, 2010), 6390
Nersessian, V., ‘Armenian Christianity’, in The Blackwell Companion to Eastern Christianity, ed. Parry, K. (Oxford, 2007), 2346
Nersessian, V., ed., Treasures from the Ark: 1700 Years of Armenian Christian Art (London, 2001)
North, J. D., ‘Opus quarundam rotarum mirabilium’, Physis 8 (1966), 337–72
North, J. D., Stars, Minds and Faith: Essays in Ancient and Medieval Cosmology (London, 1989)
Novikoff, A., ‘Between Tolerance and Intolerance in Medieval Spain: An Historiographic Enigma’, Medieval Encounters 11/1–2 (2005), 736
O'Kane, B., ed., The Treasures of Islamic Art in the Museums of Cairo (Cairo, 2006)
Olschki, L., Guillaume Boucher: A French Artist at the Court of the Khans (New York, 1946)
Orbeli, I. A., ‘Armianskie nadpisi na kamne’, in Izbrannye Trudy (Yerevan, 1963), 469–76
Orbeli, I. A., Corpus Inscriptionum Armenicarum, vol. 1 (Yerevan, 1966)
Özbek, Y., ‘Women's Tombs in Kayseri’, Kadın/Woman 2000 3/1 (2002), 6585; Turkish text 86–114
Paboudjian, P., ‘Le mausolée de Mama Khatun à Terdjan et l'architecture arménienne’, in The Second International Symposium on Armenian Art, vol. 2, ed. Zarian, R. (Yerevan, 1978), 297311
Pahlitzsch, J., ‘The People of the Book’, in Ayyubid Jerusalem: The Holy City in Context, 1187–1250, eds. Hillenbrand, R. and Auld, S. (London, 2009), 435–40
Pancaroğlu, O., ‘The House of Mengüjek in Divriği: Constructions of Dynastic Identity in the Late Twelfth Century’, in The Seljuks of Anatolia: Court and Society in the Medieval Middle East, eds. Peacock, A. C. S. and Yıldız, S. N. (London; New York, 2013), 2567
Pancaroğlu, O., ‘The Mosque–Hospital Complex in Divriği: A History of Relations and Transitions’, Anadolu ve Çevresinde Ortaçağ 3 (2009), 169–98
Papadopoulos-Kerameus, A., ‘Symbolai eis tin istorian Trapezountos’, Vizantiiskii Vremennik 12 (1906), 132–47
Patton, D., Badr al-Dīn Lu'lu', Atabeg of Mosul, 1211–1259 [Middle East Center, Jackson School of International Studies, University of Washington. Occasional Papers: 3] (Seattle; London, 1991)
Peacock, A. C. S., ‘Georgia and the Anatolian Turks in the 12th and 13th Centuries’, Anatolian Studies 56 (2006), 127–46
Peacock, A. C. S., ‘An Interfaith Polemic of Medieval Anatolia: Qāḍī Burhān al-Dīn al-Anawī on the Armenians and their Heresies’, in Islam and Christianity in Anatolia and the Caucasus, eds. Peacock, A. C. S., De Nicola, B. and Yıldız, S. N. (Farnham, 2015), 233–61
Peacock, A. C. S., ‘Sinop: A Frontier City in Seljuq and Mongol Anatolia’, Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia 16 (2010), 103–24, 537
Pentcheva, B. V., Icons and Power: The Mother of God in Byzantium (University Park, PA, 2006)
Pope, A. U., ed., A Survey of Persian Art from Prehistoric Times to the Present (London; New York, 1938–9), 6 vols.
Porter, V., and Abdel Haleem, M. A. S., eds., Hajj: Journey to the Heart of Islam (London, 2012)
Porter, V., Hoyland, R. G. and Morton, A. D., Arabic and Persian Seals and Amulets in the British Museum [British Museum Research Publication: 160] (London, 2011)
Porter, Y., ‘Les techniques du lustre métallique d'après le Jowhar-name-ye-Nezami’, VIIe congrès international sur la céramique mediévale en méditerranée (Athens, 2003), 427–36
Pouzet, L., Damas au VIIe/XIIIe siecle: vie et structures religieuses d'une métropole Islamique (Beirut, 1991)
Preusser, C., Nordmesopotamische Baudenkmäler altchristlicher und islamischer Zeit [Wissenschaftliche Veröffentlichung der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft: 17] (Leipzig, 1911)
Pringle, D., The Churches of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: A Corpus (Cambridge, 1993–2009), 4 vols.
Pringle, D., Pilgrimage to Jerusalem and the Holy Land, 1187–1291 [Crusade Texts in Translation: 23] (Farnham, 2012)
Pritula, A., ‘A Hymn on Tiflis from Warda Collection: A Transformation of the Muslim Conquerors into Pagans’, in Caucasus during the Mongol Period – Der Kaukasus in der Mongolenzeit, eds. Tubach, J., Vashalomidze, S. G. and Zimmer, M. (Wiesbaden, 2012), 217–37
Privalova, E., Rospis' Timotesubani (Tbilisi, 1980)
Qaukhchishvili, T. S., Berdznuli tsartserebi sakartvelo, vol. 1 (Tbilisi, 1951)
Qenia, M., Upper Svaneti: Medieval Mural Painting (Tbilisi, 2010)
Raby, J., ‘Nur al-Din, the Qastal al-Shu`aybiyya and the “Classical Revival”’, Muqarnas 21 (2004), 289310
Raby, J., ‘The Principle of Parsimony and the Problem of the “Mosul School of Metalwork”’, in Metalwork and Material Culture in the Islamic World. Art, Craft and Text: Essays Presented to James W. Allan, eds. Rosser-Owen, M. and Porter, V. (London; New York, 2012), 1185
Rapp, S. H., ‘The Coinage of Tamar, Sovereign of Georgia in Caucasia: A Preliminary Study in the Numismatic Inscriptions of Twelfth- and Thirteenth-Century Georgian Royal Coinage’, Le Muséon 106 (1993), 309–30
Rapp, S. H., ‘Georgian Christianity’, in The Blackwell Companion to Eastern Christianity, ed. Parry, K. (Oxford, 2007), 137–55
Rapp, S. H., ed., K'art'lis c'xovreba: The Georgian Royal Annals and their Medieval Armenian Adaptation (Delmar, NY, 1998)
Rapti, I., ‘La peinture dans les livres (IXe–XIIIe siècle)’, in Armenia Sacra: mémoire chrétienne des Arméniens (IVe–XVIIIe siècle), eds. Durand, J. et al. (Paris, 2007), 176–83
Rayfield, D., Edge of Empires: A History of Georgia (London, 2012)
Rayfield, D., The Literature of Georgia: A History, 3rd edn. (London, 2010; 2nd edn. Oxford, 2000)
Raymond, A., ‘The Spatial Organization of the City’, in The City in the Islamic World, vol. 1, eds. Holod, R., Petruccioli, A. and Raymond, A. (Leiden; Boston, 2008), 4770
Redford, S., ‘The Alaeddin Mosque in Konya Reconsidered’, Artibus Asiae 51/1 (1991), 5474
Redford, S., ‘The Inscription of the Kırkgöz Han and the Problem of Textual Transmission in Seljuk Anatolia’, Adalya 12 (2009), 347–60
Redford, S., Landscape and the State in Medieval Anatolia: Seljuk Gardens and Pavilions of Alanya, Turkey, [BAR International Series: 893] (Oxford, 2000)
Redford, S., Legends of Authority: The 1215 Seljuk Inscriptions of Sinop Citadel, Turkey (Istanbul, 2014)
Redford, S., ‘Paper, Stone, Scissors: `Alā’ al-Dīn Kayqubād, `Iṣmat al-Dunyā wa l-Dīn, and the Writing of Seljuk History’, in The Seljuks of Anatolia: Court and Society in the Medieval Middle East, eds. Peacock, A. C. S. and Yıldız, S. N. (London; New York, 2013), 151–70
Redford, S., ‘The Seljuqs of Rum and the Antique’, Muqarnas 10 (1993), 148–56
Redford, S., ‘Sinop in the Summer of 1215: The Beginning of Anatolian Seljuk Architecture’, Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia 16 (2010), 125–49, 538
Redford, S., ‘Words, Books, and Buildings in Seljuk Anatolia’, in Identity and Identity Formation in the Ottoman World: Essays in Honor of Norman Itzkowitz, eds. Tezcan, B. and Barbir, K. K. (Madison, WI, 2007), 716
Redford, S., and Leiser, G., Victory Inscribed: The Seljuk Fetihnāme on the Citadel Walls of Antalya, Turkey [Adalya Supplementary Series: 7] (Antalya, 2008)
Reitlinger, G., ‘Medieval Antiquities West of Mosul’, Iraq 5 (1938), 143–56
Rice, D. S., ‘The Aghānī Miniatures and Religious Painting in Islam’, Burlington Magazine 95/601 (1953), 128–35
Rice, D. S., ‘Inlaid Brasses from the Workshop of Ahmad al-Dhaki al-Mawsili’, Ars Orientalis 2 (1957), 283326
Rice, D. S., ‘Medieval Ḥarrān: Studies on its Topography and Monuments, I’, Anatolian Studies 2 (1952), 3684
Rice, D. S., ‘A Seljuq Mirror’, in Proceedings of the First International Congress of Turkish Art (Ankara, 1961), 288–90
Richard, F., Catalogue des manuscrits persans I: Anciens fonds. Bibliothèque Nationale, Département des manuscrits (Paris, 1989)
Rogers, J. M., ‘The Çifte Minare Medrese at Erzurum and the Gök Medrese at Sivas: A Contribution to the History of Style in the Seljuk Architecture of 13th Century Turkey’, Anatolian Studies 15 (1965), 6387
Rogers, J. M., ‘The Date of the Çifte Minare Medrese at Erzurum’, Kunst des Orients 8/1–2 (1972), 77119
Rogers, J. M., ‘The Mxargrdzelis between East and West’, Bedi Kartlisa 34 (1976), 315–25
Rogers, J. M., ‘Waqf and Patronage in Seljuk Anatolia: The Epigraphic Evidence’, Anatolian Studies 26 (1976), 69104
Rossabi, M., ‘The Muslims in the Early Yüan Dynasty’, in China under Mongol Rule, ed. Langlois, J. D. (Princeton, 1981), 257–95
Roux, J.-P., ed., L'Islam dans les collections nationales (Paris, 1977)
Rowson, E. K., ‘Homoerotic Liaisons among the Mamluk Elite in Late Medieval Egypt and Syria’, in Islamicate Sexualities: Translations across Temporal Geographies of Desire, eds. Babayan, K. and Najmabadi, A. [Harvard Middle Eastern Monographs: 39] (Cambridge, MA, 2008), 204–38
Roxburgh, D. J., ed., Turks: A Journey of a Thousand Years, 600–1600 (London, 2005)
Safran, L., The Medieval Salento: Art and Identity in Southern Italy (Philadelphia, 2014)
Saliba, G., ‘The Role of the Astrologer in Medieval Islamic Society’, Bulletin d'études orientales 44 (1992), 4567
Sarre, F. P. T., and Herzfeld, E., Archäologische Reise im Euphrat- und Tigris-Gebiet [Forschungen zur islamischen Kunst: 1] (Berlin, 1911), 4 vols.
Sarre, F. P. T., and van Berchem, M., ‘Das Metallbecken des Atabeks Lulu von Mosul in der Königlichen Bibliothek zu München’, Münchner Jahrbuch der bildenden Kunst 1 (1907), 1837
Sauvaget, J., ‘Un bain damasquin du XIIIe siècle’, Syria 11/4 (1930), 370–80
Sauvaget, J., and Écochard, M., Les monuments ayyoubides de Damas, etc. (Paris, 1938–48), 4 vols. in 1
Sauvaire, H., ‘Description de Damas’, Journal Asiatique, IXe série II: 3 (May–June 1894), 385501; VI: 5 (May–June 1895), 377–411; VII: 6 (September–October 1895), 221–313
Savage-Smith, E., Islamicate Celestial Globes: Their History, Construction, and Use [Smithsonian Studies in History and Technology: 46] (Washington, DC, 1985)
Savage-Smith, E., and Smith, M. B., Islamic Geomancy and a Thirteenth-Century Divinatory Device [Studies in Near Eastern Culture and Society: 2] (Malibu, CA, 1980)
Savage-Smith, E., and Smith, M. B., ‘Islamic Geomancy and a Thirteenth-Century Divinatory Device: Another Look’, in Magic and Divination in Early Islam, ed. Savage-Smith, E. (Aldershot, 2004), 211–76
Schregle, G., Die Sultanin von Ägypten: Šaǧarat ad-Durr in der arabischen Geschichtsschreibung und Literatur (Wiesbaden, 1961)
Shanidze, A., Etlta da shwidta mnatobtatwis. Astrologiuri tkhzuleba XII saukunisa (Tbilisi, 1948)
Sharashidze, K., Sakartvelos sakhelmtsipo muzeumis kartul khelnatserta aghtseriloba: qopili saeklesio muzeumis khelnatserebi (A kolektsia), vol. 4 (Tbilisi, 1954)
Sharlet, J., ‘Public Displays of Affection: Male Homoerotic Desire and Sociability in Medieval Arabic Literature’, in Islam and Homosexuality, ed. Habib, S. (Santa Barbara, CA, 2010), 3756
Shmerling, R. O., ‘Postroika molaret-ukhutsesa tsaria Georgiia Blistatelnogo v tsel. Daba, borzhomskogo raiona’, Ars Georgica 2 (1948), 111–22
Shukurov, R., ‘Churches in the Citadels of Ispir and Bayburt: An Evidence of “Harem Christianity”?’, in Polidoro: Studi offerti ad Antonio Carile, ed. Vespignani, G. (Spoleto, 2013), 713–24
Shukurov, R., ‘Harem Christianity: The Byzantine Identity of Seljuk Princes’, in The Seljuks of Anatolia: Court and Society in the Medieval Middle East, eds. Peacock, A. C. S. and Yıldız, S. N. (London; New York, 2013), 115–50
Shukurov, R., ‘Iagupy: tiurkskaia familiia na vizantiiskoi sluzhbe’, in Vizantiiskie Ocherki: Trudy rossiiskikh uchenykh k XXI Mezhdunarodnomu kongressu vizantinistov (St Petersburg, 2006), 205–29
Silogava, V., ‘Epigrapikuli etiudebi da shenishvnebi’, Macne 4 (1990), 79119
Sims, E., Peerless Images: Persian Painting and its Sources (New Haven; London, 2002)
Skhirtladze, Z., ‘Another Portrait of Queen Tamar?’, in Anadolu Kültürlerinde Süreklilik ve Değişim, Dr. A. Mine Kadiroğlu'na Armağan, eds. Erel, C., Işler, B., Peker, N. and Sağir, G. (Ankara, 2011), 505–23
Smith, A. D., ‘National Identities: Modern and Medieval?’, in Concepts of National Identity in the Middle Ages, eds. Johnson, L., Murray, A. V., and Forde, S. [Leeds Texts and Monographs, New Series: 14] (Leeds, 1995), 2146
Snelders, B., Identity and Christian–Muslim Interaction: Medieval Art of the Syrian Orthodox from the Mosul Area [Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta: 198] (Leuven, 2010)
Soifer, M., ‘Beyond Convivencia: Critical Reflections on the Historiography of Interfaith Relations in Christian Spain’, Journal of Medieval Iberian Studies 1/1 (2009), 1935
Sokhashvili, G., Samtavisi: Masalebi tadzris istoriisatvis (Tbilisi, 1973)
Sourdel, D., ‘Rūḥīn, lieu de pèlerinage musulman de la Syrie du Nord au XIIIe siècle’, Syria 30 (1953), 89107
Spatharakis, I., The Portrait in Byzantine Illuminated Manuscripts (Leiden, 1976)
Strayer, J.R., ‘The Crusades of Louis IX’, in A History of the Crusades, vol. 2, eds. Wolff, R. L. and Hazard, H. W. (Madison; Milwaukee; London, 1969), 487518
Sublet, J., ‘La folie de la princesse Bint al-Ašraf (un scandale financier sous les Mamelouks Bahris)’, Bulletin d'études orientales 27 (1974), 4550
Tabbaa, Y., ‘Circles of Power: Palace, Citadel, and City in Ayyubid Aleppo’, Ars Orientalis 23 (1993), 181200
Tabbaa, Y., Constructions of Power and Piety in Medieval Aleppo (University Park, PA, 1997)
Tabbaa, Y., ‘Dayfa Khatun, Regent Queen and Architectural Patron’, in Women, Patronage, and Self-Representation in Islamic Societies, ed. Ruggles, D. F. (Albany, NY, 2000), 1734
Tabbaa, Y., ‘The Muqarnas Dome: Its Origin and Meaning’, Muqarnas 3 (1985), 6174
Tabbaa, Y., The Transformation of Islamic Art during the Sunni Revival (Washington, DC, 2001)
Tamarati, M., L'église géorgienne dès origines jusqu'à nos jours (Rome, 1910)
Taqaishvili, E., ‘L'évangile de Vani’, Byzantion 10 (1935), 655–63
Taqaishvili, E., ‘Gruzinskiia nadpisi Akhtaly’, Sbornik materialov dlia opisanie mestnostei i plemen Kavkaza 29 (1901), 138–45
Taqaishvili, E., ‘L'inscription d'Épiphane, Catholicos de Géorgie’, Revue de l'Orient Chrétien 30 (1935–6), 216–24
Tartuferi, A., and D'Arelli, F., eds., L'arte di Francesco: capolavori d'arte Italiana e terre d'Asia dal XIII al XV secolo (Florence, 2015)
Taylor, A., ‘Armenian Art and Armenian Identity’, in Treasures in Heaven: Armenian Art, Religion and Society, eds. Mathews, T. F. and Wieck, R. S. (New York, 1998), 133–46
Temir, A., Kirşehir emiri Caca oǧlu Nur el-Dinʹin 1272 tarihli Arapça-Moǧolca vakfiyesi = Die arabisch-mongolische Stiftungsurkunde von 1272 des Emirs von Kirşehi Caca Oǧlu Nur el-Din (Ankara, 1959); German summary, 281301
Texier, C., Description de l'Asie Mineure faite par Ordre du gouvernement français de 1833 à 1837 (Paris, 1839–49), 3 vols.
Thierry, J.-M., ‘À propos de quelques monuments chrétiens du vilayet de Kars (IV)’, Revue des études arméniennes 19 (1985), 285323
Thierry, J.-M., and Thierry, N., L'église Saint-Grégoire de Tigran Honenc` à Ani (1215) (Louvain; Paris, 1993)
Thierry, J.-M., and Thierry, N., ‘Peintures de caractère occidental en Arménie: l'église Saint-Pierre et Saint-Paul de Tat`ev’, Byzantion 38 (1968), 180242
Thierry, N., ‘Le Jugement dernier d'Axtala: rapport préliminaire’, Bedi Kartlisa 40 (1982), 147–85
Thierry, N., ‘À propos des peintures de la grande église de Kobayr’, Revue des études géorgiennes et caucasiennes 2 (1986), 223–6
Thomson, R. W., ‘The Eastern Mediterranean in the Thirteenth Century: Identities and Allegiances. The Peripheries: Armenia’, in Identities and Allegiances in the Eastern Mediterranean after 1204, eds. Herrin, J. and Saint-Guillain, G. (Farnham, 2011), 197214
Thomson, R. W., The Lawcode [Datastanagirk'] of Mxit'ar Goš [Dutch Studies in Armenian Language and Literature: 6] (Amsterdam; Atlanta, GA, 2000)
Thomson, R. W., ‘Medieval Chroniclers of Ani: Hovhannes, Samvel, and Mkhitar’, in Armenian Kars and Ani, ed. Hovannisian, R. G. [Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces: 10] (Costa Mesa, CA, 2011), 6580
Thomson, R. W., Rewriting Caucasian History: The Medieval Armenian Adaptation of the Georgian Chronicles. The Original Georgian Texts and the Armenian Adaptation (Oxford, 1996)
Thorau, P., ‘Shadschar ad-Durr, Sultanin von Ägypten’, in Saladin und die Kreuzfahrer, eds. Wieczorek, A. et al. (Mannheim, 2005), 167–69
Thorndike, L., A History of Magic and Experimental Science during the First Thirteen Centuries of our Era (New York, 1923), 6 vols.
Toumanoff, C., Les dynasties de la Caucasie chrétienne de l'Antiquité jusqu'au XIXe siècle: tables généalogiques et chronologiques (Rome, 1990)
Trapp, E., ed., Prosopographisches Lexikon der Palaiologenzeit (Vienna, 1976–96)
Turan, O., ‘Selçuk devri vakfiyeleri III: Celaleddin Karatay, vakıfları ve vakfiyeleri’, Belleten 12 (1948), 17171
Ulbert, T., and Degen, R., Der kreuzfahrerzeitliche Silberschatz aus Resafa-Sergiupolis [Resafa: III] (Mainz am Rhein, 1990)
Ulubabian, B., and Hasratian, M., Gandzasar [Documenti di Architettura Armena: 17] (Milan, 1987)
Ünal, R. H., ‘Iğdir yakmlannda bir selçuklu kervansarayi ve Doğubayazit–Batum kervan yolu hakkmda notlar’, Sanat Tarihi Yilliği 3 (1970), 715
van Berchem, M., Amida: matériaux pour l'épigraphie et l'histoire musulmanes du Diyar-Bak