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  • Cited by 2
  • Print publication year: 2013
  • Online publication date: June 2014

17 - Applying typological methods in dialectology



Since the end of the 1990s, we have been calling for an integration of typological methods and insights into dialectological enterprises (e.g. Kortmann 1999; Anderwald and Kortmann 2002; Kortmann 2003, 2004). This new perspective informed among other things the Freiburg project on ‘English Dialect Syntax from a Typological Perspective’ (2000 to 2005), in which we aimed to explore morphosyntactic variation across the dialects of England in the light of results, methods and approaches from cross-linguistic variation. Besides the compilation of FRED (the Freiburg English Dialect Corpus, cf. Anderwald and Wagner 2007), this project has resulted in the publication of a number of (both qualitative and quantitative) corpus- (largely FRED-) based studies of individual morpho-syntactic phenomena (e.g. Anderwald 2002, 2009; Kortmann et al. 2005; Pietsch 2005; Hernandez, Kolbe and Schulz 2011). The present chapter contributes to the enterprise of accounting for linguistic variation in a unified way, along the lines of Croft’s (1990/2003) ‘integrative functionalism’ and Bisang’s call for an integration of typology, dialectology and contact linguistics (2004). It is also related to Chambers’ proposal of vernacular universals (2009, 2004) which has triggered a lively debate among dialectologists, variationists, and typologists in recent years (cf. Filppula, Klemola and Paulasto 2009; Kortmann and Szmrecsanyi 2011). Since our first proposals along these lines, other researchers have also started to take into account findings from typology (cf. e.g. Nevalainen, Klemola and Laitinen 2006; Trousdale and Adger (eds.) 2007; Siemund 2008, 2011; Dufter, Fleischer and Seiler 2009), and typological asides figure increasingly in studies of intra-language variation.

Further reading
Anderwald, Lieselotte and Kortmann, Bernd 2002. ‘Typology and dialectology: a programmatic sketch’, in Berns, Jan and van Marle, Jaap (eds.), Present day dialectology: problems and findings. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter. 159–171.
Kortmann, Bernd 2010. ‘Variation across Englishes’, in Kirkpatrick, Andrew (ed.), Routledge handbook of world Englishes. London: Routledge. 400–424.
Kortmann, Bernd (ed.) 2004. Dialectology meets typology. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Kortmann, Bernd and Lunkenheimer, Kerstin (eds.) 2011. The electronic world atlas of varieties of English [eWAVE]. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. .
Kortmann, Bernd and Lunkenheimer, Kerstin (eds) 2012. The Mouton world atlas of variation in English. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Kortmann, Bernd and Schneider, Agnes 2011. ‘Grammaticalization in non-standard varieties of English’, in Narrog, Heiko and Heine, Bernd (eds.), The Oxford handbook of grammaticalization. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. 263–278.
Kortmann, Bernd and Szmrecsanyi, Benedikt 2011. ‘Parameters of morphosyntactic variation in world Englishes: prospects and limitations of searching for universals’, in Siemund, Peter (ed.), Linguistic universals and language variation. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter. 257–283.
Michaelis, Susanne, Maurer, Philippe, Haspelmath, Martin and Huber, Magnus (eds.) 2013. Atlas of pidgin and creole language structures. Oxford University Press.
Murelli, Adriano and Kortmann, Bernd 2011. ‘Non-standard varieties in the areal typology of Europe’, in Kortmann, Bernd and van der Auwera, Johan (eds.), The languages and linguistics of Europe: a comprehensive guide. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter. 525–544.
Szmrecsanyi, Benedikt and Kortmann, Bernd 2009c. ‘The morphosyntax of varieties of English worldwide: a quantitative perspective’, in Nerbonne, John and Manni, Franz (eds.), The forests behind the trees. Special Issue of Lingua 119(11): 1643–1663.