Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 1
  • Print publication year: 2009
  • Online publication date: August 2009

21 - Using research and evaluation to inform the development ofearly-psychosis service models

from Section 8 - Service models


Addington, D., McKenzie, E., Addington, J. et al. (2005a). Performance measures for early psychosis treatment services. Psychiatric Services, 56, 1570–82.
Addington, J. & Addington, D. (2001a). Early intervention for psychosis: the Calgary Early Psychosis Treatment and Prevention Program. Canadian Psychiatric Association Bulletin, 33, 11–13.
Addington, J. & Addington, D. (2001b). Impact of an early psychosis program on substance abuse. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 25, 60–7.
Addington, J., van Mastrigt, S., Hutchinson, J. & Addington, D. (2002). Pathways to care: help seeking behaviour in first episode psychosis. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 106, 358–64.
Addington, J., Leriger, E. & Addington, D. (2003a). Symptom outcome 1 year after admission to an early psychosis program. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 48, 204–7.
Addington, J., Coldham, E. L., Jones, B., Ko, T. & Addington, D. (2003b). The first episode of psychosis: the experience of relatives. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 108, 285–9.
Addington, J., Williams, J., Young, J. & Addington, D. (2004). Suicidal behaviour in early psychosis. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 109, 116–20.
Addington, J., McCleery, A. & Addington, D. (2005b). Three-year outcome of family work in an early psychosis program. Schizophrenia Research, 79, 77–83.
Albiston, D., Francey, S. M. & Harrigan, S. M. (1998). Group programs for recovery from early psychosis. British Journal of Psychiatry, 172(Suppl 33), s117–21.
Amminger, G. P., Harris, M. G., Conus, P. et al. (2006). Treated incidence of first-episode psychosis in the catchment area of EPPIC between 1997 and 2000. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 114, 337–45.
Anderson, C. M., Reiss, D. J. & Hogarty, G. E. (1986). Schizophrenia in the Family. A Practitioner’s Guide to Psychoeducation and Management. New York: Guilford Press.
Brewer, W. J., Murphy, B., Lambert, T. et al. (2006). Intensive case management (ICM) for high suicide risk: evaluating a unique model of care for poorly engaged clients with first episode psychosis. Schizophrenia Research, 81(Suppl 1), 229.
Canadian Psychiatric Association Working Group (2005). Clinical practice guidelines for treatment of schizophrenia. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 50(Suppl 1), 1s–56s.
Catts, S. V., O’Toole, B., Carr, V. et al. (2005). The feasibility of routine effectiveness evaluation in public mental health services: what does it take? Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 39(Suppl 2), A85.
Coldham, E. L., Addington, J. & Addington, D. (2002). Medication adherence of individuals with a first episode of psychosis. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 106, 286–90.
Craig, T. K. J., Garety, P., Power, P. et al. (2004). The Lambeth Early Onset (LEO) team: randomised controlled trial of the effectiveness of specialised care for early psychosis. British Medical Journal, 329, 1067–8.
Danish Psychiatric Society (1998). Behandlung med antipsykotika: vejledende ratningslinier. [Guidelines for treatment with antipsychotic drugs]. Ugeskrift for Laeger, 160(Suppl 5).
Daskalakis, Z. J., Christensen, B. K., Chen, R. et al. (2002). Evidence for impaired cortical inhibition in schizophrenia using transcranial magnetic stimulation. Archives of General Psychiatry, 59, 347–54.
Department of Health (2001a). Compendium of Clinical and Social Indicators. London: The Stationery Office.
Department of Health (2001b). The Mental Health Policy Implementation Guide. London: The Stationery Office.
Dixon, L. B. & Lehman, A. F. (1995). Family interventions for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 21, 631–43.
Drake, R. E., Mercer-McFadden, C., Mueser, K. T., McHugo, G. J. & Bond, G. R. (1998). Review of integrated mental health and substance-abuse treatment for patients with dual disorders. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 24, 589–608.
Edwards, E., Elkins, K., Hinton, M. et al. (2006). Randomized controlled trial of a cannabis-focused intervention for young people with first-episode psychosis. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 114, 109–17.
Edwards, J. & McGorry, P. D. (2002). Implementing Early Intervention in Psychosis: A Guide to Establishing Early Psychosis Services. London: Martin Dunitz.
Edwards, J., Maude, D., Herrmann-Doig, T. et al. (2002a). A service response to prolonged recovery in early psychosis. Psychiatric Services, 53, 1067–9.
Edwards, J., Harris, M. & Herman, A. (2002b). The Early Psychosis Prevention and Intervention Centre, Melbourne, Australia: an overview, November 2001. In C. Ogura (ed.), Recent Advances in Early Intervention and Prevention in Psychiatric Disorders. Tokyo: Seiwa Shoten, pp. 26–33.
Edwards, J., Harris, M. G. & Bapat, S. (2005). Developing services for first episode psychosis and the critical period. British Journal of Psychiatry, 187(Suppl 48), s91–7.
EPPIC (1997). Early Psychosis Training Pack. Melbourne: Early Psychosis Prevention and Intervention Centre.
EPPIC (2001). Case Management in Early Psychosis: A Handbook. Melbourne: Early Psychosis Prevention and Intervention Centre.
Garety, P. A. & Rigg, A. (2001). Early psychosis in the inner city: a survey to inform service planning. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 36, 1–8.
Garety, P. A., Craig, T. K. J., Dunn, G. et al. (2006). Specialised care for early psychosis: symptoms, social functioning and patient satisfaction. British Journal of Psychiatry, 188, 37–45.
Gleeson, J., Jackson, H. J., Stavely, H. & Burnett, P. (1999). Family intervention in early psychosis. In P. D. McGorry & H. J. Jackson (eds.), Recognition and Management of Early Psychosis: A Preventive Approach New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 376–406.
Harris, M., Edwards, J., Ratnaike, D. et al. (2004). Evaluating treatment integrity in early psychosis programs: comparing what is promised with what is delivered. In T. Ehman, G. W. MacEwan & W. G. Honer (eds.), Best Care in Early Psychosis: Global Perspectives. London: Taylor & Francis, pp. 167–74.
Jeppesen, P., Petersen, L., Thorup, A. et al. (2005). Integrated treatment of first-episode psychosis: effect of treatment on family burden: OPUS trial. British Journal of Psychiatry, 187(Suppl 48), s85–90.
Jolley, S., Garety, P., Craig, T. et al. (2003). Cognitive therapy in early psychosis: a pilot randomized controlled trial. Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 31, 473–8.
Kapur, S., Remington, G., Jones, C. et al. (1996). High levels of dopamine D2 receptor occupancy with low-dose haloperidol treatment: a PET study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 153, 948–50.
Kapur, S., Zipursky, R., Roy, P. et al. (1997). The relationship between D2 receptor occupancy and plasma levels on low dose oral haloperidol: a PET study. Psychopharmacology, 131, 148–52.
Kapur, S., Zipursky, R., Jones, C., Remington, G. & Houle, S. (2000). Relationship between dopamine D(2) occupancy, clinical response, and side effects: a double-blind PET study of first-episode schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 514–20.
Kirkbride, J., Fearon, P., Morgan, C. et al. (2006). Heterogeneity in incidence rates of schizophrenia and other psychotic syndromes: findings from the 3-centre ÆSOP study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 63, 250–8.
Lambert, M., Conus, P., Lubman, D. I. et al. (2005). The impact of substance use disorders on clinical outcome in 643 patients with first-episode psychosis. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 112, 141–8.
Lewis, R., Kapur, S., Jones, C. et al. (1999). Serotonin 5-HT2 receptors in schizophrenia: a PET study using [18F] setoperone in neuroleptic-naive patients and normal subjects. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 72–8.
Liberman, R. P., Mueser, K. T., Wallace, C. J. et al. (1986). Training skills in the psychiatrically disabled: learning coping and competence. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 12, 631–47.
Linszen, D., Dingemans, P. & Lenior, M. (2001). Early intervention and a five year follow up in young adults with a short duration of untreated psychosis: ethical implications. Schizophrenia Research, 51, 55–61.
McFarlane, W. R., Lukens, E., Link, B. et al. (1995). Multiple-family groups and psychoeducation in the treatment of schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry, 52, 679–87.
McGlashan, T. H., Zipursky, R. B., Perkins, D. et al. (2006). Randomized, double-blind trial of olanzapine versus placebo in patients prodromally symptomatic for psychosis. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 790–9.
McGorry, P. D., Edwards, J., Mihalopoulos, C., Harrigan, S. M. & Jackson, H. J. (1996). EPPIC: an evolving system of early detection and optimal management. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 22, 305–26.
McGorry, P. D., Parker, A. & Purcell, R. (2007). Youth mental health: a new stream of mental healthcare for adolescents and young adults. In G. Meadows, B. Singh & M. Griggs (eds.), Mental Health in Australia, 2nd edn. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, pp. 438–49.
McGrew, J. H., Bond, G. R., Dietzen, L. & Salyers, M. (1994). Measuring the fidelity of implementation of a mental health program model, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psycholology, 62, 670–8.
Menezes, N. M., Arenovich, T. & Zipursky, R. B. (2006a). A systematic review of longitudinal outcome studies of first episode psychosis. Psychological Medicine, 36, 1349–62.
Menezes, N. M., Malla, A., Norman, R. et al. (2006b). Predictors of outcome from first episode psychosis programs in Ontario, Canada. Schizophrenia Research, 81(Suppl 1), 246.
Mihalopoulos, C., McGorry, P. & Carter, R. (1999). Is phase-specific, community-oriented treatment of early psychosis an economically viable method of improving outcome? Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 54, 1–9.
Ministry of Health and Long-term Care (2004). Program Policy Framework for Early Intervention in Psychosis. Ontario: Government of Ontario, pp. 129.
Morgan, C., Mallett, R., Hutchinson, G. et al. for the ÆSOP Study Group (2005). Pathways to care and ethnicity. 2: Source of referral and help-seeking. British Journal of Psychiatry, 186, 290–6.
Mueser, K. T. & McGurk, S. R. (2004). Schizophrenia. Lancet, 363, 2063–72.
Nordentoft, M., Thorup, A., Petersen, L. et al. (2006). Transition rates from schizotypal disorder to psychotic disorder for first-contact patients included in the OPUS trial. A randomized clinical trial of integrated treatment and standard treatment. Schizophrenia Research, 83, 29–40.
Office of National Statistics (2003). Census 2001. London: Office of National Statistics.
Petersen, L., Jeppesen, P., Thorup, A. et al. (2005a). A randomised multicentre trial of integrated versus standard treatment for patients with a first episode of psychotic illness. British Medical Journal, 331, 602–5.
Petersen, L., Nordentoft, M., Jeppesen, P. et al. (2005b). Improving 1-year outcome in first-episode psychosis: OPUS trial. British Journal of Psychiatry, 187(Suppl 48), s98–103.
Power, P., Elkins, K., Adlard, S. et al. (1998). Analysis of the initial treatment phase in first-episode psychosis. British Journal of Psychiatry, 172(Suppl 33), s71–6.
Remington, G., Mamo, D., Labelle, A. et al. (2006). A PET study evaluating dopamine D2 receptor occupancy for long-acting injectable risperidone. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 396–401.
Stein, L. I. & Santos, A. B. (1998). Assertive Community Treatment of Persons with Severe Mental lllness. New York: W.W. Norton.
Stein, L. I. & Test, M. A. (1980). Alternative to mental hospital treatment. I. Conceptual model, treatment program, and clinical evaluation, Archives of General Psychiatry, 37, 392–7.
Tauscher-Wisniewski, S., Kapur, S., Tauscher, J. et al. (2002). Quetiapine: an effective antipsychotic in first-episode schizophrenia despite only transiently high dopamine-2 receptor blockade. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 63, 992–7.
Thorup, A., Petersen, L., Jeppesen, P. et al. (2005). Integrated treatment ameliorates negative symptoms in first episode psychosis-results from the Danish OPUS trial, Schizophrenia Research, 79, 95–105.
Wade, D., Harrigan, S., Harris, M. G., Edwards, J. & McGorry, P. D. (2006a). Pattern and correlates of inpatient admission for patients with first-episode psychosis. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 40, 429–36.
Wade, D., Harrigan, S., Harris, M. G., Edwards, J. & McGorry, P. D. (2006b). Treatment for the initial acute phase of first-episode psychosis in a real-world setting. Psychiatric Bulletin, 30,127–31.
WHO. (1993). The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders. Diagnostic Criteria for Research. Geneva: World Health Organization.
WHO. (1998). Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry, version 2.1. Present State Examination. Geneva: World Health Organization.
Zhang-Wong, J., Zipursky, R. B., Beiser, M. & Bean, G. (1999). Optimal haloperidol dosage in first-episode psychosis. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 44, 164–7.
Ziguras, S. J. & Stuart, G. W. (2000). A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of mental health case management over 20 years. Psychiatric Services, 51, 1410–21.
Zipursky, R. B., Lambe, E. K., Kapur, S. & Mikulis, D. J. (1998). Cerebral gray-matter volume deficits in first episode psychosis. Archives of General Psychiatry, 55, 540–6.