Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Print publication year: 2010
  • Online publication date: May 2010

Chapter 9 - Preparation of surgically retrieved spermatozoa


1. DonosoP, TournayeH, DevroeyP. Which is the best sperm retrieval technique for non-obstructive azoospermia? A systematic review. Hum Reprod Update 2007; 13: 539–49.
2. WaldM, MakhloufAA, NiederbergerCS. Therapeutic testis biopsy for sperm retrieval. Curr Opin Urol 2007; 17: 431–8.
3. van PeperstratenA, ProctorM, JohnsonN, PhilipsonG. Techniques for surgical retrieval of sperm prior to intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) for azoospermia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008; 16: CD002807.
4. RowePJC, VomhaireFH, HargreaveTB, MahmousAMA. WHO Manual for the Standardized Investigation, Diagnosis and Management of the Infertile Male. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2000.
5. KovačičB, VlaisavljevićV, ReljičM. Clinical use of pentoxifylline for activation of immotile testicular sperm before ICSI in patients with azoospermia. J Androl 2006; 27: 45–52.
6. TournayeH, DevroeyP, CamusM, et al. Use of pentoxifylline in assisted reproductive technology. Hum Reprod 1995; 10 Suppl 1: 72–9.