Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 17
  • Print publication year: 2005
  • Online publication date: December 2009

7 - Age and area revisited: identifying global patterns and implications for conservation

Abouheif, E. 1999 A method for testing the assumption of phylogenetic independence in comparative data. Evolutionary Ecology Research 1, 895–909
Ashton, K. G., Tracey, M. C. & Queiroz, A. 2000 Is Bergmann's rule valid for mammals?American Naturalist 156, 390–415
Bininda-Emonds, R. R. P., Gittleman, J. L. & Purvis, A. 1999 Building large trees by combining phylogenetic information: a complete phylogeny of the extant Carnivora (Mammalia). Biological Reviews 74, 143–75
Brown, J. H. & Lomolino, M. V. 1998 Biogeography. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer
Brown, J. H. 1995 Macroecology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Cheverud, J. M., Dow, M. & Leutenegger, W. 1985 The quantitative assessment of phylogenetic constraints in comparative analyses: sexual dimorphism in body weights among primates. Evolution 39, 1335–51
Cotgreave, P. & Pagel, M. 1997 Predicting and understanding rarity: the comparative approach. In The Biology of Rarity (ed. Kunin, W. E. & Gaston, K. J.), pp. 237–61. London: Chapman and Hall
Cruz-Neto, A. & Jones, K. E. 2005 Exploring the evolution of basal metabolic rates in bats. In Functional and Evolutionary Ecology of Bats (ed. Zubaid, A., McCracken, G. F. & Kunz, T. H.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. (In press.)
Degen, A. A., Kam, M., Khokhlova, I. S., Krasnov, B. R. & Barraclough, T. G. 1998 Average daily metabolic rate of rodents: habitat and dietary comparisons. Functional Ecology 12, 63–73
Dennis, R. L. H., Donato, B., Sparks, T. H. & Pollard, E. 2000 Ecological correlates of island incidence and geographic range among British butterflies. Biodiversity and Conservation 9, 343–59
Fiedler, P. L. 1986 Concepts of rarity in vascular plant species, with special reference to the genus Calochortus Pursh (Liliaceae). Taxon 35, 502–18
Freckleton, R. P., Harvey, P. H. & Pagel, M. 2002 Phylogenetic analysis and comparative data: a test and review of evidence. American Naturalist 160, 712–26
Garland, T., Midford, P. E. & Ives, A. R. 1999 An introduction to phylogenetically based statistical methods, with a new method for confidence intervals on ancestral values. American Zoologist 39, 374–88
Gaston, K. J. 1998 Species-range size distributions: products of speciation, extinction and transformation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B353, 219–30
Gaston, K. J. 2003 The Structure and Dynamics of Geographic Range Size. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Gaston, K. J. & Blackburn, T. M. 1997 Age, area and avian diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 62, 239–53
Gaston, K. J. & Chown, S. L. 1999 Geographic range size and speciation. In Evolution of Biological Diversity (ed. Magurran, A. E. & May, R. M.), pp. 236–59. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Gaston, K. J. & Hu, F. 2001 The distribution of species range size: a stochastic process. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B269, 1079–86
Gittleman, J. L. & Kot, M. 1990 Adaptation: statistics and a null model for estimating phylogenetic effects. Systematic Zoology 39, 227–41
Gittleman, J. L., Anderson, C. G., Kot, M. & Luh, H.-K. 1996 Comparative tests of evolutionary lability using molecular phylogenies. In New Uses for New Phylogenies (ed. Harvey, P. H., Brown, A. J. L., Nee, S. & Smith, J. Maynard), pp. 289–307. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Hilton-Taylor, C. 2002 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN
Hunt, G., Roy, K. & Jablonski, D. 2005 Heritability of geographic range sizes revisited. American Naturalist (in press)
Jablonski, D. 1987 Heritability at the species level: analysis of geographic ranges of Cretaceous molluscs. Science 238, 360–3
Johnson, C. N. 1998 Species extinction and the relationship between distribution and abundance. Nature 394, 272–4
Jones, K. E., Purvis, A. & Gittleman, J. L. 2003 Biological correlates of extinction risk in bats. American Naturalist 161, 601–14
Lawton, J. H., Nee, S., Letcher, A. J. & Harvey, P. H. 1994 Animal distributions: patterns and processes. In Large-Scale Ecology and Conservation Biology (ed. Edwards, P. J., May, R. M. & Webb, N. R.), pp. 41–58. Oxford: Blackwell
McKinney, M. L. 1997 Extinction vulnerability and selectivity: Combining ecological and palaeontological views. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 28, 495–516
Miller, A. I. 1997 A new look at age and area: the geographic and environmental expansion of genera during the Ordovician radiation. Paleobiology 23, 410–19
Pagel, M. 1999 Inferring the historical patterns of biological evolution. Nature 401, 877–84
Poulin, R. 1995 Phylogeny, ecology, and the richness of parasite communities in vertebrates. Ecological Monographs 65, 283–302
Price, T. D., Helbrig, A. J. & Richman, A. J. 1997 Evolution of breeding distributions in the Old World leaf warblers (Genus Phylloscopus). Evolution 51, 552–61
Purvis, A. 1995 A composite estimate of primate phylogeny. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B348, 405–21
Purvis, A., Gittleman, J. L., Cowlishaw, G. & Mace, G. M. 2000a Predicting extinction risk in declining species. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B267, 1947–52
Purvis, A., Jones, K. E. & Mace, G. 2000b Extinction. Bioessays 22, 1123–33
Purvis, A., Nee, S. & Harvey, P. H. 1995 Macroevolutionary inferences from primate phylogeny. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B260, 329–33
Pyron, M. 1999 Relationships between geographical range size, body size, local abundance, and habitat breadth in North American suckers and sunfishes. Journal of Biogeography 26, 549–58
Rambaut, A. 2002 TreeEdit iii.1. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Ricklefs, R. E. & Bermingham, E. 1999 Taxon cycles in the Lesser Antillean avifauna. In Proceedings of the 22 International Ornithological Congress (ed. Adams, N. J. & Slotow, R. H.), pp. 49–59. Durban
Ricklefs, R. E. & Latham, R. E. 1992 Intercontinental correlation of geographical ranges suggests stasis in ecological traits of relict genera of temperate perennial herbs. American Naturalist 139, 1305–21
Smith, F. A., Brown, J. H., Haskell, J. al. 2004. Similarity of mammalian body size across the taxonomic hierarchy and across space and time. American Naturalist 163, 672–91
Taylor, C. N. & Gotelli, N. J. 1994 The macroecology of Cyprinella: correlates of phylogeny, body size, and geographic range. American Naturalist 144, 549–69
Webb, T. J. & Gaston, K. J. 2000 Geographic range size and evolutionary age in birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B267, 1843–50
Webb, T. J. & Gaston, K. J. 2003 On the heritability of geographic range sizes. American Naturalist 161, 553–66
Webb, T. J., Kershaw, M. & Gaston, K. J. 2001 Rarity and phylogeny in birds. In Biotic Homogenization (ed. Lockwood, J. L. & McKinney, M. L.), pp. 57–80. New York: Kluwer/Plenum
Willis, J. C. 1922 Age and Area. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Webb, T. J., Kershaw, M. & Gaston, K. J. 1940 The Course of Evolution by Differentiation or Divergent Mutation rather than by Selection. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Wilson, D. E. & Reeder, D. M. 1993 Mammalian Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press