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  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: April 2014

5 - Enteral and parenteral feeding protocols

from Section 2 - Nutritional Delivery and Dietetics

Further reading

BarrJ, HechtM, FlavinK, et al. Outcomes in critically ill patients before and after the implementation of an evidence-based nutritional management protocol. Chest 2004;125:1446–1457.
DoigG, SimpsonF, FinferS, et al. Effect of evidence-based feeding guidelines on mortality of critically ill adults. A cluster randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2008;300:2731–2741.
FaisyC, LerolleN, DachraouiF, et al. Impact of energy deficit calculated by a predictive method on outcome in medical patients requiring prolonged acute mechanical ventilation. Br J Nutr 2009;101:1079–1087.
HeylandD, CahillN, DhaliwalR, et al. Impact of enteral feeding protocols on enteral nutrition delivery: results of a multicenter observational study. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2010;34:675–684.
KozarR, McQuigganM, MooreE, et al. Postinjury enteral tolerance is reliably achieved by a standardized protocol. J Surg Res 2002;104:70–75.
MackenzieS, ZygunD, WhitmoreB, et al. Implementation of a nutrition support protocol increases the proportion of mechanically ventilated patients reaching enteral nutrition targets in the adult intensive care unit. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2005;29:74–80.
MartinC, DoigG, HeylandD, et al. Multicentre, cluster-randomized clinical trial of algorithms for critical-care enteral and parenteral therapy. Can Med Assoc J 2004;170:197–204.
MillerKR, KiralyLN, LowenCC, MartindaleRG, McClaveSA. “CAN WE FEED?” A mnemonic to merge nutrition and intensive care assessment of the critically ill patient. J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2011;35(5):643–659.
PousmanRM, PepperC, PandharipandeP, et al. Feasibility of implementing a reduced fasting protocol for critically ill trauma patients undergoing operative and nonoperative procedures. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2009;33(2):176–180.
SingerP, AnbarR, CohenJ, et al. The tight calorie control study (TICACOS): a prospective, randomized, controlled pilot study of nutritional support in critically ill patients. Intensive Care Med 2011;37(4):601–609.
SpainD, McClaveS, SextonL, et al. Infusion protocol improves delivery of enteral tube feeding in the critical care unit. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 1999;23:288–292.
SoguelL, RevellyJP, SchallerMD, et al. Energy deficit and length of hospital stay can be reduced by a two-step quality improvement of nutrition therapy: the intensive care unit dietitian can make the difference. Crit Care Med 2012;40:412–419.
TaylorS, FettesS, JewkesC, et al. Prospective, randomized, controlled trial to determine the effect of early enhanced enteral nutrition on clinical outcome of head-injured patients. Crit Care Med 1999;27:2525–2531.