Bode, Rita. “‘Within small compass’: Hawthorne’s Expansive Urban Garden in The House of the Seven Gables.” The Brock Review 10 (2008): 41–51.
Brand, Dana. The Spectator and the City in Nineteenth-Century American Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
Cowan, Michael H. City of the West: Emerson, America, and Urban Metaphor. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1967.
D’Amore, Maura. Suburban Plots: Men at Home in Nineteenth-Century American Print Culture. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2014.
Emerson, Ralph Waldo. “Culture.” In Essays and Lectures, ed. Porte, Joel. New York: Library of America, 1983: 1015–1034.
Emerson, Ralph Waldo. “Farming.” In The Complete Works of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Vol. 7. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1870: 135–154.
Emerson, Ralph Waldo. Journals of Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1820–1872. Vol. 6, ed. Emerson, Edward Waldo and Forbes, Waldo Emerson. Cambridge, MA: Riverside Press, 1909–1914.
Glaab, Charles N., and Brown, A. Theodore. A History of Urban America. London: Macmillan, 1967.
Goheen, Peter. “Industrialization and the Growth of Cities in Nineteenth-Century America.” American Studies 14 (1973): 49–65.
Hamilton, Kristie. “Hawthorne, Modernity, and the Literary Sketch.” In The Cambridge Companion to Nathaniel Hawthorne, ed. Millington, Richard H.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004: 99–120.
Klimasmith, Betsy. At Home in the City: Urban Domesticity in American Literature and Culture. Durham, NH: University of New Hampshire Press, 2005.
Lehan, Richard. The City in Literature: An Intellectual and Cultural History. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.
Machor, James L. Pastoral Cities: Urban Ideals and the Symbolic Landscape of America. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1987.
Machor, James L. “New York City vs. New York State.” United States Democratic Review 6 (1839): 499–518.
Rosenthal, Bernard. Cities of Nature: Journeys to Nature in the Age of American Romanticism. Newark, NJ: University of Delaware Press, 1980.
Schlesinger, Arthur. “The City in American History.” The Mississippi Valley Historical Review 27 (1940): 43–66.
White, Morton, and White, Lucia. The Intellectual versus the City: From Thomas Jefferson to Frank Lloyd Wright. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press and MIT Press, 1962.