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  • Print publication year: 2012
  • Online publication date: February 2012

Chapter 6 - The breast: benign and malignant disease


What are the four most common causes of a breast lump?

Breast carcinoma,


Simple breast cyst,

Localized anomaly of breast development and involution (ANDI).

Less common causes include: fat necrosis (where there is a history of trauma), other breast cysts (galactocele, cystadenoma, retention cyst of gland of Montgomery), breast abscess (clinical signs of infection) and lipoma.

Hussain, M.Cunnick, G. H. 2011 Management of lobular carcinoma and atypical lobular hyperplasia of the breast – a reviewEJSO 37 279