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  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: October 2019

9 - Hwilom Wæs: Archbishop Wulfstan’s Old Social Order

from Part IV - The Wolf Sniffs the Wind


The first part of this chapter draws attention to the elements which show a concern for reciprocal entitlements and obligations in some works associated with Archbishop Wulfstan, arguing that these can more usefully be read as works of morality rather than as estate literature. The second part relates a little-studied remark in his ‘Sermon of the Wolf’ to a context of the proliferation of small lordships, bringing increased pressure on the local peasantry.

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