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  • Online publication date: July 2011

Chapter 22 - Perioperative monitoring of neuromuscular function

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35. Kopman AF, Epstein RH, Flashburg MH. Use of 100 hertz tetanus as an index of recovery from pancuronium-induced nondepolarizing neuromuscular blockade. Anesth Analg 1982;61:439–41.
36. Baurain MJ, Hennart DA, Godschalx A, et al. Visual evaluation of residual curarization in anesthetized patients using one hundred-hertz, five-second tetanic stimulation at the adductor pollicis muscle. Anesth Analg 1998;87:185–9.
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47. Kopman AF, Yee PS, Neuman GG. Correlation of the train-of-four fade ratio with clinical signs and symptoms of residual curarization in awake volunteers. Anesthesiology 1997;86:765–71.
48. Capron F, Alla F, Hottier C, Meistelman C, Fuchs-Buder T. Can acceleromyography detect low levels of residual paralysis?: A probability approach to detect a mechanomyographic train-of-four ratio of 0.9. Anesthesiology 2004;100:1119–24.
49. Viby-Mogensen J, Jensen NH, Engbæk J, Ording H, Skovgaard LT, Chraemmer-Jorgensen B. Tactile and visual evaluation of the response to train-of-four nerve stimulation. Anesthesiology 1985;63:440–3.
50. Dupuis JY, Martin R, Tessonnier JM, Tétrault JP. Clinical assessment of the muscular response to tetanic nerve stimulation. Can J Anaesth 1990;37:397–400.
51. Capron F, Fortier L, Racine S, Donati F. Tactile fade detection with hand or wrist stimulation using train-of-four, double-burst stimulation, 50-hertz tetanus, 100-hertz tetanus, and acceleromyography. Anesth Analg 2006;102:1578–84.
52. Engbæk J, Østergaard D, Viby-Mogensen J. Double burst stimulation (DBS): a new pattern of nerve stimulation to identify residual neuromuscular block. Br J Anaesth 1989;62:274–8.
53. Drenck NE, Ueda N, Olsen NV, et al. Manual evaluation of residual curarization using double burst stimulation: A comparison with train-of-four. Anesthesiology 1989;70:578–81.
54. Ueda N, Muteki T, Tsuda H, Inoue S, Nishina H. Is the diagnosis of significant residual neuromuscular blockade improved by using double burst nerve stimulation? Eur J Anaesthesiol 1991;8:213–8.
55. Lee CM. Train-of-four quantitation of competitive neuromuscular block. Anesth Analg 1975;54:649–53.
56. Kirkegaard H, Heier T, Caldwell JE. Efficacy of tactile-guided reversal from cisatracurium-induced neuromuscular block. Anesthesiology 2002;96:45–50.
57. Gibson FM, Mirakhur RK, Clarke RS, Brady MM. Quantification of train-of-four responses during recovery of block from non-depolarizing muscle relaxants. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 1987;3:655–7.
58. O'Hara DA, Fragen RJ, Shanks CA. Comparison of visual and measured train-of-four recovery after vecuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade using two anesthetic techniques. Br J Anaesth 1986;58:1300–1302.
59. Kopman AF. Tactile evaluation of train-of-four count as an indicator of reliability of antagonism from vecuronium or atracurium-induced neuromuscular blockade. Anesthesiology 1991;75:588–93.
60. Kopman AF, Mallhi MU, Justo MD, Rodricks P, Neuman GG. Antagonism of mivacurium-induced neuromuscular blockade in humans. Edrophonium dose requirements at threshold train-of-four count of 4. Anesthesiology 1994;81:1394–1400.
61. Beemer GH, Bjorksten AR, Dawson PJ, Dawson RJ, Heenan PJ, Robertson BA. Determinants of the reversal time of competitive neuromuscular block by anticholinesterases. Br J Anaesth 1991;66:469–75.
62. Beemer GH, Goonetilleke PH, Bjorksten AR. The maximum depth of an atracurium neuromuscular block antagonized by edrophonium to effect adequate recovery. Anesthesiology 1995;82:852–8.
63. Suy K, Morias K, Cammu G, et al. Effective reversal of moderate rocuronium- or vecuronium-induced neuromuscular block with sugammadex, a selective relaxant binding agent. Anesthesiology 2007;106:283–8.
64. Brull SJ, Ehrenwerth J, Dewan DM. Stimulation with submaximal current for train-of-four stimulation. Anesthesiology 1990;72:629–32.
65. Brull SJ, Silverman DG. Visual assessment of train-of-four and double burst-induced fade at submaximal stimulating currents. Anesth Analg 1991;73:627–32.
66. Ali HH, Savarese JJ. Monitoring of neuromuscular function. Anesthesiology 1976;45:216–49.
67. Stanec A, Stanec G. The adductor pollicis monitor apparatus and method for the quantitative measurement of the isometric contraction of the adductor pollicis muscle. Anesth Analg 1983;62:602–5.
68. Perry IR, Worsley R, Sugai N, Payne JP. The use of a digital computer for the on-line real-time assessment of neuromuscular blockade in anaesthetized man. Br J Anaesth 1975;47:1097–1100.
69. Viby-Mogensen J. Clinical assessment of neuromuscular transmission. Br J Anaesth 1982;54:209–23.
70. Rowaan CJ, Vandenbrom RHG, Wierda JMKH. The Relaxometer: a complete and comprehensive computer controlled neuromuscular transmission measurement system. J Clin Monit 1993;9:38–44.
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78. Kopman AF. The dose-effect relationship of metocurine: the integrated electromyogram of the first dorsal interosseous muscle and the mechanomyogram of the adductor pollicis compared. Anesthesiology 1988;68:604–7.
79. Donati F, Bevan DR. Muscle electromechanical correlations during succinylcholine infusion. Anesth Analg 1984;63:891–4.
80. Engbæk J. Monitoring of neuromuscular transmission by electromyography during anaesthesia. A comparison with mechanomyography in cat and man. Dan Med Bull 1996;43:301–16.
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88. Kopman AF. Normalization of the acceleromyographic train-of-four fade ratio. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2005;49:1575–6.
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92. Johnson JO, Kern SE. A piezoelectric neuromuscular monitor. Anesth Analg 1994;79:1210–11.
93. Dahaba AA, Von Klobucar F, Rehak PH, List WF. Comparison of a new piezoelectric train-of-four neuromuscular monitor, the ParaGraph, and the Relaxometer mechanomyograph. Br J Anaesth 1999;82:780–2.
94. Dahaba AA, von Klobucar F, Rehak PH, List WF. The neuromuscular transmission module versus the Relaxometer mechanomyograph for neuromuscular block monitoring. Anesth Analg 2002;94:591–6.
95. Motamed C, Kirov K, Combes X, Duvaldestin P. Comparison between the Datex-Ohmeda M-NMT module and a force-displacement transducer for monitoring neuromuscular blockade. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2003;20:467–9.
96. Dascalu A, Geller E, Moalem Y, Manoah M, Enav S, Rudick Z. Acoustic monitoring of intraoperative neuromuscular block. Br J Anaesth 1999;83:405–9.
97. Hemmerling TM, Michaud G, Tragger G, Deschamps S, Babin D, Donati F. Phonomyography and mechanomyography can be used interchangeably to measure neuromuscular block at the adductor pollicis muscle. Anesth Analg 2004;98:377–81.
98. Hemmerling TM, Michaud G, Trager G, Deschamps S. Phonomyographic measurements of neuromuscular blockade are similar to mechanomyography for hand muscles. Can J Anaesth 2004;51:795–800.
99. Hemmerling TM, Michaud G, Trager G, Donati F. Simultaneous determination of neuromuscular blockade at the adducting and abducting laryngeal muscles using phonomyography. Anesth Analg 2004;98:1729–33.
100. Dahaba AA, Bornemann H, Holst B, Wilfinger G, Metzler H. Comparison of a new neuromuscular transmission monitor compressomyograph with mechanomyograph. Br J Anaesth 2008;100:344–50.
101. Donati F, Antzaka C, Bevan DR. Potency of pancuronium at the diaphragm and the adductor pollicis muscle in humans. Anesthesiology 1986;65:1–5.
102. Cantineau JP, Porte F, d'Honneur G, Duvaldestin P. Neuromuscular effects of rocuronium on the diaphragm and adductor pollicis in anesthetized patients. Anesthesiology 1994;81:585–90.
103. Laycock JRD, Donati F, Smith CE, Donati DR. Potency of atracurium and vecuronium at the diaphragm and the adductor pollicis muscle. Br J Anaesth 1988;61:286–91.
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