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  • Cited by 3
  • Print publication year: 2008
  • Online publication date: August 2010

Schanuel's conjecture for non-isoconstant elliptic curves over function fields

Summary

Summary

We discuss functional and number theoretic extensions of Schanuel's conjecture, with special emphasis on the study of elliptic integrals of the third kind.

Introduction

Schanuel's conjecture [La] on the layman's exponential function can be viewed as a measure of the defect between an algebraic and a linear dimension. Its functional analogue, be it in Ax's original setting [Ax1], Coleman's [Co], or Zilber's geometric interpretation [Zi], certainly gives ground to this view-point.

The same remark applies to the elliptic version of the conjecture, and to its functional analogue, as studied by Brownawell and Kubota [BK], and by J. Kirby [K1]. Here, the elliptic curve under consideration is constant. In the same spirit, we discuss in the first section of this note Ax's general theorem [Ax2] on the exponential map on a constant semiabelian variety G, where transcendence degrees are controlled by the (linear) dimension of a certain “hull”. We obtain a similar statement for the universal vectorial extension of G, and refer to the recent work of J. Kirby [K2, K3] for further generalizations of Ax's theorem, involving arbitrary differential fields, multiplicative parametrizations, and uniformity questions.

The naïve number-theoretic analogues of these functional results, however, are clearly false. The first counterexample which comes to mind is provided by periods: Riemann-Legendre relations are quadratic, and cannot be tracked back to hulls of the above type.