Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2010
  • Online publication date: February 2010

Chapter 8 - Changes in nutrient requirements with age after birth

from Section 2 - Nutritional regulation and requirements for lactation and infant growth

References

1. World Health Organization, The Optimal Duration of Exclusive Breast-Feeding. Report of an Expert Consultation (Geneva: World Health Organization, 2001).
2. Food Standards Agency, Breastfeeding your baby (2008). Available at: http://www.eatwell.gov.uk/agesandstages/baby/breastfeed.
3. FomonSJ and NelsonSE, Body composition of the male and female reference infants. Annu Rev Nutr (2002), 22:1–17.
4. Institute of Medicine, Dietary reference intakes (2007). Available at: http://www.iom.edu/CMS/54133.aspx
5. ButteNF, Lopez-AlarconG, and GarzaC, Nutrient Adequacy of Exclusive Breastfeeding for the Term Infant During the First Six Months of Life (Geneva: World Health Organization, 2002).
6. WellsJCK, ChomthoS, and FewtrellMS, Programming of body composition by early growth and nutrition. Proc Nutr Soc (2007), 66:423–34.
7. SymondsME, Integration of physiological and molecular mechanisms of the developmental origins of adult disease: new concepts and insights. Proc Nutr Soc (2007), 66:442–450.
8. DungerDB, SalginB, and OngKK, Early nutrition and later health. Early developmental pathways of obesity and diabetes risk. Proc Nutr Soc (2007), 66:451–7.
9. TricheEW and HossainN, Environmental factors implicated in the causation of adverse pregnancy outcome. Semin Perinatol (2007), 31:240–2.
10. ScottJA and BinnsCW, Factors associated with the initiation and duration of breastfeeding: a review of the literature. Breastfeed Rev (1999), 7:5–16.
11. ArenzS, RückerlR, KoletzkoB, and von KriesR, Breast-feeding and childhood obesity: a systematic review. Int J Obes (2004), 28:1247–56.
12. WeaverLT, Rapid growth in infancy: balancing the interests of the child. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr (2006), 43:428–32.
13. HeirdWC, Determination of nutritional requirements in preterm infants, with special reference to “catch-up” growth. Semin Neonatol (2001), 6:365–75.
14. GarzaC, Effect of infection on energy requirements of infants and children. Public Health Nutr (2005), 8:1187–90.
15. RosettaL and BaldiA, On the role of breast-feeding in health promotion and the prevention of allergic diseases. Adv Exp Med Biol (2008), 606:467–83.
16. VogelA, HutchisonL, and MitchellE, Mastitis in the first year postpartum. Birth (1999), 26:218–25.
17. WhiteheadRG and PaulAA, Long-term adequacy of exclusive breast-feeding: how scientific research has led to revised opinions. Proc Nutr Soc (2000), 59:17–23.
18. FewtrellMS, MorganJB, DugganC, GunnlaugssonG, HibberdPL, LucasA, and KleinmanRE, Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding: what is the evidence to support current recommendations. Am J Clin Nutr (2007), 85:635S–8S.
19. ButteNF, Energy requirements of infants. Public Health Nutr (2005), 8:953–67.
20. ReillyJJ and WellsJCK, Duration of exclusive breast-feeding: introduction of complementary feeding may be necessary before 6 months of age. Br J Nutr (2005), 94:869–72.
21. SaintL, MaggioreP, and HartmannPE, Yield and nutrient content of milk in eight women breast-feeding twins and one woman breast-feeding triplets. Br J Nutr (1986), 56:49–58.
22. DalySEJ, KentJC, HuynhDQ, OwensRA, AlexanderBF, NgKC, and HartmannPE, The determination of short-term breast volume changes and the rate of synthesis of human milk using computerized breast measurement. Exp Physiol (1992), 77:79–87.
23. La Leche League International, Why does my baby suddenly want to nurse constantly? (2008). Available at: http://www.llli.org/FAQ/spurt.html.
24. HulzebosCV and SauerPJJ, Energy requirements. Semin Fetal Neonat Med (2007), 12:2–10.
25. OftedalOT, Milk composition, milk yield and energy output at peak lactation: a comparative review. Symp Zool Soc Lond (1984), 51:33–85.
26. DupontC, Protein requirements during the first year of life. Am J Clin Nutr (2003), 77:1544S–9S.
27. DeweyKG, BeatonG, FjeldC, LonnerdalB, and ReedsP, Protein requirements of infants and children. Eur J Clin Nutr (1996), 50:S119–50.
28. EmmettPM and RogersIS, Properties of human milk and their relationship with maternal nutrition. Early Hum Dev (1997), 49(Suppl):S7–S28.
29. PrenticeAM, RobertsSB, PrenticeA, PaulAA, WatkinsonM, WatkinsonAA, and WhiteheadRG, Dietary supplementation of lactating Gambian women. I. Effect on breast-milk volume and quality. Hum Nutr Clin Nutr (1983), 37C:53–64.
30. MangelsAR and MessinaV, Considerations in planning vegan diets: infants. J Am Diet Assoc (2001), 101:670–7.
31. GuesryP, The role of nutrition in brain development. Prev Med (1998), 27:189–94.
32. InnisSM, Human milk: maternal dietary lipids and infant development. Proc Nutr Soc (2007), 66:397–404.
33. SandersTA and ReddyS, The influence of a vegetarian diet on the fatty acid composition of human milk and the essential fatty acid status of the infant. J Pediatr (1992), 120:S71–7.
34. InnisSM and JacobsenK, Dietary lipids in early development and intestinal inflammatory bowel disease. Nutr Rev (2007), 65:S188–93.
35. DarbyMK and LougheadJL, Neonatal nutritional requirements and formula composition: a review. J Obstet Gynecol Neonat Nurs (1996), 25:209–16.
36. GregoryK, Update on nutrition for preterm and full-term infants. J Obstet Gynecol Neonat Nurs (2004), 34:98–108.
37. AlmrothS and BidingerPG, No need for water supplementation for exclusively breast-fed infants under hot and arid conditions. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg (1990), 84:602–4.
38. American Association of Pediatrics, American Association of Pediatrics policy statement: breastfeeding and the use of human milk. Pediatrics (2005), 115:496–506.
39. LanePA and HathawayWE, Vitamin K in infancy. J Pediatr (1985), 106:351–9.
40. Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition, Infant Feeding Survey 2005: a commentary on infant feeding practices in the UK: Scientific Advisory Committee. Available at: http://www.sacn.gov.uk/reports.
41. PrenticeA, SchoenmakersI, LaskeyMA, de BonoS, GintyF, and GoldbergGR, Nutrition and bone growth and development. Proc Nutr Soc (2006), 65:348–60.
42. MannionCA, Gray-DonaldK, Johnson-DownL, and KoskiKG, Lactating women restricting milk are low on select nutrients. J Am Coll Nutr (2007), 26:149–55.
43. ThorsdottirI and GunnarssonBS, Dietary quality and adequacy of micronutrient intakes in children. Proc Nutr Soc (2006), 65:366–75.
44. DeweyKG, Guiding Principles for Complementary Feeding of the Breastfed Child (Washington, DC: Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization, 2003).
45. EidelmanAI, The Talmud and human lactation: the cultural basis for increased frequency and duration of breastfeeding among orthodox Jewish women. Breastfeed Med (2006), 1:36–40.
46. PesonenM, KallioMJT, RankiA, and SiimesMA, Prolonged exclusive breastfeeding is associated with increased atopic dermatitis: a prospective follow-up study of unselected healthy newborns from birth to age 20 years. Clin Exp Allergy (2006), 36:1011–18.
47. KramerMS, GuoT, PlattRW, ShapiroS, ColletJ-P, ChalmersB, et al., Breastfeeding and infant growth: biology or bias?Pediatrics (2002), 110:343–7.
48. BuckleyKM, Long-term breastfeeding: nourishment of nurturance. J Hum Lact (2001), 17:304–12.
49. AgostoniC, DecsiT, FewtrellM, GouletO, KolacekS, KoletzkoB, et al., Complementary feeding: a commentary by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition. J Pediatr Gastroent Nutr (2008), 46:99–110.