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  • Print publication year: 2017
  • Online publication date: July 2017

Chapter 8 - Scotland

Abercrombie, David 1979. The accents of Standard English in Scotland. In Aitken, A. J. and McArthur, Tom (eds.) The Languages of Scotland. Edinburgh: Chambers, pp. 6884.
Aitken, A. J. 1984. Scots and English in Scotland. In Trudgill, Peter (ed.) Language in the British Isles. Cambridge University Press, pp. 517532.
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Boersma, Paul and Weenink, David 2013. Praat: Doing phonetics by computer. 5.3.47. www.praat.org/.
Corbett, John, McClure, J. Derrick and Stuart-Smith, Jane 2003. Introduction: A brief history of Scots. In Corbett, John, McClure, J. Derrick and Stuart-Smith, Jane. The Edinburgh Companion to Scots. Edinburgh University Press, pp. 116.
Corbett, John, , J. and Stuart-Smith, Jane 2012. Standard English in Scotland. In Hickey, Raymond (ed.) Standards of English: Codified Standards around the World. Cambridge University Press, pp. 7295.
Cruttenden, Alan 2007. Intonational diglossia: a case study of Glasgow. Journal of the International Phonetics Association 37: 257274.
Cruttenden, Alan 1997. Intonation, rev. edn. Cambridge University Press.
Dobson, Eric 1957. English Pronunciation 1500–1700. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
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Grant, William 1912. The Pronunciation of English in Scotland. Cambridge University Press.
Gregersen, Frans 2014. A matter of scale only? Paper presented at Methods in Dialectology XV, University of Groningen, 11–15 August 2014.
Hickey, Raymond 2014. Vowels before /r/ in the history of English. In Schreier, Daniel, Timofeeva, Olga, Gardner, Anne, Honkapoja, Alpo and Pfenninger, Simone (eds.) Contact, Variation and Change in the History of English. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 95110.
Johnston, Paul 1985. The rise and fall of the Morningside/Kelvinside accent. In Gorlach, Manfred (ed.) Focus on Scotland. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 3753.
Johnston, Paul 1997. Regional variation. In Jones, Charles (ed.) The Edinburgh History of Scots. Edinburgh University Press, pp. 433513.
Lawson, Eleanor, Scobbie, James M and Stuart-Smith, Jane 2014. A socio-articulatory study of Scottish rhoticity. In Lawson, Robert (ed.) Sociolinguistics in Scotland. London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 5378.
Lawson, Eleanor, Stuart-Smith, Jane and Scobbie, James M 2008. Articulatory insights into language variation and change: Preliminary findings from an ultrasound study of derhoticization in Scottish English. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics 14(2): 102110.
Lennon, Robert 2013. The effect of experience in cross-dialect perception: Parsing /r/ in Glaswegian. Unpublished Masters dissertation: University of Glasgow.
Macafee, Caroline 1983. Glasgow. Varieties of English Around the World 3. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Macafee, Caroline 1994. Traditional Dialect in the Modern World: A Glasgow Case Study. Frankfurt: Lang.
Macafee, Caroline 1997. Ongoing change in modern Scots: The social dimension. In Jones, Charles (ed.) The Edinburgh History of the Scots Language. Edinburgh University Press, pp. 514548.
Macaulay, Ronald 1977. Language, Social Class and Education: A Glasgow Study. Edinburgh University Press.
Macaulay, Ronald 2014. A short history of sociolinguistics in Scotland. In Lawson, Robert (ed.) Sociolinguistics in Scotland. London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 1531.
McAllister, Anne 1938. A Year's Course in Speech Training. University of London Press.
Melville Bell, Alexander 1860. The Elocutionary Manual: The Principles of Elocution with Exercises and Notations. Third edition, 3rd edn. New York: N. D. C. Hodges, Edgar S. Werner.
Milroy, James 2003. When is a sound change? On the role of external factors in language change. In Britain, David and Cheshire, Jenny (eds.) Social Dialectology: In Honour of Peter Trudgill. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 209221.
Recasens, Daniel and Farnetani, Edda (eds.) 1994. Spatiotemporal properties of different allophones of /l/: phonological implications: Phonologica 1992. Proceedings of the seventh International Phonology Meeting. Turin: Rosenberg & Sellier.
Romaine, Suzanne 1978. Postvocalic /r/ in Scottish English: Sound change in progress. In Trudgill, Peter (ed.) Sociolinguistic Patterns in British English. London: Hodder and Stoughton, pp. 144158.
Sankoff, Gillian 2006. Age: Apparent time and real time. Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd edn, Article Number: LALI: 01479.
Scobbie, James M., Stuart-Smith, Jane and Lawson, Eleanor 2008. Looking variation and change in the mouth: Developing the sociolinguistic potential of ultrasound tongue imaging. ESRC Final Report. Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh.
Speitel, Hans and Johnston, Paul 1983. A sociolinguistic investigation of Edinburgh speech. Economic and Social Research Council.
Stuart-Smith, Jane 2007. A sociophonetic investigation of postvocalic /r/ in Glaswegian adolescents. In Proceedings of the Sixteenth International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. Saarbrücken, Germany: Universität des Saarlandes, pp. 13071310.
Stuart-Smith, Jane 2003. The phonology of Modern Urban Scots. In Corbett, John, McClure, J. Derrick and Stuart-Smith, Jane (eds.) The Edinburgh Companion to Scots. Edinburgh University Press, pp. 110137.
Stuart-Smith, Jane 1999. Glottals past and present: A study of T-glottalling in Glaswegian. Leeds Studies in English 30: 181204.
Stuart-Smith, Jane, José, Brian, Rathcke, Tamara, Macdonald, Rachel and Lawson, Eleanor forthcoming. Twa son, some soldiers and a city: An acoustic phonetic investigation of real-time change over a century of Glaswegian. In Montgomery, Chris and Moore, Emma (eds.) A Sense of Place. Cambridge University Press.
Stuart-Smith, Jane, Lawson, Eleanor and Scobbie, James M 2014. Derhoticisation in Scottish English: A sociophonetic journey. In Celata, Chiara and Calmai, Silvia (eds.) Advances in Sociophonetics. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 5794.
Stuart-Smith, Jane, Timmins, Claire and Tweedie, Fiona 2007. ‘Talkin’ Jockney: Accent change in Glaswegian. Journal of Sociolinguistics 11: 221261.
Tagliamonte, Sali and D'Arcy, Alexandra 2009. Peaks beyond phonology: Adolescence, incrementation, and language change. Language. 85: 58108.
Walker, John 1791. A Critical Pronouncing Dictionary and Expositor of the English Language. London: Robinson and Cadell.
Wells, John 1982. Accents of English. Vol. II: The British Isles. Cambridge University Press.