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  • Print publication year: 2013
  • Online publication date: June 2013


Sudan Archive, Durham University

Annual Report of the Finances, Administration and Condition of the Sudan, 1902–1952 [including Annual Report of the Legal Secretary to the Sudan Government, 1902–1952].
Arber, H. B. 1944. “The Typical Sudanese.” Sudan Archive, Durham University. 715/9/43–45.
Arthur, A. J. V. 1951. “Letter to His Parents, May 25, 1951.” Sudan Archive, Durham University. SAD 726/7/19.
Arthur, A. J. V. 1982. “Memoir of a District Officer in the Sudan – 1949/54.” A. J. V. Arthur Collection, Sudan Archive, Durham University.
Confidential Memorandum of the Office of the Legal Secretary, “Is It Desirable that the Sudan Government Should Introduce Legislation to Define the Persons to Whom the Term Sudanese Should Be Applied?” Robertson Collection, Sudan Archive, Durham University, 517/12/7.
Crole, G. B. Undated. “Lecture on Sudan,” delivered at the General Meeting of the Elgin and District Branch of the Workers’ Educational Association. Sudan Archive, Durham University, SAD 748/12/1–8.
Hawley, Sir Donald. 1982. “Law in the Sudan under the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium,” Durham Sudan Historical Records Conference, Durham University, April 14–16. Sudan Archive, Durham University, HAW 43/6/45.
James, L. 1982. “The Sudan Police Force in the Final Years of the Condominium,” Durham Sudan Historical Records Conference, Durham University, April 14–16. Sudan Archive, Durham University.
Kirk-Greene, A. H. M. 1982. The Sudan Political Service: A Preliminary Profile, [a 1982 paper from St. Antonys College, Oxford University, now on file at the Sudan Archive, Durham University].
Luce, Sir William. 1934. “Diary excerpts, February 20, 1934.” William Luce Collection, Sudan Archive, Durham University. 829/12/42–43.
Luce, Sir WilliamUndated manuscript, Luce Collection, Sudan Archive, Durham University, 830/1/82.
Martin, Paul. 1969. “Army Overthrows Sudan Cabinet,” (British newspaper, unknown), May 25, 1969, K. D. D. Henderson Collection, Sudan Archive, Durham University 539/7/18.
Mayall, R. C. 1948. “Communication between Sir James Robertson, and R. C. Mayall,” March 25, 1948. Mayall Collection, Sudan Archive, Durham University 521/11/17.
McDowell, William Crocket. Undated. “Memoir of Work and Career,” McDowell Collection, Sudan Archive, Durham University, 815/8.

“Newspaper Cuttings,” K. D. D. Henderson Collection, Sudan Archive, Durham University, 539/7/4.

Ridley, John. 1969. Opinion. Daily Telegraph, May 27, 1969. K. D. D. Henderson Collection, Sudan Archive, Durham University 539/7/20.
Robertson, James W. 1948. “Letter to Bishop Morris Gelthorpe, March 20, 1948.” Robertson Collection, Sudan Archive, Durham University, 521/11/24–28.
Robertson, James W. 1948 “Letters to Sudan Agent from 1948.” Robertson Collection, Sudan Archive, Durham University, 521/11/65.
Robertson, James W. 1951. “A Layman’s Marginal Comments on the Draft Sudan Constitution Ordinance 1951.” Sudan Archive, Durham University, 518/13/8.
Robertson, James W. 1952. “Speech on Recent Constitutional Developments in Sudan,” March 4, 1952. Robertson Collection, Sudan Archive, Durham University, 529/13/17–43.
Robertson, James W. Undated. “Letter to Mohammed Eff. Osman Yasin (Semi-official correspondence),” Robertson Collection, Sudan Archive, Durham University, 528/3/18–28
Robertson, James W. Undated. “Note to Marjory Perham, Times Newspaper.” Sudan Archive, Durham University, 528/3/41.

“SECRET: Development of Ministerial Responsibility among Sudanese Members of Councils,” Office of the Civil Secretary, Sudan Government. Robertson Collection, Sudan Archive, Durham University 518/13/1.

Sumner, Geoffrey. 1969. “Tomb is Key to Sudan,” Sunday Times, June 1st, 1969. K. D. D. Henderson Collection, Sudan Archive, Durham University 539/7/26.

“Untitled manuscript.” Undated. K. D. D. Henderson Collection, Sudan Archive, Durham University 539/7/29–47.

Wingate, F. R. 1910. “Letter from Wingate to Asser, Acting Sirdar and Governor-General in Cairo, 26 September 1910.” F. R. Wingate Collection, Sudan Archive, Durham University, 297/3/161.


All are reported in Sudan Law Journal and Reports.
Dairat El Mahdi v. Abdel Gadir Abu Regeila, S.L.J.R. (The Sudan Law Journal and Reports) (1960) at 49.
Ali Abu Sam v. Kambal Osman, S.L.J.R. (1962) at 207.
Maeema Hassan v. Mursi Hassan, S.L.J.R. (1962) at 86.
Fatma Ibrahim v. The Attorney General, S.L.J.R. (1958) at 3.
Khartoum Municipal Council v. Michel Cotran, S.L.J.R. (1958) at 85.
Furmeister and Co. v. Abdel Ghani Ali Mousa, S.L.J.R. (1959) at 38.
Heirs of Naeema Ahmed Wagealla v. El Hag Ahmed Mohammed, S.L.J.R. (1961).
John Fairweather v. Gabriel Gabrielides, S.L.J.R. (1963) at 212.
Mohammed Adlan v. Sudan Government, Awad El Sid Abdullah and others, S.L.J.R. (1956) at 64.
Building Authority of Khartoum v. Evangellos Evangelledes. S.L.J.R. (1958) at 44.
Asma Mahmoud Mohamed Taha and Abdel Latif Amr Hisballah vs. the Sudan Government, S.L.J.R. (1986).

Books and Articles

Abbas, Ali Abdalla. 1991. “The National Islamic Front and the Politics of Education,” Middle East Report, September–October 1991, No. 172, pp. 22–5.
Abd al-Rahim, Muddathir. 1969. Imperialism and Nationalism in the Sudan. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
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Abdelmoula, Adam M. 1996. “The ‘Fundamentalist’ Agenda for Human Rights: the Sudan and Algeria,” 18(1) Arab Studies Quarterly1–28.
Abel, Richard L. and Philip S. C. Lewis, eds. 1988. Lawyers in Society: Comparative Theories. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Abusharaf, Rogaia Mustafa. 2009. Transforming Displaced Women in Sudan: Politics and the Body in a Squatter Settlement. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Africa Watch. 1991. Sudan – Inside Al Bashir’s Prisons: Torture, Denial of Medical Attention and Poor Conditions. Washington, DC.
Ahmed, Judge Mohammed Abuzeid. 2007. “The Public Grievances and Corrections Board (Ombudsman) of Sudan,” Khartoum.
Al-Bahiri, Zaki. 1990. Al-Haraka al-Demokratiyya Fi al-Sudan 1943–1985 [The Democratic Movement in Sudan 1943–1985].Cairo University:Dar Nahdat al-Sharq.
Al-Jamal, Showqi Ata Allah. 1980. Tarikh al-Sudan wa Wadi al-Nil wa Alaqat Misr [History of the Sudan, the Nile Valley, and Relations with Egypt]. Cairo: Anglo-Egyptian Library.
Al-Mufti, Hussein Sir Ahmed. 1959. Tatowar Nizham al-Qadha Fi al-Sudan [The Development of the Judicial System in Sudan]. Khartoum: Sudan Renaissance Library.
Al-Tijani, Mahjoub. 1996. Al-Din Wa al-Dowla Fi al-Sudan [Religion and the State in Sudan]. Cairo: Legal Studies and Information Center on Human Rights.
Ali, Heidr Ibrahim. 1995. Al Mujtama al-Madani Wa al-Tahawul al-Demokrati Fi al-Sudan [Civil Society and Democratic Transformation in Sudan]. Cairo: Ibn Khaldoun Center Press.
Amnesty International. 2013. “Sudan.” Available:
Andersson, Jens A. 2002. “Administrators’ Knowledge and State Control in Colonial Zimbabwe: The Invention of the Rural-Urban Divide in Buhera District, 1912–80,” 43(1) The Journal of African History119–43.
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Benton, Lauren. 2002. Law and Colonial Cultures: Legal Regimes in World History, 1400–1900. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Beset by Contradictions: Islamization, Legal Reform and Human Rights in Sudan, Lawyers Committee for Human Rights, 1996.
Beshir, Mohamed Omer. 1974. Revolution and Nationalism in the Sudan. London: Rex Collins.
Bickel, Alexander M. 1962. The Least Dangerous Branch: The Supreme Court at the Bar of Politics. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.
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Caputo, Robert. 1982. “Sudan: Arab-African Giant,” 161 National Geographic (March 1982) 346–79.
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Collins, Robert O. 2008. A History of Modern Sudan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Fadlalla, Ali Suleiman. 2006. “Law Reform in the Sudan: A Brief History,” unpublished paper presented at United Nations Development Programme/Ahfad University for Women workshop on law reform, September 2006, p. 3. Copy on file with author.
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Fanous, Safwat S. 2001. “UK Role in Influencing the Rise and Development of Sudanese Political Parties and Civil Society,” Conference on Sudanese-British Relations. University of Khartoum Dept. of Political Science in collaboration with The British Council.
Fearon, James. 2011. “Governance and Civil War Onset,” World Development Report 2011 Background Paper. Washington, DC: The World Bank.
Feinäugle, Clemens, Tilmann Röder, and Verena Wiesner, eds. 2006. Max Planck Compilation of The Papers and Proceedings of the Heidelberg Seminar on Potential Disputes before the Sudanese Constitutional Court, Max-Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (draft on file with author).
Felstiner, William L. F., Richard L. Abel, and Austin Sarat. 1980–1. “The Emergence and Transformation of Disputes: Naming, Blaming, Claiming …,” 15 Law & Society Review631–54.
Fisher, Jonah. 2007. “Sudan Leaders Court Western Rage,” BBC News. Available: (accessed January 9, 2013).
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Fluehr-Lobban, Carolyn. 1987. Islamic Law and Society in the Sudan. London: Frank Cass.
Forbes, L. E. 1985. “The Sudan Archive, Durham, as a Source for the Study of Modernization in the Sudan” in M. W. Daly, ed., Modernization in the Sudan: Essays in Honor of Richard Hill. New York: Lillian Barber Press, pp. 161–70.
Ford Foundation. 2000. Law: Ford Foundation Grantees and the Pursuit of Justice. New York: Ford Foundation.
Ford Foundation 2000. Many Roads to Justice: The Law-Related Work of Ford Foundation Grantees around the World, edited by Mary McClymont and Stephen Golub. New York: Ford Foundation.
Freedom House. 2012. Worst of the World 2012: The World’s Most Repressive Societies. New York: Freedom House.
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Fuller, Lon 1978. “The Forms and Limits of Adjudication,” 92 Harvard L. Rev. 353–409.
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Guttman, Egon. 1957. “A Survey of the Sudan Legal System,” S.L.J.R.
Guttman, Egon 1957. “Law Reporting in the Sudan,” International and Comparative Law Quarterly, p. 687.
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Halliday, Terence C., Lucien Karpik, and Malcolm M. Feeley. 2007. Fighting for Political Freedom: Comparative Studies of the Legal Complex and Political Liberalism. Oxford: Hart.
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