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  • Print publication year: 2009
  • Online publication date: August 2011

2 - Disaster Education and Training: Linking Individual and Organizational Learning and Performance

from PART I - CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK AND STRATEGIC OVERVIEW

Summary

Disaster education and training programs must be designed to reflect the interdisciplinary and intergovernmental nature of the emergency management, public health, public safety, and medical systems. This chapter explains the overall context for disaster health education efforts, describing the Instructional System Development (ISD) approach to developing education and training programs. It identifies examples of disaster health education and training programs for various audiences. The use of the ISD model can improve the efficacy of these programs, emphasizing the emergency management program development cycle. To improve operational level integration, the U.S. government has mandated the use of the Incident Command System (ICS). In the U.S. there are several programs that involve training the public to support formal response efforts in disasters. These include: the Citizens Corps, Medical Reserve Corps (MRC), and Community Emergency Response Team (CERT). Disaster education and training events are designed to improve individual and organizational performance during emergencies.

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