Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2007
  • Online publication date: January 2010

10 - The preoccupation of landscape research with land use and land cover

Summary

Introduction

For most people, their initial contact with the landscape is by the observation of landform and land cover. Human-perception analysis evaluates what is observed in a holistic way and interprets simultaneously according to the available knowledge. Landscape can be approached in multiple ways (Muir 1999, Cosgrove 2003, Claval 2005) and similar concepts have subtle differences in meaning. In common language and disciplines related to policy and planning, the concepts of land use and land cover are sometimes erroneously used as synonyms, while scientific communities use clearly distinct definitions (Baulies and Szejwach 1997). An important conceptual difference also exists between landscape and land (Zonneveld 1995, Antrop 2001, 2003, Olwig 2004). Land is more associated with territory, terrain, soil, and land value, which depend on its utility. The landscape is considered as a perceivable expression of the dynamic interaction between natural processes and human activities in an area (Council of Europe 2000). Although land use and land cover are essential components in the characterization of the landscape, the concept of landscape is broader and encompasses social, economic, and symbolic aspects as well. The increasing magnitude and pace of the changes in land use and land cover have become of worldwide concern in policy-making (Fresco et al., 1996), land management (Dale et al. 2000, Pontius et al. 2004), and modeling land-use changes (Veldkamp and Lambin 2001, Agarwal et al. 2002).

References
Agarwal, C., Green, G. M., Grove, J. M., Evans, T. P., and Schweik, C. M.. 2002. A Review and Assessment of Land-Use Change Models: Dynamics of Space, Time, and Human Choice. General Technical Report NE-297. Newtown Square, PA: USDA, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station.
Akbari, H., Rose, L. Shea, and Taha, H.. 2003. Analyzing the land cover of an urban environment using high-resolution orthophotos. Landscape and Urban Planning 63, 1–14.
Antrop, M. 2001. The language of landscape ecologists and planners: a comparative content analysis of concepts used in landscape ecology. Landscape and Urban Planning 55, 163–73.
Antrop, M. 2003. Continuity and change in landscapes. Pages 1–14 in Mander, U. and Antrop, M. (eds.). Multifunctional Landscapes Vol. 3: Continuity and Change. Southampton: WIT Press.
Bastian, O. 2001. Landscape ecology: towards a unified discipline?Landscape Ecology 16, 757–66.
Baulies, X. and G. Szejach (eds.). 1997. LUCC Data Requirements Workshop. LUCC Report Series No.3, Barcelona: Institut Cartográfic de Catalunya.
Brandt, J. and H. Vejre. 2004. Multifunctional landscapes: motives, concepts and perceptions. Pages 3–32 in Brandt, J. and Vejre, H. (eds.). Multifunctional Landscapes: Theory, Values and History. Vol. I. Southampton: WIT Press.
Brin, S. and Page, L.. 1998. The anatomy of a large-scale hypertextual web search engine. Computer Networks 30, 107–17.
Claval, P. 2005. Reading the rural landscapes. Landscape and Urban Planning 70, 9–19.
Cosgrove, D. 2003. Landscape: ecology and semiosis. Pages 15–20 in Palang, H. and Fry, G. (eds.). Landscape Interfaces: Cultural Heritage in Changing Landscapes. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Council of Europe. 2000. European Landscape Convention. Firenze (http://www.coe.int/t/e/Cultural_Co-operation/Environment/Landscape/).
Dale, V. H., Brown, S., Haeuber, R. A., et al. 2000. Ecological principles and guidelines for managing the use of land. Ecological Applications 10, 639–70.
Forman, R. and Godron, M.. 1986. Landscape Ecology. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Fresco, L., Leemans, R., II, B. L. Turner, et al. (eds.). 1996. Land Use and Cover Change (LUCC) Open Science Meeting Proceedings. LUCC Report Series No.1., Amsterdam.
Fry, G. 2001. Multifunctional landscapes: towards transdisciplinary research. Landscape and Urban Planning 57, 159–68.
Hägerstrand, T. 1995. A Look at the Political Geography of Environmental Management. Landscape and Life: Appropriate Scales for Sustainable Development, LASS Working Paper No.17. Dublin: University College Dublin.
Haines-Young, R. 2000. Sustainable development and sustainable landscapes: defining a new paradigm for landscape ecology. Fennia 178, 7–14.
Litkowski, K. C. 1999. Towards a meaning-full comparison of lexical resources. In Proceedings of the Association for Computational Linguistics Special Interest Group on the Lexicon, June 21–22, College Park, Maryland (http://www.clres.com/Comparison_of_Lexical_Resources.html).
Miller, M. M. and B. P. Riechert. 1994. Identifying themes via concept mapping: a new method of content analysis. In Communication Theory and Methodology Division of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication Annual Meeting, Atlanta, Georgia (http://excellent.com.utk.edu/~mmmiller/pestmaps.txt).
Mücher, C. A., Bunce, R. G. H., Jongman, R. H. G., et al. 2003. Identification and Characterisation of Environments and Landscapes in Europe. Wageningen: Alterra-rapport 832.
Muir, R. 1999. Approaches to Landscape. London: MacMillan Press.
Nassauer, J. I. 1997. Placing Nature: Culture and Landscape Ecology. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Olwig, K. R. 2004. “This is not a landscape”: circulating reference and land shaping. Pages 41–66 in Palang, H., Sooväli, H., Antrop, M., and Setten, S. (eds.). European Rural Landscapes: Persistence and Change in a Globalising Environment. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Opdam, P., Foppen, R., and Vos, C.. 2001. Bridging the gap between ecology and spatial planning in landscape ecology. Landscape Ecology 16, 767–79.
Pontius, R. G., Shusas, E., and McEachern, M.. 2004. Detecting important categorical land changes while accounting for persistence. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 101, 251–68.
Popping, R. 2000. Computer-Assisted Text Analysis. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Ridings, C. and M. Shishigin. 2002. PageRank Uncovered (http://www.texaswebdevelopers.com/docs/pagerank.pdf).
Steinitz, C. 2001. Landscape ecology and landscape planning: links and gaps and common dilemmas. Pages 48–50 in Mander, U., Printsmann, A., and Palang, H. (eds.). Development of European Landscapes. Tartu: Publicationes Instituti Geographici Universitatis Tartuensis.
Tress, B., Tress, G., and Fry, G.. 2003. Interdisciplinary and Transdisciplinary Landscape Studies: Potential and Limitations. Wageningen: Delta Series 2.
Tress, B., Tress, G., and Fry, G.. 2005. Integrative studies on rural landscapes: policy expectations and research practice. Landscape and Urban Planning 70, 177–91.
Veldkamp, A. and Lambin, E. F.. 2001. Predicting land-use change. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 85, 1–6.
West, M. D. (ed.). 2001. Applications of Computer Content Analysis. Westport, CT: Ablex.
Zonneveld, I. S. 1995. Land Ecology. Amsterdam: SPB Academic Publishing.