Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2016
  • Online publication date: August 2016

References

Abernathy, W.J., 1978. The Productivity Dilemma: Roadblock to Innovation in the Automobile Industry. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Press.
Abernathy, W.J., and Clark, K.B., 1985. Innovation: Mapping the Winds of Creative Destruction, Research Policy 14: 3–22.
Abernathy, W.J., and Utterback, J., 1978. Patterns of Innovation in Industry, Technological Review 80: 41–47.
Acs, Z.J., and Audretsch, D.B., 1989. Small-Firm in U.S. Manufacturing, Economica 56: 255–265.
Acs, Z.J., and Audretsch, D.B., 1990. Innovation and Small Firms. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Agarwal, R., Echambadi, R., Franco, A.M., and Sarkar, M.B., 2004. Knowledge Transfer Through Inheritance: Spin-Out Generation, Development and Survival, Academy of Management Journal 47(4): 501–522.
Agarwal, R., and Gort, M., 1996. The Evolution of Markets and Entry, Exit and Survival of Firms, Review of Economics and Statistics 78(3): 489–498.
Aghion, P., and Howitt, P., 1992. A Model of Growth through Creative Destruction, Econometrica 60(2): 323–351.
Andersen, E.S., 1994. Evolutionary Economics: Post-Schumpeterian Contributions. London: Pinter Publisher.
Arora, A., Fosfuri, A., and Gambardella, A., 2001. Markets for Technology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Arora, A., Landau, R., and Rosenberg, N. (eds.), 1998. Dynamics of Long-Run Growth in the Chemical Industry. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.
Arrow, K.J., 1962. Economic Welfare and the Allocation of Resources for Invention, in Nelson, R. (ed.) The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, pp. 609–625.
Arthur, W.B., 1989. Competing Technologies, Increasing Returns and Lock-In by Historical Events, The Economic Journal 99(394): 116–131.
Baldwin, J., and Gorecki, P., 1998. The Dynamics of Industrial Competition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Barnett, W.P., and Glenn, C.R., 1995. Modeling Internal Organizational Change, in Hagan, J. (ed.) Annual Review of Sociology. Vol. 21. Palo Alto, CA: Annual Reviews, pp. 217–236.
Bartelsman, E., and Doms, M., 2000. Understanding Productivity: Lessons from Longitudinal Microdata, Journal of Economic Literature 38(3): 569–594.
Bartelsman, E., Scarpetta, S., and Schivardi, F., 2005. Comparative Analysis of Firm Demographics and Survival: Evidence from Micro-Level Sources in OECD Countries, Industrial and Corporate Change 14: 365–391.
Becker, M.C., 2008. Handbook of Organizational Routines. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Becker, M., Knudsen, T., and Swedberg, R. 2011. The Entrepreneur: Classic Texts by Joseph A. Schumpeter. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Beesley, M.E., and Hamilton, R.T., 1984. Small Firms, Seedbed Role and the Concept of Turbulence, Journal of Industrial Economics 33: 217–232.
Bloom, N., and Van Reenen, J., 2010. Human Resource Management and Productivity, NBER Working Papers 16019, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA.
Boero, R., and Squazzoni, F., 2005. Does Empirical Embeddedness Matter? Methodological Issues of Agent-Based Models for Analytical Social Science, Journal of Artificial Societies and Simulation 8(4): 6.
Boslaugh, S., 2008. Encyclopedia of Epidemiology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Bottazzi, G., Dosi, G., Jacoby, N., Secchi, A., and Tamagni, F., 2010. Corporate Performances and Market Selection: Some Comparative Evidence, Industrial and Corporate Change 19(6): 1953–1996.
Bottazzi, G., Dosi, G., Lippi, M., Pammolli, F., and Riccaboni, M., 2001. Innovation and Corporate Growth in the Evolution of the Drug Industry, International Journal of Industrial Organization 19(7): 1161–1187.
Bottazzi, G., and Secchi, A., 2006. Explaining the Distribution of Firms Growth Rates, RAND Journal of Economics 37: 234–263.
Breschi, S., Malerba, F., and Orsenigo, L., 2000. Technological Regimes and Schumpeterian Patterns of Innovation, Economic Journal 110: 388–410.
Bresnahan, T.F., and Greenstein, S., 1999. Technological Competition and the Structure of the Computer Industry, Journal of Industrial Economics 47: 1–40.
Bresnahan, T.F., Greenstein, S., and Henderson, R., 2012. Schumpeterian Competition and Diseconomies of Scope: Illustrations from the History of Microsoft and IBM, in Lerner, J., and Stern, S. (eds.) The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity Revisited. NBER University of Chicago Press, pp. 203–271.
Bresnahan, T.F., and Malerba, F., 1999. Industrial Dynamics and the Evolution of Firms’ and Nations’ Competitive Capabilities in the World Computer Industry, in Mowery, D., and Nelson, R. (eds.) The Sources of Industrial Leadership: Studies of Seven Industries. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 79–132.
Brusoni, S., Cefis, E., and Orsenigo, L., 2006. Innovate or Die? A Critical Review of the Literature on Innovation and Performance, KITeS Working Papers 179, KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita’ Bocconi, Milano, Italy, revised September 2006.
Brusoni, S., Prencipe, A., and Pavitt, K., 2001. Knowledge Specialization, Organizational Coupling, and the Boundaries of the Firm: Why Do Firms Know More Than They Make? Administrative Science Quarterly 46(4): 597–621.
Cabral, L.M.B., and Mata, J., 2003. On the Evolution of the Firm Size Distribution: Facts and Theory, American Economic Review 93(4): 1075–1090.
Capone, G., Malerba, F., and Orsenigo, L., 2013a. Are Switching Costs Advantages Effective in Creating First-Mover Advantages? The Moderating Role of Demand and Technological Regimes, Long Range Planning 46(S 4–5): 348–368.
Capone, G., Malerba, F., and Orsenigo, L., 2013b. Spinoffs in Different Contexts: Theory and Empirical Evidence, Academy of Management Proceedings 2013(1): 16387.
Chandler, A.D., 1990. Scale and Scope: The Dynamics of Modern Capitalism. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Chandler, A.D., 2005a. Shaping the Industrial Century: The Remarkable Story of the Modern Chemical and Pharmaceutical Industries. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Chandler, A.D., 2005b. Inventing the Electronic Century: The Epic Story of the Consumer Electronics and Computer Industries. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Chetley, A., 1990. A Healthy Business? World Health and the Pharmaceutical Industry. London: Zed Books.
Chien, R.I., 1979. Issues in Pharmaceutical Economics. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
Chong, J., Crowell, H., and Kend, S., 2003. Merck: Refocusing Research and Development. Claremont, CA: Blaisdell Consulting, Pomona College.
Christensen, C.M., 1997. The Innovators Dilemma: When New Technologies Cause Great Firms to Fail. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
Christensen, C.M., and Rosenbloom, R., 1994a. Explaining the Attacker's Advantage: Technological Paradigms, Organizational Dynamics, and the Value of Network, Research Policy 24: 233–257.
Christensen, C.M., and Rosenbloom, R., 1994b. Technological Discontinuities, Organizational Capabilities and Strategic Commitments, Industrial and Corporate Change 3: 655–686.
Clark, K.B., 1985. The Interaction of Design Hierarchies and Market Concepts in Technological Evolution, Research Policy 14: 235–251.
Cohen, W.M., 2011. Fifty Years of Empirical Studies of Innovative Activity and Performance, in Hall, B., and Rosenberg, N. (eds.) Handbook of Economics of Innovation. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp.129–213.
Cohen, W.M., and Levin, R.C., 1989. Empirical Studies of Innovation and Market Structure, in Schmalensee, R., and Willig, R. (eds.) Handbook of Industrial Organisation. Amsterdam: North Holland, pp. 1059–1108.
Cohen, W.M., Nelson, R., and Walsh, J., 1999. Protecting Their Intellectual Assets: Appropriability Conditions and Why U.S. Manufacturing Firms Patent (or Not). Pittsburgh: Carnegie Mellon University.
Comanor, W.S., 1986. The Political Economy of the Pharmaceutical Industry, Journal of Economic Literature 24: 1178–1217.
Cyert, R.M., and March, J.G., 1963. A Behavioral Theory of the Firm (1992 Edition). Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Darwin, C., 1859. On the Origins of Species by Means of Natural Selection (1872 Edition). London: John Murray.
David, P.A., 1985. Clio and the Economics of QWERTY, American Economic Review 75(2): 332–337.
DiMasi, J.A., Hansen, R.W., and Grabowski, H.G., 2003. The Price of Innovation: New Estimates of Drug Development Costs, Journal of Health Economics 22: 151–185.
Dorfman, N., 1987. Innovation and Market Structure: Lessons from the Computer and Semiconductor Industries. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger.
Dosi, G., 1982. Technological Paradigms and Technological Trajectories, Research Policy 11: 147–162.
Dosi, G., 1984. Technical Change and Industrial Transformation. London: Macmillan.
Dosi, G., 2007. Statistical Regularities in the Evolution of Industries: A Guide through Some Evidence and Challenges for the Theory, in Brusoni, S., and Malerba, F. (eds.) Perspectives on Innovation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 155–186.
Dosi, G., Fagiolo, G., and Roventini, A., 2010. Schumpeter Meeting Keynes: A Policy-Friendly Model of Endogenous Growth and Business Cycles, Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control 34(9): 1748–1767.
Dosi, G., and Marengo, L., 1993. Some Elements of an Evolutionary Theory of Organizational Competence, in England, R.W. (ed.) Evolutionary Concepts on Contemporary Economics. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, pp. 157–178.
Dosi, G., Marsili, O., Orsenigo, L., and Salvatore, R., 1995. Learning, Market Selection and the Evolution of Industrial Structures, Small Business Economics 7(6): 411–436.
Dosi, G., and Nelson, R., 1995. An Introduction to Evolutionary Theories in Economics, Journal of Evolutionary Economics 4: 153–172.
Dosi, G., Nelson, R., and Winter, S. (eds.), 2000. The Nature and Dynamics of Organizational Capabilities. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dunne, T., Roberts, M. J., and Samuelson, L., 1988. Patterns of Firm Entry and Exit in US Manufacturing Industry, Rand Journal of Economics 19(4): 495–515.
Ericson, R., and Pakes, A., 1995. Markov-Perfect Industry Dynamics: A Framework for Empirical Work, Review of Economic Studies 62: 53–82.
Fisher, R.A., 1958. The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection. Mineola, NY: Dover.
Flamm, K., 1988. Creating the Computer. Washington DC: The Brookings Institution.
Fontana, R., Guerzoni, M., and Nuvolari, A., 2008. Habakkuk Revisited: A History Friendly Model of American and British Technology in the Nineteenth Century, Jena Economic Research Papers 64, Friedrich Schiller University and Max Plank Institute of Economics, Jena.
Foster, J., 1987. Evolutionary Macroeconomics. London: Allen and Unwin.
Fransman, M., 1994. Different Folks, Different Strokes – How IBM, AT&T and NEC Segment to Compete, Business Strategy Review 5(3): 1–20.
Freeman, C., Clark, J., and Soete, L., 1982. Unemployment and Technical Innovation: A Study of Long Waves in Economic Development. London: Frances Pinter.
Friedman, M., 1953. The Methodology of Positive Economics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Galambos, L., and Sewell, J.E., 1996. Network of Innovators. Vaccine Development at Merck, Sharp & Dohme and Mulfor, 1895–1995. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Galambos, L., and Sturchio, J., 1996. The Pharmaceutical Industry in the Twentieth Century: A Reappraisal of the Sources of Innovation, History and Technology 13(2): 83–100.
Gambardella, A., 1995. Science and Innovation in the US Pharmaceutical Industry. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Garavaglia, C., Malerba, F., and Orsenigo, L., 2006. Entry, Market Structure and Innovation in a History-Friendly Model of the Evolution of the Pharmaceutical Industry, in Dosi, G., and Mazzucato, M. (eds.) Knowledge Accumulation and Industry Evolution: The Case of Pharma-Biotech. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 234–266.
Garavaglia, C., Malerba, F., Orsenigo, L., and Pezzoni, M., 2012. Technological Regimes and Demand Structure in the Evolution of the Pharmaceutical Industry, Journal of Evolutionary Economics 22(4): 677–709.
Garavaglia, C., Malerba, F., Orsenigo, L., and Pezzoni, M., 2013. A Simulation Model of the Evolution of the Pharmaceutical Industry: A History Friendly Model, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation 16(4): 5.
Garavaglia, C., Malerba, F., Orsenigo, F., and Pezzoni, M., 2014. Innovation and Market Structure in Pharmaceuticals: An Econometric Analysis on Simulated Data, Journal of Economics and Statistics 234(2–3): 274–298, April.
Geroski, P.A., 1995. What do We Know About Entry?, International Journal of Industrial Organization 13(4): 421–440.
Geroski, P.A., 2000. The Growth of Firms in Theory and Practice: Competence, Governance and Entrepreneurship, in Foss, N., and Mahnke, V. (eds.) Competence, Governance and Entrepreneurship. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 168–186.
Gort, M., and Klepper, S., 1982. Time Paths in the Diffusion of Product Innovations, The Economic Journal 9: 630–653.
Grabowski, H., and Vernon, J., 1977. Consumer Protection Regulation in Ethical Drugs, American Economic Review 67(1): 359–364.
Grabowski, H., and Vernon, J., 1994a. Innovation and Structural Change in Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology, Industrial and Corporate Change 3(2): 435–449.
Grazzini, J., Richiardi, M.G., and Sella, L., 2013. Analysis of Agent-Based Models, Working Paper no. 135, Labor – Laboratorio R. Revelli, Turin.
Greenstein, S., 2010. The Emergence of the Internet: Collective Invention and Wild Ducks, Industrial and Corporate Change 19(5): 1521–1562.
Griliches, Z., and Mairesse, J., 1997. Production Function: The Search for Identification, in Strom, S. (ed.) Econometrics and Economic Theory in the Twentieth Century: The Ragnar Frisch Centennial Symposium, Econometric Society Monograph Series. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 169–204.
Heaton, C.A., 1994. The Chemical Industry. New York, NY: Springer.
Helfat, C.E., 2003. The Dynamic Resource-Based View: Capability Life Cycles, Strategic Management Journal 24(10): 997–1010.
Helfat, C.E., and Lieberman, M.B., 2002. The Birth of Capabilities: Market Entry and the Importance of Pre-history, Industrial and Corporate Change 11(4): 725–760.
Henderson, R., and Clark, K.B., 1990. Architectural Innovation: The Reconfiguration of Existing Product, Technologies and the Failure of Established Firms, Administrative Sciences Quarterly 35: 9–30.
Henderson, R., Orsenigo, L., and Pisano, G.P., 1999. The Pharmaceutical Industry and the Revolution in Molecular Biology: Exploring the Interactions between Scientific, Institutional and Organizational Change, in Mowery, D.C., and Nelson, R. (eds.) The Sources of Industrial Leadership: Studies of Seven Industries, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 267–311.
Hobday, M., Howard, R., and Tidd, J., 2000. Innovation in Complex Products and Systems, Research Policy 29(7–8): 793–804.
Hodgson, J., and Stoelhorst, J.W., 2014. Introduction to the Special Issue on the Future of Institutional and Evolutionary Economics, Journal of Institutional Economics 10(4): 513–540.
Holland, J.H., 1998. Emergence: From Chaos to Order. Boston, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Jacobides, M., and Winter, S., 2005. The Co-Evolution of Capabilities and Transaction Costs: Explaining the Institutional Structure of Production, Strategic Management Journal 26: 395–413.
Jacobides, M., and Winter, S., 2012. Capabilities: Structure, Agency and Evolution, Organization Science 23(5): 1365–1381.
Jacobides, M., Winter, S., and Kassberger, S., 2012. The Dynamics of Profit, Wealth and Competitive Advantage, Strategic Management Journal 22(12): 1384–1410.
Jovanovic, B., 1982. Selection and the Evolution of Industry, Econometrica 50(2): 649–670.
Kim, C.W., and Lee, K., 2003. Innovation, Technological Regimes and Organizational Selection in Industry Evolution: A “History Friendly Model” of the DRAM Industry, Industrial and Corporate Change 12(6): 1195–1221.
Kitcher, P., 2003. Darwin's Achievement, in Kitcher, P. (ed.) In Mendel's Mirror. Oxford University Press, pp. 45–93.
Klein, B., 1977. Dynamic Economics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Klepper, S., 1996. Entry, Exit, Growth, and Innovation over the Product Life Cycle, American Economic Review 86: 562–583.
Klepper, S., 1997. Industry Life Cycles, Industrial and Corporate Change 6(8): 145–181.
Klepper, S., 2002a. Firm Survival and the Evolution of Oligopoly, Rand Journal of Economics 33(1): 37–61.
Klepper, S., 2002b. The Capabilities of New Firms and the Evolution of the US Automobile Industry, Industrial and Corporate Change 11: 645–666.
Klepper, S., and Graddy, E., 1990. The Evolution of New Industries and the Determinants of Market Structure, The RAND Journal of Economics 21(1): 27–44.
Klepper, S., and Simons, K., 2000a. Dominance by Birthright: Entry of Prior Radio Producers and Competitive Ramifications in the US Television Receiver Industry, Strategic Management Journal 21: 997–1016.
Klepper, S., and Simons, K., 2000b. The Making of an Oligopoly: Firm Survival and Technological Change in the Evolution of US Tire Industry, Journal of Political Economy 108: 728–760.
Klepper, S., and Sleeper, S., 2005. Entry by Spinoffs, Management Science 51(8): 1291–1306.
Klepper, S., and Thompson, P., 2006. Submarket and the Evolution of Market Structure, RAND Journal of Economics 37: 861–886.
Klette, T.J., and Kortum, S., 2004. Innovating Firms and Aggregate Innovation, Journal of Political Economy 112(5): 986–1018.
Klevorick, A., Levin, R., Nelson, R., and Winter, S., 1995. On the Sources and Significance of Interindustry Differences in Technological Opportunities, Research Policy 24(2): 185–205.
Knudsen, T., Levinthal, D.A., and Winter, S.G., 2014. Hidden but in Plain Sight: The Role of Scale Adjustment in Industry Dynamics, Strategic Management Journal 35(11): 1569–1584.
Kricks, G.A., 1995. Vertical Integration in the Mainframe Computer Industry: A Transaction Cost Interpretation, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 26(1): 75–91.
Krugman, P., 2009. A Few Notes on My Magazine Article. The Conscience of a Liberal. New York: New York Times.
Lancaster, K.J., 1966. A New Approach to Consumer Theory, Journal of Political Economy 74(2): 132–157.
Landini, F., Lee, K., and Malerba, F., 2016. A History-Friendly Model of the Successive Changes in Industrial Leadership and the Catch-up by Latecomers, Research Policy, Forthcoming.
Langlois, R.N., 1990. Creating External Capabilities: Innovation and Vertical Disintegration in the Microcomputer Industry, Business and Economic History 19: 93–102.
Langlois, R.N., and Robertson, P.L., 1995. Firms, Markets and Economic Change: A Dynamic Theory of Business Institutions. London, Routledge.
Langlois, R.N., and Steinmueller, E., 1999. The Evolution of Competitive Advantages in the Worldwide Semiconductor Industry 1947–1996, in Mowery, D., and Nelson, R., (eds.) Sources of Industrial Leadership. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Langlois, R.N., and Steinmueller, W.E., 2000. Strategy and Circumstance: The Response of American Firms to Japanese Competition in Semiconductors, 1980–1995, Strategic Management Journal 21(10–11): 1163–1173.
Lee, K., 2013. Schumpeterian Analyses of Economic Catch Up. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Levin, R.C., Cohen, W.M., and Mowery, D.C., 1985. R&D Appropriability, Opportunity and Market Structure: New Evidence on Some Schumpeterian Hypotheses, American Economic Review 75(2): 20–24.
Levin, R.C., Klevorick, A., Nelson, R., and Winter, S.G., 1987. Appropriating the Returns from Industrial Research and Development, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity No. 3: 783–820.
Levinthal, D., 1997. Adaptation on Rugged Landscapes, Management Science 43: 934–950.
Lichtenberg, F.R., 2006. The Impact of New Laboratory Procedures and Other Medical Innovations on the Health of Americans, 1990–2003: Evidence from Longitudinal, Disease-Level Data, NBER Working Papers 12120, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA.
Lieberman, M.B., and Montgomery, D.B., 1988. First-Mover Advantages, Strategic Management Journal 9: 41–58.
Lomi, A., and Larsen, E.R., 2001. Dynamics of Organizations: Computational Modelling and Organization Theories. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Luttmer, E.F.P., 2007. Does the Minimum Wage Cause Inefficient Rationing?, The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy 7(1): 1–42.
Malerba, F., 1985. The Semiconductor Business. Madison, WI and London: The University of Wisconsin Press and Frances Pinter.
Malerba, F., 2004. Sectoral Systems of Innovation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Malerba, F., and Adams, P., 2014. Sectoral Systems of Innovation, in Dodgson, M., Gann, D., and Phillips, N. (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Innovation Management. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.183–203.
Malerba, F., and Brusoni, S. (eds.), 2008. Perspectives on Innovation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Malerba, F., and Nelson, R., 2011. Learning and Catching Up in Different Sectoral Systems. Evidence from Six Industries, Industrial and Corporate Change 20(6): 1645–1675.
Malerba, F., Nelson, R., Orsenigo, L., and Winter, S., 1999. History Friendly Models of Industry Evolution: The Computer Industry, Industrial and Corporate Change 1: 3–41.
Malerba, F., Nelson, R., Orsenigo, L., and Winter, S., 2001b. Product Diversification in a History-Friendly Model of the Evolution of the Computer Industry, in Lomi, A., and Larsen, E.R. (eds.) Dynamics of Organizations: Computational Modelling and Organization Theories. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Malerba, F., Nelson, R., Orsenigo, L., and Winter, S., 2007. Demand, Innovation, and the Dynamics of Market Structure: The Role of Experimental Users and Diverse Preferences, Journal of Evolutionary Economics 17: 371–399.
Malerba, F., Nelson, R., Orsenigo, L., and Winter, S., 2008a. Vertical Integration and Disintegration of Computer Firms: A History-Friendly Model of the Co-Evolution of the Computer and Semiconductor Industries, Industrial and Corporate Change 17: 197–231.
Malerba, F., Nelson, R., Orsenigo, L., and Winter, S., 2008b. Public Policies and Changing Boundaries of Firms in a “History Friendly” Model of the Co-Evolution of the Computer and Semiconductor Industries, Journal of Economic Behaviour and Organization 67: 355–380.
Malerba, F., and Orsenigo, L., 1995. Schumpeterian Patterns of Innovation, Cambridge Journal of Economics 19(1): 47–65.
Malerba, F., and Orsenigo, L., 1997. Technological Regimes and Sectoral Patterns of Innovative Activities, Industrial and Corporate Change 6(1): 83–118.
Malerba, F., and Orsenigo, L., 2002. Innovation and Market Structure in the Dynamics of the Pharmaceutical Industry and Biotechnology: Towards a History Friendly Model, Industrial and Corporate Change 11(4): 667–703.
Malerba, F., and Orsenigo, L., 2010. User-Producer Relations, Innovation and the Evolution of Market Structures under Alternative Contractual Regimes, Structural Change and Economic Dynamics 21(1): 26–40.
Malerba, F., Nelson, R., Orsenigo, L., and Winter, S., 2001a. Competition and Industrial Policy in a History Friendly Model of the Evolution of the Computer Industry, International Journal of Industrial Organization 19: 635–664.
Malerba, F., and Yoon, M., 2011. Modelling the Evolution of Firm Boundaries: A History Friendly Model of the Emergence of the Fabless Ecosystem, Working Paper, Milan and Seoul.
Marshall, A., 1890. Principles of Economics (1920 Edition). New York, NY: Macmillan.
Marsili, O., 2001. The Anatomy and Evolution of Industries. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Matraves, C., 1999. Market Structure, R&D and Advertising in the Pharmaceutical Industry, Journal of Industrial Economics 47(2): 169–194.
Metcalfe, S., 1998. Evolutionary Economics and Creative Destruction. London: Routledge.
Miller, R., Hobday, M., Leroux Demers, T., and Olleros, X., 1995. Innovation in Complex Systems: The Case of Flight Simulation, Industrial and Corporate Change 4(2): 363–400.
Mirowski, P., 1989. More Heat than Light: Economics as Social Physics, Physics as Nature's Economics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Moore, G.E., 1995. Lithography and the Future of Moore's Law, Proceedings SPIE, Volume 2440, pp. 2–17.
Mowery, D., and Nelson, R. (eds.), 1999. Sources of Industrial Leadership. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mowery, D.C., and Rosenberg, N., 1982a. The Influence of Market Demand upon Innovation: A Critical Review of Some Recent Empirical Studies, in Rosenberg, N. (ed.), Inside the Black Box: Technology and Economics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 193–242.
Mowery, D.C., and Rosenberg, N., 1982b. Technical change in the commercial aircraft industry 1925–1975, in Rosenberg, N. (ed.), Inside the Black Box: Technology and Economics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 163–178.
Mowery, D.C., and Rosenberg, N. (1998). Paths of Innovation: Technological Change in 20th Century America. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Murmann, P., 2003. Knowledge and competitive advantages: the coevolution of firms, technology and national institutions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Murmann, J.P., and Brenner, T., 2003. The Use of Simulations in Developing Robust Knowledge about Causal Processes: Methodological Considerations and an Application to Industrial Evolution, Papers on Economics and Evolution #0303, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics, Jena.
Nelson, R., 1961. Uncertainty, Learning, and the Economics of Parallel Research and Development, Review of Economics and Statistics 43: 351–368.
Nelson, R., 1968. A Diffusion Model of International Productivity Differences in Manufacturing Industry, American Economic Review 58(5): 1219–1248.
Nelson, R., 1991b. Why Do Firms Differ and How Does it Matter?, Strategic Management Journal 12: 61–64.
Nelson, R., 2007. What Enables Rapid Economic Progress: What Are the Needed Institutions?, Research Policy 37: 1–11.
Nelson, R., 2008. Economic Development from the Perspective of Evolutionary Economic Theory, Oxford Development Studies 36(1): 9–21.
Nelson, R., and Winter, S., 1977. Simulation of Schumpeterian Competition, American Economic Review 67(1): 271–276.
Nelson, R., and Winter, S., 1982a. An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Nelson, R., and Winter, S., 1982b. The Schumpeterian Trade-Off Revisited, American Economic Review 72: 114–132.
Nelson, R., and Winter, S., 2002. Evolutionary Theorizing in Economics, Journal of Economic Perspectives 16(2): 23–46.
Nelson, R., Winter, S., and Schuette, H.L., 1976. Technical Change in an Evolutionary Model, Quarterly Journal of Economics 90(1): 90–118.
Nightingale, P., and Mahdi, S., 2006. The Evolution of the Pharmaceutical Innovation, in Mazzucato, M., and Dosi, G. (eds.) Knowledge Accumulation and Industry Evolution: The Case of Pharma-Biotech. Cambridge University Press, pp. 73–111.
Nightingale, P., and Martin, P., 2004. The Myth of Biotech Revolution, Trends in Biotechnology 22(11): 564–569.
Okimoto, D.I., Sugano, T., and Weinstein, F. B. (eds.), 1984. Competitive Edge: The Semiconductor Industry in the U.S. and Japan. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Oltra, V., and Saint Jean, M., 2005. The Dynamics of Environmental Innovations: Three Stylized Trajectories of Clean Technology, Economics of Innovation and New Technology 14(3): 189–212.
Orsenigo, L., 1989. The Emergence of Biotechnology. London: Frances Pinter.
Orsenigo, L., Pammolli, F., and Riccaboni, M., 2001. Technological Change and Network Dynamics, Research Policy 30(3): 485–508.
Pammolli, F., 1996. Innovazione, Concorrenza a Strategie di Sviluppo nell'Industria Farmaceutica. Milan: Guerini Scientifica.
Pammolli, F., Riccaboni, M., and Magazzini, L., 2011. The Productivity Crisis in the Pharmaceutical R&D, Nature Reviews Drug Discovery 10(6): 428–438.
Pavitt, K., 1984. Sectoral Patterns of Technical Change: Towards a Taxonomy and a Theory, Research Policy 13(6): 343–373.
Pavitt, K., Robson, M., and Townsend, J., 1987. Technological Accumulation, Diversification and Organization in UK Companies, 1945–1983, Management Science 35(1): 81–99.
Peltzman, S., 1973. Regulation of the Pharmaceutical Innovation: The 1962 Amendments. Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy.
Phillips, A., 1971. Technology and Market Structure: A Study of the Aircraft Industry. Lexington, MA: DC Heath.
Pisano, G., 1996. The Development Factory: Unlocking the Potential of Process Innovation. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
Richiardi, M., Leombruni, R., Saam, N., and Sonnessa, M., 2006. A Common Protocol for Agent-Based Social Simulation, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation 9(1): 15.
Rivkin, J., 2001. Reproducing Knowledge: Replication without Imitation at Moderate Complexity, Organization Science 12: 274–293.
Rosenberg, N., 1976. Perspectives on Technology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rosenberg, N., 1982. Inside the Black Box: Technology and Economics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Schumpeter, J.A., 1934. The Theory of Economic Development: An Inquiry into Profits, Capital, Credit Interest and the Business Cycle (English edition, German original 1911). Oxford University Press.
Schumpeter, J.A., 1950[1942]. Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy. New York, NY: Harper and Row.
Silverberg, G., Dosi, G., and Orsenigo, L., 1988. Innovation, Diversity and Diffusion: A Self-Organization Model, The Economic Journal 98(393): 1032–1054.
Simon, H.A., 1955. A Behavioral Model of Rational Choice, The Quarterly Journal of Economics 69(1): 99–118.
Simon, H.A., 1976. The Sciences of the Artificial. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Simon, H.A., 1991. Organizations and Markets, Journal of Economic Perspectives 5(2): 25–44.
Solow, R.M., 1957. Technical Change and the Aggregate Production Function, Review of Economics and Statistics 39(3): 312–320.
Stigler, G.J., 1951. The Division of Labor is Limited by the Extent of the Market, Journal of Political Economy 59: 185–193.
Suarez, F., and Lanzolla, G., 2007. The Role of Environmental Dynamics in Building a First Mover Advantage Theory, Academy of Management Review 32: 377–392.
Sutton, J., 1997. Gibrat's Legacy, Journal of Economic Literature 35: 40–59.
Sutton, J., 1998. Technology and Market Structure: Theory and History. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Sutton, J., 2001. The Variance of Firm Growth Rates: The “Scaling” Puzzle, Economics of Industry EI/27, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, London School of Economics and Political Science, London.
Syverson, C., 2011. What Determines Productivity?, Journal of Economic Literature 49(2): 326–365.
Teece, D.J., 1986. Profiting from Technological Innovation: Implications for Integration, Collaboration, Licensing and Public Policy, Research Policy 15: 286–305.
Teece, D.J., 2009. Dynamic Capabilities and Strategic Management. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Teece, D.J., and Pisano, G., 1994. The Dynamic Capabilities of Firms: An Introduction, Industrial and Corporate Change 3(3): 537–556.
Teece, D.J., Pisano, G. and Shuen, A., 1992. Dynamic Capabilities and Strategic Management, Working Paper, Center for Research in Management, University of California, Berkeley, CA.
Teece, D., Pisano, G.P., and Shuen, A., 1997. Dynamic Capabilities and Strategic Management, Strategic Management Journal 18: 509–533.
Tripsas, M., 1997. Surviving Radical Technological Change through Dynamic Capability: Evidence from the Typesetter Industry, Industrial and Corporate Change 6(2): 341–377.
Tripsas, M., and Gavetti, G., 2000. Capabilities, Cognition, and Inertia: Evidence from Digital Imaging, Strategic Management Journal 21(10–11): 1147–1161.
Tushman, M.L., and Anderson, P., 1986. Technological Discontinuities and Organizational Environments, Administrative Science Quarterly 31: 439–456.
Usselman, S.W., 1993. IBM and its Imitators: Organizational Capabilities and the Emergence of the Computer Industry, Business and Economics History 22(2).
Utterback, J.M., and Suarez, F., 1993. Innovation, Competition, and Industry Structure, Research Policy 22(1): 1–21.
Verspagen, B., 2002. Evolutionary Macroeconomics: A Synthesis between Neo-Schumpeterian and Post-Keynesian Lines of Thought, The Electronic Journal of Evolutionary Modeling and Economic Dynamics 1007: 1–21.
Werker, C., and Brenner, T., 2004. Empirical Calibration of Simulation Models, ECIS Working Paper 04.13, Eindhoven Centre for Innovation Studies, Eindhoven.
Williamson, O., 1975. Markets and Hierarchies: Analysis and Antitrust Implications. New York: Macmillan.
Williamson, O., 1979. Transaction Cost Economics: The Governance of Contractual Relations, Journal of Law and Economics 22: 3–61.
Williamson, O., 1985. The Economic Institutions of Capitalism. New York: Free Press.
Williamson, O., 1999. Strategy research: Governance and competence perspectives, Strategic Management Journal 20: 1087–1108
Windrum, P., Fagiolo, G., and Moneta, A., 2007. Empirical Validation of Agent-Based Models: Alternatives and Prospects, Journal of Artificial Societies and Simulation 10(2): 8.
Winter, S., 1964. Economic “Natural Selection” and the Theory of the Firm, Yale Economic Essays 4: 225–272.
Winter, S., 1971. Satisficing, Selection, and the Innovating Remnant, Quarterly Journal of Economics 85(2): 237–261.
Winter, S., 1984. Schumpeterian Competition in Alternative Technological Regimes, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 5: 287–320.
Winter, S., 1986. The Research Program of the Behavioral Theory of the Firm: Orthodox Critique and Evolutionary Perspective, in Gilad, B., and Kaish, S. (eds.) Handbook of Behavioral Economics, Vol. A: Behavioral Microeconomics. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, pp. 151–188.
Winter, S., 1987. Knowledge and Competence as Strategic Assets, in Teece, D.J. (ed.) The Competitive Challenge. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger, pp. 159–184.
Winter, S., 2006. The Logic of Appropriability: From Schumpeter to Arrow to Teece, Research Policy 35(8): 1100–1106.
Yoon, M., 2011. A History-friendly Model on the Relationship between NISs and Performances in Frontier Industries of Korea and Taiwan, Working Paper, Kyungpook National University, Korea.
Zbaracki, M.J., and Bergen, M., 2010. When Truces Collapse: A Longitudinal Study of Price-Adjustment Routines, Organization Science 21(5): 955–972.