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  • Print publication year: 2020
  • Online publication date: June 2020



The creation of rues by governments in international trade and investment agreements is heavily swayed by the interests of “elite” economic actors such as “multinational corporations, industry associations, banks, hedge funds, and billionaires who can effectively influence the negotiating position of the most powerful governments.”1 These alliances often generate business practices and policy preferences which disadvantage Indigenous and other economically marginalized people.