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  • Print publication year: 2020
  • Online publication date: June 2020

5 - How the WTO Constructed Inuit and Indigenous Identity in EC-Seal Products

from Part I - Indigenous Peoples and International Trade and Investment


Chapter 5 brings the reader to the far north to examine the importance of self-determination for Inuit in trading disputes on seals and seal products. Michael Fakhri and Madeleine Redfern focus on how the Appellate Body of the World Trade Organization used trade law to construct an Indigenous exemption including a European-imposed determination of Indigenous identity for the purpose of trade in a manner that limits Inuit political and economic options and works against their rights. This chapter emphasizes the importance of Indigenous people continuing to assert their sovereign power and claims for self-determination not just through international law but, more specifically, through international trade law.

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