Maria Panezi explains in Chapter 9 that Indigenous peoples are frequently included in social procurement programs as part of government efforts to correct past injustices and offer assistance towards a better economic future. Both the empowering and the redistributive outcomes of government procurement are equally important for Indigenous peoples and should be immediate priorities of governments that need to advance economic equity. There have been efforts to create a robust procurement regime for Indigenous peoples in various national contexts, especially in Canada, the US, Australia and New Zealand. These programs are works in progress and need to be both supported and evaluated continuously to allow for adaptation. This chapter serves as necessary background for the re-evaluation of transnational (local, provincial, regional, federal and cross-border) procurement policies for Indigenous businesses and service providers.