An international team of over 100 leading scholars has been brought together to provide authoritative exposition of how historys most important philosophical thinkers from antiquity to the present day- have sought to analyse the concepts and tenets central to Western religious belief, especially Christianity. Volume 2 comprises an introduction, presenting an overview of Medieval philosophy of religion, and a series of essays on Medieval philosophers, including Boethius, Marenbon, Anselm of Canterbury, Bernard of Clairvaux, Al-Ghazali, Moses Mainmonides, William Ockham, Erasmus of Rotterdam and Roger Bacon. Each essay opens with a brief biography, outlines and analyses the philosophers contribution to thinking on religion, and concludes with key further reading. The volume closes with a chronology, presenting a contextual guide to the main religious, political, cultural and artistic events of the period. This volume is an excellent tool for those undertaking research in this area.