Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2009
  • Online publication date: January 2010

Chapter 18 - Craniofacial trauma:

References

1. American College of Surgeons. Advanced Trauma Life Support Manual. American College of Surgeons committee on trauma. Chicago, 2004.
2. Chesnut RM, Marshall LF, Klauber MR et al. The role of secondary brain injury in determining outcome from severe head injury. J Trauma 1993; 34(2): 216–22.
3. Komiyama M, Nishikawa M, Kan M, Shigemoto T, Kaji A. Endovascular treatment of intractable oronasal bleeding associated with severe craniofacial injury. J Trauma 1998; 44(2): 330–4.
4. Williams J, Jehle D, Cottington E, Shufflebarger C. Head, facial, and clavicular trauma as a predictor of cervical-spine injury. Ann Emerg Med 1992; 21(6): 719–22.
5. Hills MW, Deane SA. Head injury and facial injury: is there an increased risk of cervical spine injury? J Trauma. 1993; 34(4): 549–53.
6. Baker NJ, Evans BT, Neil Dwyer G, Lang DA. Guidelines for reviewing participation in the National Confidential Enquiry into patient outcome and Death and Implementing NCEPOD recommendations: frontal sinus fractures. In: Ward Booth P, Eppley BL, Schmelzeisen R, eds. Maxillofacial Trauma and Esthetic Facial Reconstruction. Churchill Livingstone, 2003; 200.
7. Martin RC, Spain DA, Richardson JD. Do facial fractures protect the brain or are they a marker for severe head injury? Am Surg 2002; 68(5): 477–81.
8. Stewart MG. Head, Face and Neck Trauma. Comprehensive Management. Thième, 2005.
9. Manson PN Maxillofacial injuries Emerg Med Clin North Am 1984; 2(4):168–78.
10. Manson PN, Clarke N, Robertson B et al. Subunit principles in midface fractures: the importance of sagittal buttresses, soft tissue reductions and sequencing treatment of segmental fractures. Plastic Reconstruc Surg 1999; 103(4): 1287–307.
11. al-Qurainy IA, Stassen LF, Dutton GN, Moos KF, el-Attar A. The characteristics of midfacial fractures and the association with ocular injury: a prospective study. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1991; 29(5): 291–301.
12. al-Qurainy IA, Titterington DM, Dutton GN, Stassen LF, Moos KF, el-Attar A. Midfacial fractures and the eye: the development of a system for detecting patients at risk of eye injury. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1991; 29(6): 363–7.
13. Lee HJ, Jilani M, Frohman L, Baker S. CT of orbital trauma. Emerg Radiol 2004; 10(4): 168–72.
14. Seeking patients’ consent: the ethical guidelines. GMC, 1998.
15. McMahon JD, Koppel DA, Devlin M, Moos KF. Maxillary and panfacial fractures. In: Wardbooth P Epply BL, Schmelzeizen R, eds. Maxillofacial Trauma and Esthetic Reconstruction. Churchill Livingstone, 2003; 251.
16. Wallis A, Donald PJ. Frontal sinus fractures: a review of 72 cases. Laryngoscope 1988; 98: 593–598.
17. Gruss JS, Pollock RA, Phillips JH, Antonyshyn O. Combined injuries to the cranium and face. Br J Plastic Surg 1999; 42: 385–98.
18. Wilson BC, Davidson B, Corey JP, Haydon RC 3rd. Comparison of complications following frontal sinus fractures managed with or without obliteration over ten years. Laryngoscope 1998; 98(5): 516–520.
19. Bell RB, Dierks EJ, Brar P, Potter JK, Potter BE. A protocol for the management of frontal sinus fractures emphasising sinus preservation. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2007; 65(5): 825–39.
20. Friedman JA, Ebersold MJ, Quast LM. Post traumatic cerebrospinal fluid leakage. World J Surg 2001; 25(8): 1062–6.
21. Eljamel MS, Foy PM. Acute traumatic CSF fistulae. The risk of intracranial infection. Br J Neurosurg 1990; 4(6): 479–83
22. Donald PJ, Bernstein L. Compound frontal sinus injuries with intracranial penetration. Laryngoscope 1978; 88: 225–32.
23. Zapalac JS, Marple BF, Schwade ND. Skull base cerebrospinal fistulas: a comprehensive diagnostic algorithm. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2002; 126(6): 669–76.
24. Bell RB, Dierks EJ, Brar P, Potter JK, Potter BE. A protocol for the management of frontal sinus fractures emphasising sinus preservation. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2007; 65(5): 825–39.
25. Hernandez Altemir F. The submental route for endotracheal intubation: a new technique. J Maxillofac Surg. 1986; 14(1): 64–65.