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  • Print publication year: 2013
  • Online publication date: March 2013

1 - Introduction to journals

Summary

Journals have been, for more than 350 years, a key part of the fabric of scholarly communication. They enable scholars to communicate their ideas and discoveries across time as well as space; thus the sum of human knowledge and understanding is gradually increased, as others are able to integrate, question, and build on the work of their predecessors (as in Newton’s famous remark “if I have seen further it is by standing on ye sholders of giants” [Newton, 1676]).

In November 2012, there were 28,714 active peer-reviewed, scholarly journals listed in the Ulrichsweb database (Ulrichsweb, 2012) and there are certainly many more, particularly in languages other than English; this number has been increasing steadily by around 3 per annum, and will no doubt continue to do so. Jinha estimated that by 2009, some 50 million individual articles had been published since the first journals appeared in 1665 (Jinha, 2010); for about every 100 additional articles written, a new journal is created (Mabe, 2003).

No accurate estimates are available for the global value of the scholarly journals market; in 2011, the global market for all scholarly, peer-reviewed journals was variously estimated at $9.4bn (Outsell, 2012) to $10.3bn for science, technology, and medicine (STM) alone (Simba Information, 2012). This is not large in the overall scheme of things – in 2010, the market for chocolate and confectionery in the UK alone was estimated at approximately $7.72bn (KeyNote, 2011)!

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The Handbook of Journal Publishing
  • Online ISBN: 9781139107860
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139107860
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References
Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers (ALPSP) and International Association of Scientific, Technical & Medical Publishers (STM) joint position statement, 2006, Databases, data sets and data accessibility – views and practices of scholarly publishers, June ()
Association of Research Libraries (ARL), 1990, ARL statistics 1988–89, Washington, DC, Association of Research Libraries ()
Beckett, Chris, and Inger, Simon, 2006, Self-archiving and journal subscription: co-existence or competition?, London, Publishing Research Consortium ()
Björk, Bo-Christer, 2012, The hybrid model for open access publication of scholarly articles – a failed experiment?, Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 63: 1496–1504 ()
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CIBER, 2011, E-journals: their use, value and impact, London, Research Information Network ()
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Jinha, Arif E, 2010, Article 50 million: an estimate of the number of scholarly articles in existence, Learned Publishing 23: 258–63 ()
Keynote, 2011, KeyNote Confectionery Market Report Plus 2011, London, KeyNote ()
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Mabe, Michael, 2003, The growth and number of journals, Serials 16: 191–7 ()
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Morris, Sally, 2007, Mapping the journal publishing landscape: how much do we know?, Learned Publishing 20: 299–310 ()
Morris, Sally, 2009, Journal authors’ rights: perception and reality, London, Publishing Research Consortium ()
Newton, Isaac, 1676, letter to Robert Hooke, February 5, in Turnbull, H W (ed.), Correspondence of Isaac Newton, Vol. II (1676–1687), Cambridge University Press, 1960
Okerson, Ann, and O’Donnell, James (eds.), 1995, Scholarly journals at the crossroads: a subversive proposal, Washington, DC, Association of Research Libraries ()
Outsell, 2012, Scientific, technical & medical information 2012: market size share, forecast, and trend report, Burlingame, CA, Outsell, Inc.
Richardson, Martin J, 1997, A system for the publication of biomedical journals in multiple formats, Learned Publishing 10: 221–5 ()
Sanville, Thomas J, 2001, A method out of the madness: OhioLINK’s collaborative response to the serials crisis, Serials 14: 163–77 ()
Simba Information, 2012 (in press), Global STM Publishing 2012–2013 (personal communication, Dan Strempel, Senior Analyst)
Strickland, Peter R, McMahon, Brian, and Helliwell, John R, 2008, Integrating research articles and supporting data in crystallography, Learned Publishing 21: 63–72 ()
Swan, Alma, 2002, Authors and electronic publishing, Worthing, Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers ()
Tenopir, Carol, King, Donald W, Edwards, Sheri, and Wu, Lei, 2009, Electronic journals and changes in scholarly article seeking and reading patterns, ASLIB Proceedings 61: 5–32 ()
Thatcher, Sanford, 2011, Copyediting’s role in an open access world, Against the Grain 23: 30–4 ()
Thorn, Sue, Morris, Sally, and Fraser, Ron, 2009, Learned societies and open access: key results from surveys of bioscience societies and researchers, Serials 22: 39–48 ()
Ulrichsweb, 2012, Ulrichsweb.com™, Copyright © 2012 Seattle, WA, ProQuest LLC, 2011, all rights reserved () (accessed November 5, 2012)
Ware, Mark, 2006, ALPSP survey of librarians on factors in journal cancellation, Worthing, Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers ()
Ware, Mark, and Mabe, Michael, 2009, The STM report, London, International Association of Scientific, Technical & Medical Publishers ()
Further reading
Page, Gillian, Campbell, Robert, and Meadows, Jack, 1997, Journal publishing, Cambridge University Press
Tenopir, Carol, and King, Donald, 2000, Towards electronic journals, Alexandria, VA, Special Libraries Association