Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2011
  • Online publication date: June 2014

Chapter 9 - The colonial metropole

Summary

One of the most innovative ideas to come out of the field of post-colonial studies and more recent studies on empire has been the suggestion that the histories of the colonizers and the colonized should be examined within one coherent analytic field. For a long time, historiography was dominated by a perspective that interpreted colonial contacts in terms of influence and diffusion. In this view, European expansion led to irreversible changes in indigenous societies, changes that could be interpreted as being either positive (cultural mission and modernization) or negative (oppression and exploitation). Thus Europe, it was believed, had radically changed the world without itself being greatly affected by those changes. This one-sided view has recently been replaced by a perspective that no longer views European history and colonial history as separate entities, but accepts that the numerous links and processes of exchange that existed between them were constitutive for both.

This approach has brought interesting results for British history in particular; it has revealed the extent to which colonial links shaped the dynamics of British society and economy, everyday life in the metropole, and British nationalism. Such a change in perspective can also be useful for understanding German society. Because the German colonial empire lasted for a much shorter period, it is not surprising that the effects are less obvious, can be found primarily in the areas of representation and popular culture, and were themselves shorter-lived. Yet here, too, we can identify cases of ‘double inscription’, as Stuart Hall has termed the complex interactions between metropole and colony. Wilhelmine Germany, in diverse and not always obvious ways, was shaped and influenced by the effects of the colonial encounter.

Hall, CatherineCultures of Empire: A Reader: Colonizers in Britain and the Empire in the Nineteenth and Twentieth CenturiesManchesterManchester University Press 2000
Hall, CatherineRose, Sonya O.At Home with the Empire: Metropolitan Culture and the Imperial WorldCambridgeCambridge University Press 2006
Marriott, JohnThe Other Empire: Metropolis, India and Progress in the Colonial ImaginationManchesterManchester University Press 2004
MacKenzie, JohnImperialism and Popular CultureManchesterManchester University Press 1987
Hall, StuartWhen Was “the Post-colonial”? Thinking at the LimitChambers, IainCurti, LidiaThe Post-colonial Question: Common Skies, Divided HorizonsLondonRoutledge 1996 242
Honold, AlexanderAusstellung des Fremden – Menschen- und Völkerschau um 1900: Zwischen Anpassung und Verfremdung: Der Exot und sein PublikumConrad, SebastianOsterhammel, JürgenDas Kaiserreich transnational: Deutschland in der Welt 1871–1914GöttingenVandenhoeck & Ruprecht 2004 170
Stinde, JuliusHôtel Buchholz: Ausstellungs-Erlebnisse der Frau Wilhelmine BuchholzBerlinFreund & Jeckel 1897 200
Sippel, HaraldRassismus, Protektionismus oder Humanität? Die gesetzlichen Verbote der Anwerbung von “Eingeborenen” zu Schaustellungszwecken in den deutschen KolonienDebusmann, RobertRiesz, JanosKolonialausstellungen – Begegnungen mit Afrika?Frankfurt am MainIKO 1995 43
Badenberg, NanaZwischen Kairo und Alt-Berlin. Sommer 1896: Die deutschen Kolonien als Ware und Werbung auf der Gewerbe-Ausstellung in TreptowHonold, AlexanderScherpe, Klaus R.Mit Deutschland um die Welt. Eine Kulturgeschichte des Fremden in der KolonialzeitStuttgartMetzler 2004 190
van Laak, DirkKolonien als “Laboratorien der Moderne”Conrad, SebastianOsterhammel, JürgenDas Kaiserreich transnational: Deutschland in der Welt 1871–1914GöttingenVandenhoeck & Ruprecht 2004 257
Matzat, WilhelmDie Tsingtauer Landordnung des Chinesenkommissars Wilhelm SchrameierBonnSelbstverlag 1985
Breitenbach, WilhelmÜber das Deutschthum in Süd-Brasilien: Eine StudieHamburgRichter 1887 14
Jackson Turner, FrederickThe Significance of the Frontier in American HistoryMack Faragher, JohnRereading Frederick Jackson Turner: The Significance of the Frontier in American History and Other EssaysNew YorkHenry Holt 1994 11
Gernhard, RobertReise-Bilder aus BrasilienBreslauSchottlaender 1900 44
Nothnagle, AlanMetanoia! Hans Paasche – ein lebensreformerischer VisionärZeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft 45 1997 773
Lange, WernerHans Paasches Forschungsreise ins innerste Deutschland: Eine BiographieBremenDonat 1994
Scheffler, JürgenDie Gründungsjahre 1883–1913Deutscher Arbeiterkolonien, ZentralverbandEin Jahrhundert Arbeiterkolonien. ‘Arbeit statt Almosen’ – Hilfe für Obdachlose Wanderarme 1884–1984BielefeldVSH – Verlag Soziale Hilfe 1984 23
Conrad, Sebastian“Eingeborenenpolitik” in Kolonie und Metropole: “Erziehung zur Arbeit” in Ostafrika und OstwestfalenConrad, SebastianOsterhammel, JürgenDas Kaiserreich transnational: Deutschland in der Welt 1871–1914GöttingenVandenhoeck & Ruprecht 2004 107
Smith, Woodruff D.The Ideological Origins of Nazi ImperialismNew YorkOxford University Press 1986 146