Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Print publication year: 2017
  • Online publication date: May 2017

Chapter 1 - Origins of Offending in Young People

from Section 1 - Developmental Pathways
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

Forensic Child and Adolescent Mental Health
  • Online ISBN: 9780511777127
  • Book DOI:
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th Edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association Publishing.
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 5th Edition. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association Publishing.
Arnsten, A. F. T. and Rubia, K. (2012). Neurobiological circuits regulating attention, cognitive control, motivation, and emotion: disruptions in neurodevelopmental psychiatric disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 51, 356367.
Barker, E. D., Copeland, W., Maughan, B., Jaffee, S. R. and Uher, R. (2012). Relative impact of maternal depression and associated risk factors on offspring psychopathology. British Journal of Psychiatry, 200, 124129.
Blakemore, S. J. and Robbins, T. W. (2012). Decision-making in the adolescent brain. Nature Neuroscience, 15, 11841191.
Boivin, M., Brendgen, M., Vitaro, F., Forget-Dubois, N., Feng, B., Tremblay, R. E. and Dionne, G. (2013). Evidence of gene-environment correlation for peer difficulties: disruptive behaviors predict early peer relation difficulties in school through genetic effects. Development and Psychopathology, 25, 7992.
Bowlby, J. (1944). Forty-four juvenile thieves: their characters and home life. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 25, 1952.
Burt, S. A. (2013). Do etiological influences on aggression overlap with those on rule breaking? a meta-analysis. Psychological Medicine, 43, 18011812.
Burt, S. A. and Klump, K. (2014). Prosocial peer affiliation suppresses genetic influences on non-aggressive antisocial behaviors during childhood. Psychological Medicine, 44, 821830.
Davis, E. P., Glynn, L. M., Schetter, C. D., Hobel, C., Chicz-Demet, A. and Sandman, C. A. (2007). Prenatal exposure to maternal depression and cortisol influences infant temperament. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 46, 737746.
Dishion, T. J. and Tipsord, J. M. (2011). Peer contagion in child and adolescent social and emotional development. Annual Review of Psychology, 62, 189214.
Dodge, K. A. (1993). Social-cognitive mechanisms in the development of conduct disorder and depression. Annual Review of Psychology, 44, 559584.
Fairchild, G., van Goozen, S. H. M., Calder, A. J. and Goodyer, I. M. (2013). Research review: evaluating and reformulating the developmental taxonomic theory of antisocial behaviour. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 54, 924940.
Fearon, R. P., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., van IJzendoorn, M. H., Lapsley, A-M. and Roisman, G. I. (2010). The significance of insecure attachment and disorganization in the development of children’s externalizing behavior: a meta-analytic study. Child Development, 81, 435456.
Fergusson, D. M., Boden, J. M., Horwood, L. J., Miller, A. and Kennedy, M. A. (2012). Moderating role of the MAOA genotype in antisocial behaviour. British Journal of Psychiatry, 200, 116123.
Frick, P. J., Ray, J. V., Thornton, L. C. and Kahn, R. E. (2014). Can callous-unemotional traits enhance the understanding, diagnosis, and treatment of serious conduct problems in children and adolescents? a comprehensive review. Psychological Bulletin, 140, 157.
Gardner, M. and Steinberg, L. (2005). Peer influence on risk taking, risk preference, and risky decision making in adolescence and adulthood: an experimental study. Developmental Psychology, 41, 625635.
Ge, X. and Natsuaki, M. N. (2009). In search of explanations for early pubertal timing effects on developmental psychopathology. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 18, 327331.
Henry, K. L., Knight, K. E. and Thornberry, T. P. (2012). School disengagement as a predictor of dropout, delinquency, and problem substance use during adolescence and early adulthood. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 41, 156166.
Hill, J. (2002). Biological, psychological and social processes in the conduct disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43, 133164.
Hill, J. and Maughan, B. (2015). Conceptual issues and empirical challenges in the disruptive behavior disorders. In Thapar, A., Pine, D. S., Leckman, J., Snowling, M. J., Scott, S. and Taylor, E. Editors. Rutter’s Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 6th Edition (pp. 3748). Chichester: Wiley.
Hoeve, M., Dubas, J. S., Eichelsheim, V. I., van der Laan, P. H., Smeenk, W. and Gerris, J. R. M. (2009). The relationship between parenting and delinquency: a meta-analysis. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 37, 749775.
Jaffee, S. R., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., Polo-Tomas, M., Price, T. S. and Taylor, A. (2004). Physical maltreatment victim to antisocial child: evidence of an environmentally mediated process. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 113, 4455.
Jaffee, S. R., Strait, L. B. and Odgers, C. L. (2012). From correlates to causes: can quasi-experimental studies and statistical innovations bring us closer to identifying the causes of antisocial behavior? National Institute of Health Public Access Author Manuscript – NIHMS328571 finally edited and published in Psychological Bulletin, 138, 272295.
Kendler, K. S., Jacobson, K. C., Gardner, C. O., Gillespie, N., Aggen, S. A. and Prescott, C. A. (2007). Creating a social world – a developmental twin study of peer-group deviance. Archives of General Psychiatry, 64, 958965.
Kendler, K. S., Lonn, S. L., Maes, H. H., Sundquist, J. and Sundquist, K. (2015). The etiologic role of genetic and environmental factors in criminal behavior as determined from full- and half-sibling pairs: an evaluation of the validity of the twin method. Psychological Medicine, 45, 18731880.
Klahr, A. M. and Burt, S. A. (2014). Practitioner Review: evaluation of the known behavioral heterogeneity in conduct disorder to improve its assessment and treatment. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 55, 13001310.
Kuja-Halkola, R., D’Onofrio, B. M., Larsson, H. and Lichtenstein, P. (2014). Maternal smoking during pregnancy and adverse outcomes in offspring: genetic and environmental sources of covariance. Behavior Genetics, 44, 456467.
Lahey, B. B., Waldman, I. D. and McBurnett, K. (1999). Annotation: the development of antisocial behavior: an integrative causal model. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 669682.
Marceau, K., Narusyte, J., Lichtenstein, P., Ganiban, J. M., Spotts, E. L., Reiss, D. and Neiderhiser, J. M. (2015). Parental knowledge is an environmental influence on adolescent externalizing. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 56, 130137.
McGowan, P. O. and Roth, T. L. (2015). Epigenetic pathways through which experiences become linked with biology. Development and Psychopathology, 27, 637648.
Mendle, J. and Ferrero, J. (2010). Detrimental psychological outcomes associated with pubertal timing in adolescent boys. Developmental Review, 32, 4966.
Mendle, J., Turkheimer, E. and Emery, R. E. (2007). Detrimental psychological outcomes associated with pubertal timing in adolescent girls. Developmental Review, 21, 151171.
Miller, T. R. (2015). Projected outcomes of nurse-family partnership home visitation during 1996–2013, USA. Prevention Science, 16, 765777.
Moffitt, T. E. (1993). Adolescence-limited and life-course-persistent antisocial behavior – a developmental taxonomy. Psychological Review, 100, 674701.
Murray, J. and Farrington, D. P. (2010). Risk factors for conduct disorder and delinquency: key findings from longitudinal studies. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 55, 633–42.
O’Donnell, K. J., Glover, V., Barker, E. D. and O’Connor, T. G. (2014). The persisting effect of maternal mood in pregnancy on childhood psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 26, 393403.
Odgers, C. L., Moffitt, T. E., Broadbent, J. M., Dickson, N., Hancox, R. J., Harrington, H., Poulton, R., Sears, M. R., Thomson, W. M. and Caspi, A. (2008). Female and male antisocial trajectories: from childhood origins to adult outcomes. Development and Psychopathology, 20, 673716.
Odgers, C. L., Moffitt, T. E., Tach, L. M., Sampson, R. J., Taylor, A., Matthews, C. L. and Caspi, A. (2009). The protective effects of neighborhood collective efficacy on British children growing up in deprivation: a developmental analysis. Developmental Psychology, 45, 942957.
Oliver, B. R., Barker, E. D., Mandy, W. P. L., Skuse, D. H. and Maughan, B. (2011). Social cognition and conduct problems: a developmental approach. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 50, 385394.
Pardini, D. and Frick, P. J. (2013). Multiple developmental pathways to conduct disorder: current conceptualizations and clinical implications. Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 22, 2025.
Patterson, G., Reid, J. and Dishion, T. (1992) Antisocial Boys. Eugene, OR: Castalia.
Peper, J. S. and Dahl, R. E. (2013). The teenage brain: surging hormones–brain-behavior interactions during puberty. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22, 134139.
Portnoy, J. and Farrington, D. P. (2015). Resting heart rate and antisocial behavior: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 22, 3345.
Provençal, N., Booij, L. and Tremblay, R. E. (2015). The developmental origins of chronic physical aggression: biological pathways triggered by early life adversity. Journal of Experimental Biology, 218, 123133.
Rhee, S. H. and Waldman, I. D. (2002). Genetic and environmental influences on antisocial behavior: a meta-analysis of twin and adoption studies. Psychological Bulletin, 128, 490529.
Rowe, R., Maughan, B., Worthman, C., Costello, E. J. and Angold, A. (2004). Testosterone, conduct disorder and social dominance in boys: pubertal development and biosocial interaction. Biological Psychiatry, 55, 546552.
Rutter, M. (2013). Annual research review: resilience – clinical implications. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 54, 474487.
Rutter, M., Giller, H. and Hagell, A. (1998). Antisocial Behaviour by Young People. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Rutter, M. and Maughan, B. (2002). School effectiveness findings 1979–2002. Journal of School Psychology, 40, 451475.
Sampson, R. J., Raudenbush, S. W. and Earls, F. (1997). Neighborhoods and violent crime: a multilevel study of collective efficacy. Science, 277, 918924.
Savage, J. (2014). The association between attachment, parental bonds and physically aggressive and violent behavior: a comprehensive review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 19, 164178.
Schweinhart, L. J., Montie, J., Xiang, Z., Barnett, W. S., Belfield, C. R. and Nores, M. (2005). Life-Time Effects: The High/Scope Perry Preschool Study Through Age 40. Ypsilanti: High/Scope Press.
Scott, S., Briskman, J., Woolgar, M., Humayun, S. and O’Connor, T. G. (2011). Attachment in adolescence: overlap with parenting and unique prediction of behavioural adjustment. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52, 10521062.
Scott, S. and O’Connor, T. G. (2012). An experimental test of differential susceptibility to parenting among emotionally-dysregulated children in a randomized controlled trial for oppositional behavior. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53, 11841193.
Talge, N. M., Neal, C. and Glover, V. (2007). Antenatal maternal stress and long-term effects on child neurodevelopment: how and why? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48, 245261.
Taylor, A. and Kim-Cohen, J. (2007). Meta-analysis of gene–environment interactions in developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 19, 10291037.
Tremblay, R. E. (2010). Developmental origins of disruptive behaviour problems: the ‘original sin’ hypothesis, epigenetics and their consequences for prevention. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51, 341367.
van Goozen, S. H. M., Fairchild, G., Snoek, H. and Harold, G. T. (2007). The evidence for a neurobiological model of childhood antisocial behavior. Psychological Bulletin, 133, 149182.
Viding, E., Fontaine, N. M. G. and McCrory, E. J. (2012). Antisocial behaviour in children with and without callous-unemotional traits. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 105, 195200.
Wakschlag, L. S., Pickett, K. E., Cook, E. Benowitz, N. L. and Leventhal, B. L. (2002). Maternal smoking during pregnancy and severe antisocial behavior in offspring: a review. American Journal of Public Health, 92, 966974.
Waller, R., Gardner, F. and Hyde, L. W. (2013). What are the associations between parenting, callous-unemotional traits, and antisocial behavior in youth? a systematic review of evidence. Clinical Psychology Review, 33, 593608.
Wichers, M., Gardner, C., Maes, H. H., Lichtenstein, P., Larsson, H. and Kendler, K. S. (2013). Genetic innovation and stability in externalizing problem behavior across development: a multi-informant twin study. Behavior Genetics, 43, 191201.