1.Liley, AW. Liquor amnil analysis in the management of the pregnancy complicated by resus sensitization. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1961; 82: 1359–70.
2.MacGregor, SN, Socol, M, Pielet, BW, et al. Prediction of haematocrit decline after intravascular transfusion. AJOG 1989; 161: 1491–3.
3.Jones, HM, Linch, D, Nicolaides, K, et al. Survival of transfused adult cells in the fetus. Fetal Ther 1986; 1: 193–5.
4.Somerset, DA, Moore, A, Whittle, MJ, et al. An audit of outcome in intravascular transfusions using the intrahepatic portion of the fetal umbilical vein compared to cordocentesis. Fetal Diagn Ther 2006; 21: 272–6.
5.Nicolini, U, Nicolaidis, P, Fisk, NM, et al. Fetal blood sampling from the intrahepatic vein: analysis of safety and clinical experience with 214 procedures. Obstet Gynecol 1990; 76: 47–53.
6.Van Kamp, IL, Klumper, F, Opekes, D, et al. Complications of intrauterine intravascular transfusion for fetal anemia due to maternal red cell alloimmunisation. AJOG 2005; 192: 171–7.
7.Schumacher, B, Moise, KJ Jr. Fetal transfusion for red blood cell alloimmunisation in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol 1996; 88: 137–50.
8.Lindenburg, IT, Smits-Wintjens, V, van Klink, JM, et al., on behalf of the LOTUS study group. Long-term neurodevelopmental outcome after intrauterine transfusion for hemolytic disease of the fetus/newborn: the LOTUS study. AJOG 2012; 206: e1–8.
9.Knox, EM, Kilby, MD, Martin, WL, et al. In-utero pulmonary drainage in the management of primary hydrothorax and congenital cystic lung lesion: a systematic review. Ultrasound Obstet Gynaecol 2006; 28: 726–34.
10.Golbus, MS, Harrison, M, Filly, RA, et al. In utero treatment of urinary tract obstruction. American J Obstet Gynecol 1982; 142: 383–8.
11.Morris, RK, Main, G, Khan, KS, et al. Systematic review of the effectiveness of antenatal intervention for the treatment of congenital lower urinary tract obstruction. BJOG 2010; 117: 382–90.
12.Morris, RK Malin, GL, Quinlan-Jones, E, et al. Percutaneous vesicoamniotic shunting versus conservative management for fetal lower urinary tract obstruction (PLUTO): a randomised trial. Lancet 2013; 382: 1496–506.
13.Biard, J-M, Johnson, MP, Carr, MC, et al. Long-term outcomes in children treated by prenatal vesicoamniotic shunting for lower urinary tract obstruction. Obstet Gynecol 2005; 106(3): 503–8.
14.Denny, E, Quinlan-Jones, E, Bibila, S, et al. The experience of pregnant women with a diagnosis of fetal lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO). Midwifery 2014; 30(6): 636–42.
15.Quintero, RA, Johnson, M, Romero, R, et al. In-utero percutaneous cystoscopy in the management of fetal lower obstructive uropathy. Lancet 1995; 346: 537–40.
16.Malin, G, Tonks, AM, Morris, RK, Gardosi, J, Kilby, MD. Congenital lower urinary tract obstruction: a population-based epidemiological study. BJOG, 2012 Nov; 119(12): 1455–64.
17.Urig, M, Clewell, W, Elliot, P. Twin-twin transfusion sydrome. AJOG 1990; 163: 1522–6.
18.Saunders, N, Snijders, R, Nicholaides, K. Theraputic amniocentesis in twin-twin transfusion syndrome appearing in the second trimester of pregnancy. AJOG 1991; 166: 820–4.
19.Saade, G, Olson, G, Belfort, M. Amniotomy: a new approach to the ‘stuck twin’ syndrome. AJOG 1995; 172: 429.
20.Saade, G, Belfort, M, Berry, D, et al. Amniotic septostomy for the treatment of twin oligohydramnios-polyhydramnios sequence. Fetal Diagn Ther 1998; 13: 86–93.
21.De Lia, JE, Cruikshank, DP, Keye, WR Jr. Fetoscopic neodymium: Yag laser occlusion of placental vessels insevere twin-twin transfusion syndrome. Obstet Gynecol 1990; 75: 1046–53.
22.Senat, MV, Deprest, J, Boulvain, M, et al. Endoscopic laser surgery versus serial amnioreduction for severe twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. NEJM 2004; 315: 136–44.
23.Morris, RK, Selman, TJ, Harbidge, A, et al. Fetoscopic laser coagulation for severe twin to twin transfusion syndrome: factors influencing perinatal outcome, learning curve of the procedure and lessons for new centres. BJOG 2010; 117: 1350–7.
24.Quintero, RA. Twin-twin tansfusion syndrome. Clin Perinatol 2003; 30: 591–600.
25.Roberts, D, Neilson, JP, Kilby, MD, et al. Interventions for the treatment of twin-twin transfusion syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2014; 1: CD002073.
26.Ville Y, . Twin-twin transfusion syndrome: time to forget the Quintero staging system? Ultrasound Obstet Gynaecol 2007; 30: 924–7.
27.Odibo, A, Caughey, A, Grobman, W, et al. Selective laser photocoagulation versus serial amniodrainage for the treatment of twin-twin tansfusion syndrome: a cost effectiveness analysis. J Perinatol 2009; 29: 543–7.
28.Slaghekke, F, Lopriore, E, Lewi, L, et al. Fetoscopic laser coagulation of the vascular equator versus selective coagulation for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome: an open-label randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2014; 383(9935): 2144–51.
29.Merz, W, Tchatcheva, K, Gembruch, U, et al. Maternal complications of fetoscopic laser photocoagulation (FLP) for treatment of twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). J Perinatal Med 2010; 38: 439–43.
30.Lewi, L, Jani, J, Cannie, M et al. Intertwin anastomoses in monochorionic placentas after fetoscopic laser coagulation for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome: is there more than meets the eye? AJOG 2006; 194: 790–5.
31.Yamamoto, M, Murr, E, Robyr, R, et al. Incidence and Impact of perioperative complications in 175 fetoscopy guided laser coagulation of chorionic plate anastomoses in fetofetal transfusion syndrome before 26 weeks gestation. AJOG 2005; 193: 1110–6.
32.Deprest, JA, Audibert, F, Van Schoubroeck, D, et al. Bipolar coagulation of the umbilical cord in complicated monochroionic twin pregnancy. AJOG 2000; 182: 340–5.
33.Robyr, R, Yamamoto, M, Ville, Y. Selective feticide in complicated monochrorionic twin pregnancies using ultrasound-guided bipolar coagulation. BJOG 2005; 112(10): 1344–8.
34.Hecher, K, Lewl, L, Gratacos, E, et al. Twin reversed arterial perfusion: fetoscopic laser coagulation of placental anastomoses or the umbilical cord. Ultrasound Obstet Gynaecol 2006; 28: 688–91.
35.Tan, TY, Sepulveda, W. Acardiac twin: a systematic review of minimally invasive treatment modalities. Ultrasound Obstet Gynaecol 2003; 22: 409–19.
36.Cabassa, P, Fichera, A, Prefumo, F, et al. The use of radiofrequency in the treatment of twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence: a case series and review of the literature. Eur J Obstet Gynaecol Reprod Biol 2013; 166: 127–32.
37.Suda, K, Bigras, J, Bohn, D, et al. Echocardiographic predictors of outcome in newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Pediatrics 2000; 105(5): 1106–9.
38.Jani, J, Cannie, M, Peralta, C, et al. Lung volumes in fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia: comparison of 3D US and MR imaging assessments. Radiology 2007; 244: 575–82.
39.Deprest, J, Evrard, V, Van Ballaer, P, et al. Tracheoscopic endoluminal plugging using an inflatable device in the fetal lamb model. Eur J Obstet Gynaecol Reprod Biol 1998; 81: 165–9.
40.Flageole, H, Evrard, V, Piedboeuf, B, et al. The plug-unplug sequence: an important step to acheive type II pneumocyte maturation in the fetal lamb model. J Pediatr Surg 1998; 33: 299–303.
41.Deprest, J, Nicolaides, K, Done, E, et al. Technical aspects of fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion for congenital diaphragmatic hernia. J Pediatr Surg 2011; 46: 22–32.
42.Ruano, R, Yoshisaki, CT, da Silva, MM, et al. A randomized controlled trial of fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion versus postnatal management of severe isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecology 2012; 39: 20–7.
43.Bouchard, S, Davey, M, Rintoul, NE, et al. Correction of hindbrain herniation and anatomy of the vermis following in utero repair of myelomeningocele in sheep. J Pediatr Surg 2003; 38: 451–8.
44.Meuli, M, Meuli-Simmen, C, Hutchins, GM, et al. In utero surgery rescues neurological function at birth in sheep with spina bifida. Nat Med 1995; 1: 342–7.
45.Sutton, L, Adzick, N, Bilaniuk, L et al. Improvement in hindbrian herniation demonstrated by serial fetal magnetic resonance imaging following fetal surgery for myelomeningocele. JAMA 1999; 282: 1826–31.
46.Bruner, J, Tulipan, N, Paschall, R, et al. Fetal surgery for myelomeningocele and the incidence of shunt dependant hydrocephalus. JAMA 1999; 282: 1819–25.
47.Johnson, MP, Sutton, L, Rintoul, N, et al. Fetal myelomeningocele repair: short-term clinical outcomes. AJOG 2003; 189: 482–7.
48.Johnson, MP, Gerdes, M, Rintoul, N, et al. Maternal-fetal surgery for myelomeningocele: neurodevelopment outcomes at 2 years of age. AJOG 2006; 194: 1145–8.
49.Wilson, R, Lemerand, K, Johnson, M et al. Reproductive outcomes in subsequent pregnancies after a pregnancy complicated by open maternal-fetal surgery (1996–2007). AJOG 2010; 203: 209e1–6.
50.Adzick, NS, Thom, EA, Spong, CY, et al. A randomized trial of prenatal versus postnatal repair of myelomeningocele. NEJM 2011; 364: 993–1004.