Skip to main content Accessibility help
Failure and Hope
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

In 2015, sixty million people were displaced by violent conflict globally - the highest since World War II. National and international policy prevents the displaced from working or moving freely outside the camps set up to 'temporarily' house them. This policy has left the displaced with no right to work and move while they remain displaced for years, if not decades. Based on data on all 61 protracted displacement crises worldwide, fieldwork in seven conflict zones around the world, and in-depth interviews with over 170 humanitarian aid workers, government officials and refugees, this book systematically details the barriers to effective advocacy at every level of governance and shows that failure is the norm. Unlike many academic monographs, it goes further and proposes an alternative way forward that capitalizes on social entrepreneurship, crowd-funding and micro-finance to improve the lives of those that have been forced to flee their homes to find safety.

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.


The Atlantic. 2015. “What’s Next for Migrants After Paris? Friday’s Terrorist Attacks have Intensified an Ongoing Global Debate on Accepting Syrian Refugees.” November 14.
Amnesty International (AI). 2009. “Unlock the Camps in Sri Lanka: Safety and Dignity for the Displaced Now – A Briefing Paper.”|outline.
Amnesty International (AI). 2012. “Bhutan Human Rights.”
ARC. 2013. “American Refugee Committee International – About.”
Axelrod, Robert. 1984. The Evolution of Cooperation. New York: Basic Books.
Baumgartner, Frank R. and Jones, Bryan D.. 1993. Agendas and Instability in American Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
BBC. 2015. “Migrant Crisis: Migration to Europe Explained in Graphics.” November 9.
Beech, Hannah. 2007. “Laura Bush’s Burmese Crusade.” Time Magazine. September 5.,8599,1659170,00.html#ixzz1zsebRCya.
Bieri, Franziska. 2010. From Blood Diamonds to the Kimberley Process: How NGOs Cleaned up the Global Diamond Industry. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing.
Bob, Clifford. 2005. The Marketing of Rebellion: Insurgents, Media and International Activism. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Bornstein, David. 2007. How to Change the World: Social Entrepreneurs and the Power of New Ideas. New York: Oxford University Press.
Bornstein, David and Davis, Susan. 2010. Social Entrepreneurship: What Everyone Needs to Know. New York: Oxford University Press.
Brown, Ben. 2011. “Horn of Africa Drought: A Vision of Hell at the Dadaab Refugee Camp.” Telegraph. July 9.
Burma to New York. 2007. “Number of Burmese Refugees Coming to the US and New York State.”
CCSDPT. 2012. “Committee for Coordination of Services to Displaced Persons in Thailand – About US.”
Clark, Peter B. and Wilson, James Q.. 1961. “Incentive Systems: A Theory of Organizations.” Administrative Science Quarterly 6: 129–66.
CNN. 2012. “Aid Workers Abducted from Kenyan Refugee Complex.”
Cobb, Roger W. and Elder, Charles D.. 1983. Participation in American Politics: The Dynamics of Agenda-Building. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
CODHES. 2008. CODHES – Consultoría para los Derechos Humanos y el Desplazamiento. “Comisiόn de seguimiento de seguimiento a la política pública sobre desplazamiento forzado.”
Collier, Paul. 2007. The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries are Failing and What Can Be Done About It. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Core Working Group. 2007. “Communique of the Core Working Group on Bhutanese Refugees in Nepal.” May 16.
Cress, Daniel and Snow, David. 1998. “Mobilization at the Margins: Organizing by the Homeless.” In Social Movements and American Political Institutions. Edited by Anne Costain and Andrew McFarland. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, pp. 7398.
Edwards, Michael. 2009. Civil Society. Second Edition. Malden, MA: Polity Press.
Elkington, John and Hartigan, Pamela. 2008. The Power of Unreasonable People: How Social Entrepreneurs Create Markets that Change the World. Boston: Harvard Business Review Press.
Essa, Azad. 2011. “Dadaab, the World’s Biggest Refugee Camp.” Al Jazeera. July 11.
Fackler, Martin. 2010. “South Korea Experiences a Stirring for Revenge.” New York Times. November 27.
Forero, Juan. 2004. “Colombia’s 3 Million Refugees, Hidden in Plain Sight.” New York Times. September 12.
Gladwell, Malcolm. 2010. “Annals of Innovation – Small Change – Why the Revolution Will Not be Tweeted.” The New Yorker. October 4.
GPID. 2013. “Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement.”
Gross National Happiness (GNH). 2012. “The Center for Bhutan Studies.”
Guardian. 2015. “Bodies of 11 Refugees, Most of Them Infants, Recovered off Greece.” November 1.
GuluWalk. 2012.
Hansen, John Mark. 1985. “The Political Economy of Group Membership.” American Political Science Review 79: 7996.
Hardin, Garrett. 1968. “The Tragedy of the Commons.” Science 162: 1243–8.
Hochschild, Adam. 2005. Bury the Chains: Prophets and Rebels in the Fight to Free an Empire’s Slaves. New York: Mariner Books.
Hollenbach, David. 2008. Refugee Rights: Ethics, Advocacy and Africa. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
Human Rights Watch. 2012. “No Place for Children: Child Recruitment, Forced Marriage, and Attacks on Schools in Somalia.” February 20.
Human Security Report. 2005. Human Security Center, The University of British Columbia, Canada.
Internal Displacement Monitoring Center (IDMC). 2008. “COLOMBIA: Rate of New Displacement Highest in Two Decades, a Profile of the Internal Displacement Situation.” October 17.
Putnam, Robert. 2013. “Yemen.”
International Crisis Group (ICG). 2002. “Colombia’s Elusive Quest for Peace.” Latin America Report N°1. March 26.
International Crisis Group (ICG), 2007. “Colombia’s New Armed Groups.” Latin America Report N°20. May 10.
International Crisis Group (ICG), 2008a. “Somalia: To Move Beyond the Failed State.” Africa Report N°147–23. December.
International Crisis Group (ICG), 2008b. “Correcting Course: Victims and the Justice and Peace Law in Colombia.” Latin America Report N°29. October 30.
International Crisis Group (ICG), 2010. “Sri Lanka: A Bitter Peace.” Asia Briefing No. 99. January 11.
International Crisis Group (ICG), 2012. “Dismantling Colombia’s New Illegal Armed Groups: Lessons from a Surrender.” Latin America Report N°41. June 8.
International Organization for Migration (IOM). 2008. Resettled Myanmar Refugees by Location (as of 30 April 2008). Presented at the CCSDPT monthly meeting, Bangkok, Thailand, May 14.
International Rescue Committee (IRC). 2007. “Mission Statement.”
International Rescue Committee Uganda. 2007. “Annual Report.”
Joachim, Jutta M. 2007. Agenda Setting, the UN, and NGOs: Gender Violence and Reproductive Rights. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
Jones, Bryan D. and Baumgartner, Frank R.. 2005. The Politics of Attention: How Government Prioritizes Problems. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Keck, Margaret E. and Kathryn, Sikkink. 1998. Activists Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Kingdon, John W. 1995. Agendas, Alternatives and Public Policies. Second Edition. Boston: Little Brown.
Kitschelt, Herbert P. 1986. “Political Opportunity Structure and Political Problems: Anti-Nuclear Movements in Four Democracies.” Journal of Political Science 16(1): 5785.
, Kiva 2013. “Kiva – History.”
Klotz, Audie. 1995. Norms in International Relations: The Struggle Against Apartheid. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Kraft, Michael E. and Furlong, Scott R.. 2010. Public Policy: Politics, Analysis and Alternatives. Washington, DC: CQ Press.
Kriesi, Hanspeter. 1996. “The Organizational Structure of New Social Movements in a Political Context.” In Comparative Perspectives on Social Movements: Political Opportunities, Mobilizing Structures, and Cultural Framings. Edited by Doug McAdam, John D. McCarthy and Mayer N. Zald. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 152–84.
Loescher, Gil, James Milner, Edward Newman and Troeller, Gary. 2007. Protracted Refugee Situations and Peacebuilding. No. 1 Policy Brief. United Nations University.
Mahoney, Christine. 2008. Brussels vs. the Beltway: Advocacy in the United States and the European Union. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
Marwell, Gerald and Oliver, Pamela. 1993. The Critical Mass in Collective Action. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Maslow, Abraham H. 1943. “A Theory of Human Motivation.” Psychological Review 50: 370–96.
McAdam, Doug. 1988. Freedom Summer. New York: Oxford University Press.
McCarthy, John D. and Zald, Mayer N.. 1978. “Resource Mobilization and Social Movements: A Partial Theory.” American Journal of Sociology 82: 1212–41.
McConnell, Tristan. 2012. “Al Shabaab sold Doctors Without Borders Hostages to Pirates?” Global Post. January 10. africa-emerges/kenya-news-shabaab-sold-doctors-without-borders-hostages-.
Moe, Terry M. 1980. “A Calculus of Group Membership.” American Journal of Political Science 24: 593632.
Morgan, J.N., Dye, R.F. and Hybels, J.H.. 1975. A Survey of Giving Behavior and Attitudes: A Report to Respondents. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research.
Morrison, Keigh and Sandler, Tim. 2005. “Children of War in Uganda.” Dateline NBC. August 22. uganda/#.T_oZF5gW_7I.
MSF – Medicines Sans Frontier. 2005. “Displaced Colombians Struggle to Survive in Urban Slums.”
Muggah, Robert. Ed. 2006. No Refuge: The Crisis of Refugee Militarization in Africa. London: Zed Books.
Nelson, Paul J. and Dorsey., Ellen 2008. New Rights Advocacy: Changing Strategies of Development & Human Rights NGOs. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
New York Times. 2009. “Somalia: More Than 100,000 Have Fled, U.N. Says.” The Associated Press. June 9.
Nownes, Anthony J. and Neely, Grant. 1996. “Public Interest Group Entrepreneurship and Theories of Group Mobilization.” Political Research Quarterly 49: 119–46.
Olson, Mancur. 1965. The Logic of Collective Action: Public Goods and the Theory of Groups. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Ostrom, Elinor. 1990. Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ostrom, Elinor. 1998. “A Behavioral Approach to the Rational Choice Theory of Collective Action.” American Political Science Review 92: 122.
Papadopoulos, Renos and Ljubinkovic, Ana. 2007. “Report on Assessment of Psychosocial Needs at the Dadaab Refugee Camps.” Center for Trauma, Asylum and Refugees, University of Essex, UK.
Patrick, Erin. 2005. “Little Protection in ‘Protected Villages’: IDPs in Northern Uganda.” Migration Policy Institute Working Paper. May.
Patten, Chris. 2010. “Sri Lanka’s Choice, and the World’s Responsibility.” International Herald Tribune. January 13.
Polak, Paul. 2008. Out of Poverty: What Works When Traditional Approaches Fail. San Francisco: Barrett-Koehler.
Polgreen, Lydia. 2010. “President of Sri Lanka Is Re-elected by Wide Edge.” New York Times. January 27.
Pollack, M. 1997. “Representing Diffuse Interests in EC Policy-Making.” Journal of European Public Policy 4(4): 572–90.
Prahalad, C.K. 2014. Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid: Eradicating Poverty Through Profits. Philadelphia: Warton School Publishing.
Putnam, Robert. 1993. Making Democracy Work. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Putnam, Robert. 2003. Better Together: Restoring the American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Raghavan, Sudarsan. 2013. “In Traumatic Arc of a Refugee Camp, Congo’s War Runs Deep.” Washington Post. November 7.
R2P. 2013. “Responsibility to Protect.”
Ressler, Mattie. 2007. InterAction: Somalia – Guide to Humanitarian and Development Efforts of InterAction Member Agencies in Somalia.
RI. 2013. “Refugees International – Who We Are.”
Risse, Thomas. 2002. “Transnational Actors and World Politics.” In Handbook of International Relations. Edited by Walter Carlsnaes, Thomas Risse, and Beth A. Simmons. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, pp. 255–74.
Salisbury, Robert. 1969. “An Exchange Theory of Interest Groups.” Midwest Journal of Political Science 13: 132.
Scholte, Jan Aart. 2002. “Civil Society and Democracy in Global Governance.” Global Governance 8(3): 281304.
S.C.O.T.U.S. 2014. “Supreme Court of the United States. Obergefell et al. v. Hodges, Director, Ohio Department of Health et al. October Term.”
Sengupta, Somini and Sanger, David E.. 2015. “After Years of War in Syria, UN Passes Resolution on Talks.” New York Times. December 18.
Shirky, Clay. 2008. Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations. London: Penguin Books.
Slaughter, Anne-Marie. 2004. “Disaggregated Sovereignty: Towards the Public Accountability of Global Government Networks.” Government & Opposition 39(2): 159–90.
Sphere Handbook. 2011.
Spillius, Alex. 2012. “Al-Shabaab Militia Abducting Teenage Girls to Marry Fighters.” Telegraph. February 21.
Subba, S.B. 2008. “The Bombing of IOM Office in East Nepal Sheds New Light on Resettlement of Refugees in a Third Country.” Refugee Watch Online (A Co-Publication of Refugee Watch).
Swarns, Rachel L. 2006. “US Eases Curbs on Resettling Burmese Refugees.” New York Times. May 5.
Tarrow, Sidney. Ed. 1998. Power in Movement: Social Movements and Contentious Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Tarrow, Sidney. 2006. The New Transnational Activism. New York: Cambridge University Press.
TBBC. 2012. “Thai Burma Border Consortium – About Us.”
Terry, Fiona. 2002. Condemned to Repeat? The Paradox of Humanitarian Action. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Udéhn, Lars. 1993. “Twenty-Five Years with ‘The Logic of Collective Action’.” Acta Sociologica 36(3): 239–61.
UNHCR. 2006. “Practical Guide to the Systematic Use of Standards & Indicators in UNHCR Operations.” Second Edition. February.
UNHCR. 2008. “Nepal: UN Agency Condemns Attacks on Refugees.”
UNHCR. 2009a. “UNHCR Emergency Assistance Programme for Somali Refugees in Dadaab, Kenya.” January–December.
UNHCR. 2009b. “Handbook on the Protection of Internally Displaced Persons.”
UNHCR. 2015. “Worldwide Displacement Hits All-Time High as War and Persecution Increase.” June 18.
UNICEF. 2012. “Nepal Statistics.”
UNSC. 2004. “United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1564 – Darfur.”
UNSC. 2006. “United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1701 – Lebanon.”
USCRI. 2013. “US Committee for Refugees and Immigrants – Who We Are.”
Vogler, Pia. 2007. “Into the Jungle of Bureaucracy: Negotiating Access to Camps at the Thai-Burma Border.” Refugee Survey Quarterly 26(3): 5160.
Wade, Francis. 2009. “50,000th Burmese Border Refugee Resettled in the US.” Democratic Voice of Burma. July 1.
Walker, Jack L., Jr. 1983. “The Origins and Maintenance of Interest Groups in America.” American Political Science Review 77: 390406.
Yunus, Mohammad. 2001. Banker to the Poor: The Autobiography of Muhammad Yunus, Founder of Grameen Bank. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Yunus, Mohammad. 2011. Building Social Business: The New Kind of Capitalism that Serves Humanity’s Most Pressing Needs. New York: PublicAffairs.
Zhao, Kingzin. 2001. The Power of Tiananmen. State-Society Relations and the 1989 Beijing Student Movement. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.