THE GOVERNMENT AND MORAL ISSUES
All governments are faced with the difficult task of grappling with ethical issues upon which many scientific, philosophical, and religious leaders are unable to reach consensus. Government sponsorship of stem cell research is clearly such an issue.
Legislative issues are often heavy with ethical considerations. War and peace, for example, and crime and punishment are clearly predicated on ethical judgments, but so too are less obvious decisions on the relative allocation of resources to highway safety, school lunches for poor children, space research, AIDS in Africa, military equipment, and park preservation. These ethically based deliberations are made much more difficult when the legislators do not understand the scientific or technical issues involved.
Stem cell research is a subject that involves both ethical decision-making and science. It is generally believed that the political difficulties of stem cell research come from the ethical differences of debating parties. I suggest that they come more from a fundamental misunderstanding of the science. If so, there is a possibility of reaching consensus on regulations that would also be widely accepted by the public.
Most members arrive in the U.S. Congress with clear moral and ethical beliefs regarding human life. Generally, these convictions are based on personal and religious beliefs developed outside the public policy arena. Some are elected to office in part because of these beliefs and are unlikely to change their convictions based on Congressional debate.