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  • Print publication year: 2011
  • Online publication date: January 2012

Chapter 165 - Traumatic brain injury

from Part 28 - Intensive Care Unit

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Suggested readings

Brain Trauma Foundation, American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Joint Section on Neurotrauma and Critical Care. Guidelines for the management of severe head injury. J Neurotrauma 2007; 24:S1–S106.
Brain Trauma Foundation, American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Joint Section on Neurotrauma and Critical Care. Trauma systems. J Neurotrauma 2000; 17:457–462.
ChesnutRM, MarshallLF, KlauberMR, et al. The role of secondary brain injury in determining outcome from severe head injury. J Trauma 1993; 34:216–222.
IngebrigtsenT, RiseIR, WesterK, et al. [Scandinavian guidelines for management of minimal, mild and moderate head injuries]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2000; 120:1985–1990.
JuulN, MorrisGF, MarshallSB, et al. Intracranial hypertension and cerebral perfusion pressure: influence on neurological deterioration and outcome in severe head injury. The Executive Committee of the International Selfotel Trial. J Neurosurg 2000; 92:1–6.
MarshallLF, SmithRW, ShapiroHM. The outcome with aggressive treatment in severe head injuries. Part I: the significance of intracranial pressure monitoring. J Neurosurg 1979; 50:20–25.
MayerSA, BrunNC, BroderickJ, et al. Safety and feasibility of recombinant factor VIIa for acute intracerebral hemorrhage. Stroke 2005; 36:74–79.
MuizelaarJP, LutzHA 3rd, BeckerDP. Effect of mannitol on ICP and CBF and correlation with pressure autoregulation in severely head-injured patients. J Neurosurg 1984; 61:700–706.
NarayanRK, GreenbergRP, MillerJD, et al. Improved confidence of outcome prediction in severe head injury. A comparative analysis of the clinical examination, multimodality evoked potentials, CT scanning, and intracranial pressure. J Neurosurg 1981; 54:751–762.
PlumF, PosnerJ. Diagnosis of Stupor and Coma. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press; 1982.
RosnerMJ. Introduction to cerebral perfusion pressure management. Neurosurg Clin N Am 1995; 6:761–773.
ServadeiF, CiucciG, PiazzaG, et al. A prospective clinical and epidemiological study of head injuries in northern Italy: the commune of Ravenna. Neurosurg Rev 1989; 12(Suppl 1):429–435.
SteinSC, RossSE. Moderate head injury: a guide to initial management. J Neurosurg 1992; 77:562–564.
SuarezJI, QureshiAI, BhardwajA, et al. Treatment of refractory intracranial hypertension with 23.4% saline. Crit Care Med 1998; 26:1118–1122.
TeasdaleG, JennettB. Assessment of coma and impaired consciousness. A practical scale. Lancet 1974; 2:81–84.