Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: November 2019

Chapter 16 - English in Switzerland

from IV - Beyond Germany

Summary

The purpose of the present chapter is to investigate discourses on foreign language teaching and, in particular, the teaching of English in Switzerland, with a view to showing how these have come to play a significant, although inadvertent, socio-political role that potentially challenges Swiss national cohesion at the federal level.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO
Advisory Council of Education (Bildungsrat) of the Canton of Zürich. 2003. Englisch an der Primarschule. Grundsatz und Rahmenbedingungen. Erwägungen zum Bildungsratsbeschluss und Bildungsratsbeschluss vom 18.3.2003. Zürich: Bildungsrat.
Al-Thubaiti, Kholoud. 2010. Age effects in a minimal input setting on the acquisition of English morphosyntactic and semantic properties by L1 speakers of Arabic. PhD thesis, University of Essex, UK.
Bildungsdirektion des Kt. Zürich. 2010. Lehrplan Englisch. Primarstufe und Sekundarstufe I. Zurich: Lehrmittelverlag des Kantons Zürich. www.vsa.zh.ch/content/dam/bildungsdirektion/vsa/schulbetrieb/lehrplaene_lehrmittel/lehrplan_englisch.pdf.
Brohy, Claudine. 2005. ‘Trilingual education in Switzerland’, International Journal of the Sociology of Language 171: 133–48.
Clahsen, Harald and Felser, Claudia. 2006. ‘Grammatical processing in language learners’, Applied Psycholinguistics 27(1): 342.
Granena, Gisela and Long, Michael H. 2012. ‘Age of onset, length of residence, language aptitude, and ultimate L2 attainment in three linguistic domains’, Second Language Research 29(3): 311–43.
DeKeyser, Robert. 2012. ‘Age effects in second language learning’, in Gass, S. and Mackey, A. (eds.), Handbook of Second Language Acquisition. London: Routledge, pp. 442–60.
DeKeyser, Robert, Alfi-Ahabtay, Iris and Ravid, Dorit. 2010. ‘Cross-linguistic evidence for the nature of age effects in second language acquisition’, Applied Psycholinguistics 31(3): 413–38.
Demont-Heinrich, Christof. 2005. ‘Language and national identity in the era of globalization: The case of English in Switzerland’, Journal of Communication Inquiry 29: 6684.
Dewaele, Jean-Marc. 2010. ‘Multilingualism and affordances: Variation in self-perceived communicative competence and communicative anxiety in French L1, L2, L3 and L4’, IRAL 48: 105–29.
Durham, Mercedes. 2016. ‘English as a lingua franca: Forms and features in a Swiss context’, Cahiers de l’ILSL 48: 107–18.
Edelenbos, Peter, Johnstone, Richard and Kubanek, Angelika. 2006. ‘The main pedagogical principles underlying the teaching of languages to very young learners. Languages for the children of Europe’. http://ec.europa.eu/languages/policy/language-policy/documents/young_en.pdf.
Foucault, Michel. 1972. The Archaeology of Knowledge. Pantheon Books: New York. [1969. L’Archéologie du savoir. Paris: Gallimard, transl. by A. M. Sheridan Smith.]
García Lecumberri, María Luisa and Gallardo, Francisco. 2003. ‘English FL sounds in school learners of different ages’, in García Mayo, M. P. and M. L. García-Lecumberri, (eds.), Age and the Acquisition of English as a Foreign Language. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, pp.115–35.
García-Mayo, María del Pilar and García-Lecumberri, María Luisa (eds.). 2003. Age and the Acquisition of English as a Foreign Language. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Giroud, Nathalie, Lemke, Ulrike, Reich, Philip, Matthes, Katarina and Meyer, Martin. 2017. ‘Longitudinal auditory learning facilitates auditory cognition as revealed by microstate analysis’, Biological Psychology 123: 2536.
Grin, François. 2001. ‘Der ökonomische Wert der englischen Sprache’ [‘The economic value of the English language’], in Watts, Richard and Murray, Heather (eds.), Die fünfte Landessprache? Englisch in der Schweiz. Zürich: v/d/f, pp.105–20
Hammer, Kate and Dewaele, Jean-Marc. 2015. ‘Acculturation as the key to the ultimate attainment? The case of Poles in the UK’, in Forsberg-Lundell, Fanny and Bartning, Inge (eds.), Cultural Migrants and Optimal Language Acquisition. Bristol: Multilingual Matters, pp. 178202.
Hopp, Holger. 2010. ‘Ultimate attainment in L2 inflectional morphology: Performance similarities between non-native and native speakers’, Lingua 120(4): 901–31.
Jaekel, Nils, Schurig, Michael, Florian, Merle and Ritter, Markus. 2017. ‘From early starters to late finishers? A longitudinal study of early Foreign Language learning in school’, Language Learning. Published online on 5 May 2017: 1–34. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/lang.12242/abstract.
Johnson, Jacqueline S. and Newport, Elissa L. 1989. ‘Critical period effects in Second Language learning: The influence of maturational state on the acquisition of English as a Second Language’, Cognitive Psychology 21: 6099.
Kinsella, Ciara and Singleton, David. 2014. ‘Much more than age’, Applied Linguistics 35(4): 441–62.
Krashen, Stephen, Long, Michael and Scarcella, Robin C. 1979. ‘Age, rate, and eventual attainment in Second Language Acquisition’, TESOL Quarterly 13(4): 573–82.
Larson-Hall, Jenifer. 2008. ‘Weighing the benefits of studying a foreign language at a younger starting age in a minimal input situation’, Second Language Research 24: 3563.
Lüdi, Georges. 1998. ‘“Gesamtsprachenkonzept”: Welche Sprachen sollen die Schülerinnen und Schüler während der obligatorischen Schulzeit lernen?’ (‘“General language concept”: Which languages should schoolchildren learn during their obligatory schooling?’). Schweizerische Konferenz der kantonalen Schuldirektoren.
Marinova-Todd, Stefka, Marshall, D. Bradford and Snow, Catherine E. 2000. ‘Three misconceptions about age and L2 learning’, TESOL Quarterly 34(1): 934.
McDonald, Janet L. 2006. ‘Beyond the critical period: Processing-based explanations for poor grammaticality judgment performance by late second language learners’, Journal of Memory and Language 55: 381401.
McDonald, Janet L. and Roussel, Cristine C. 2010. ‘Past tense grammaticality judgment and production in non-native and stressed native English speakers’, Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 13: 429–48.
Moyer, Alene. 2004. Age, Accent and Experience in Second Language Acquisition: An Integrated Approach to Critical Period Inquiry. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Moyer, Alene. 2005. ‘Formal and informal experiential realms in German as a foreign language: A preliminary investigation’, Foreign Language Annals 38(3): 377–87.
Moyer, Alene. 2013. Foreign Accent. The Phenomenon of Non-native Speech. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Muñoz, Carmen (ed.). 2006. Age and the Rate of Foreign Language Learning. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Muñoz, Carmen. 2008. ‘Symmetries and asymmetries of age effects in naturalistic and instructed L2 learning’, Applied Linguistics 24(4): 578–96.
Muñoz, Carmen. 2011. ‘Is input more significant than starting age in foreign language acquisition?’, International Review of Applied Linguistics 49(2): 113–33.
Muñoz, Carmen and Singleton, David. 2011. ‘A critical review of age-related research on L2 ultimate attainment’, Language Teaching 44(1): 135.
Murphy, James J. and Watson, John S. 1965. On the Early Education of the Citizen-Orator: Institutio oratoria, Book I and Book II, chapters one through ten. Indianapolis: Bobbs Merrill.
Murphy, Victoria A. and Evangelou, Maria (eds.). 2016. Early Childhood Education in English for Speakers of Other LanguagesLondonBritish Council.
Myles, Florence and Mitchell, Rosamond. 2012. ‘Learning French from ages 5, 7 and 11: An investigation into starting ages, rates and routes of learning amongst early Foreign Language learners’, ESRC End of Award Report RES-062-23-1545. Swindon: ESRC.
Nyffenegger, Susanne. 2003. Reactions to the spread of English in Switzerland: An analysis based on letters to the editor. MA thesis, Department of English, University of Bern.
Ó Laoire, Muiris and Singleton, David 2009. ‘The role of prior knowledge in L3 learning and use: Further evidence of psycotypological dimensions’, in Aronin, L. and Hufeisen, B. (eds.), The Exploration of Multilingualism: Development of Research on L3, Multilingualism and Multiple Language Acquisition. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 79102.
Peltzer-Karpf, Annemarie. 2003. ‘The role of neural plasticity in foreign language learning’, in Ahrens, Rüdiger (ed.), Europäische Sprachenpolitik – European Language Policy. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter: pp. 369–93.
Pfenninger, Simone. (2011). ‘Age effects on the acquisition of nominal and verbal inflections in an instructed setting’, Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching 1(3): 401–20.
Pfenninger, Simone. 2017. ‘Not so individual after all: An ecological approach to age as an individual difference variable in a classroom’, Second Language Learning and Teaching 7(1): 1946.
Pfenninger, Simone and Lendl, Johanna. 2017. ‘Transitional woes: On the impact of L2 input continuity from primary to secondary school’, Second Language Learning and Teaching 7(3): 443–69.
Pfenninger, Simone E. and Singleton, David 2016. ‘Affect trumps age: A person-in-context relational view of age and motivation in SLA’, Second Language Research 32(3): 311–45.
Pfenninger, Simone E. and Singleton, David 2017. Beyond Age Effects: Variables Trumping the Age Factor in L2 Instructional Settings. Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
Quintilian. Institutio oratoria, in Harold E. Butler (trans.) 1917–25, Quintilian, Volume 1 (LCL; 4 vols.). London: Heineman.
Saladin, Peter et al. 1989. Zustand und Zukunft der viersprachigen Schweiz: Abklärungen, Vorschläge und Empfehlungen einer Arbeitsgruppe des Eidgenössischen Departementes des Innern [‘Current state and future of quadrilingual Switzerland: Research findings, suggestions and recommendations of a work group of the Ministry of the Interior’]. Bern: Eidg. Departement des Innern.
Schelleter, Christina, SinkaIndra and Garman, Michael1997. ‘Latvian/English and German/English bilingual acquisition: New light on universal grammar’, in Huet, Gérard and Kulkarni, Amba (eds.), Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Bilingualism. Paris: Procs. of FISSCL, pp. 442–52.
Schlegel, Alexander A., Rudelson, Justin J. and Tse, Peter U. 2012. ‘White matter structure changes as adults learn a second language’, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 24(8): 1664–70.
Scholz, Jan, Klein, Miriam C., Behrens, Timothy E. J. and Johansen-Berg, Heidi. 2009. ‘Training induces changes in white matter architecture’, Nature Neuroscience 12(11): 1370–1.
Singleton, David. 2016. ‘CPH theory, early classroom instruction and age-related issues that are separable from age’, in Pawlak, Miroslaw (ed.), Classroom-Oriented Research: Reconciling Theory and Practice. Berlin: Springer, pp. 231–42.
Singleton, David and Ryan, Lisa. 2004. Language Acquisition: The Age Factor. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Snow, Catherine and Hoefnagel-Höhle, Marian. 1978. ‘Age differences in Second Language acquisition’, in Hatch, Elizabeth (ed.), Second Language Acquisition. Rowley, MA: Newbury House, pp. 333–46.
Steinberg, Jonathan. [1981] 1996. Why Switzerland? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Swiss Conference of Cantonal Ministers of Education. 2004. Sprachenunterricht in der obligatorischen Schule: Strategie der EDK und Arbeitsplan für die gesamtschweizerische Koordination (25. März 2004). Schweizerische Konferenz der kantonalen Erziehungsdirektoren (EDK). http://edudoc.ch/record/30008/files/Sprachen_d.pdf.
Taubert, MarcoDraganskiBogdan, Anwander, Alfred et al. 2010. ‘Dynamic properties of human brain structure: Learning-related changes in cortical areas and associated fiber connections’, Journal of Neuroscience 30(35): 11670–7.
Unsworth, Sharon, de Bot, Kees, Persson, Liv and Tineke, Prins. 2012. ‘Foreign languages in primary school project’, Proceedings of the Foreign Languages in Primary Schools Projects: Presentation Results FLiPP-research, Amersfoort, 13 December 2012.
Van Boxtel, Susan J., Bongaerts, Theo and Coppen, Peter-Arno 2005. ‘Native-like attainment of dummy subjects in Dutch and the role of the L1’, IRAL 43: 355–80.
Watts, Richard J. 2001. ‘Discourse theory and language planning: A critical reading of language planning reports in Switzerland’, in Coupland, Nikolas, Candlin, Christopher and Sarangi, Srikant (eds.), Sociolinguistics and Social Theory. London: Addison Wesley Longman, pp. 297319.
Watts, Richard J. 2011. Language Myths and the History of English. New York: Oxford University Press.
Watts, Richard J. and Murray, Heather (eds.). 2001. Die fünfte Landessprache? Englisch in der Schweiz [‘The fifth national language? English in Switzerland’]. Zürich: v/d/f.
Weiss, Carol H. 1983. ‘Ideology, interests and information: The basis of policy positions’, in Callahan, Daniel (ed.), Ethics, the Social Sciences and Policy Analysis. New York: Plenum Press, pp. 213–45.