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  • Print publication year: 2008
  • Online publication date: December 2009


from Chief complaints and diagnoses


There are few rigorously conducted clinical trials assessing specific therapy for non-septic bursitis. First-line treatments of non-septic bursitis include NSAIDs, aspiration, and injection therapy with corticosteroids and local anesthetics. Patients receiving oxaprozin showed improved overall function scores on a variety of measures. Results for periarticular inflammation other than bursitis are similar to the findings for bursitis. For patients with shoulder bursitis, oral corticosteroids provide early improvement over placebo, but treatment benefit is lost after the first few weeks of therapy. Many corticosteroids have demonstrated effectiveness for injection of subacromial inflammation. For trochanteric bursitis, studies investigating intrabursal injection of corticosteroids have found efficacy similar to that reported for other bursal injection sites. One long-recognized medication-related etiology of subacromial inflammation is the use of protease inhibitors: indinavir and lamivudine. Given the obvious risks in altering these medication regimens, the ED provider should reduce dosages only after consultation with patients' physicians.


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