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  • Print publication year: 2012
  • Online publication date: November 2012

Chapter 7 - Igneous rock-forming minerals

Summary

After three short sections on common elemental abundances in the Earth’s crust, the recalculation of mineral formulas from their chemical analyses, and the application of triangular (ternary) diagrams to the depiction of the chemistry of minerals, we start the systematic descriptions of igneous rock-forming minerals. We chose 29 of these as the most representative, of which 19 are silicates, 6 are oxides, 3 are sulfides, and 1 is a phosphate.

Section 7.5 is the first mineral entry of the systematic description of igneous rock-forming minerals that follow. You must read these descriptions to become familiar with the most common minerals; their composition, structure, and physical properties; and their uses in the present-day commercial world. Reading the mineral description in this text while handling one or several specimens of the same mineral in the laboratory that accompanies your course is the best way to familiarize yourself with the mineral’s properties. Minerals that are common constituents of sedimentary and metamorphic rocks and of vein deposits are presented after the origin of igneous rocks and their classification, in Chapters 8 and 9.

FURTHER READING
Anthony, J. W.Bideaux, R. A.Bladh, K. W.Nichols, M. C. 1995 Handbook of Mineralogy 5
Carr, D. M. 1994 Industrial Minerals and RocksSociety for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Littleton, CO
Deer, W. A.Howie, R. A.Zussman, J. 1993 An Introduction to the Rock-Forming MineralsLongman GroupUK Limited, Essex, U.K
Deer, W. A.Howie, R. AZussman, J. 1982 Rock-Forming MineralsLondon
Dyar, M. D.Gunter, M. E.Tasa, D. 2008 Mineralogy and Optical MineralogyMineralogical Society of AmericaChantilly, VA
Gaines, R. V.Skinner, H. C.Foord, E. E.Mason, BRosenzweig, 1997 Dana’s New MineralogyJohn Wiley and SonsNew York
Klein, CDutrow, B. 2008 Manual of Mineral ScienceJohn Wiley and SonsNew York
Kogel, J. ETrivedi, N. C.Baker, J. M.Krukowsk, S. T. 2006 Industrial Minerals and Rocks: Commodities, Markets, and UsesSociety for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Littleton, CO
Mason, BMoore, C. B. 1982 Principles of GeochemistryJohn Wiley and SonsNew York
http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Anthony, J. W.Bideaux, R. A.Bladh, K. W.Nichols, M. C.
Database, Mineralogyhttp://webmineral.com
Database, Mineralogyhttp://www.mindat.org
Nesse, W. D 2000 Introduction to MineralogyOxford University PressNew York
Nesse, W. D. 2004 Introduction to Optical MineralogyOxford University PressNew York