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A Dictionary of Literary Symbols
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Book description

This is an expansion of the first dictionary of symbols to be based on literature, rather than on 'universal' psychological archetypes or myths. It explains and illustrates the literary symbols that we frequently encounter (such as swan, rose, moon, gold) and gives thousands of cross-references and quotations. The dictionary concentrates on English literature, but its entries range widely from the Bible and classical authors to the twentieth century, taking in American and European literatures. For this third edition, Michael Ferber has included some twenty completely new entries (such as birch, childbirth, grove, mill and railroad) and has added to many of the existing entries. Its rich references make this book an essential tool not only for literary and classical scholars but also for all students of literature.

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Page 1 of 14

Page 1 of 14

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Young, Arthur M.Of the Nightingale's Song.” Classical Journal 46:4 (January 1951): 181–84.
Bergmann, Claudia D. Childbirth as a Metaphor of Crisis. Berlin: de Gruyter, 2008.
Friedman, Susan Stanford. “Creativity and the Childbirth Metaphor: Gender Difference in Literary Discourse.” Feminist Studies 13:1 (Spring 1987): 4982.
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Irwin., E. Colour Terms in Greek Poetry. Toronto: Hakkert, 1974.
Korfmacher, W. C.Nightfall in the Greek Lyric Poets.” Classical Journal 46:4 (January 1951): 177–80.
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Giamatti, A. Bartlett. The Earthly Paradise and the Renaissance Epic. Princeton University Press, 1966.
Harrison, Robert Pogue. Forests: the Shadow of Civilization. University of Chicago Press, 1992.
Stewart, Stanley. The Enclosed Garden: the Tradition and the Image in Seventeenth-Century Poetry. Madison, Wis.: University of Wisconsin Press, 1966.
Allen, Michael. “The Chase: Development of a Renaissance Theme.” Comparative Literature 20:4 (Fall 1968): 301–12.
Thiébaux, Marcelle. The Stag of Love: the Chase in Medieval Literature. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1974.
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Grabes, Herbert. The Mutable Glass: Mirror-Imagery in Titles and Texts of the Middle Ages and English Renaissance. Trans. Collier, Gordon. Cambridge University Press, 1982.
La Belle, Jennijoy. Herself Beheld: The Literature of the Looking Glass. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1988.
Abrams, M. H.The Correspondent Breeze: a Romantic Metaphor.” Kenyon Review 19 (1957): 113–30. Rev. rpt. in Abrams, M. H., ed., English Romantic Poets, 2nd edn. London: Oxford University Press, 1974.
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O'Malley, Glenn. “Shelley's ‘Air-Prism’: the Synesthetic Scheme of Alastor.” Modern Philology 55 (1958): 178–87.
West, M. L. Ancient Greek Music. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992.
Fowler, Alastair. Spenser and the Numbers of Time. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1964.
Hieatt, A. Kent. Short Time's Endless Monument: The Symbolism of the Numbers in Edmund Spenser's “Epithalamion.” New York: Columbia University Press, 1960.
Schimmel, Annemarie. The Mystery of Numbers. Oxford University Press, 1993.
Baker, Carlos. “The Traditional Background of Shelley's Ivy-Symbol.” Modern Language Quarterly 4:2 (June 1943): 205–08.
Berges, Ruth. “The Linden Tree in German Legend, Poetry, and Song.” Forum 6:2 (1968): 3339.
Demetz, Peter. “The Elm and the Vine: Notes Toward the History of a Marriage Topos.” PMLA 73 (1958): 521–32.
Draper, John W.Notes on the Symbolic Use of the Willow.” Appendix A of The Funeral Elegy and the Rise of English Romanticism. New York: NYU Press, 1929.
Forster, Edward S.Trees and Plants in the Greek Tragic Writers.” Greece and Rome 21 (January 1952): 5763.
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Knight, Philip. Flower Poetics in Nineteenth-Century France. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986.
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Seward, Barbara. The Symbolic Rose. New York: Columbia University Press, 1960.
Trapp, J. B.The Owl's Ivy and the Poet's Bays: an Inquiry into Poetic Garlands.” Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 21 (1958): 227–55.
Baroli, Marc. Le train dans la littérature française. Paris: Éditions N.M., 1964.
Ceserani, Remo. Treni di carta: L'immaginario in ferrovia: l'irruzione del treno nella letteratura moderna. Turin: Bollati Boringhieri, 2002.
Mahr, Johannes. Eisenbahnen in der deutschen Dichtung: der Wandel eines literarischen Motivs im 19. und im beginnenden 20. Jahrhundert. München: Fink, 1982.
Marx, Leo. The Machine in the Garden. Oxford University Press, 1964.
Schivelbusch, Wolfgang. The Railway Journey: Trains and Travel in the 19th Century. New York: Urizen, 1979.
Auden, W. H. The Enchafed Flood, or The Romantic Iconography of the Sea. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1950.
Enkvist, Nils Erik. The Seasons of the Year: Chapters on a Motif from Beowulf to the Shepherd's Calendar. Denmark: Helsingfors, 1957.
Gironce-Evrard, Marie-Anne. La symbolique des saisons dans la poésie lyrique en Italie, en Espagne et en France (1465–1645). Villeneuve d'Ascq: Presses Universitaires du Septentrion, 2000.
Panofsky, Erwin. Studies in Iconology. Oxford University Press, 1939.
Preston, Keith. “Aspects of Autumn in Roman Poetry.” Classical Philology 13 (1918): 272–82.
Tuve, Rosemond. Seasons and Months: Studies in a Tradition of Middle English Poetry. 1933; rpt. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1974.
Tuve, Rosemond. “Spring in Chaucer and before Him.” MLN 52 (1937): 916.
Wilhelm, James J. The Cruelest Month: Spring, Nature, and Love in Classical and Medieval Lyrics. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1965.
Scheid, John and Svenbro, Jesper. The Craft of Zeus: Myths of Weaving and Fabric. Trans. Volk, Carol. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1996.
Snyder, Jane McIntosh. “The Web of Song.” Classical Journal 76 (1981): 193–96.
Eade, J. C. The Forgotten Sky: A Guide to Astrology in English Literature. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984.
Kay, Richard. Dante's Christian Astrology. Philadelphia, Pa.: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1994.
Meadows, A. J. The High Firmament: A Survey of Astronomy in English Literature. University of Leicester Press, 1969.
Barney, Stephen A.The Plowshare of the Tongue: the Progress of a Symbol from the Bible to Piers Plowman.”Mediaeval Studies 35 (1973): 261–93.
Boedeker, Deborah. Descent from Heaven: Images of Dew in Greek Poetry and Religion. Chico, Calif.: Scholars Press, 1984.
Bosquet, Marie-Françoise and Sylvos, Françoise, eds. L'imaginaire du volcan. Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2005.
Cline, Ruth H.Heart and Eyes.” Romance Philology 25:3 (1972): 263–97.
Doob, Penelope Reed. The Idea of the Labyrinth from Classical Antiquity through the Middle Ages. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1990.
Gellrich, Jesse M. The Idea of the Book in the Middle Ages. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1985.
Kermode, Frank. Romantic Image. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1957. (“dancer” and “tree”)
Lawler, Lilian B.The Dance in Metaphor.” Classical Journal 46:8 (May 1951): 383–91.
Nicolson, Marjorie Hope. Mountain Gloom and Mountain Glory: the Development of the Aesthetics of the Infinite. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1959.
Rowland, Beryl. “The Mill in Popular Metaphor from Chaucer to the Present Day.” Southern Folklore Quarterly 33 (1969): 6979.
Thacker, Christopher. “‘Wish'd, Wint'ry, Horrors’: the Storm in the Eighteenth Century.” Comparative Literature 19:1 (1967): 3657.
Weidhorn, Manfred. Dreams in Seventeenth-Century English Literature. The Hague: Mouton, 1970.


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