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  • Print publication year: 2011
  • Online publication date: December 2011

23 - Intracerebral haemorrhage

from Section 4 - Neurointensive care

Summary

Space-occupying lesions such as tumours, intracranial haematomas and abscesses are the most common indications for supratentorial surgery. Anaesthesia management is directed towards haemodynamic stability, facilitation of electrophysiological monitoring, and provision of optimal operative conditions and a rapid, high-quality recovery. The aim of pre-operative assessment is to identify potential anaesthetic problems and coexisting medical conditions, quantify risk and plan perioperative care. The assessment of the neurosurgical patient is identical to that of other patient groups but must additionally include a complete neurological assessment. Neuroanaesthesia is a specialty where the knowledge and skill of the anaesthetist affects both the operative field and ultimate outcome for the patient. Awake craniotomy allows the intraoperative assessment of a patient's neurological status and the identification of safe resection margins during epilepsy surgery and excision of space-occupying lesions in eloquent cortex, as well as the accurate localization of electrodes for deep brain stimulation.

Further reading

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