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  • Cited by 2
Cambridge University Press
Online publication date:
April 2023
Print publication year:
Online ISBN:
Socio-Legal Studies, Law, Political Sociology, Sociology

Book description

Citizenship and residence by investment is a fast-growing global phenomenon. As of 2022, more than a third of all countries in the world offered paths to membership in exchange for a donation or investment into their economies. Yet we know little about how these programmes operate and debates in academia and the wider public are often misinformed by sensationalist cases. This book offers a multidisciplinary exploration of both citizenship and residence by investment on a global scale. Bringing together the expertise of leading legal scholars, economists, sociologists, political scientists, and historians, it provides an informative and empirically grounded assessment of the origins, operation, key causes, and the legal bases of the investment migration programmes. By so doing, the volume demystifies citizenship and residence by investment and takes a critical postcolonial global perspective, addressing key issues in belonging, exclusion, and inequality that define the world today.


‘Rigorous and sparklingly innovative interdisciplinary volume on emergent global commodification of citizenship status, offering a robust set of stringent empirical and historical analyses, framed by a resolutely non-romanticist conceptual approach to citizenship as status and practice, this collection lays indispensable groundwork for a new generation of ‘citizenship studies’. Essential reading for the field going forward.’

Linda Bosniak - Rutgers Law School

‘Passports by investment may be the ultimate political turn of globalization. Such programs recognize the demand for alternative citizenship or residence and supply these to the elite of the world. This deeply researched and well-written volume provides all the analytical tools and empirics for scholars and policymakers to study these arrangements and contemplate the longer term implications.’

Miguel A. Centeno - Princeton University

‘The prospect of ‘selling citizenship’ provokes indignation from those who cling to a romantic idea of what citizenship should mean, be or do. The authors of this volume proceed from the reality of what citizenship as legal status actually is and does, and raise important questions about the normative and pragmatic implications for regulating how citizenship is distributed.’

Audrey Macklin - University of Toronto

‘… this book is a valuable multidisciplinary resource on many different elements of these important products and the regulatory challenges they pose.’

Bruce Zagaris Source: Tax Notes International

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