Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2012
  • Online publication date: November 2012

1 - Epigraphic culture in the Bay of Naples

Summary

Introduction

The aim of the first part of this manual is to offer an overview of the ways in which Latin inscriptions were used in one particular region, namely the Bay of Naples in southern Italy. The Bay of Naples contained a variety of urban settlements, which differed in size, origin, and status, from Cumae in the north to Surrentum (Sorrento) in the south, via Misenum (Miseno), Baiae, Puteoli (Pozzuoli), Neapolis (Naples), Herculaneum, Pompeii, and Stabiae [Fig. 1.1]. In addition, the excavation of parts of the countryside, which was densely occupied by villas, also allows us to explore the rural context of inscriptions. There is no other region in the Roman empire that offers quite such a richly diverse assemblage of inscriptions, not least because of the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79, which preserved significant quantities of types of writing that do not commonly survive archaeologically, such as wooden writing-tablets and notices painted upon walls. Furthermore, inscriptions did not cease with the eruption, but a vibrant epigraphic culture continued right down into late antiquity in towns not buried by Vesuvius. The wealth and prosperity of the region, along with its close ties to the city of Rome, promoted further by the construction of the via Domitiana in AD 95 (in thanks for which Domitian was celebrated at Puteoli as having moved the town closer to Rome), ensured that some of the basic prerequisites for prompting the setting up of inscriptions existed over many centuries.

The region enjoyed close economic, social, and cultural links with the city of Rome over a number of centuries from the late Republic onwards. Having developed a vibrant economic role linking Italy to the Greek East (notably Delos) in the second century BC, the major harbour town of Puteoli probably played host to the Alexandrian grain fleet until the late second century AD, and, after that, continued to supply Rome with vital resources such as the Puteolan sand (pulvis Puteolanus) essential for mixing pozzolana, or hydraulic cement. The harbour remained fully operational throughout the fourth century AD, with the authorities at Rome showing interest in maintaining and investing in the city's facilities, and, after Puteoli declined dramatically during the fifth century, Neapolis then took its place as the most important city in the region. Senatorial and imperial families regularly retreated from serious business at Rome to the pleasures of gastronomy and entertainment based in their luxurious villas along the bay (dubbed Cratera illum delicatum, ‘the Bay of Luxury’, by Cicero) and on Capri, and the Bay maintained its reputation as a place for luxurious living for many centuries.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO
Flower, H. I.A tale of two monuments: Domitian, Trajan, and some praetorians at Puteoli ( 1973, 137)AJA 4 2001 625
D’Arms, J. HPuteoli in the second century of the Roman empire: a social and economic studyJRS 64 1974 104
Camodeca, G.Ricerche su Puteoli tardoromana (fine III--IV secolo)Puteoli 4 1980 59
Arthur, P.Naples: From Roman Town to City--State 2002 BSR Archaeological Monographs no. 12London10
D’Arms, Romans on the Bay of Naples 1970 Harvard University Press: CambridgeMass
Purcell, N.The Roman and the landscape of productionUrban Society in Roman Italy 1995 UCL PressLondon151
Caldelli, e dintorni: su alcune nuove iscrizioni puteolaneEpigraphica 67 2005 63
Caldelli, Le iscrizioni della via Puteoli-NeapolisArchCl 58 2007 435
Keppie, L.The army and the navyCambridge Ancient History, The Augustan Empire, 43 BC – AD 69 1996 Cambridge University Press371
Galante, De Herculanensi Regione NeapoliPompei e la regione sotterrata dal Vesuvio nell'anno LXXIX 1879 Naples105
Cooley, Pompeii 2003 DuckworthLondon60
Dubois, L.Inscriptions grecques dialectales de grande grèce 1995 DrozGeneva
Leiwo, M.Neapolitana: A Study of Population and Language in Graeco-Roman Naples1995Commentationes Humanarum Litterarum 102, Societas Scientiarum FennicaHelsinki167
Miranda, E.Iscrizioni greche d’ Italia, Napoli 1990 QuasarRome
Vetter, E.Handbuch der italischen Dialekte 1953 C. WinterHeidelberg
Poccetti, P.Nuovi documenti italici: a complemento del Manuale di E. Vetter 1979 Orientamenti linguistici 8Giardini: Pisa107
Crawford, Imagines Italicae2011: BICS Supplement 110London
Cooley, 2002 JRASupplement no. 48Portsmouth, R. I.77
Adams, J. NBilingualism and the Latin Language 2003 Cambridge University Press113
Nicols, J.On the standard size of the ZSav 105 1988
Mouritsen, H.The Album of Canusium and the councils of Roman ItalyChiron 28 1998 229
Crawford, Roman Statutes 1996 BICS Supplement 64London301
González, J.The : a new copy of the Flavian Municipal LawJRS 76 1986 147
Lassère, J.-M.Manuel d’épigraphie romaine 2007 PicardParis391
Camodeca, G.L’attività dell’ nelle città della Campania dalla documentazione epigraficaCCG 14 2003 173
Sherk, The Municipal Decrees of the Roman West 1970 Arethusa Monographs 2Buffalo89
Tuck, Latin Inscriptions in the Kelsey Museum: The Dennison and De Criscio Collections 2005 University of Michigan PressAnn Arbor
1956
D’Arms, Eighteen unedited Latin inscriptions from Puteoli and vicinityAJA 2 1973 151
1974
Cébeillac-Gervasoni, M. 1996
Camodeca, G.Un nuovo decreto decurionale puteolano con concessione di agli Augustali e le entrate cittadine da Il capitolo delle entrate nelle finanze municipali in occidente ed in oriente 1999 256Rome1
1999
1976
Waltzing, Étude historique sur les corporations professionnelles chez les Romains 1895 PeetersLouvain
, Sherk 1986
Forbis, E.Municipal Virtues in the Roman Empire: The Evidence of Italian Honorary Inscriptions 1996 TeubnerStuttgart
1994
1976
Camodeca, G.Due nuovi cavalieri ercolanesi di età augustea: i di CIL X 1449 e 1476MÉFRA 115 2003 639
2008 167
1999
Cooley, The publication of Roman official documents in the Greek EastLiteracy and the State in the Ancient Mediterranean 2007 Accordia Specialist Studies on the Mediterranean 7London203
From document to monument: inscribing Roman official documents in the Greek EastEpigraphy and the Historical SciencesDavies, Wilkes, J. 2012 British Academy/ Oxford University Press
Salway, B.Prefects, , and decurions: a new perspective on the album of CanusiumThe Epigraphic Landscape of Roman Italy 2000 BICS Supplement 73London115
Franklin, Jr Pompeii: The Electoral Programmata, Campaigns and Politics, AD 71–79 1980 Papers and Monographs of the American Academy in Rome 28Rome24
1978 54
Sabbatini Tumolesi, P.Gladiatorum PariaAnnunci di spettacoli gladiatorii a Pompei 1980 Edizioni di storia e letteraturaRome91
Mouritsen, H.Gradel, I.Nero in Pompeian politics: and imperial flaminates in late PompeiiZPE 87 1991 145
Spagnolis Conticello, M. De’Sul rinvenimento della villa e del monumento funerario dei Lucretii ValentesRStPomp 6 1993 147
Camodeca, G.I Lucretii Valentes pompeiani e l'iscrizione funeraria del cavaliere d'età claudia D. Lucretius Valens (riedizione di 1994, 398)Pompei, Capri e la Penisola Sorrentina 2004 OebalusCapri323
Franklin, Jr Studies in the Political Life of Imperial Pompeii 2001 Michigan University PressAnn Arbor101
Cooley, Cooley, M. G. L.Pompeii: A Sourcebook 2004 RoutledgeLondon118
Gründel, R.Wahlpropaganda post eventum?Acta of the Fifth International Congress of Greek and Latin Epigraphy, Cambridge 1967 1971 Basil BlackwellOxford225
1990
1987
Pagano, M.Una iscrizione elettorale da ErcolanoCronErcol 17 1987 151
Zaccaria, C.: lo scrittore che non deve scrivereSerta Antiqua et Mediaevalia Usi e abusi epigrafici – Atti del colloquio internazionale di epigrafia latina 2003 BretschneiderRome237
1992
Camodeca, G.La società ercolanese alla luce della riedizione delle : l’élite municipale fra Claudio e Vespasiano 1 – un'oligarchia ritrovataOstraka 1 2006 9
2004 QuasarRome
Hinard, F.Dumont, Libitina: Pompes funèbres et supplices en Campanie à l’époque d’Auguste: édition, traduction et commentaire de la 2003 De BoccardParis
Bodel, J.Epigraphic Evidence: Ancient History from Inscriptions 2001 RoutledgeLondon53
Calabi Limentani, I.Epigrafia latina 1974 CisalpinoMilan
Jacobelli, L.Pompei fuori le mura: note sulla gestione e l'organizzazione dello spazio pubblico e privatoPompei tra Sorrento e Sarno 2001 Bari EditoreRome29
2006 67
1995
Crimaco, L.Le iscrizioniNova antiqua Phlegraea 2000 Electa NapoliNaples37
Ostrow, Augustales” along the Bay of Naples: a case for their early growthHistoria 1 1985 64
Spano, G. 1910
Sertà, La epigrafica sulle pompeiane di T. Suedius Clemens fuori Porta Nocera e fuori Porta MarinaRStPomp 12 2001
2001
Royden, The Magistrates of the Roman Professional Collegia in Italy from the First to the Third Century AD 1988 GiardiniPisa12
Ostrow, The Augustales in the Augustan schemeBetween Republic and Empire: Interpretations of Augustus and his Principate 1990 University of California PressBerkeley364
Duthoy, R.La fonction sociale de l'augustalitéEpigraphica 36 1974 134
Abramenko, A.Die munizipale Mittelschicht im kaiserzeitlichen Italien: zu einem neuen Verständnis von Sevirat und Augustalität 1993 Geschichte und ihre Hilfswissenschaften 547: Peter LangFrankfurt am Main
Patterson, The and the transformation of the towns of Italy in the second century ADL’Italie d’Auguste à Dioclétien 1994 198 Rome 227
2006 242
Vermaseren, Corpus Cultus Cybelae Attidisque 1978 BrillLeiden1
Camodeca, G. 2001 163
2010
Van Andringa, W.Autels de carrefour, organisation vicinale et rapports de voisinage à PompéiRStPomp 11 2000 47
Wallace-Hadrill, A.Imaginary feasts: pictures of success on the Bay of NaplesOstia, Cicero, Gamala, Feasts, and the Economy: Papers in Memory of John H. D’Arms 2004 Supplement 57Portsmouth, R.I.109
Pesando, F.Appunti sulla cosiddetta Basilica di ErcolanoCronErcol 33 2003 331
1993
1993
1996
D’Arms, Memory, money, and status at Misenum: three new inscriptions from the of the AugustalesJRS 90 2000 126
Bollmann, B.Römische Vereinshäuser: Untersuchungen zu den Scholae der römischen Berufs-, Kult- und Augustalen-Kollegien in Italien 1998 Philipp von ZabernMainz
1974
2004
1997 ArtemisZurich599
Musumeci, F.Statuae in publico positaeStudia et Documenta Historiae et Iuris 44 1978 191
Camodeca, 2004
Tanner, J.Portraits, power, and patronage in the Late Roman RepublicJRS 90 2000 18
Forbis, E.Women's public image in Italian honorary inscriptionsAJP 4 1990 493
Brilliant, R.Gesture and Rank in Roman Art 1963 Memoirs of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 14New Haven46
Hallett, The Roman Nude: Heroic Portrait Statuary 200 BC--AD 300 2005 Oxford University Press4
Stewart, P.Statues in Roman Society: Representation and Response 2003 Oxford University Press79
Smith, R. R. R.Typology and diversity in the portraits of AugustusJRA 9 1996 30
Niemeyer, Studien zur statuarischen Darstellung der römischen Kaiser 1968 MannBerlin
Rose, The imperial image in the eastern MediterraneanThe Early Roman Empire in the East 1997 Oxbow Monograph 95Oxford108
Nonius Balbus, M.Camodeca, G.Epigrafia e ordine senatorio 1982 Edizioni di storia e letteraturaRome125
Adamo Muscettola, S.Nuove letture borboniche: i Nonii Balbi e il Foro di ErcolanoProspettiva 28 1982 2
Zanker, P.Zur Bildnisrepräsentation führender Männer in mittelitalischen und campanischen Städten zur Zeit der späten Republik und der julisch-claudischen KaiserLes “bourgeoisies” municipales italiennes aux IIe et Ier siècles av. J.-C 1983 Centre Jean Berard/CNRSNaples and Paris251
Pappalardo, U.Nuove testimonianze su Marco Nonio Balbo ad ErcolanoMdI(R) 104 1997 417
Muscettola, AdamoNuove letture borbonicheLe collezioni del Museo Nazionale di Napoli 1989 De Luca Edizioni d’ArteRome
Guadagno, G.Supplemento epigrafico ercolanese IICronErcol 11 1981 129
Guadagno, G.Supplemento epigrafico ercolanese’CronErcol 8 1978 132
Pagano, M.Iscrizione della statua di Marco Nonio Balbo posta davanti alle Terme SuburbaneRStPomp 2 1988 238
Ascione, Pagano, M.The Antiquarium of Herculaneum 2000 Electa NapoliNaples75
1976
Parslow, C.Rediscovering Antiquity: Karl Weber and the Excavation of Herculaneum, Pompeii, and Stabiae 1995 Cambridge University Press
Schäfer, T.Le “Sellae Curules” del teatro di ErcolanoCronErcol 9 1979 143
Pagano, M.Il teatro di ErcolanoCronErcol 23 1993 121
Maiuri, A.Un decreto onorario di M. Nonio Balbo scoperto recentemente ad ErcolanoRendLinc 8 1942 253
Schumacher, L.Das Ehrendekret für M. Nonius Balbus aus Herculaneum ( 1947, 53)Chiron 6 1976 165
1990 75
Camodeca, G.I ceti dirigenti di rango senatorio, equestre e decurionale della Campania romana 2008 SaturaNaples178
Pagano, M.Il foroGli antichi ercolanesi: antropologia, società, economia 2000 Electa NapoliNaples86
Guidobaldi, Le ricerche archeologiche nell'area della Basilica Noniana (VII, 16)Nuove ricerche archeologiche nell'area vesuviana 2008 Studi di Soprintendenza archeologica di Pompei 25Bretschneider: Rome410
Allroggen-Bedel, A.Das sogennante Forum von Herculaneum und die Borbonischen Grabungen von 1739CronErcol 4 1974 97
Pagano, M.Gli scavi di Ercolano nelle “Memorie” del Padre PiaggioCronErcol 24 1994 147
Torelli, M.Donne, ed evergeti a Paestum tra la fine della Repubblica e l'inizio dell’ImperoLes élites municipales de l’Italie péninsulaire des Gracques à Néron 1996 Collection Centre Jean Berard 13/ 215Naples and Rome153
Allroggen-Bedel, A.Kammerer-Grothaus, H.Das Museo Ercolanese in PorticiCronErcol 10 1980 175
Eck, W.There are no inscriptions: the function of the in epigraphic communicationSCI 28 2009 79
2005
Kajanto, I.Un'analisi filologico-letteraria delle iscrizioni onorarieEpigraphica 33 1971 3
Salomies, O.Observations on the development of the style of Latin honorific inscriptions during the EmpireArctos 28 1994 63
Savino, E.Campania tardoantica (284–604 d.C.) 2005 EpidugliaBari
Camodeca, G.L’ordinamento in e i di PuteoliPuteoli 1 1977 62
D’Arms, A new inscribed base from fourth-century PuteoliPP 27 1972 255
Magalhaes, Storia, istituzioni e prosopografia di Surrentum romana: la collezione epigrafica del Museo Correale di Terranova 2003 N. LongobardiCastellammare di Stabia137
Millar, F.Italy and the Roman Empire: Augustus to ConstantinePhoenix 40 1986 295
D’Arms, Pompeii and Rome in the Augustan age and beyond: the eminence of the Gens HolconiaStudia Pompeiana et Classica 1988 A. D. CaratzasNew Rochelle51
Pobjoy, M.Building inscriptions in Republican Italy: euergetism, responsibility, and civic virtueThe Epigraphic Landscape of Roman Italy 2000 BICS Supplement 73London77
Panciera, S.L’evergetismo civico nelle iscrizioni latine d'età repubblicanaActes du Xe congrès international d’épigraphie grecque et latine 1997 Publications de la SorbonneParis249
Zanker, P.Pompeji: Stadtbilder als Spiegel von Gesellschaft und Herrschaftsform 1987 ZabernMainz
Zevi, F.Personaggi della Pompei sillanaPBSR 63 1995 1
Dessau, H.C. Quinctius Valgus, der Erbauer des Amphitheaters zu PompeiiHermes 18 1883 620
Harvey, Jr , , and C. Quinctius ValgusClassics and the Classical Tradition 1973 Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity Park79
1993
Camodeca, G.Le iscrizioni di dedicaNuove ricerche archeologiche nell'area vesuviana 2008 Bretschneider/Studi di Soprintendenza Archeologica di Pompei 25Rome562
1993
1880
1993
Thomas, E.Witschel, C.Constructing reconstruction: claim and reality of Roman re-building inscriptions from the Latin WestPBSR 60 1992 135
Fagan, The reliability of Roman rebuilding inscriptionsPBSR 64 1996 81
Horster, M.Bauinschriften römischer Kaiser: Untersuchungen zu Inschriftenpraxis und Bautätigkeit in Städten des westlichen Imperium Romanum in der Zeit des Prinzipats 2001 Historia Einzelschriften 157: SteinerStuttgart19
Alföldy, G.Euergetismus und Epigraphik in der augusteischen ZeitActes du Xe congrès international d’épigraphie grecque et latine 1997 Publications de la SorbonneParis293
1939
1997
Magalhaes, Iscrizioni nuove o riedite di NuceriaPompei tra Sorrento e Sarno 2001 Bari EditoreRome267
Conticello, M. de’ SpagnolisIl pons Sarni di Scafati e la via Nuceria-Pompeios 1994 BretschneiderRome48
Senatore, F. nella colonia romana di Pompei?ZPE 119 1997 283
Witschel, C.Meilensteine als historische Quelle? Das Beispiel AquileiaChiron 32 2002 325
MacMullen, R.The epigraphic habit in the Roman EmpireAJP 103 1982 233
Meyer, E.Explaining the epigraphic habit in the Roman Empire: the evidence of epitaphsJRS 80 1990 74
Woolf, G.Monumental writing and the expansion of Roman society in the early EmpireJRS 86 1996 22
Parkin, Demography and Roman Society 1992 Johns Hopkins University PressBaltimore5
Hopkins, K.Graveyards for historiansLa mort, les morts et l'au-delà dans le monde romain 1987 Université de Caen113
Hopkins, K.On the probable age structure of the Roman populationPopulation Studies 2 1966 245
King, M.Commemoration of infants on Roman funerary inscriptionsThe Epigraphy of Death: Studies in the History and Society of Greece and Rome 2000 Liverpool University Press117
Carroll, M.Spirits of the Dead: Roman Funerary Commemoration in Western Europe 2006 Oxford University Press175
Dennison, W.Some new inscriptions from Puteoli, Baiae, Misenum, and CumaeAJA 5 1898 373
Sogliano, A. 1892
Mouritsen, H.Freedmen and decurions: epitaphs and social history in imperial ItalyJRS 95 2005 38
2004 281
Taylor, Freedmen and freeborn in the epitaphs of imperial RomeAJP 2 1961 113
Flory, Where women precede men: factors influencing the order of names in Roman epitaphsCJ 3 1984 216
Hope, Constructing Identity: The Roman Funerary Monuments of Aquileia, Mainz and Nîmes 2001 British Archaeological Reports International SeriesArchaeopress: Oxford
2000 BICS Supplement 73London93
Varone, A.Note di archeologia Sarnese: i cippi funerari a stilizzazione antropomorfaApollo 6 1985 195
Frederiksen, M.Republican Capua: a social and economic studyPBSR 27 1959 80
Pagano, M.Nuove iscrizioni da ErcolanoRStPomp 3 1989 268
Kockel, V.Die Grabbauten vor dem herkulaner Tor in Pompeji 1983 Philipp von ZabernMainz16
Della Corte, M. 1932
Reynolds, A group of inscriptions from Stabiae. 1. The textsPBSR 40 1972 127
Magalhaes, Le iscrizioni e l'area funeraria dei . et a (loc. Calcarella di Privati)’RStPomp 10 1999 224
Di Capua, F.Contributi all'epigrafia e alla storia della antica StabiaRendNap 19 1938 81
De’ Spagnolis, M.Costumi funerari romani nella necropoli monumentale romana di Pizzone a Nocera SuperioreRömischer Bestattungsbrauch und Beigabensitten in Rom, Norditalien und den Nordwestprovinzen von der späten Republik bis in die Kaiserzeit 2001 Palilia 8: Ludwig ReichertWiesbaden169
Kockel, V.Im Tode gleich? Die sullanischen Kolonisten und ihr kulturelles Gewicht in Pompeji am Beispiel der NekropolenRömische Gräberstrassen: Selbstdarstellung, Status, Standard 1987 Bayerische Akademie der WissenschaftenMunich183
D’Ambrosio, A.Scavi e scoperte nel suburbio di PompeiRStPomp 9 1998 197
Stefani, G.La necropolis del Fondo AzzoliniPompei oltre la vita: Nuove testimonianze dalle necropoli 1998 Soprintendenza Archeologica di PompeiNaples93
Senatore, F.Necropoli e società nell'antica Pompei: considerazioni su un sepolcreto di poveriPompei, il Vesuvio e la Penisola Sorrentina 1999 BardiRome91
Magalhaes, Stabiae romana: la prosopografia e la documentazione epigrafica: iscrizioni lapidarie e bronzee, bolli laterizi e sigilli 2006 LongobardiCastellammare di Stabia
Saldías, M.Pompeii, the ritual space of the columella gravestones: a report of the investigation of the burial plot of the (Porta Nocera)Nuove ricerche archeologiche nell'area vesuviana 2008 Studi di Soprintendenza Archeologica di Pompei 25: BretschneiderRome389
De Franciscis, A.Sepolcro di M. Obellius FirmusCronPomp 2 1976 246
Miniero, P.Stabiae: indagini, rinvenimenti e ricerche nell'ager StabianusRStPomp 1 1987 178
De Caro, S.Scavi nell'area fuori Porta Nola a PompeiCronPomp 5 1979 61
D’Ambrosio, A.Suburbio orientaleRStPomp 10 1999 180
Magalhaes, Russo, M.Iscrizioni inedite di Surrentum: un'obstetrix imperiale e un nuovo classiarioEpigraphica 67 2005 408
1929
1929
1929
1929
1929
Weaver, P. R. C.A Social Study of the Emperor's Freedmen and Slaves 1972 Cambridge University Press
Tamaro, Iscrizioni inedite di AdriaEpigraphica 18 1956 50
Fiorelli, G. 1881
2002 Studien zur Archäologie und Geschichte Griechenlands und Zyperns 15: BibliopolisMannheim
Edmondson, J.Writing Latin in the province of LusitaniaBecoming Roman, Writing Latin? Literacy and Epigraphy in the Roman West 2002 Supplement 48Portsmouth, R.I.41
Noy, D.Foreigners at Rome: Citizens and Strangers 2000 Duckworth/The Classical Press of WalesLondon187
Handley, Death, Society and Culture: Inscriptions and Epitaphs in Gaul and Spain, AD 300–750 2003 British Archaeological Reports International Series 1135Archaeopress: Oxford
Shaw, Seasons of death: aspects of mortality in imperial RomeJRS 86 1996 100
Camodeca, G.Schede epigrafichePuteoli 12 1988 211
Elsner, J.Imperial Rome and Christian Triumph 1998 Oxford University Press152
Camodeca, G.Schede epigrafichePuteoli 7 1983 295
Liccardo, G.Redemptor meus vivitIscrizioni cristiane antiche nell'area napoletana 2008 Il Pozzo di GiacobbeTrapani
Kraemer, Jewish tuna and Christian fish: identifying religious affiliation in epigraphic sourcesHTR 2 1991 141
Sarrao, E.Nuove iscrizioni da un sepolcreto giudaico di NapoliPuteoli 12 1988 103
Speidel, Die Denkmäler der Kaiserreiter Equites Singulares Augusti 1994 Rheinland-VerlagCologne
1994 BatsfordLondon
2003 QuasarRome2716
Beard, M.Writing and religion: and the function of the written word in Roman religionLiteracy in the Roman World 1991 Supplement 3Ann Arbor35
Veyne, P. 1983
Schweitzer, B.Antiken in ostpreussischem Privatbesitz 1929 Max NiemeyerHalle
1922
Stefani, G.Uomo e ambiente nel territorio vesuviano: guida all’Antiquarium di Boscoreale 2002 Marius edizioniPompei108
Duthoy, R.The Its Evolution and Terminology 1969 BrillLeiden
1985
Gallo, A.La casa di Lucio Elvio Severo a Pompei 1994 Accademia di Archeologia, Lettere e Belle Arti di Napoli:Naples107
Pietrangeli, C.BidentaliaRendPontAcc 25 1949 37
1946
Van Buren, News items from RomeAJA 45 1941 428
Castrén, P.Ordo populusque PompeianusPolity and Society in Roman Pompeii 1975 BardiRome76
Curti, E.Il tempio di Venere Fisica e il porto di PompeiNuove ricerche archeologiche nell'area vesuviana 2008 Studi di Soprintendenza Archeologica di Pompei 25Bretschneider: Rome47
Ferrua, A.Il calendario marmoreo napoletanoScritti vari di epigrafia e antichità cristiane 1991 EpidugliaBari215
Degni, P.Usi delle tavolette lignee e cerate nel mondo greco e romano 1998 Ricerca Papirologica 4: SicaniaMessina40
Meyer, Legitimacy and Law in the Roman World: in Roman Belief and Practice 2004 Cambridge University Press
Adams, The Latinity of C. Novius EunusZPE 82 1990 227
Andreau, J.Remarques sur la société pompéienne (à propos des tablettes de L. Caecilius JucundusDialArch 2 1973 213
Camodeca, G.Archivi privati e storia sociale delle città campane: Puteoli ed HerculaneumProsopographie und Sozialgeschichte: Studien zur Methodik und Erkenntnismöglichkeit der kaiserzeitlichen Prosopographie 1993 BöhlauCologne339
1996 167
Camodeca, G.Nuovi dati sulla struttura e funzione documentale delle nella prassi campanaActa Colloquii Epigraphici Latini 1995 Commentationes humanarum litterarum 104Helsinki59
Camodeca, G.Tabulae Pompeianae SulpiciorumEdizione critica dell'archivio puteolano dei Sulpicii 1999 Vetera 12: QuasarRome31
Camodeca, G.Per una riedizione delle II.1 TH 70 + 71 e TH 74Ostraka 2 1993 197
Eck, W.Inschriften auf Holz: ein unterschätztes Phänomen der epigraphischen Kultur RomsStudien zu Geschichte und Rezeption 1998 Franz SteinerStuttgart203
Andreau, J.Les affaires de Monsieur Jucundus 1974 École française de RomeRome
Jones, D.The Bankers of Puteoli: Finance, Trade and Industry in the Roman World 2006 TempusStroud
Lintott, A.Freedmen and slaves in the light of legal documents from first-century A.D. CampaniaCQ 2 2002 555
Rowe, G.Trimalchio's worldSCI 20 2001 225
Arangio-Ruiz, V.Pugliese, G.Per una riedizione delle ICronErcol 23 1993 109
1993
1994 137
AÉpigr 1994
2000 Freiburger Rechtsgeschichtliches Abhandlungen 36: Duncker and HumblotBerlin53
2002 257
2006 189
2007 EdipugliaBari81
Crook, J.Three hundred and six stakesFestschrift für J. G. Wolf 2000 Freiburger Rechtsgeschichtliches Abhandlungen 36: Duncker and HumblotBerlin77
Weaver, P. R. C.Where have all the Junian Latins gone? Nomenclature and status in the early EmpireChiron 20 1990 275
Pucci, G.Inscribed and the ancient economyEpigraphic Evidence: Ancient History from Inscriptions 2001 RoutledgeLondon137
Harris, Concerning this bookThe Inscribed Economy: Production and Distribution in the Roman Empire in the Light of Harris, 1993 supplement 6Ann Arbor7
Manacorda, D.Appunti sulla bollatura in età romanaThe Inscribed Economy: Production and Distribution in the Roman Empire in the Light of 1993 supplement 6Ann Arbor37
Bruun, C.La ricerca sui bolli laterizi: presentazione generale delle varie problematicheInterpretare i bolli laterizi di Roma e della Valle del Tevere: produzione, storia economica e topografica 2005 32Rome3
Helen, T.The Organization of Roman Brick Production in the First and Second Century AD: An Interpretation of Roman Brick Stamps 1975 Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennica, Dissertationes Humanarum Litterarum 5Helsinki
Steinby, I senatori e l'industria laterizia urbanaEpigrafia e ordine senatorio 1982 Tituli 4Rome227
1993 supplement 6Ann Arbor139
Manacorda, D.I diversi significati dei bolli laterizi: appunti e riflessioniLa brique antique et médiévale: production et commercialisation d'un matériau 2000 272Rome127
Bloch, H.I bolli laterizi e la storia edilizia romana 1938 reprint from Bullettino della Commissione Archeologica Comunale del Governatorato di RomaRome316
Steinby, M.La produzione lateriziaPompei 79 1984 Gaetano MacchiaroliNaples265
Pagano, M.Tegulae campanae ad ErcolanoCronErcol 20 1990 157
Marco, S.Miniero, P.Produzione lateriziaLa Villa San Marco a Stabia 1999 Collection Centre Jean Berard 18/ 258: Soprintendenza Archeologica di PompeiNaples and Rome
Federico, E.Miranda, E. 1998 Edizioni La ConchigliaCapri
Della Corte, M.Le iscrizioni di ErcolanoRendNap 33 1958 239
Bodel, J.Roman Brick Stamps in the Kelsey Museum 1983 University of Michigan PressAnn Arbor3
1922 459
Sogliano, A. 1899
1991
2001
Peacock, D. P. S.Williams, Amphorae and the Roman Economy 1986 LongmanHarlow, UK
Pesavento Mattioli, S.Anfore della nave BLe navi antiche di Pisa 2000 Edizioni PolistampaFlorence131
Peña, Roman Pottery in the Archaeological Record 2007 Cambridge University Press
2007 233
Pesavento Mattioli, S.L’epigrafia delle anforeLe navi antiche di Pisa 2000 Edizioni PolistampaFlorence
Manacorda, D.Panella, C.AnforeThe Inscribed Economy: Production and Distribution in the Roman Empire in the Light of 1993 supplement 6Ann Arbor55
Rodríguez-Almeida, E.Graffiti e produzione anforaria della BaeticaThe Inscribed Economy: Production and Distribution in the Roman Empire in the Light of 1993 supplement 6Ann Arbor95
Mouritsen, H.Roman freedmen and the urban economy: Pompeii in the first century ADPompei tra Sorrento e Sarno 2001 Bari EditoreRome1
1905
Ward-Perkins, J.Claridge, A.Pompeii AD 79 1976 Imperial Tobacco LtdBristol
Ciarallo, A.De Carolis, E. 1999 ElectaMilan252
1967
Casa di Caecilius Iucundus Nuove ricerche archeologiche nell'area vesuvianaGuzzo, Guidobaldi, 2008 Studi di Soprintendenza Archeologica di Pompei 25Bretschneider: Rome103
Manacorda, D.Anfore spagnole a PompeiL’instrumentum domesticum di Ercolano e Pompei nella prima età imperiale 1977 Quaderni di cultura materiale 1: BretschneiderRome121
Cicirelli, C.Comune di Terzigno: località Boccia al Mauro, proprietà Cava RanieriRStPomp 5 1991 208
Pucci, G.I bolli sulla terra sigillata: fra epigrafia e storia economicaThe Inscribed Economy: Production and Distribution in the Roman Empire in the Light of 1993 supplement 6Ann Arbor73
Kenrick, P.Corpus Vasorum Arretinorum: A Catalogue of the Signatures, Shapes and Chronology of Italian Sigillata 2000 HabeltBonn10
Siebert, G.Signatures d'artistes, d'artisans et de fabricants dans l'antiquité classiqueKtema 3 1978 111
Pucci, G.L’instrumentum domesticum di Ercolano e Pompei nella prima età imperiale 1977 Quaderni di cultura materiale 1: BretschneiderRome9
Pucci, G.La produzione della ceramica aretina: note sull’ “industria” nella prima età imperiale romanaDialArch 7 1973 255
Peacock, D. P. S.Pottery in the Roman World: An Ethno-Archaeological Approach 1982 LongmanHarlow, UK120
Pavolini, C.I bolli sulle lucerne fittili delle officine centro-italicheThe Inscribed Economy: Production and Distribution in the Roman Empire in the Light of 1993 supplement 6Ann Arbor65
Cerulli Irelli, G.Officina di lucerne fittili a PompeiL’instrumentum domesticum di Ercolano e Pompei nella prima età imperiale 1977 Quaderni di cultura materiale 1: BretschneiderRome53
Allison, The Insula of the Menander at Pompeii, The Finds: A Contextual Study 2006 Clarendon PressOxford
Bloch, H.The Roman brick-stamps not published in volume XV,1 of the C.I.LHSCP 56 1947 1
Tassinari, S.Il vasellame bronzeo di Pompei 1993 BretschneiderRome
Stefanelli, L. P. B. 1990 BretschneiderRome
Carandini, A.Alcune forme bronze conservate a Pompei e nel Museo Nazionale di NapoliL’instrumentum domesticum di Ercolano e Pompei nella prima età imperiale 1977 Quaderni di cultura materiale 1: BretschneiderRome163
Bruun, C.The Water Supply of Ancient Rome: A Study of Roman Imperial Administration 1991 Commentationes Humanarum Litterarum 93Helsinki62
1924
Bruun, C.Private munificence in Italy and the evidence from lead pipe stampsActa Colloquii Epigraphici Latini 1995 Commentationes Humanarum Litterarum 104Helsinki41
Di Fraia, G.Lombardo, N.Scognamiglio, E.Contributi alla topografia di Baia sommersaPuteoli 9 1985 211
Maniscalco, F.Ninfei ed edifici marittimi severiani del palatium imperiale di Baia 1997 Massa
Aubert, J.-J.Workshop managersThe Inscribed Economy: Production and Distribution in the Roman Empire in the Light of 1993 supplement 6Ann Arbor171
Pagano, M.Su una fistula di piombo dalla casa di M. Fabio RufoRStPomp 6 1993 219
Bruun, C.Senatorial owners of what?JRA 13 2000 498
Nasti, F.I Severi nei Campi FlegreiNinfei ed edifici marittimi severiani del palatium imperiale di Baia 1997 Massa EditoreNaples127
Demma, F.Monumenti pubblici di Puteoli: per un'archeologia dell'architettura 2007 BretschneiderRome
Loreti, bronzei dell’Antiquarium Comunale di RomaEpigrafia della produzione e della distribuzione 1994 193Rome645
Mouritsen, H.Elections, Magistrates and Municipal Elite: Studies in Pompeian Epigraphy 1988 Analecta Romana Instituti Danici supplement 15Bretschneider: Rome14
1895
Mayeske, A Pompeian bakeryStudia Pompeiana et Classica in Honor of Wilhelmina F. Jashemski 1988 CaratzasNew York149
Allroggen-Bedel, A.Der Hausherr der “Casa dei Cervi” in HerculaneumCErc 5 1975 99
Newby, Z.IntroductionArt and Inscriptions in the Ancient World 2007 Cambridge University Press1
Corbier, M.Donner à voir, donner à lire: mémoire et communication dans la Rome ancienne 2006 CNRS EditionsParis
Ling, R.Roman Painting 1991 Cambridge University Press213
Maiuri, B.Das Nationalmuseum in Neapel 1958 Wilhelm GoldmannMunich117
1940
Newby, Z.Greek athletics as Roman spectacle: the mosaics from Ostia and RomePBSR 70 2002 177
2005 Oxford University Press58
Becatti, G.Scavi di Ostia Mosaici e pavimenti marmorei 1961 Istituto Poligrafico dello StatoRome205
Picard, C.Pouzzoles et le paysage portuaireLatomus 18 1959 23
Painter, Roman flasks with scenes of Baiae and PuteoliJGS 17 1975 54
Kolendo, J.Parcs à huitres et viviers à Baiae sur un flacon en verre du Musée National de VarsoviePuteoli 1 1977 108
Ostrow, The topography of Puteoli and Baiae on the eight glass flasksPuteoli 3 1979 77
2005
2000
1997
1939
1966
2005
Langner, M.Antike Graffitizeichnungen: Motive, Gestaltung und Bedeutung 2001 ReichertWiesbadenBaird, J. A.Taylor, C.
1985
Solin, H.Die Wandinschriften im sog. Haus des M. Fabius RufusNeue Forschungen in Pompeji 1975 Aurel BongersRecklinghausen243
Benefiel, Pompeii, Puteoli, and the status of a in the mid-first century ADPompei, Capri e la Penisola Sorrentina 2004 OebalusCapri349
2004
Egger, R.Die Stadt auf dem Magdalensberg: ein Grosshandelsplatz 1961 H. Böhlaus/Kommissionsverlag der Österreichischen Akademie der WissenschaftenVienna