An asterisk denotes secondary literature especially suitable for further reading.
Bentham, J. 1948a. ‘Fragment on Government’, in Harrison, W. (ed.), A Fragment on Government and An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation, Oxford, Basil Blackwell, pp. 1–112.
Bentham, J. 1948b. ‘An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation’, in Harrison, W. (ed.), A Fragment on Government and An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation, Oxford, Basil Blackwell, pp. 113–435.
Bentham, J. 1952–3. ‘Defence of Usury’, in Stark, W. (ed.), Jeremy Bentham’s Economic Writings, 3 vols. London, George Allen & Unwin, vol. 1.
Bentham, J. 2001. ‘Anarchical Fallacies’, in Harrison, R. (ed.), Bentham: Selected Writings on Utilitarianism, Ware, Wordsworth Editions, pp. 381–459.
Campbell, T.D. and Ross, I.S. 1981. ‘The Utilitarianism of Adam Smith’s Policy Advice’, Journal of the History of Ideas, 42.1, 73–92.
Forman Barzilai, F. 2010. Adam Smith and the Circles of Sympathy: Cosmopolitanism and Moral Theory, Cambridge University Press.
Hume, D. 1976. A Treatise of Human Nature, Selby-Bigge, L.A. (ed.), Nidditch, P.H. (rev.), Oxford, Clarendon Press.
Hutcheson, F. 2004. An Inquiry into the Original of Our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue, Leidhold, W. (ed.), Indianapolis, IN, Liberty Fund.
Layard, R. 2005. Happiness: Lessons from a New Science, Harmondsworth, Penguin.
Lyons, D. 1991. In the Interests of the Governed: A Study in Bentham’s Philosophy of Utility and Law, Oxford, Clarendon Press.*
Mill, J.S. 1974. ‘Bentham’, in Parekh, B. (ed.), Jeremy Bentham: Ten Critical Essays, London, Frank Cass, pp. 1–40.
Phillipson, N. 2010. Adam Smith: An Enlightened Life, London, Allen Lane.*
Rosen, F. 2006. Classical Utilitarianism from Hume to Mill, London, Routledge.
Schofield, P. 2009. Utility and Democracy: The Political Thought of Jeremy Bentham, Oxford University Press.*
Smith, A. 1976a. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Campbell, R.H. & Skinner, A.S. (eds.), 2 vols., Oxford University Press, vol. 1.
Smith, A. 1976b. The Theory of Moral Sentiments, Raphael, D.D. & Macfie, A.L. (eds.), Oxford University Press.