Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: August 2019

13 - Confrontational Proactive Policing: Benefits, Costs, and Disparate Racial Impacts

from Part IV - Police Force and Police Violence


These are tumultuous times for policing in America. Deadly use of force by the police in large and small cities across the United States has led to protests, riots, and heated debates. Public criticism of policing, however, goes well beyond use of deadly force.