Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 1
  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: March 2014

9 - Face me like a man! (or, like a woman): antemortem nasal fractures in pre-Columbian San Pedro de Atacama

from Part III - Ritual and performative violence


Abercrombie, T.A. (1998). Pathways of Memory and Power: Ethnography and History among an Andean People. Madison: University of Wisconsin.
Arriaza, B.T., Oakland, A., Cassman, V. & Costa Junqueira, M.A. (1994). Ritualistic battles in a Tiwanaku colony [abstract]. Abstracts of the 59th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Anaheim, CA.
Bandelier, A. F. A. (1910). The Islands of Titicaca and Koati. New York: The Hispanic Society of America.
Berenguer, J. & Dauelsberg, P. (1989). El norte grande en la órbita de Tiwanaku (400 a 1200 D.C.). In: Hidalgo, J., Schiappacasse, V., Niemeyer, H., Aldunate, C. & Solimano, I. (eds.) Culturas De Chile: Prehistoria Desde Sus Orígenes Hasta Los Albores De La Conquista. Santiago de Chile: Andrés Bello, 129–80.
Bravo, L. & Llagostera, A. (1986). Solcor 3: un aporte al conocimiento de la cultura San Pedro, Período 500 Al 900 D.C. Chungara, 1617, 323–32.
Buikstra, J.E. & Ubelaker, D.H. (eds.) (1994). Standards for Data Collection from Human Skeletal Remains. Proceedings of a Seminar at the Field Museum of Natural History. Fayetteville: Arkansas Archeological Survey, Research Series, No. 44.
Buzon, M.R., Eng, J.T., Lambert, P.M. & Walker, P.L. (2005). Bioarchaeological methods. In: Maschner, H.A. & Chippendale, C.A. (eds.) Handbook of Archaeological Methods. Lanham, MD: Altamira Press, 871–918.
Cock, G. (1981). El ayllu en la sociedad Andina: alcances y perspectivas. Etnohistoria y Antropología Andina, 17, 231–53.
Conklin, W.J. & Conklin, B.M. (2007). An Aguada textile in an Atacamenian context. Andean Past, 8, 407–48.
Costa, M.A., Neves, W., Barros, A.M. & Bartolomucci, R. (1998). Trauma y estrés en poblaciones prehistóricas de San Pedro de Atacama, Norte de Chile. Chungara, 30, 65–74.
Costa Junqueira, M.A., Neves, W.A. & Hubbe, M. (2004). Influencia de Tiwanaku en la calidad de vida biológica de la población prehistórica de San Pedro de Atacama. Estudios Atacameños, 27, 103–16.
Costa Junqueira, M.A., Matheson, C., Iachetta, L., Llagostera, A. & Appenzeller, O. (2009). Ancient leishmaniasis in a highland desert of northern Chile. PLoS One, 4, e6983.
Glencross, B. & Sawchuk, L. (2003). The person-years construct: aging and the prevalence of health related phenomena from skeletal samples. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 13, 369–74.
Glencross, B. & Stuart-Macadam, P. (2000). Childhood trauma in the archaeological record. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 10, 198–209.
Goldstein, P. & Rivera, M. (2004). Arts of greater Tiwanaku: an expansive culture in historical context. In: Young-Sánchez, M. (ed.) Tiwanaku: Ancestors of the Inka. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 150–85.
Hubbe, M., Oviedo, M. & Torres-Rouff, C. (2011). Estado de conservación y contextualización cronológica de la colección osteológica “Gustavo Le Paige.”Estudios Atacameños, 41, 29–44.
Le Paige, G. (1964). Los cementerios de la época agroalfarera en San Pedro de Atacama. Anales de la Universidad del Norte, 3, 43–93.
Lessa, A. & Mendonça de Souza, S. (2006). Broken noses for the gods: ritual battles in the Atacama desert during the Tiwanaku period. Memorias del Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 101(suppl 2), 133–8.
Llagostera, A. (1996). San Pedro de Atacama: nodo de complementariedad reticular. In: Revesz, B. (ed.) La Integración Surandina Cinco Siglos Después. Cusco: Centro de Estudios Regionales Andinos Bartolomé de las Casas, 17–42.
Llagostera, A. (2004). Los Antiguos Habitantes Del Salar De Atacama: Prehistoria Atacameña. Santiago: Pehuén Editores.
Llagostera, A. & Costa, M.A. (1999). Patrones de asentamiento en la época agroalfarera de San Pedro de Atacama (norte de Chile). Estudios Atacameños, 17, 175–206.
Llagostera, A. & Costa Junqueira, M.A. (1990). Inventario Solcor 3, San Pedro De Atacama. Manuscript on File. Archives of the Museo Arqueologico R.P. Gustavo Le Paige, San Pedro de Atacama, Chile.
Llagostera, A., Torres, C.M. & Costa Junqueira, M.A. (1988). El complejo psicotrópico en Solcor 3 (San Pedro De Atacama). Estudios Atacameños, 9, 61–98.
Lovell, N.C. (1997). Trauma analysis in paleopathology. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, 40, 139–70.
Nado, K.L., Marsteller, S.M., King, L.M., Daverman, B.M., Torres Rouff, C. & Knudson, K.J. (2012). Examining local social identities through patterns of biological and cultural variation in the Solcor Ayllu, San Pedro de Atacama, Chile. Chungara, 44, 239–55.
Neves, W.A. & Costa Junqueira, M.A. (1998). Adult stature and standard of siving in the prehistoric Atacama Desert. Current Anthropology, 39, 278–81.
Orlove, B. (1994). Sticks and stones: ritual battles and play in the southern Peruvian Andes. In: Poole, D. (ed.) Unruly Order: Violence, Power, and Cultural Identity in the High Provinces of Southern Peru. Boulder: Westview Press, 133–64.
Rivera, M. (2008). The archaeology of Northern Chile. In: Silverman, H. & Isbell, W. (eds.) Handbook of South American Archaeology. New York: Springer, 963–97.
Roberts, C.A. & Manchester, K. (2007). The Archaeology of Disease. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Tamblay, J. (2004). El cementerio larache, los metales y la estratificación social durante el horizonte Tiwanaku en San Pedro de Atacama. In: Rivera, M. & Kolata, A. (eds.) Tiwanaku: Aproximaciones a Sus Contextos Históricos Y Sociales. Santiago, Chile: Colección Estudios Regionales, 31–66.
Torres, C.M. & Conklin, W.J. (1995). Exploring the San Pedro de Atacama/Tiwanaku relationship. In: Dransart, P. (ed.) Andean Art: Visual Expression and Its Relation to Andean Beliefs and Values. Hampshire: Avebury, 78–108.
Torres-Rouff, C. (2011). Hiding inequality beneath prosperity: patterns of cranial injury in middle period San Pedro de Atacama, northern Chile. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 146, 28–37.
Torres-Rouff, C. & Costa Junqueira, M.A. (2006). Interpersonal violence in prehistoric San Pedro de Atacama, Chile: behavioral implications of environmental stress. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 130, 60–70.
Torres-Rouff, C. & Hubbe, M. (2013). The sequence of human occupation in the Atacama Oases, Chile: a radiocarbon chronology based on human skeletal remains. Latin American Antiquity, 24, 330–44.
Torres-Rouff, C., Knudson, K.J. & Stovel, E.M. Ms. Considering power and the display of exotica: Northern Chile’s Larache Cemetery and Tiwanaku. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology.
Tung, T.A. (2007). Trauma and violence in the Wari Empire of the Peruvian Andes: warfare, raids, and ritual fights. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 133, 941–56.
Tung, T.A. (2008). Violence after imperial collapse: a study of cranial trauma among late intermediate period burials from the former Huari Capital, Ayacucho, Peru. Ñawpa Pacha, 29, 101–18.
Walker, P.L. (1997). Wife beating, boxing, and broken noses: skeletal evidence for the cultural patterning of violence. In: Martin, D.L. & Frayer, D.W. (eds.) Troubled Times: Violence and Warfare in the Past. Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach, 145–80.
Walker, P.L. (2001). A bioarchaeological perspective on the history of violence. Annual Review of Anthropology, 30, 573–96.