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  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: June 2019

20 - The Importance of Non-ART Fertility Treatments in Public Health

from Section 5 - Surveillance of Non-ART Fertility Treatments

Summary

In 1790, John Hunter a Scottish surgeon and one of the most distinguished scientists at that time wrote the first report on artificial insemination in medical literature about a cloth merchant with severe hypospadias, who collected his semen escaping during coitus in a warmed syringe and inject this sample into the vagina. Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is not included in the definition of assisted reproductive technology (ART) as ART comprises techniques, where oocytes are cultured in-vitro, but IUI is included in the definition of Medically Assisted Reproduction (MAR).