Human Capital: Population Economic in the Middle East. London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2002. 22 and . “Demographic Transitions and Economic Performance in the Middle East and North Africa,” in (ed.),
Reviving Growth in the Arab World.” Economic Development and Cultural Change 54 (2006). 293–326 “
Economic and Political Issues in the Fertility Transition in the Arab World – Answers and Open Questions,” Population and Environment: A Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies. 20, no. 4, 1999. 352–80. “
The Future Security Environment in the Middle East. Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand, 2004. 65. “Economic Reform in the Middle East: The Challenge to Governance,” in and (eds.),
Demographic Transitions and Economic Miracles in Emerging Asia,” World Bank Economic Review. 12, no. 3, 1998. 419–55 and . “
Demographic Transitions and Economic Miracles in Emerging Asia,” World Bank Economic Review Vol. 12, no. 3, 1998, pp. 419–55, 453 and . “
Civil Society in the Middle East, Leiden, New York, Koln: E.J. Brill, 1995. 59. “Economic Pressures for Accountable Governance in the Middle East and North Africa” in (ed.),
Unlocking the Employment Potential in the Middle East and North Africa, Washington, D.C.: World Bank. 2004. 225.
The Dynamics of Economic Policy Making in Egypt. New York: Praeger, 1985. 21.
Overstating the Arab State. London: I.B. Tauris, 1995. 305
The Algerian Retrenchment: A Financial and Economic Evaluation.” World Bank Review, 13, no. 1999. “
A Political Economy of the Middle East. Boulder: Westview, 1990. 211 and .
The Economics and Politics of Transition to an Open Market Economy in Egypt. Paris: OECD, 1998 and .
Middle East Military Balance 2004–2005. Brighton, Portland: Sussex Academic Press for The Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies, 2005 and (eds.).
Economic Trends in the MENA Region, 2002. Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press, 2002, 1.
World Development Indicators 2005, World Bank, Washington, D.C., 2005. 214–16.
International Trade Statistics 2006, Geneva: WTO, 2006. 123, 128.
Economic Policy and Performance in the Arab World. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2001. 13–28.
The Arab Economies in a Changing World. Washington, D.C.: Peterson Institute for International Economics, 2007. 179–81 and .
Challenges of Growth and Globalization in the Middle East and North Africa. Washington, D.C.: IMF, 2003. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/med/2003/eng.abed.htm and .
Catching up with the Competition: Trade Policy Challenges and Options for the Middle East and North Africa. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000. 208–9, , , and . “Enhancing Egypt's Exports” in and (eds.),
SIPRI Yearbook 2006. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. 336, 342.
The Egyptian Economy 1952–2000. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2006. 82.
Economic Policy and Performance in the Arab World. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner, 2001.119–20, 128–9.
Political Stability in Arab States: Economic Causes and Consequences. Tel Aviv: The Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies, 2004. “Arab Economies and Political Stability” in and ,
Financial Assistance from Arab Countries and Arab Regional Institutions, Occasional Paper no. 87, 1991. Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund, 1991.
Global Development Finance 2001. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 2001.
The Elusive Quest for Growth. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2001. 123–37.
Political Stability in Arab States: Economic Causes and Consequences. Tel Aviv: Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies, 2004. 14. http://www.inss.org.il and .
OPEC's Investments and the International Financial System. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institute, 1985. 12.
Balance of Payments Yearbook 2004. Washington, D.C.: IMF, 2004.